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The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action

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The Pursuit of Fairness

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Pursuit of Fairness by Terry H. Anderson Book Summary:

Affirmative action strikes at the heart of deeply held beliefs about employment and education, about fairness, and about the troubled history of race relations in America. Published on the 50th anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education, this is the only book available that gives readers a balanced, non-polemical, and lucid account of this highly contentious issue. Beginning with the roots of affirmative action, Anderson describes African-American demands for employment in the defense industry--spearheaded by A. Philip Randolph's threatened March on Washington in July 1941--and the desegregation of the armed forces after World War II. He investigates President Kennedy's historic 1961 executive order that introduced the term "affirmative action" during the early years of the civil rights movement and he examines President Johnson's attempts to gain equal opportunities for African Americans. He describes President Nixon's expansion of affirmative action with the Philadelphia Plan--which the Supreme Court upheld--along with President Carter's introduction of "set asides" for minority businesses and the Bakke ruling which allowed the use of race as one factor in college admissions. By the early 1980s many citizens were becoming alarmed by affirmative action, and that feeling was exemplified by the Reagan administration's backlash, which resulted in the demise and revision of affirmative action during the Clinton years. He concludes with a look at the University of Michigan cases of 2003, the current status of the policy, and its impact. Throughout, the author weighs each side of every issue--often finding merit in both arguments--resulting in an eminently fair account of one of America's most heated debates. A colorful history that brings to life the politicians, legal minds, and ordinary people who have fought for or against affirmative action, The Pursuit of Fairness helps clear the air and calm the emotions, as it illuminates a difficult and critically important issue.

The Law of Affirmative Action

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Law of Affirmative Action by Girardeau A. Spann Book Summary:

The debate over race in this country has of late converged on the contentious issue of affirmative action. Although the Supreme Court once supported the concept of racial affirmative action, in recent years a majority of the Court has consistently opposed various affirmative action programs. The Law of Affirmative Action provides a comprehensive chronicle of the evolution of the Supreme Court's involvement with the racial affirmative action issue over the last quarter century. Starting with the 1974 DeFunis v. Odegaard decision and the 1978 Bakke decision, which marked the beginnings of the Court's entanglement with affirmative action, Girardeau Spann examines every major Supreme Court affirmative action decision, showing how the controversy the Court initially left unresolved in DeFunis has persisted through the Court's 1998-99 term. Including nearly thirty principal cases, covering equal protection, voting rights, Title VII, and education, The Law of Affirmative Action is the only work to treat the Court decisions on racial affirmative action so closely, tracing the votes of each justice who has participated in the decisions. Indispensable for students and scholars, this timely volume elucidates reasons for the 180 degree turn in opinion on an issue so central to the debate on race in America today.

Richard Nixon and the Rise of Affirmative Action

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Richard Nixon and the Rise of Affirmative Action by Kevin L. Yuill Book Summary:

Nixon's efforts in moving the focus of U.S. race relations from reform to indemnifying damages, Yuill argues, at least equal his contributions to the origins of affirmative action through policy innovations."--Jacket.

Mainstreaming Black Power

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Mainstreaming Black Power by Tom Adam Davies Book Summary:

"The traditional narrative of the civil rights movement has been that the more moderate demands of the mainstream movement, including Martin Luther King Jr., worked, but that the more "radical" demands of the Black Power movement derailed further success. Mainstreaming Black Power upends the traditional narrative by showing how Black Power Activists in New York, Atlanta, and Los Angeles during the 1960s through the 1970s navigated the nexus of public policies, black community organizations, elected officials, and liberal foundations. Tom Adam Davies unites local and national perspectives and reveals how the efforts of mainstream white politicians, institutions, and organizations engaged with Black Power ideology, and how they ultimately limited both the pace and extent of change."--Provided by publisher.

Protesting Affirmative Action

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Protesting Affirmative Action by Dennis Deslippe Book Summary:

A lightning rod for liberal and conservative opposition alike, affirmative action has proved one of the more divisive issues in the United States over the past five decades. Dennis Deslippe here offers a thoughtful study of early opposition to the nation’s race- and gender-sensitive hiring and promotion programs in higher education and the workplace. This story begins more than fifteen years before the 1978 landmark U.S. Supreme Court case Regents of the University of California v. Bakke. Partisans attacked affirmative action almost immediately after it first appeared in the 1960s. Liberals in the opposition movement played an especially significant role. While not completely against the initiative, liberal opponents strove for "soft" affirmative action (recruitment, financial aid, remedial programs) and against "hard" affirmative action (numerical goals, quotas). In the process of balancing ideals of race and gender equality with competing notions of colorblindness and meritocracy, they even borrowed the language of the civil rights era to make far-reaching claims about equality, justice, and citizenship in their anti–affirmative action rhetoric. Deslippe traces this conflict through compelling case studies of real people and real jobs. He asks what the introduction of affirmative action meant to the careers and livelihoods of Seattle steelworkers, New York asbestos handlers, St. Louis firemen, Detroit policemen, City University of New York academics, and admissions counselors at the University of Washington Law School. Through their experiences, Deslippe examines the diverse reactions to affirmative action, concluding that workers had legitimate grievances against its hiring and promotion practices. In studying this phenomenon, Deslippe deepens our understanding of American democracy and neoconservatism in the late twentieth century and shows how the liberals’ often contradictory positions of the 1960s and 1970s reflect the conflicted views about affirmative action many Americans still hold today.

Constructing Affirmative Action

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Constructing Affirmative Action by David Hamilton Golland Book Summary:

Between 1965, when President Lyndon B. Johnson defined affirmative action as a legitimate federal goal, and 1972, when President Richard M. Nixon named one of affirmative action's chief antagonists the head of the Department of Labor, government officials at all levels addressed racial economic inequality in earnest. Providing members of historically disadvantaged groups an equal chance at obtaining limited and competitive positions, affirmative action had the potential to alienate large numbers of white Americans, even those who had viewed school desegregation and voting rights in a positive light. Thus, affirmative action was -- and continues to be -- controversial. Novel in its approach and meticulously researched, David Hamilton Golland's Constructing Affirmative Action: The Struggle for Equal Employment Opportunity bridges a sizeable gap in the literature on the history of affirmative action. Golland examines federal efforts to diversify the construction trades from the 1950s through the 1970s, offering valuable insights into the origins of affirmative action--related policy. Constructing Affirmative Action analyzes how community activism pushed the federal government to address issues of racial exclusion and marginalization in the construction industry with programs in key American cities.

The Sixties

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The Sixties by Terry Anderson Book Summary:

Terry Anderson�s The Sixties is a concise yet thorough survey of the tumultuous and immensely consequential 1960�s. After a brief introduction on the postwar years, this book explores the significant political, foreign policy, social, and cultural events from the 1960 Greensboro sit-ins and presidential campaign to the high tide of women�s liberation and American withdrawal from Vietnam in 1973. The new edition has added more material on women and the GLBTQ community, as well as on Hispanic or Latino/a community � the fastest-growing minority in the United States. More than an explanation of the conflicts over race, class, sexuality and the Vietnam War that erupted during this era, the book explores why many citizens at that time felt change was not only necessary, but mandatory.

Redefining Equality

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Redefining Equality by Neal Devins,Davison M. Douglas Book Summary:

The idea of equality is central to American civic life and one of the foundations of our national identity. Charges of unequal treatment continue to be voiced nationwide, in both the public discourse and the courts, yet there is no consensus on the meaning of equality. Competing views on this topic have erupted into a cultural conflict that looms large in contemporary American politics. In this collection of insightful essays, distinguished scholars in law, history, and social science present varying perspectives on this fundamental concept. Addressing the specific cases behind the headlines and the abstract arguments within the legal texts, the contributors look closely at everything from school bussing programs and affirmative action to the role of the courts and the politics of equality. Various examples and definitions of equality, culled from America's past and present, are summarized and examined in ways that illustrate how and why equality issues directly affect men and women of all races and backgrounds. Redefining Equality, a balanced array of assessments regarding our nation's historical and contemporary thoughts on equality and civil rights, will prove most informative to students of law, political science, and recent American history.

Bush's Wars

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Bush's Wars by Terry H. Anderson Book Summary:

Carefully researched and briskly narrated, Bush's Wars is a single-volume, balanced history of of Operation Iraqi Freedom and its long aftermath.

Diversity

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Diversity by Peter Wood Book Summary:

Argues that the historical meaning of diversity--traditionally defined as variety and multiplicy--is being lost in current American efforts toward prescribed numerical outcomes based on ethnic, racial, or physical characteristics.

The United States Since 1945

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The United States Since 1945 by Robert P. Ingalls,David K. Johnson Book Summary:

Encompassing political, social, and cultural issues, this primary source reader allows students to hear the voices of the past, giving a richer understanding of American society since 1945. Comprises over 50 documents, which incorporate political, social, and cultural history and encompass the viewpoints of ordinary people as well a variety of leaders An extended introduction explains to students how to think and work like historians by using primary sources Includes both written texts and photographs Headnotes contextualize the documents and questions encourage students to engage critically with the sources

The Sixties with Access Code

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Sixties with Access Code by Terry H. Anderson Book Summary:

ALERT: Before you purchase, check with your instructor or review your course syllabus to ensure that you select the correct ISBN. Several versions of Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products exist for each title, including customized versions for individual schools, and registrations are not transferable. In addition, you may need a CourseID, provided by your instructor, to register for and use Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products. Packages Access codes for Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products may not be included when purchasing or renting from companies other than Pearson; check with the seller before completing your purchase. Used or rental books If you rent or purchase a used book with an access code, the access code may have been redeemed previously and you may have to purchase a new access code. Access codes Access codes that are purchased from sellers other than Pearson carry a higher risk of being either the wrong ISBN or a previously redeemed code. Check with the seller prior to purchase. -- &a>A compact account of the turbulent 1960s. Terry Anderson tackles the question of why America experienced a full decade of tumult and change, the reverberations and consequences from which are still felt today. Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab at no extra charge, please visit www.MySearchLab.com or use ISBN: 9780205840120.

The Bakke Case

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Bakke Case by Joel Dreyfuss,Charles Lawrence Book Summary:

Landmark legal case regarding racial discrimination of a medical student.

Restless Giant

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Restless Giant by James T. Patterson Book Summary:

In Restless Giant, acclaimed historical author James Patterson provides a crisp, concise assessment of the twenty-seven years between the resignation of Richard Nixon and the election of George W. Bush in a sweeping narrative that seamlessly weaves together social, cultural, political, economic, and international developments. We meet the era's many memorable figures and explore the "culture wars" between liberals and conservatives that appeared to split the country in two. Patterson describes how America began facing bewildering developments in places such as Panama, Somalia, Bosnia, and Iraq, and discovered that it was far from easy to direct the outcome of global events, and at times even harder for political parties to reach a consensus over what attempts should be made. At the same time, domestic issues such as the persistence of racial tensions, high divorce rates, alarm over crime, and urban decay led many in the media to portray the era as one of decline. Patterson offers a more positive perspective, arguing that, despite our often unmet expectations, we were in many ways better off than we thought. By 2000, most Americans lived more comfortably than they had in the 1970s, and though bigotry and discrimination were far from extinct, a powerful rights consciousness insured that these were less pervasive in American life than at any time in the past. With insightful analyses and engaging prose, Restless Giant captures this period of American history in a way that no other book has, illuminating the road that the United States traveled from the dismal days of the mid-1970s through the hotly contested election of 2000. The Oxford History of the United States The Oxford History of the United States is the most respected multi-volume history of our nation. The series includes three Pulitzer Prize winners, a New York Times bestseller, and winners of the Bancroft and Parkman Prizes. The Atlantic Monthly has praised it as "the most distinguished series in American historical scholarship," a series that "synthesizes a generation's worth of historical inquiry and knowledge into one literally state-of-the-art book." Conceived under the general editorship of C. Vann Woodward and Richard Hofstadter, and now under the editorship of David M. Kennedy, this renowned series blends social, political, economic, cultural, diplomatic, and military history into coherent and vividly written narrative.

Dissent in Wichita

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Dissent in Wichita by Gretchen Cassel Eick Book Summary:

"Through her close study of events in Wichita, Eick reveals the civil rights movement as a national, not a southern, phenomenon. She focuses particularly on Chester I. Lewis, Jr., a key figure in the local as well as the national NAACP. Lewis initiated one of the earliest investigations of de facto school desegregation by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and successfully challenged employment discrimination in the nation's largest aircraft industries."--BOOK JACKET.

Divided Arsenal

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Divided Arsenal by Daniel Kryder Book Summary:

A comparison of the causes and effects of federal race policy during World War II.

Cultural Pluralism, Identity Politics, and the Law

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Cultural Pluralism, Identity Politics, and the Law by Austin Sarat,Thomas R. Kearns Book Summary:

We are witnessing in the last decade of the twentieth century more frequent demands by racial and ethnic groups for recognition of their distinctive histories and traditions as well as opportunities to develop and maintain the institutional infrastructure necessary to preserve them. Where it once seemed that the ideal of American citizenship was found in the promise of integration and in the hope that none of us would be singled out for, let alone judged by, our race or ethnicity, today integration, often taken to mean a denial of identity and history for subordinated racial, gender, sexual or ethnic groups, is often rejected, and new terms of inclusion are sought. The essays in Cultural Pluralism, Identity Politics, and the Law ask us to examine carefully the relation of cultural struggle and material transformation and law's role in both. Written by scholars from a variety of disciplines and theoretical inclinations, the essays challenge orthodox understandings of the nature of identity politics and contemporary debates about separatism and assimilation. They ask us to think seriously about the ways law has been, and is, implicated in these debates. The essays address questions such as the challenges posed for notions of legal justice and procedural fairness by cultural pluralism and identity politics, the role played by law in structuring the terms on which recognition, accommodation, and inclusion are accorded to groups in the United States, and how much of accepted notions of law are defined by an ideal of integration and assimilation. The contributors are Elizabeth Clark, Lauren Berlant, Dorothy Roberts, Georg Lipsitz, and Kenneth Karst.

Amerikastudien

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Amerikastudien by N.A Book Summary:

Download or read Amerikastudien book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Encyclopedia of African American History

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Encyclopedia of African American History by Leslie Alexander,Walter C. Rucker Jr. Book Summary:

A fresh compilation of essays and entries based on the latest research, this work documents African American culture and political activism from the slavery era through the 20th century. • Contributions from over 100 specialists on African America and the African diaspora • A spectacular selection of illustrations and photographs, such as a Kongo cosmogram, the African burial ground in New York City, and maps of the Triangular Trade and the Underground Railroad

The Political Economy of Hope and Fear

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The Political Economy of Hope and Fear by Marcellus William Andrews Book Summary:

Popular liberal writing on race has relied on appeals to the value of "diversity" and the fading memory of the Civil Rights movement to counter the aggressive conservative assault on liberal racial reform generally, and on black well-being, in particular. Yet appeals to fairness and justice, no matter how heartfelt, are bound to fail, Marcellus Andrews argues, since the economic foundations of the Civil Rights movement have been destroyed by the combined forces of globalization, technology, and tight government budgets. The Political Economy of Hope and Fear fills an important intellectual gap in writing on race by developing a hard-nosed economic analysis of the links between competitive capitalism, racial hostility, and persistent racial inequality in post-Civil Rights America. Andrews speaks to the anger and frustration that blacks feel in the face of the nation's abandonment of racial equality as a worthy objective by showing how the considerable difficulties that black Americans face are related to fundamental changes in the economic fortunes of the U.S. The Political Economy of Hope and Fear is an economist's plea for unsentimental thinking on matters of race to replace the mixture of liberal hand wringing and conservative mythmaking that currently passes for serious analysis about the nation's racial predicament.

The Michigan Affirmative Action Cases

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Michigan Affirmative Action Cases by Barbara A. Perry,Barbara Ann Perry Book Summary:

A compelling look at the two closely-linked--and controversial--2003 Supreme Court decisions that revisited the practice and constitutionality of affirmative action at the college level. The result was a divided opinion that neither completely repudiated affirmative action nor completely condoned its practice.

Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Encyclopedia of Philosophy by Donald M. Borchert Book Summary:

This volume, covering entries from "Abbagnano, Nicola" to "Byzantine philosophy," presents articles on Eastern and Western philosophies, medical and scientific ethics, the Holocaust, terrorism, censorship, biographical entries, and much more.

The Journal of African American History

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The Journal of African American History by N.A Book Summary:

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Ethnic Groups

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Ethnic Groups by N.A Book Summary:

A collection of articles illustrating the diversity of origins of the American people.

America, History and Life

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America, History and Life by N.A Book Summary:

Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.

The Nation

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Nation by N.A Book Summary:

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Affirmative Development

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Affirmative Development by Edmund W. Gordon,Beatrice L. Bridglall Book Summary:

Affirmative Development makes the case theoretically for deliberate intervention to develop academic ability for students not naturally disposed to develop such ability by the conditions under which they live. The book includes discussions of intellective competence and intellective character as products of the development of academic ability and reviews of the research evidence for the feasibility and morality of such action.

Review of Public Personnel Administration

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Review of Public Personnel Administration by N.A Book Summary:

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In Defense Of Affirmative Action

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

In Defense Of Affirmative Action by Barbara R. Bergmann Book Summary:

At a time when quotas and preferences are under attack nationwide, Barbara Bergmann courageously show that without the help of affirmative action America will never be able to attain a truly race-blind and sex-blind society, for it is naive to imagine that the abolition of affirmative action will lead to a system based solely on ability. Women and minorities do in fact need assistance in cases where prejudice or habit leads to preference for white males in all openings. Free of the posturing that has so often degraded this debate, In Defense of Affirmative Action is a clarion call to maintain affirmative action as a just and indispensable solution to a chronic problem in American society.

For Jobs and Freedom

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

For Jobs and Freedom by WILLIAM B. DAVIS,Robert H. Zieger Book Summary:

Work has always been central to the African American experience. Whether as slaves or freedmen, African Americans have struggled to gain economic opportunity. For Jobs and Freedom: Race and Labor in America since 1865 analyzes the position of African American workers in the U.S. economy and social order over the past century and a half. This comprehensive study focuses on black workers' efforts to gain equal rights in the workplace and deals extensively with organized labor's complex and tumultuous relationship with African Americans. Highlighting the problems and opportunities that have characterized efforts to build biracial unions and forge a strong labor−civil rights political coalition, it is an authoritative treatment on the subject of race and labor in modern America.

The Way We Lived

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The Way We Lived by Frederick M. Binder,David M. Reimers Book Summary:

This popular reader uses both primary and secondary sources to explore social history topics and sharpen students' interpretive skills. Each chapter includes one secondary source essay and several related primary source documents. Chapter introductions tie the readings together and pose questions to consider.

The Myth of Post-racial America

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Myth of Post-racial America by H. Roy Kaplan Book Summary:

The Myth of Post-Racial America provides a history of race and racism in the United States. These concepts became integral parts of American society through social, psychological, and political decisions, which are documented so readers can learn about the origin of myths and stereotypes that have created schisms in our society from its founding to the present day. This information is essential reading for students and teachers so they can become more effective in their work and value cultural differences, modes of expression, and learning styles.

American law in the 21st century

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American law in the 21st century by American Society of Comparative Law,International Academy of Comparative Law Book Summary:

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Government Discrimination

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Government Discrimination by James A. Kushner Book Summary:

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Journal of the Indiana Academy of the Social Sciences

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Journal of the Indiana Academy of the Social Sciences by N.A Book Summary:

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Ie-Amer Gov/Pol

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Ie-Amer Gov/Pol by Schmidt,Shelley,Bardes Book Summary:

Download or read Ie-Amer Gov/Pol book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

The Affirmative Action Hoax

The Pursuit Of Fairness A History Of Affirmative Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Affirmative Action Hoax by Steven Farron Book Summary:

Debates surrounding Affirmative Action, the public policies and initiatives designed to help eliminate past and present discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, have raged for years. In his book, Professor Farron examines the history of affirmative action and exposes the fraudulent nature of its justification. The Affirmative Action Hoax centers on universities where academic achievement can be clearly compared and where affirmative action generates intense controversy. The Affirmative Action Hoax offers an uninhibited examination of the practice and exposes the damage it causes to society.