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The World Heroin Market Can Supply Be Cut

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The World Heroin Market

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The World Heroin Market by Letizia Paoli,Victoria A. Greenfield,Peter Reuter Book Summary:

Heroin is universally considered the world's most harmful illegal drug. This is due not only to the damaging effects of the drug itself, but also to the spread of AIDS tied to its use. Burgeoning illegal mass consumption in the 1960s and 1970s has given rise to a global market for heroin and other opiates of nearly 16 million users. The production and trafficking of opiates have caused crime, disease, and social distress throughout the world, leading many nations to invest billions of dollars trying to suppress the industry. The failure of their efforts has become a central policy concern. Can the world heroin supply actually be cut, and with what consequences? The result of a five-year-long research project involving extensive fieldwork in six Asian countries, Colombia, and Turkey, this book is the first systematic analysis of the contemporary world heroin market, delving into its development and structure, its participants, and its socio-economic impact. It provides a sound and comprehensive empirical base for concluding that there is little opportunity to shrink the global supply of heroin in the long term, and explains why production is concentrated in a handful of countries--and is likely to remain that way. On the basis of these findings, the authors identify a key set of policy opportunities, largely local, and make suggestions for leveraging them. This book also offers new insights into market conditions in India, Tajikistan, and other countries that have been greatly harmed by the production and trafficking of illegal opiates. A deft integration of economics, sociology, history, and policy analysis, The World Heroin Market provides a rigorous and vital look into the complex--and resilient--global heroin trade.

Dual Markets

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Dual Markets by Ernesto U. Savona,Mark A.R. Kleiman,Francesco Calderoni Book Summary:

This comprehensive volume analyzes dual markets for regulated substances and services, and aims to provide a framework for their effective regulation. A “dual market” refers to the existence of both a legal and an illegal market for a regulated product or service (for example, prescription drugs). These regulations exist in various countries for a mix of public health, historical, political and cultural reasons. Allowing the legal market to thrive, while trying to eliminate the illegal market, provides a unique challenge for governments and law enforcement. Broken down into nine main sections, the book studies comparative international policies for regulating these “dual markets” from a historical, legal, and cultural perspective. It includes an analysis of the markets for psychoactive substances that are illegal in most countries (such as marijuana, cocaine, opiods and amphetimines), psychoactive substances which are legal in most countries and where consumption is widespread (such as alcohol and tobacco), and services that are generally regulated or illegal (such as sports betting, the sex trade, and gambling). For each of these nine types of markets, contributions focus on the relationship between regulation, the emerging illegal market, and the resulting overall access to these services. This work aims to provide a comprehensive framework from a historical, cultural, and comparative international perspective. It will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly with an interest in organized crime, as well as related fields such as sociology, public policy, international relations, and public health.

ONDCP's Fiscal Year 2010 National Drug Control Budget and the Priorities, Objectives, and Policies of the Office of National Drug Control Policy Under the New Administration

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ONDCP's Fiscal Year 2010 National Drug Control Budget and the Priorities, Objectives, and Policies of the Office of National Drug Control Policy Under the New Administration by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. Subcommittee on Domestic Policy Book Summary:

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Research Handbook on Transnational Crime

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Research Handbook on Transnational Crime by Valsamis Mitsilegas,Saskia Hufnagel,Anton Moiseienko Book Summary:

This Research Handbook on Transnational Crime is an interdisciplinary, up-to-date guide to this growing field, written by an international cohort of leading scholars and experts. It covers all the major areas of transnational crime, providing a well-rounded, detailed discussion of each topic, and includes chapters focusing on responses to transnational crime in specific regions.

The Chinese Heroin Trade

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The Chinese Heroin Trade by Ko-lin Chin,Sheldon X. Zhang Book Summary:

In a country long associated with the trade in opiates, the Chinese government has for decades applied extreme measures to curtail the spread of illicit drugs, only to find that the problem has worsened. Burma is blamed as the major producer of illicit drugs and conduit for the entry of drugs into China. Which organizations are behind the heroin trade? What problems and prospects of drug control in the so-called “Golden Triangle” drug-trafficking region are faced by Chinese and Southeast Asian authorities? In The Chinese Heroin Trade, noted criminologists Ko-Lin Chin and Sheldon Zhangexamine the social organization of the trafficking of heroin from the Golden Triangle to China and the wholesale and retail distribution of the drug in China. Based on face-to-face interviews with hundreds of incarcerated drug traffickers, street-level drug dealers, users, and authorities, paired with extensive fieldwork in the border areas of Burma and China and several major urban centers in China and Southeast Asia, this volume reveals how the drug trade has evolved in the Golden Triangle since the late 1980s. Chin and Zhang also explore the marked characteristics of heroin traffickers; the relationship between drug use and sales in China; and how China compares to other international drug markets. The Chinese Heroin Trade is a fascinating, nuanced account of the world of high-risk drug trafficking in a tightly-controlled society.

Opium

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Opium by Thomas Dormandy Book Summary:

Opium and its derivatives morphine and heroin have destroyed, corrupted, and killed individuals, families, communities, and even whole nations. And yet, for most of its long history, opium has also been humanity's most effective means of alleviating physical and mental pain. This extraordinary book encompasses the entire history of the world's most fascinating drug, from the first evidence of poppy cultivation by stone-age man to the present-day opium trade in Afghanistan. Dr. Thomas Dormandy tells the story with verve and insight, uncovering the strange power of opiates to motivate major conflicts yet also inspire great art and medical breakthroughs, to trigger the rise of global criminal networks yet also revolutionize attitudes toward well-being. Opium: Reality's Dark Dream traverses the globe and the centuries, exploring opium's role in colonialism, the Chinese Opium Wars, laudanum-inspired sublime Romantic poetry, American "Yellow Peril" fears, the rise of the Mafia and the black market, 1960s counterculture, and more. Dr. Dormandy also recounts exotic or sad stories of individual addiction. Throughout the book the author emphasizes opium's complex, valuable relationship with developments in medicine, health, and disease, highlighting the perplexing dual nature of the drug as both the cause and relief of great suffering in widely diverse civilizations.

Choice

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Choice by N.A Book Summary:

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Innocent Bystanders

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Innocent Bystanders by P. Keefer,N. Loayza Book Summary:

This volume systematically assesses the costs of drugs for developing countries. It brings together evidence on the efficacy and consequences of all aspects of current drug policies, including criminalization, eradication and interdiction.

The American Interest

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The American Interest by N.A Book Summary:

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The British National Bibliography

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The British National Bibliography by Arthur James Wells Book Summary:

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Bibliography 2009

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Bibliography 2009 by N.A Book Summary:

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Narkotyki [vs dusza]. Minibook

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Narkotyki [vs dusza]. Minibook by autor zbiorowy Book Summary:

Justyna Siemienowicz | jerzy Vetulani | Bartłomiej Dobroczyński | Krzysztof Krajewski | Wiktor Osiatyński | Ewa Woydyło

The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime

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The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime by Letizia Paoli Book Summary:

The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime provides an informed, authoritative, and comprehensive overview of current knowledge about the nature and effects of the principal forms of organized crime, as well as the type and effectiveness of efforts to prevent and control them.

Nomos

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Nomos by N.A Book Summary:

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Police Law Quarterly

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Police Law Quarterly by N.A Book Summary:

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Congressional Record

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Congressional Record by United States. Congress Book Summary:

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The Drug Legalization Debate

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The Drug Legalization Debate by James A. Inciardi Book Summary:

Retaining the focus and the spirit of the acclaimed First Edition, The Drug Legalization Debate, Second Edition, addresses the major issues involved in the continuing drug legalization debate - including deterrence, treatment, education, and prevention. It also examines drug use trends at the end of the millennium, the use of cannabis as a wonder drug and a look at whether legalizing drugs would really reduce violent crime.

Substance Abuse

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Substance Abuse by Joyce H. Lowinson,Pedro Ruiz,John G. Langrod,Robert B. Millman Book Summary:

A textbook for students and comprehensive reference for professionals in any field that deals with substance abuse. Retains chapters from the 1981 and 1992 editions on the sociology, evaluation, and treatment of particular populations; offers new information on the relation of psychopathology, psychiatric diagnoses, and methods and programs for treating patients with dual diagnoses; and adds new chapters on the related addictions of gambling, sex, and cults. Whenever possible, materials on treatment modalities provide process and outcome data to help workers evaluate them and make referrals. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

U.S. News & World Report

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U.S. News & World Report by N.A Book Summary:

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Drugs and Drug Policy

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Drugs and Drug Policy by Mark A.R. Kleiman,Jonathan P. Caulkins,Angela Hawken Book Summary:

While there have always been norms and customs around the use of drugs, explicit public policies--regulations, taxes, and prohibitions--designed to control drug abuse are a more recent phenomenon. Those policies sometimes have terrible side-effects: most prominently the development of criminal enterprises dealing in forbidden (or untaxed) drugs and the use of the profits of drug-dealing to finance insurgency and terrorism. Neither a drug-free world nor a world of free drugs seems to be on offer, leaving citizens and officials to face the age-old problem: What are we going to do about drugs? In Drugs and Drug Policy, three noted authorities survey the subject with exceptional clarity, in this addition to the acclaimed series, What Everyone Needs to Know®. They begin, by defining "drugs," examining how they work in the brain, discussing the nature of addiction, and exploring the damage they do to users. The book moves on to policy, answering questions about legalization, the role of criminal prohibitions, and the relative legal tolerance for alcohol and tobacco. The authors then dissect the illicit trade, from street dealers to the flow of money to the effect of catching kingpins, and show the precise nature of the relationship between drugs and crime. They examine treatment, both its effectiveness and the role of public policy, and discuss the beneficial effects of some abusable substances. Finally they move outward to look at the role of drugs in our foreign policy, their relationship to terrorism, and the ugly politics that surround the issue. Crisp, clear, and comprehensive, this is a handy and up-to-date overview of one of the most pressing topics in today's world. What Everyone Needs to Know® is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.

The Middle East, Abstracts and Index

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The Middle East, Abstracts and Index by N.A Book Summary:

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Daily Report

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Daily Report by N.A Book Summary:

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Economics

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Economics by Elbert V. Bowden Book Summary:

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Challenge

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Challenge by N.A Book Summary:

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Unions and economic competitiveness

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Unions and economic competitiveness by Lawrence R. Mishel Book Summary:

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Narcotics

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Narcotics by John B. Williams Book Summary:

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The Green World

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The Green World by Richard M. Klein Book Summary:

This book is on plants and their significance on society. The subject covered is on world wide plants, agriculture and social significance.

Social Policy

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Social Policy by N.A Book Summary:

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The Economist

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The Economist by N.A Book Summary:

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Harper's Magazine

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Harper's Magazine by Lee Foster Hartman,Frederick Lewis Allen Book Summary:

Important American periodical dating back to 1850.

Editorials on File

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Editorials on File by N.A Book Summary:

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Journal of Drug Issues

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Journal of Drug Issues by N.A Book Summary:

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Press Clippings

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Press Clippings by Robert M. Hearn Book Summary:

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Asiaweek

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Asiaweek by N.A Book Summary:

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The Standard

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The Standard by N.A Book Summary:

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New York Affairs

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New York Affairs by N.A Book Summary:

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Foreign Service Journal

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Foreign Service Journal by N.A Book Summary:

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