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The Tumor Microenvironment

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The Tumor Microenvironment by Rebecca G. Bagley Book Summary:

The fact that tumors are composed of both tumor cells and host cells has long been known. These tumor-associated cells include vascular endothelial cells and pe- cytes, as well as inflammatory cells such as neutrophils, monocytes, macrophages, mast cells and eosinophils, and lymphocytes. The tumor cells also interact with stromal cells and with elements of the tissue extracellular matrix. What has been less appreciated is the role that these cells could have in modulating the growth, invasion, and metastasis of the tumor. Early on, the elements of what we now call the tumor microenvironment were considered to be more or less innocent bysta- ers to the role of the tumor cells as they grew and invaded local sites. Today, there is an increased understanding of the critical role of the tumor microenvironment as dramatically influencing the course of tumor development and dissemination. This volume represents a superb compilation of the latest thoughts and data regarding the role of each essential component of the tumor microenvironment in cancer development and progression. Perhaps, the earliest recognition of the role of nonmalignant cells as cancer re- lators was the recognition that lymphocytes can participate in what was termed “immune surveillance” in the 1960s. Our understanding of tumor immunity has improved markedly since then, and there are now successful clinical studies sh- ing the potential use of immune-based therapies in cancer treatment.

The Tumor

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The Tumor by John Grisham,Focused Ultrasound Foundation Book Summary:

John Grisham says THE TUMOR is the most important book he has ever written. In this short book, he provides readers with a fictional account of how a real, new medical technology could revolutionize the future of medicine by curing with sound. THE TUMOR follows the present day experience of the fictional patient Paul, an otherwise healthy 35-year-old father who is diagnosed with a malignant brain tumor. Grisham takes readers through a detailed account of Paul’s treatment and his family’s experience that doesn’t end as we would hope. Grisham then explores an alternate future, where Paul is diagnosed with the same brain tumor at the same age, but in the year 2025, when a treatment called focused ultrasound is able to extend his life expectancy. Focused ultrasound has the potential to treat not just brain tumors, but many other disorders, including Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, hypertension, and prostate, breast and pancreatic cancer. For more information or to order a free hardcopy of the book, please visit The Focused Ultrasound Foundation’s website www.fusfoundation.org. Here you will find a video of Grisham on the TEDx stage with the Foundation’s chairman and a Parkinson’s patient who brings the audience to its feet sharing her incredible story of a focused ultrasound “miracle.” Readers will get a taste of the narrative they expect from Grisham, but this short book will also educate and inspire people to be hopeful about the future of medical innovation.

The Tumor

The Tumor Pdf [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Tumor by John Grisham,Focused Ultrasound Foundation Book Summary:

"The Tumor follows the present day experience of the fictional patient Paul, an otherwise healthy 53-year-old father who is diagnosed with a malignant brain tumor. Grisham takes readers through a detailed account of Paul's treatment and his family's experience that doesn't end as we would hope. Grisham then explores an alternate future, where Paul is diagnosed with the same brain tumor at the same age, but in the year 2025, when a treatment called focused ultrasound is able to extend his life expectancy." -- Amazon.com

The Tumor Immunoenvironment

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The Tumor Immunoenvironment by Michael R Shurin,Viktor Umansky,Anatoli Malyguine Book Summary:

Analysis of multidirectional immunological responses at the tumor site allows forming a new concept of The Tumor Immunoenvironment, which is introduced and discussed in the present book with a particular focus on the role of immune cells in controlling the tumor microenvironment at different stages of cancer development. The main goal of this publication is to provide an overview of the current knowledge on the complex and unique role of the immune system, tumor-associated inflammation and tumor-mediated immunomodulation in cancer progression in a way that allows understanding the logistics of cellular and molecular interactions in the tumor lesions.

Innate and Adaptive Immunity in the Tumor Microenvironment

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Innate and Adaptive Immunity in the Tumor Microenvironment by Eitan Yefenof Book Summary:

Traditionally, the interplay between cancer cells and host immunity has been studied systemically. Recent studies, however, indicate that the tumor microenvironment is unique in providing both supportive and inhibitory factors that determine the fate of the tumor and its host. This volume compiles reviews on innate and adaptive immune responses at the tumor microenvironment with emphasis on positive and negative outcomes that affect the progression of the disease.

Regulation of Gene Expression in the Tumor Environment

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Regulation of Gene Expression in the Tumor Environment by Menashe Bar-Eli Book Summary:

It is now becoming very clear that the development and progression of tumor towards the malignant (metastatic) phenotype depends tightly on the interaction between the tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment. Tumor cells respond to stimuli generated within the tumor microenvironment for their growth advantage while the tumor cell themselves reshape and remodel the architecture and function of their extracellular matrices. The term tumor microenvironment is a wide umbrella consisting of stromal cells such as fibroblasts and endothelial cells and infiltration immune cells including T and B cells, macrophages, and other inflammatory cells (PMNs). These different components of the tumor microenvironment could have stimulatory and inhibitory effects on tumor progression by regulating the gene expression repertoire within the tumor cells on one hand and the stroma cells on the other. In this volume we have seven contributors who will discuss several different aspects on the cross talk within the tumor microenvironment components leading to the acquisition of the metastatic phenotype. It is our hope that these state-of-the-art studies will shed further light on our understanding of these complicated processes.

Influence of the Host on Tumor Development

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Influence of the Host on Tumor Development by Ronald B. Herberman Book Summary:

It is widely recognized that the host response to tumor munotherapy of experimental metastases in animal systems progression is an important determinant in cancer growth which are beginning to be developed for ultimate clinical and progression. Indeed, as indicated in Volume I of this trials of human cancer metastasis. series, the process of cancer growth and progression, leading This volume explores a variety of host properties that to tumor invasion and metastasis, is dependent upon the influence tumor development including dormancy, regress complex, dynamic interactions between the properties of the ion, and recurrence. In addition, current knowledge of the tumor as well as the properties of the host. While Volume III response of the central nervous system to cancer, cardiac of this series reviews in great detail the influence of tumor and pulmonary complications, dermatologic effects and development on the host, this volume emphasizes the in hematologic complications of malignancies is presented. fluence of the host on tumor development. These host re The endocrine and metabolic function of cancer patients, as sponses include host anti-tumor immune reactivity, tumor well as the production of hormones by tumors is also review dormancy, cachexia, multiple endocrine and paraneoplastic ed.

Humor After the Tumor

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Humor After the Tumor by Patty Gelman,Leslie Zemsky,Stephen Edge Book Summary:

"This is a delightful chronicle of the author's journey through the morass of detection and treatment of breast cancer. It is liberally interspersed with humor, medical facts and the important role that family, friends and advocates played in Patty Gelman's perplexing journey." Robert J. Patterson, M.D.

History of Research on Tumor Angiogenesis

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History of Research on Tumor Angiogenesis by Domenico Ribatti Book Summary:

In 1971, J. Folkman published in the “New England Journal of Medicine” a hypothesis that tumor growth is angiogenesis-dependent. Folkman introduced the concept that tumors probably secrete diffusible molecules that could stimulate the growth of new blood vessels toward the tumor and that the resulting tumor neovascularization could conceivably be prevented or interrupted by angiogenesis inhibitors. Solid and haematological tumors consist of an avascular and a subsequent vascular phase. Assuming that this depends on the release of angiogenic factors, acquisition of angiogenic capability can be seen as an expression of progression from neoplastic transformation to tumor growth and metastasis. Beginning in the 1980’s, the biopharmaceutical industry began exploiting the field of antiangiogenesis for creating new therapeutic compounds for modulating new blood vessels in tumor growth. In 2004, Avastin (Bevacizumab), a humanized anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody, was the first angiogenesis inhibitor approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of colorectal cancer. At present, it has been estimated that over 20,000 cancer patients worldwide have received experimental form of antiangiogenic therapy. This book offers a historical account of the relevant literature. It also emphasizes the crucial and paradigmatic role of angiogenesis as a biological process and the significance of antiangiogenic approach for the treatment of tumors.

Spinal Tumor Surgery

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Spinal Tumor Surgery by Daniel M. Sciubba Book Summary:

This practical, step-wise text covers the surgical approaches, resection strategies and reconstruction techniques used for each type of presenting tumor of the spine. Demonstrating the variety of anterior, posterior and intradural approaches and stabilization techniques, and spanning from pathologies of the craniocervical region to sacral and intradural pathologies, each chapter is generously illustrated with figures, radiographs and intraoperative photos. The chapters themselves follow a consistent and user-friendly format: the anatomy and biomechanics of a specific region, patient evaluation, essential oncologic principles, the decision-making process, and technical steps of surgery. A representative case illustration is provided at the conclusion of each chapter, exemplifying pertinent concepts described. Additionally, video segments accompany selected chapters, providing real-time illustration of surgical techniques. Technical and in-depth, yet highly accessible, Spinal Tumor Surgery: A Case-Based Approach is an essential resource for orthopedic spine surgeons, neurosurgeons, and surgical oncologists operating on tumors of the spine.

Tumors and Tumor-like Conditions of the Lung and Pleura E-Book

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Tumors and Tumor-like Conditions of the Lung and Pleura E-Book by Cesar A. Moran,Saul Suster Book Summary:

Tumors and Tumor-like Conditions of the Lung and Pleura is a superb visual resource that brings the state-of-the-art in thoracic diagnosis straight to the lab bench. Cesar A. Moran and Saul Suster are internationally recognized experts in pulmonary pathology who present a coherent and consistent approach to interpretation and diagnosis. Through more than 900 stunning photographs and a consistent, user-friendly format, this resource provides quality guidance on the diagnostic problems you face in everyday practice. You’ll get a host of innovative, practice-oriented features unavailable in any other text that streamline and facilitate diagnostic decision-making. Written by practitioners for practitioners, this visual resource is designed for quick and easy use. You can’t afford to be without it. Features over 900 high-quality full-color illustrations so you can recognize and diagnose any tissue sample under the microscope. Presents immunohistochemical and genetic features wherever relevant for comprehensive information on all of the investigative contexts important to formulating an accurate diagnosis. Includes summary tables throughout the text to simplify and clarify complex discussions and enable "at a glance" comparisons between entities. Provides practical advice from experts on pitfalls in differential diagnosis to help you avoid diagnostic errors.

Tumors of the Spine E-Book

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Tumors of the Spine E-Book by Daniel H. Kim,Ung-kyu Chang,Se-Hoon Kim,Mark H. Bilsky Book Summary:

Achieve optimal outcomes for your patients with this new multimedia reference. Organized by tumor then by region, this resource details diagnostic and therapeutic options for primary and malignant spinal tumors. Over 25 key procedures--including minimally invasive surgery--are presented in a concise, stepwise fashion, putting the key information you need right at your fingertips! Over 600 illustrations round out this exhaustive new reference. Keep up to date on the latest advances in diagnosis and therapy with discussions of the latest surgical techniques, including minimally invasive spine surgery. Chapter templating helps you understand the entire procedure as well as key aspects, pearls and pitfalls, before heading into the OR. Have all the information you need to make a diagnosis and plan patient management with oversized, full color clinical photos and line drawings that illustrate key diagnoses and surgical procedures.

Influence of Tumor Development on the Host

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Influence of Tumor Development on the Host by L.A. Liotta Book Summary:

Recent experimental evidence has made it increasingly clear In particular, this volume reviews the discrete steps involved that the properties of invasive, malignant cells during tumor in metastatic invasion: the interaction of invasive tumor cells development substantially impact on the host. This is under with extracellular matrices, the basement membrane, attach scored by a variety of biochemical properties of tumor cells ment to extracellular matrices, local proteolytic degradation during their differentiation and metastatic dissemination. of matrices, and the locomotion of invasive tumor cells These properties can be analyzed at different stages of tumor through such areas of localized degradation. The critical growth and progression and this volume explores the role of the cell surface in secondary tumor formation is characteristics of primary tumors as well as the shared reviewed as are important advances in the molecular biology characteristics of both primary and secondary tumors. of metastasis initiation and maintenance. Recent advances The primary tumor comes into existence following in the role of DNA methylation in the generation of tumor preneoplastic biochemical and cellular events that ultimate cell heterogeneity and tumor progression are also critically ly result in malignant transformation. Various aspects of summarized. Chapters in this volume also review molecular metabolism, predetermined by nutritional status, often play aspects of metastatic progression, and the use of the tech a basic role. Obesity, for example, is cancer-promoting. Cell nologies of DNA transfection and somatic cell fusion in the surface carbohydrates, cytoskeletal proteins, glycoproteins, exploration of molecular aspects of metastatic progression.

Atlas of Tumors of the Facial Skeleton

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Atlas of Tumors of the Facial Skeleton by Joachim Prein,Wolfgang Remagen,Bernd Spiessl,Erwin Uehlinger Book Summary:

The rare occurrence of tumors of the facial skeleton, whether of dental origin (odontogenic) or arising from bone (osteogenic), makes it impossible for a single observer to appreciate fully the epi demiologic and clinical behavior of these lesions, even if he controls the case material of a large institution. The systematic cooperation of many scientists is necessary in order to compile a meaningful body of information and make that information accessible for study. On the initiative of one of the authors (B.S.), the German-Austrian Swiss Association for the Study of Tumors of the Face and Jaws (DOSAK) resolved in 1971 to establish a special registry for tumors of the facial skeleton, including odontogenic lesions. This registry has been integrated into the bone tumor registry at the Swiss Asso ciation for Pathology in the Department of Pathology of the Uni versity of Basel. In 1974 DOSAK sponsored a symposium on odontogenic and os teogenic tumors of the jaws, at which illustrative cases were pre sented and discussed. These discussions revealed the problematic nature of these tumors and prompted a number of reclassifications, including some changes from benign to malignant and vice versa. It was found that radical and in some cases mutilating operations would not have been justified on the basis of the new classification. The discussions also underscored the importance of considering all factors - epidemiologic, clinical, radiologic and pathohistologi- when establishing a diagnosis.

Mental Leaps

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Mental Leaps by Keith J. Holyoak,Keith James Holyoak,Paul Thagard Book Summary:

Analogy - recalling familiar past situations to deal with novel ones - can provide invaluable creative insights, but it can also lead to dangerous errors. In Mental Leaps, two leading cognitive scientists show how analogy works and how it can be used most effectively. Keith Holyoak and Paul Thagard provide a unified, comprehensive account of the diverse operations and applications of analogy, including problem solving, decision making, explanation, and communication. They present their own theory of analogy, considering its implications for cognitive science in general, and survey examples from many other domains.

Diverse Effects of Hypoxia on Tumor Progression

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Diverse Effects of Hypoxia on Tumor Progression by M. Celeste Simon Book Summary:

Hypoxia, defined as reduced oxygen tension, is a common physiological phenomenon in both normal embryonic development and malignancy progression. Although severe hypoxia is generally toxic for both normal tissue and tumors, neoplastic cells gradually adapt to prolonged hypoxia though additional genetic and genomic changes with a net result that hypoxia promotes tumor progression and therapeutic resistance. Hypoxia promotes cancer progression by regulating various aspects of cancer biology, including radiotherapy resistance, metabolism, angiogenesis and invasion/migration

Studies In The Biology Of Tumor Cells

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Studies In The Biology Of Tumor Cells by Howard William Travis Book Summary:

Download or read Studies In The Biology Of Tumor Cells book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Tumor Response Monitoring and Treatment Planning

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Tumor Response Monitoring and Treatment Planning by N.A Book Summary:

Medical imaging progressed to a standard undreamt of not very many years ago. The advances are due to continuous development of radiological techniques and the introduction of magnetic resonance imaging. With the improved and new methods three-dimensional target volumes for radiation therapy can be defined with hitherto unknown precision. This leads to an improvement in irradiation techniques and, as a consequence, to a higher likelihood of tumor control and a lower risk of normal tissue complications. Besides the improvement in irradiation techniques the new imaging methods may enable great strides in tumor response monitoring, not only in the detection of morphological alterations but also by showing physiological changes in the tumor during and after treatment by means of MRI and PET. This not only leads to better prognostic information but may also allow early evaluation of the response to treatment. It may then be possible to individualize the radiation dose but also the alternative-treatment for non-responders. This is certainly a future direction for radiation oncology.

Brain Tumors E-Book

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Brain Tumors E-Book by Andrew H. Kaye,Edward R. Laws Jr Book Summary:

Meet the increasing need for effective brain tumor management with the highly anticipated revision of Brain Tumors by Drs. Andrew H. Kaye and Edward R. Laws. Over the past decade, enormous advances have been made in both the diagnosis and the surgical and radiotherapeutic management of brain tumors. This new edition guides you through the latest developments in the field, including hot topics like malignant gliomas, functional brain mapping, neurogenetics and the molecular biology of brain tumors, and biologic and gene therapy. Benefit from the knowledge and experience of Drs. Andrew H. Kaye and Edward R. Laws, globally recognized experts in the field of neurosurgery, as well as many other world authorities.

Tumor Microenvironment

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Tumor Microenvironment by Alexander Birbrair Book Summary:

This volume discusses recent research advances in cancer biology, focusing on the role of the tumor microenvironment. Taken alongside its companion volumes, Tumor Microenvironment: Recent Advances covers the latest research on various aspects of the tumor microenvironment, as well as future directions. Useful for introducing the newer generation of researchers to the history of how scientists studied the tumor microenvironment as well as how this knowledge is currently applied for cancer treatments, it will be essential reading for advanced cell biology and cancer biology students, as well as researchers seeking an update on research on the tumor microenvironment.