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The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids

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The Squadron That Died Twice - The story of No. 82 Squadron RAF, which in 1940 lost 23 out of 24 aircraft in two bombing raids

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Squadron That Died Twice - The story of No. 82 Squadron RAF, which in 1940 lost 23 out of 24 aircraft in two bombing raids by Gordon Thorburn Book Summary:

Apart from the quiet chatter of a few mechanics, who were checking that one aircraft was too badly damaged ever to fly again, there was a shocked silence over the aerodrome as everyone there tried to understand the impossible.Twelve twin-engined bombers of 82 Squadron RAF had set out on a fi ne May morning in 1940, from Watton, Norfolk, in a brave but hopeless attempt to slow down the German armour ripping through Belgium. Sergeant Thomas 'Jock' Morrison was the pilot of the only one to come home.Heavy losses in Bomber Command in the Second World War were common, normal, came with the territory, but this? Eleven out of twelve were shot down, by flak and fighters, and lay in burning fragments along the Belgium/ France border.It is said that history repeats itself. And so it was, almost exactly three months later, on a cloudy day in August 1940, that twelve more twin-engined Bristol Blenheim bombers, each with a crew of three men, set off from Watton, Norfolk, in a brave but hopeless attempt to destroy a Luftwaffe base in enemy-occupied Denmark. One aircraft had to turn for home before it reached the target. The other eleven pressed on as the clouds disappeared and, on a fi ne sunny morning, were all shot down, by flak and fighters, and lay in burning fragments on the shores of the Lymfjord.At the time, when the whole world was trying to understand the impossible, how Germany could conquer Denmark, Norway, The Netherlands, Belgium and France in a few weeks, and Poland before that - and surely Great Britain next? - 82 Squadron's disasters were barely noticed.Based on the accounts of survivors and on squadron and other records, Gordon Thorburn's moving retelling of the story, of the events of it and the men in it, at last puts right that terrible omission.

Battle Order 204

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Battle Order 204 by Christobel Mattingley Book Summary:

David's boyhood dreams of flying led him to England for months of training to be a bomber pilot in World War II at age 19, but his final flight was a nightmare. Seconds after the bombs were released, David was wounded in five places and his fellow pilot Dog was hit. Flying metal slashed his right knee, thigh, and shoulder; the tendons and artery in his right hand were severed; and shrapnel ripped through his thick leather helmet, fracturing his skull as his aircraft went into a dive. This riveting true story takes young people through the events of a young WWII pilot's heroic journey.

The U. S. Air Service in World War I

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The U. S. Air Service in World War I by Maurer Maurer Book Summary:

When the Great War began in Europe in August 1914, aviation in the U.S. Army was a function of the Signal Corps. Its mission was to support infantry and artillery by providing observation services. There were people in the Army and outside who could foresee no other military use for aircraft. Others believed that the airplane should be given a combat role. Some thought that aviation should be a separate combat arm. As news of aerial operations in the European war drifted across the Atlantic, there was more and more talk of buying fighting planes, battle planes, and bomb-dropping planes for the U.S. Army. Although some faltering steps were taken, little progress was made toward building a fighting air force-or even toward developing observation services for the ground forces-before the United States entered the war in April 1917. Having joined Great Britain, France, and Italy in war against Germany and Austria, the United States quickly drew plans for an air service to include fighting and bombing airplanes as well as observation planes and balloons. The allies, who had been fighting for two years or more and were much farther advanced in military aviation, provided valuable information to help the United States build up its air service. Allied contributions included not only technical data on new developments in aircraft and other aeronautical equipment but also information on how to use aviation in battle. One thing borrowed from the allies was the classification of military aviation into three, broad, functional areas labeled "observation," "pursuit," and "bombardment." Another was the concept that aviation had two separate roles, one "tactical," the other "strategical." In addition, the Allies provided ideas, along with detailed information about tactics, techniques, and procedures, that formed the foundation for the employment of the Air Service, American Expeditionary Forces (AEF), in World War I. The wartime operations of the Air Service, AEF, included visual and photographic reconnaissance, artillery adjustment, infantry liaison, counterair operations, bombing and strafing in close support of ground forces, and interdiction of the enemy's lines of communications. The war ended before US. units were ready for strategic air operations, but thinking on strategic air warfare had advanced far enough to raise, and tentatively answer, questions concerning area versus precision bombing and day versus night operations. Thus, US. military aviation in November 1918 was far different from what it had been when the war began four years earlier.

Carl A. Spaatz and the Air War in Europe

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Carl A. Spaatz and the Air War in Europe by Richard G. Davis Book Summary:

Offers the first detailed review of Carl A. Spaatz as a commander. Examines how the highest ranking U.S. airman in the European Theater of Operations of World War II viewed the war, worked with the British, and wielded the formidable air power at his disposal. Identifies specifically those aspects of his leadership that proved indispensable to the Allied Victory over Nazi Germany. Chapters: Carrying the Flame: From West Point to London, 1891-1942; Tempering the Blade: The North African Campaign, 1942-1943; Mediterranean Interlude: From Pantelleria to London, 1943; The Point of the Blade: Strategic Bombing and the Cross-Channel Invasion, 1944; and The Mortal Blow: From Normandy to Berlin, 1944-1945. Maps, charts and b & w photos.

The Command of the Air

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Command of the Air by Giulio Douhet,Joseph Patrick Harahan,Richard H. Kohn Book Summary:

The Italian General Giulio Douhet reigns as one of the twentieth century’s foremost strategic air power theorists. As such scholars as Raymond Flugel have pointed out, Douhet’s theories were crucial at a pivotal pre-World War II Army Air Force institution, the Air Corps Tactical School.

RAF Wings Over Florida

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

RAF Wings Over Florida by Willard Largent Book Summary:

They fondly remember the times when they buzzed over the homes of their Florida "families" to let them know to expect them for Sunday dinner. More than fifty years later, their stories still resonate with universal emotions: fear of failure, love of country, camaraderie, romantic love, and the pain of tragic deaths. Their stories also remind the American reader of a unique time in our history, when, poised on the brink of war, the United States reached out to help a country in distress."--BOOK JACKET.

Aerospace power in the twenty-first century a basic primer

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Aerospace power in the twenty-first century a basic primer by N.A Book Summary:

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7 December 1941

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

7 December 1941 by Leatrice R. Arakaki,John R. Kuborn Book Summary:

December 7, 1941, was by an assessment a devastating day. The Hawaiian Air Force suffered a crippling blow, but the genesis of recovery and final victory over the enemy emerged in the valor of those who weathered the onslaught and fought back with everything they had. In the 50 years since then, the attack has become a faded memory for some and to many members of the younger generation just another moment in history. It deserves better understanding and commemoration, however, for this sudden, damaging strike on our forces marked the beginning of America's involvement in a terrible global war that was massive in scope and destruction. Literature on the 7 December 1941 Japanese attack that launched the United States into World War II is extensive. Japan's primary objective that day was to cripple the US Fleet anchored at Pearl Harbor, and the Navy's experience during the attack has been chronicled in detail. Control of the air over the island of Oahu was essential to the success of the attack, but documentation on Army Air Forces involvement has been sparse and often fragmented. Consequently, few people understand why the Hawaiian Air Force was so unprepared to accomplish its air defense mission or realize the extent of the damage and casualties it sustained on that “Day of Infamy.” This book is an attempt to remedy that situation, and the events and actions of the US Army Air Forces on 7 December are told in this publication. In this writing several important question are addressed. Why was the Imperial Japanese Navy able to devastate the Hawaiian Air Force with little or no opposition? Why was the American air arm with over 200 aircraft, including long-range bombers, six radar stations, a trained ground observer unit, and extensive antiaircraft weapons units unable to perform its primary job of protecting the fleet? Why are all available aircraft unarmed and lined up like sitting ducks on the flight line at each base? Why were the radar stations shut down at 0700 on the morning of the attack? Where was the central fighter control unit, and why was it not activated prior to the attack?

The Secret State

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Secret State by Peter Hennessy Book Summary:

This updated edition of The Secret State revises Hennessy's picture of the Soviet threat that was presented to ministers from the last days of the Second World War to the 1960s. He maps the size and shape of the Cold War state built in response to that perceived threat, and traces the arguments successive generations of ministers, the military and civil servants have used to justify the British nuclear capability. He also adds new material exploring the threats presented by the IRA and radical Islamic terrorists post 9/11. In what circumstances would the Prime Minister authorize the use of nuclear force and how would his orders be carried out? What would the Queen be told and when? In this captivating new account, Peter Hennessy provides the best answers we have yet had to these questions.

Aviation in the U.S. Army, 1919-1939

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Aviation in the U.S. Army, 1919-1939 by Maurer Maurer Book Summary:

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Battle Of Britain Day

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Battle Of Britain Day by Dr Alfred Price Book Summary:

Battle of Britain Day is the only full-scale work on the events of this pivotal day in the Battle of Britain. The text is based on eyewitness testimony and official records.

The Air Campaign

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Air Campaign by John A. Warden, III Book Summary:

One of the first analyses of the pure art of planning the aerial dimensions of war. Explores the complicated connection between air superiority and victory in war. Focuses on the use of air forces at the operational level in a theater of war. Presents fascinating historical examples, stressing that the mastery of operational-level strategy can be the key to winning future wars. 20 photos. Bibliography.

Training to Fly - Military Flight Training 1907-1945

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Training to Fly - Military Flight Training 1907-1945 by Cameron, Rebecca Hancock Book Summary:

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Medical Support of the Army Air Forces in World War II

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Medical Support of the Army Air Forces in World War II by United States. Air Force Medical Service,Mae Mills Link,Hubert Anderson Coleman Book Summary:

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Help from Above

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Help from Above by John Schlight Book Summary:

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Introduction to the United States Air Force

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Introduction to the United States Air Force by N.A Book Summary:

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Slim Chance: The Pivotal Role Of Air Mobility In The Burma Campaign

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Slim Chance: The Pivotal Role Of Air Mobility In The Burma Campaign by Major Derek M. Salmi Book Summary:

This study applies lessons learned from air mobility’s pivotal role in Field Marshal Sir William Slim’s World War II Burma campaign to contemporary air mobility operations. The author begins by tracing the evolution of air mobility from its pre-World War I roots to the Second World War, noting how its development proceeded despite the lack of coherent, codified doctrine. Next the author assesses Slim’s Burma campaign and how the key elements of organization, training and leadership, apart from air mobility, proved critical to Allied victory. Building upon this, the discussion turns to air mobility’s contributions to Slim’s joint campaign. From this analysis, the author identifies the tenets of air superiority, organization and air mobility normalization as being critical and enduring airpower lessons from the Burma theater. The closing chapters offer a primer on contemporary mobility operations before arguing that modern air mobility practitioners must account for five key essentials: superiority across the air and space domains; proper organization that promotes relationship building at the operational level of war; normalization of the complete air mobility supply chain and its accompanying idea of “air mobility mindedness”; training focused on increased interoperability; and the vital role of leadership.

Case Studies in the Achievement of Air Superiority

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Case Studies in the Achievement of Air Superiority by Benjamin Franklin Cooling (III) Book Summary:

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On Celestial Wings

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

On Celestial Wings by Edgar D. Whitcomb Book Summary:

In November 1940, 44 young military cadets graduated from the first Army Air Corps Navigational Class at Miami University in Coral Gables, Florida. The cadets came from all parts of the United States-from the urban areas of the East Coast, westward to the Appalachian Mountains, to the Midwest and prairie states, to the Rocky Mountains, and the West Coast. These young men came from the inner cities, the farmlands, the mountains, and coastal regions, and they were all volunteers. Most were college-educated and in the prime of life. World War II was raging in Europe and it was becoming increasingly difficult for the United States to remain neutral. A few farsighted men in our small Army Air Corps saw the essential requirement for trained celestial navigators in our military aircraft. The instructor for this navigational class was a 34-year-old high school dropout by the name of Charles J. Lunn. Charlie Lunn had first learned the art of celestial navigation aboard freighter ships in the Caribbean and later as the navigator aboard Pan American Airline planes flying to Europe and Asia. This book was written by one of those young navigators, Edgar D. Whitcomb, from Hayden, Indiana. Ed Whitcomb tells about these young comrades-in-arms and draws vivid word portraits of them as we learn of their assignments to Air Corps units. We learn how they survived and how some died in World War II. We learn about Ed's own pre-Pearl Harbor assignment with the 19th Bombardment Group at Clark Field in the Philippines and the unfortunate, and perhaps inexcusable, decision not to deploy our B-17 Flying Fortress bombers immediately after the attack on Pearl Harbor resulting in the loss of 40 percent of thoseaircraft as they sat parked at Clark Field when the Japanese destroyed that vital military air base on the afternoon of 8 December 1941. Charles J. Mott, Colonel, USAR, Retired

Air power in three wars

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Air power in three wars by N.A Book Summary:

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Integration of the Armed Forces, 1940-1965

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Integration of the Armed Forces, 1940-1965 by Morris J. MacGregor Book Summary:

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Cross Channel Attack

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Cross Channel Attack by Gordon Harrison Book Summary:

Discusses the Allied invasion of Normandy, with extensive details about the planning stage, called Operation Overlord, as well as the fighting on Utah and Omaha Beaches.

The Strategic Air Offensive Against Germany: I, Preparation

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The Strategic Air Offensive Against Germany: I, Preparation by Charles Kingsley Webster,Noble Frankland Book Summary:

The theme of this first of four volumes of the official British history of the Second World War devoted to the RAF s strategic bomber offensive against Germany is in its sub-title Preparation . Beginning with the lessons learned from air bombing in its infancy during the Great War, the authors divide their book into three parts: strategy; operations; appreciations and results. No aspect of Britain s role in the war, as the authors acknowledge in their preface, has been and remains more controversial than the air war against German cities. These books, the product of ten years research, are an essential repository of facts, based on official documents - then still secret - in the archives of the Cabinet Office, the Air Ministry and Bomber Command. Other papers on which this account is based include the official despatches of the Chief of Bomber Command, Sir Arthur Harris, the writings and interrogations of Germany s armaments minister, Albert Speer, and papers from the Air Historical Branch. In addition to written sources, the authors consulted many of the air chiefs, scientists and other officials who directed and led the offensive. - including those of the USAF. From an initial reluctance to bomb German forests because they were private property, Britain s bombing offensive, one of the few weapons available to it in the dark early days of the war, escalated after the battles of France and Britain and the opening of the Luftwaffe s Blitz on Britain, from precision targets to mass area bombing of cities. This book takes the story up to the opening of 1943 with the first thousand bomber raids, the creation of the Pathfinder Force, and the beginning of daylight bombing. The narrative is accompanied by diagrams, six maps and 20 photos of the leading figures behind the offensive, the aircraft involved, and before and after pictures of the raids and their results. This calm, dispassionate book is essential reading for all who are interested in a subject which remains burningly relevant in the 21st century.

Breakout and Pursuit

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Breakout and Pursuit by Martin Blumenson Book Summary:

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Collision of Empires

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Collision of Empires by A. D. Harvey Book Summary:

The only previous war to match the world wars of the twentieth century in scale and impact was the French War of 1793-1815. This book is the first book to compare these conflicts, which together shaped the history of the modern world. A.D. Harvey relates the causes, conduct and outcome of these wars to the fundamental nature of the societies which fought them. Political decisions, economic power and social attitudes interfaced with the demands of military technology to determine the outcome of each case. Britain is the centre of focus, but is seen against a background of the other combatants. Harvey's ability to make large-scale generalisations is backed up by a wealth of fascinating and carefully documented detail, making this outstanding and exceptionally well-written book a pleasure to read. The author has tackled a huge subject and has not been afraid to face up to either its complexities or its implications. By asking new questions and using a range of unfamiliar sources this book provides an unusually profound analysis not only of these wars but also of the nature of modern society and of our understanding of the past.

Air Warfare and Air Base Air Defense

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Air Warfare and Air Base Air Defense by John F. Kreis Book Summary:

While the projection of air power in contemporary warfare is among the most complex endeavors facing a military commander, few of the activities required to support and sustain air forces in battle have been explored in depth in historical literature. Even less studied has been the defense of air bases. Since the introduction of airplanes to warfare, it was obvious that bases must be kept functioning at peak efficiency to seize and maintain air superiority over an enemy as well as to carry out close air support and interdiction operations. A number of factors have been critical in actions involving air bases: advancing technology in aircraft and in defensive weapons, command and control systems, detection capabilities, evolving air power doctrine that predisposes air forces to specific courses of action, human endurance and morale, camouflage or concealment, dispersion, the ability to foresee and counter the strategy of a potential enemy, and in many cases pure chance that favors one side over the other. In response to a request by the Air Force Director of Plans, the Office of Air Force History undertook to condense into one volume the experiences of various nations' air forces in defending air bases against attacks from the air. Maj. John Kreis, an experienced air security officer who spent much of his career providing protection for U. S. Air Force bases, accomplished this task by adopting a case study approach that highlights the interplay of the factors affecting air base defense over half a century. In these pages he has presented examples of the earliest attempts to defend airfields and troops in World War I from aerial assault. He chronicles the development of radar and command organizations that influenced so heavily the Royal Air Force's performance in the Battle of Britain, the ability to marshal defenses and repair crews on the island of Malta, and evolving command arrangements in North Africa that made for success against a capable enemy whose own command arrangements were deficient. Cases were also chosen to investigate failures from which sound lessons could be drawn. Limited conflict in the cold war world has imposed its own logic on base defense and attacks on installations, and the examples of base destruction in the Middle East wars between 1948 and 1973 are also instructive. This volume has wide application in staff planning for developing base defensive emplacements, providing repair and support services, and training base personnel to react in a host of contingencies. For the Air Force gene ally, it offers new insights into matters not usually treated in doctrinal literature. The cases elaborated upon here will also have an appeal to a wider public audience interested in military aviation in all of its aspects.

The Korean War

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Korean War by Stanley Sandler Book Summary:

The Korean War has been termed "The Forgotten War" or the "Unknown War." It is a conflict which never assumed the mythic character of the American Civil War or World War II. However, this book asserts, it would be impossible to understand the Cold War and indeed post 1945 global history without knowledge of the Korean War. Providing a history of the Korean peninsula before the war and including a detailed analysis of the fighting itself, The Korean War goes beyond the battlefield to deal with the war in the air, ground attack, and air evacuation. The study also evaluates the contributions of the UN naval forces, the impact of the war on various homefronts and issues such as defectors, opposition to the war, racial segregation and integration, POWs and the media. Recently-released Soviet documents are used to assess the role of China, the Soviet Union, North and South Korea and the allied forces in the conflict. This fascinating work offers a unique analysis of the Korean War and will be invaluable to students of twentieth-century history, particularly those concerned with American and Pacific history.

Help from Above

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Help from Above by John Schlight,Air Force History and Museums Program Book Summary:

First published in 2003 by U.S. Air Force History and Museums Program. In this book the author looks at close air support during the period 1946-1973, during which technological advances in the form of jet aircraft, weapons, communications, and other electronic equipment played significant roles. Doctrine, too, evolved and this very important subject is discussed in detail. Illustrated.

Europe's Deadly Century

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Europe's Deadly Century by Neil Forbes,Robin Page,Guillermo Pérez Book Summary:

In the course of Europe's twentieth century, freedoms were won at the cost of terrible sacrifice. The physical remains of war, conflict and ideological struggle lie everywhere around us. The question of what to do with this common past, in which we all share an interest, lies at the centre of this important book. From a variety of professional backgrounds, the contributors consider a wide range of conflict-heritage sites in the context of international and national histories and regional and local historical narratives. Questions of who 'owns' the past, the ambiguities over how people identify with the local community or nation state, and whether or how to make moral judgements, are central. The book illustrates the challenges of documenting and describing what are often extensive, contested and sometimes enigmatic and ambiguous buildings and monuments. The priorities of conservation, and how we ensure that documents, artefacts, sites and buildings can be given adequate and appropriate protection and care, are also addressed. This book will be of interest to a wide range of professional practitioners, academics and policy-makers, as well as the general reader, and will open the way to a deeper understanding of the significance of Europe's conflict heritage.

The Paths of Heaven

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The Paths of Heaven by Air Univeristy Press Book Summary:

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Unbroken

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Unbroken by Laura Hillenbrand Book Summary:

Relates the story of a U.S. airman who survived when his bomber crashed into the sea during World War II, spent forty-seven days adrift in the ocean before being rescued by the Japanese Navy, and was held as a prisoner until the end of the war.

Luck of a Lancaster

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Luck of a Lancaster by Gordon Thorburn Book Summary:

No 9 Squadron of Bomber Command converted from the Wellington to the Lancaster in August 1942. W4964 was the seventieth Lanc to arrive on squadron, in mid April 1943. She flew her first op on the 20th, by which time No 9 had lost forty one of their Lancs to enemy action and another five had been transferred to other squadrons and lost by them. A further thirteen of the seventy would soon be lost by No 9. All of the remaining eleven would be damaged, repaired, transferred to other squadrons or training units, and lost to enemy action or crashes except for three which, in some kind of retirement, would last long enough to be scrapped after the war.Only one of the seventy achieved a century of ops or anything like it: W4964 WS-J.Across all squadrons and all the war, the average life of a Lancaster was 22.75 sorties, but rather less for the front-line squadrons going to Germany three and four times a week in 1943 and '44, which was when W4964 was flying her 107 sorties, all with No 9 Squadron and all from RAF Bardney. The first was Stettin (Szczecin in modern Poland), and thereafter she went wherever 9 Squadron went, to Berlin, the Ruhr, and most of the big ops of the time such as Peenemunde and Hamburg. She was given a special character as J-Johnny Walker, still going strong and on September 15 1944, skippered by Flight Lieutenant James Douglas Melrose, her Tallboy special bomb was the only one to hit the battleship Tirpitz.During her career, well over two hundred airmen flew in J. None were killed while doing so, but ninety-six of them died in other aircraft. This is their story, and the story of one lucky Lancaster."

The Evolution of the Cruise Missile

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The Evolution of the Cruise Missile by Kenneth P. Werrell Book Summary:

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Men Behind the Medals

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Men Behind the Medals by Graham Pitchfork Book Summary:

Of the many characteristics that emerge in warfare, none generates more admiration than gallantry. Using medal groups chosen for their unique combinations of gallantry and campaign awards, Graham Pitchfork pays tribute to the bravery of twenty Allied airmen who flew combat operations during the Second World War. Encompassing a wide cross-section of operational roles, theatres, aircraft types and aircrew categories, the men behind the medals' experiences and actions are narrated in relation to the wider war. These crucial operations are seen through a variety of different actions, including a night-fighter crew and a navigator who took part in supply drops to Resistance movements. The air war at sea is seen through the experiences of a Beaufighter pilot and a Royal Navy observer who attacked the Italian Fleet at Taranto. As the Second World War generation fade into history, their exploits need to live on forever as an example for future generations. In describing the exploits of the lesser-known heroes of that air war, Graham Pitchfork has ensured that 'The Many' will never be forgotten.

Nine Lives

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Nine Lives by Alan C Deere Book Summary:

This is the autobiography of Alan Deere, New Zealand's most famous RAF pilot who saw action from the Munich Crisis to the invasion of France in 1944. Al Deere experienced the drama of the early days of the Battle of Britain while serving with Spitfire squadrons based at Hornchurch and Manston, and his compelling story tells of the successes and frustrations of those critical weeks. Deere's nine lives are the accounts of his fantastic luck in escaping from seemingly impossible situations. During the Battle of Britain he parachuted from stricken aircraft on three occasions and once was blown up by a bomb whilst taking off from Hornchurch during an attack on the airfield. In March 1943 Deere was appointed Wing Commander of the famous Biggin Hill Wing and by the end of the war, his distinguished 'score' was destroyed 22, probables 10 and damaged 18.

ARCHIE, FLAK, AAA, And SAM: A Short Operational History Of Ground-Based Air Defense [Illustrated Edition]

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

ARCHIE, FLAK, AAA, And SAM: A Short Operational History Of Ground-Based Air Defense [Illustrated Edition] by Dr. Kenneth P. Werrell Book Summary:

Includes over 90 illustrations ‘Dr Kenneth Werrell’s history of ground-based air defense performs an important service both to scholarship and, more important, to the defense of our nation’s freedom. It is perhaps human nature that we tend over time to lose sight of the lessons of the past, especially when they do not conform to certain cherished preconceptions of ours. That such myopia can be dangerous, if not downright disastrous, Doctor Werrell’s study richly illustrates. Without sentimentalism, he chronicles a pattern of lessons learned and too quickly forgotten, as the marvel of air power was reminded again and again of its limitations and vulnerability. In Korea and in Vietnam, the American people were stripped of their illusions of national and technical omnipotence. The unhappy outcome of those two conflicts were doubly lamentable because the lessons of World War II were—or should have been—fresh in our minds. In that world war, as Doctor Werrell shows, relatively cheap ground-based air defense did make a difference: at Ploesti, at Antwerp, and at the Rhine bridges.

Biplanes and Bombsights: British Bombing in World War I

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Biplanes and Bombsights: British Bombing in World War I by George K. Williams Book Summary:

This study measures wartime claims against actual results of the British bombing campaign against Germany in the Great War. Components of the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS), the Royal Flying Corps (RFC), and the Royal Air Force (RAF) conducted bombing raids between July 1916 and the Armistice. Specifically, Number 3 Wing (RNAS), 41 Wing of Eighth Brigade (RFC), and the Independent Force (IF) bombed German targets from bases in France. Lessons supposedly gleaned from these campaigns heavily influenced British military aviation, underpinning RAF doctrine up to and into the Second World War. Fundamental discrepancies exist, however, between the official verdict and the first-hand evidence of bombing results gathered by intelligence teams of the RAF and the US Air Service. Results of the British bombing efforts were demonstrably more modest, and costs in casualties and wastage far steeper, than previously acknowledged. A preoccupation with “moral effect” came to dominate the British view of their aerial offensives. Maj Gen Hugh M. Trenchard played a pivotal role in bringing this misperception to the forefront of public consciousness. After the Armistice, the potential of strategic bombing was officially extolled to justify the RAF as an independent service. The Air Ministry’s final report must be evaluated as a partisan manifestation of this crusade and not as a definitive final assessment, as it has been mistakenly accepted previously. This study develops and substantiates a comprehensive evaluation of British long-range bombing in the First World War. Its findings run directly counter to the generally held opinion. Natural limitations, technical shortfalls, and aircrews lacking proficiency acted in concert with German defenses to produce far less results than those claimed.

Ghosts of Targets Past

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Ghosts of Targets Past by Philip Gray,E. J. Coulter Book Summary:

Born in Scotland, Philip Gray is now a journalist living in Canada, but in WW2 he found himself captain of the crew of a 'mighty Lanc', operating with 186 Squadron as the RAF took the war right into the heart of Germany. Both Gray and his crew felt they were in charge of the undisputed king of the skies, but danger lurked around every corner and on every mission. In an engaging yet frank style, Gray reveals the true relationships between himself and his team, and between the team members themselves. He also searches his own soul as he struggles to survive in love and war.

No. 7 Bomber Squadron RAF in World War II

The Squadron That Died Twice The Story Of No 82 Squadron Raf Which In 1940 Lost 23 Out Of 24 Aircraft In Two Bombing Raids [Pdf/ePub] eBook

No. 7 Bomber Squadron RAF in World War II by Thomas G. Docherty Book Summary:

This is the story of one of the RAF's oldest and most distinguished heavy bomber squadrons in WW2, although an outline history of the unit since it was formed in WW1 and its post-war history are included. It was the first operational Stirling Squadron, the RAF's first four engine heavy bomber, and flew the first long-distance raids into the heart of Nazi Germany. This new aircraft was a break-through in terms of range and bomb load but it was also an aircraft that suffered from many teething problems. Long-distance navigation was also a black art before the introduction of radio navigation systems and the squadron suffered many fatalities in those early wartime years. Having gained expertise in their task the unit was the first to be equipped with the H2S navigational aid and eventually became one of the original elite Pathfinder squadrons. When the Lancaster came into service the Squadron re-equipped and joined 8 Group and had the dubious reputation of suffering the third greatest loss of aircraft in Bomber Command. It did however participate in more Lancaster raids than any other 8 Group squadron.