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The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix

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The Man in the Monkeynut Coat

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Man in the Monkeynut Coat by Kersten T. Hall Book Summary:

The Man in the Monkeynut Coat tells the story of a neglected pioneer whose vital role in one of the biggest scientific discoveries of all time has largely been forgotten. Working at Leeds in the 1930s, the physicist William T. Astbury was the first person to make successful X-ray studies of the structure of DNA, the molecule of heredity. In the course of this work, he laid the foundations for the ground-breaking discovery of the double-helical structureof DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953, and also transformed biology, leaving a scientific legacy that is still felt in medicine today.Whilst Watson and Crick went on to win theNobel Prize, Astbury's name is largely unknown. This is perhaps a classic case of history being written by the winners, but his name surely deserves far greater recognition for, as this book shows, without him Watson and Crick would almost certainly have been left empty-handed.

Life's Greatest Secret

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Life's Greatest Secret by Matthew Cobb Book Summary:

Life's Greatest Secret is the story of the discovery and cracking of the genetic code. This great scientific breakthrough has had far-reaching consequences for how we understand ourselves and our place in the natural world. The code forms the most striking proof of Darwin's hypothesis that all organisms are related, holds tremendous promise for improving human well-being, and has transformed the way we think about life. Matthew Cobb interweaves science, biography and anecdote in a book that mixes remarkable insights, theoretical dead-ends and ingenious experiments with the pace of a thriller. He describes cooperation and competition among some of the twentieth century's most outstanding and eccentric minds, moves between biology, physics and chemistry, and shows the part played by computing and cybernetics. The story spans the globe, from Cambridge MA to Cambridge UK, New York to Paris, London to Moscow. It is both thrilling science and a fascinating story about how science is done.

G is for Genes

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

G is for Genes by Kathryn Asbury,Robert Plomin Book Summary:

G is for Genes shows how a dialogue between geneticists and educationalists can have beneficial results for the education of all children—and can also benefit schools, teachers, and society at large. Draws on behavioral genetic research from around the world, including the UK-based Twins’ Early Development Study (TEDS), one of the largest twin studies in the world Offers a unique viewpoint by bringing together genetics and education, disciplines with a historically difficult relationship Shows that genetic influence is not the same as genetic determinism and that the environment matters at least as much as genes Designed to spark a public debate about what naturally-occurring individual differences mean for education and equality

Exploring Protein Structure: Principles and Practice

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Exploring Protein Structure: Principles and Practice by Tim Skern Book Summary:

This textbook introduces the basics of protein structure and logically explains how to use online software to explore the information in protein structure databases. Readers will find easily understandable, step-by step exercises and video-trainings to support them in grasping the fundamental concepts. After reading this book, readers will have the skills required to independently explore and analyze macromolecular structures, will be versed in extracting information from protein databases and will be able to visualize protein structures using specialized software and on-line algorithms. This book is written for advanced undergraduates and PhD students wishing to use information from structural biology in their assignments and research and will be a valuable source of information for all those interested in applied and theoretical aspects of structural biology.

Medical Saints

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Medical Saints by Jacalyn Duffin Book Summary:

This book is an exploration of illness and healing experiences in contemporary society through the veneration of saints: primarily the twin doctors Saints Cosmas and Damian. It also follows the author's personal journey from her role as a hematologist who inadvertently served as an expert witness in a miracle to her research as a historian on the origins, meaning and functions of saints. Sources include interviews with devotees in both North America and Europe. Cosmas and Damian were martyred around the year 300 A.D. in what is now Syria. Called the "Anargyroi" (without silver) because they charged no fees, they became patrons of medicine, surgery, and pharmacy as their cult spread widely across Europe. The near eastern origin explains their popularity in Byzantine and Orthodox traditions and the concentration of their shrines in Eastern Europe, Southern Italy, and Sicily. The Medici family of Florence also viewed the "santi medici" as patrons, and their deeds were depicted by great Renaissance artists. In medical literature they are now revered as patrons of transplantation. Duffin's research focuses on how people have taken the saints with them as they moved within Italy and beyond. It also shows that their veneration is not confined to immigrant traditions, and that it fills important functions in health care and healing. Duffin's conclusions are situated within scholarship in medicine, medical history, sociology, anthropology, and popular religion; and intersect with the current medical debate over spiritual healing. This work springs from medical history and Roman Catholic traditions; however, it extends to general observations about the behaviors of sick people and about the formal responses to individual illness from collectivities in religion, medicine, and, indeed, history.

The Path to the Double Helix

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Path to the Double Helix by Robert Olby Book Summary:

Written by a noted historian of science, this in-depth account traces how Watson and Crick achieved one of science's most dramatic feats: their 1953 discovery of the molecular structure of DNA.

Unravelling the Double Helix

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Unravelling the Double Helix by Gareth Williams Book Summary:

DNA. The double helix; the blueprint of life; and, during the early 1950s, a baffling enigma that could win a Nobel Prize. Everyone knows that James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the double helix. In fact, they clicked into place the last piece of a huge jigsaw puzzle that other researchers had assembled over decades. Researchers like Maurice Wilkins (the 'Third Man of DNA') and Rosalind Franklin, famously demonised by Watson. Not forgetting the 'lost heroes' who fought to prove that DNA is the stuff of genes, only to be airbrushed out of history. In Unravelling the Double Helix, Professor Gareth Williams sets the record straight. He tells the story of DNA in the round, from its discovery in pus-soaked bandages in 1868 to the aftermath of Watson's best-seller The Double Helix a century later. You don't need to be a scientist to enjoy this book. It's a page-turner that unfolds like a detective story, with suspense, false leads and treachery, and a fabulous cast of noble heroes and back-stabbing villains. But beware: some of the science is dreadful, and the heroes and villains may not be the ones you expect.

Maurice Wilkins: The Third Man of the Double Helix

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Maurice Wilkins: The Third Man of the Double Helix by Maurice Wilkins Book Summary:

The Nobel Prize for the discovery of the structure of DNA was given to three scientists - James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins. It was the experimental work of Wilkins and his colleague Rosalind Franklin that provided the clues to the structure. Here, Wilkins, who died in 2004, gives us his own account of his life, his early work in physics, the tensions and exhilaration of working on DNA, and his much discussed difficult relationship with his colleague Rosalind. This is a highly readable, and often moving account from a highly distinguished scientist who played one of the key roles in the historic discovery of the molecule behind inheritance.

Tools and Techniques in Biomolecular Science

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Tools and Techniques in Biomolecular Science by Aysha Divan,Janice Royds Book Summary:

Tools and Techniques in the Biomolecular Sciences reviews a broad range of modern technologies, explaining the theoretical principles of each technology, their applications and limitations, and how to understand and analyse the data a particular technique generates.

Early Responses to the Periodic System

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Early Responses to the Periodic System by Masanori Kaji Book Summary:

The reception of the periodic system of elements has received little attention. Many historians have studied Mendeleev's discovery of the periodic system, but few have analyzed how the scientific community perceived and employed it. American historian of science Stephen G. Brush concluded that the periodic law had been generally accepted in the United States and Britain and suggested the need to extend this study to other countries. Early Responses to the Periodic System is the first collection of comparative studies on the reception, response, and appropriation of the periodic system of elements. This book examines the history of pedagogy and popularization in scientific communities, educational sectors, and popular culture from the 1870s to the 1920s. Fifteen historians of science explore eleven countries (and one region) central to chemical research, including Russia, Germany, the Czech lands, and Japan, one of the few nation-states outside the Western world to participate in nineteenth century scientific research. The collection, organized by nation-state, explores how local actors regarded the new discovery as law, classification, or theoretical interpretation. The section on France discusses how a small but significant group of authors, including Adolphe Wurtz and Édouard Grimaux, introduced the periodic system as support for the atomic theory--not as the final solution to the longstanding quest for a natural classification of elements. The chapter on Germany discusses the role of Lothar Meyer, also awarded The Davy Medal for the discovery of the periodic system. Meyer's role was considered less important, and he was forgotten in his home country, where educational tradition was well established, and the periodic system was not used as a novel didactic approach. In addition to discussing the appropriation of the periodic system, the collection examines metaphysical reflections of nature based on the periodic system outside of chemistry and considers how far we can push the categories of "response" and "reception."

Cell Membranes

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Cell Membranes by Lukas Buehler Book Summary:

Cell Membranes offers a solid foundation for understanding the structure and function of biological membranes. The book explores the composition and dynamics of cell membranes discussing the molecular and biological diversity of its lipid and protein components and how the combinatorial richness of both components explains the chemical, mechanical,

Darwin's Dice

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Darwin's Dice by Curtis Johnson,Curtis N. Johnson Book Summary:

"For evolutionary biologists, the concept of chance has always played a significant role in the formation of evolutionary theory. As far back as Greek antiquity, chance and "luck" were understood to be key factors in the evolution of the natural world. Emphasizing chance is an entire way of thinking about nature, and it is also one of the key ideas that separates Charles Darwin from other systematic biologists of his time. Studying the concept of chance in Darwin's writing reveals core ideas in his theory of evolution, as well as his reflections on design, purpose, and randomness in nature's progression over the course of history. In Darwin's Dice: The Idea of Chance in the Thought of Charles Darwin, Curtis Johnson does exactly that. He examines the workof Darwin in terms of his views on randomness and chance, and how the views changed as his work progressed. Randomness was a focal point for Darwin, and pursuing it as a theme helped significantly transform his research. Darwin's Dice shows us how Darwindefined "chance," and explores Darwin's influential architect metaphor in relation to the idea. Through the lens of randomness, Johnson reveals how Darwin's treatment of free will becomes more complex. This approach can shed light on many other quirks and points of interest in Darwin's work, including the curiously shifting presence of giraffes in subsequent drafts of On the Origin of Species. Johnson also reexamines Darwin's "Metaphysical Notebooks," and discusses the role Darwin felt that chance plays in morality and religion. Darwin's Dice presents a new way to look at Darwinist thought and the writings on Charles Darwin. Curtis Johnson reveals that chance and randomness play a large part in Darwinist thought, and that we can better understand Darwin's work by understanding that part"--

Researching Biology and Evolution in the Gulf States

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Researching Biology and Evolution in the Gulf States by Jörg Matthias Determann Book Summary:

"Officials and religious scholars in the Gulf states have repeatedly banned the teaching of the theory of evolution because of its association with atheism. But Jorg Matthias Determann argues here that, despite official prohibition, research on biological evolution has flourished, due in large part to the development of academic and professional networks. This book traces these networks through the history of various branches of biology, including botany, conservation research, ornithology and palaeontology. Typical of rentier societies, some of the scientific networks in this region consist of vertical patron-client relationships. For example, those in power who are interested in wildlife conservation have been known to offer patronage to biologists working on desert ecology. However, just as important are the horizontal links between scientists both within the Gulf region and beyond. Given the strengths and importance of these two forms of professional networks, Determann argues that we should look at the Arab world as an area interconnected with global science, and therefore fully integrated into the scientific and technological advances being pioneered worldwide."--Publisher's website.

Molecular Biology

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Molecular Biology by Nancy Lynn Craig Book Summary:

Molecular Biology: Principles of Genome Function offers a fresh, distinctive approach to the teaching of molecular biology. With its focus on key principles, its emphasis on the commonalities that exist between the three kingdoms of life, and its integrated approach throughout, it is the perfect companion to any molecular biology course.

The Transforming Principle

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Transforming Principle by Maclyn McCarty Book Summary:

Tells how research aimed at a cure for pneumonia, based on the determination of how an inactive bacterium became active, led to an understanding of the role of DNA

The History of Chemistry

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The History of Chemistry by William H. Brock Book Summary:

From man's first exploration of natural materials and their transformations to today's materials science, chemistry has always been the central discipline that underpins both the physical and biological sciences, as well as technology. In this Very Short Introduction, William H. Brock traces the unique appeal of this fundamental science throughout history. Covering alchemy, early-modern chemistry, pneumatic chemistry and Lavoisier's re-interpretation of chemical change, the rise of organic and physical chemistry, and the transforming power of synthesis, Brock explores the extraordinary and often puzzling transformations of natural and artificial materials, as well as the men and women who experimented, speculated, and explained matter and change. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Physics and Necessity

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Physics and Necessity by Olivier Darrigol Book Summary:

Can we prove the necessity of our best physical theories by rational means, without appeal to experience? This book recounts a few ingenious attempts to derive physical theories by reason only, beginning with Descartes' geometric construction of the world, and finishing with recent derivations of quantum mechanics from natural axioms. It should be of great interest to anyone concerned with the foundations of physics and its broader philosophical interpretation.

Immunity

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Immunity by Alfred I. Tauber Book Summary:

" Senior scholar Alfred Tauber argues in this bold account that common approaches to the study of immunology are inherently flawed in its strict dichotomy of the self and non-self, or external invaders. The relationship between what is self and what is non-self is in reality a complex, dymanic, relational one. Autonomous agents are constantly in the midst of dialectical exchanges in which immunity mediates both noxious and benign encounters. Namely: rather than serving to defend an independent entity, immunity participates in an eco-system. Contemporary transplantation biology and autoimmunity have demonstrated phenomena that upset rigid adherence to the self/non-self dichotomy. Placing tolerant immune mechanisms within a broad ecological context has highlighted the balance of co-operative and competitive relationships in which immunity functions. By understanding immunity this way, as a 'symbiotic turn, ' we come to see that immune reactivity (rejection or tolerance) is a second-order response to the cognitive functions of the immune system. Organisms have a complex capacity to respond to environment, and, through Tauber's insignts, we appreciate them more fully when we grasp the flexibility of the borders of organisms. After first providing an overview of the history of immunology, and explaining why the dominant understanding of it is incomplete and limiting, Tauber argues for this new approach to immunology and explains how it will usher in a new biology in which symbiosis is the rule, not the exception. "--

Genesis of the Salk Institute

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Genesis of the Salk Institute by Suzanne Bourgeois Book Summary:

This work is a personal account of the origins and early years of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies. Bourgeois crafts an engaging study that draws on her involvement with the Institute and on related archives, interviews, and informal conversations. The volume discusses the people who founded the Institute and built a home for renowned research—leading scientists of the time as well as non-scientists of stature in finance, politics, philanthropy, publishing, and the humanities. The events that brought people together, the historic backdrop in which they worked, their personalities, their courage and their visions, their clash of egos and their personal vanities are woven together in a rich, engaging narrative about the founding of a world-premier research institution.

My Sister Rosalind Franklin

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

My Sister Rosalind Franklin by Jenifer Glynn Book Summary:

The sister of the molecular biologist describes Rosalind Franklin's life, including her early eduction, her relations with her family, her time as a student at Cambridge University, and her scientific achievements.

Toward a New Dimension

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Toward a New Dimension by Anne Marcovich,Terry Shinn Book Summary:

Imagine Galileo pointing his telescope not toward the sky but instead toward molecules, and discovering there a hitherto unimagined world. This is the adventure of nanoscale scientists exploring single molecules and moreover controlling them at will. This book presents key historical moments in the birth and evolution of nanoscience in the last thirty years. It narrates the genesis of revolutionary instruments and new species of molecule size objects. Nanoscalescientific research has not only powerfully affected the amount and orientation of knowledge, it has perhaps even more significantly redirected the ways in which much research work is carried out,changed scientists' methodology and reasoning processes, and influenced aspects of the structure of career trajectory and the functioning of scientific disciplines. This book invites the question: to what extent does nanoscale scientific research constitute a kind of 'scientific revolution'?

Medieval Robots

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Medieval Robots by E. R. Truitt Book Summary:

A thousand years before Isaac Asimov set down his Three Laws of Robotics, real and imagined automata appeared in European courts, liturgies, and literary texts. Medieval robots took such forms as talking statues, mechanical animals, and silent metal guardians; some served to entertain or instruct while others performed disciplinary or surveillance functions. Variously ascribed to artisanal genius, inexplicable cosmic forces, or demonic powers, these marvelous fabrications raised fundamental questions about knowledge, nature, and divine purpose in the Middle Ages. Medieval Robots recovers the forgotten history of fantastical, aspirational, and terrifying machines that captivated Europe in imagination and reality between the ninth and fourteenth centuries. E. R. Truitt traces the different forms of self-moving or self-sustaining manufactured objects from their earliest appearances in the Latin West through centuries of mechanical and literary invention. Chronicled in romances and song as well as histories and encyclopedias, medieval automata were powerful cultural objects that probed the limits of natural philosophy, illuminated and challenged definitions of life and death, and epitomized the transformative and threatening potential of foreign knowledge and culture. This original and wide-ranging study reveals the convergence of science, technology, and imagination in medieval culture and demonstrates the striking similarities between medieval and modern robotic and cybernetic visions.

Heredity Explored

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Heredity Explored by Staffan Müller-Wille,Christina Brandt Book Summary:

Investigations of how the understanding of heredity developed in scientific, medical, agro-industrial, and political contexts of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Genetic Analysis

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Genetic Analysis by Philip Mark Meneely Book Summary:

With its unique integration of genetics and molecular biology, this text probes fascinating questions that explore how our understanding of key genetic phenomena can be used to understand biological systems. Opening with a brief overview of key genetic principles, model organisms, andepigenetics, the book goes on to explore the use of gene mutations, the analysis of gene expression and activity, a discussion of the genetic structure of natural populations, and more.

Physics

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Physics by J. L. Heilbron Book Summary:

How does the physics we know today - a highly professionalised enterprise, inextricably linked to government and industry - link back to its origins as a liberal art in Ancient Greece? What is the path that leads from the old philosophy of nature and its concern with humankind's place in the universe to modern massive international projects that hunt down fundamental particles and industrial laboratories that manufacture marvels? J. L. Heilbron's fascinating history of physics introduces us to Islamic astronomers and mathematicians, calculating the size of the earth whilst their caliphs conquered much of it; to medieval scholar-theologians investigating light; to Galileo, Copernicus, Kepler, and Newton, measuring, and trying to explain, the universe. We visit the 'House of Wisdom' in 9th-century Baghdad; Europe's first universities; the courts of the Renaissance; the Scientific Revolution and the academies of the 18th century; the increasingly specialised world of 20th and 21st century science. Highlighting the shifting relationship between physics, philosophy, mathematics, and technology -- and the implications for humankind's self-understanding -- Heilbron explores the changing place and purpose of physics in the cultures and societies that have nurtured it over the centuries.

Rosalind Franklin

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Rosalind Franklin by Brenda Maddox Book Summary:

In 1962, Maurice Wilkins, Francis Crick, and James Watson received the Nobel Prize, but it was Rosalind Franklin's data and photographs of DNA that led to their discovery. Brenda Maddox tells a powerful story of a remarkably single-minded, forthright, and tempestuous young woman who, at the age of fifteen, decided she was going to be a scientist, but who was airbrushed out of the greatest scientific discovery of the twentieth century.

The Least Likely Man

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Least Likely Man by Franklin H. Portugal Book Summary:

How unassuming government researcher Marshall Nirenberg beat James Watson, Francis Crick, and other world-famous scientists in the race to discover the genetic code.

Complete Poems

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Complete Poems by Jon Silken Book Summary:

Complete Poemsbrings together the published and unpublished work of one of the most significant poets of the late twentieth century; thefounding editor ofStandand of the Northern House imprint. As well as reprinting all the poems included in Silkin’s books, (fromThe Portrait and Other Poemsin 1950 toMaking a Republicin 2002), it includes significant poems previously unpublished or published only in a wide variety of journals, and work transcribed from manuscripts. 'Complete Poems enjoins a new perception of Silkin’s language and concerns, the breadth of his passionately humane interrogation of war and the Holocaust, and his scrutiny of nature and humankind.' Jon Glover​

Gotham Unbound

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Gotham Unbound by Ted Steinberg Book Summary:

Winner of the 2015 PROSE Award for US History A “fascinating, encyclopedic history…of greater New York City through an ecological lens” (Publishers Weekly, starred review)—the sweeping story of one of the most man-made spots on earth. Gotham Unbound recounts the four-century history of how hundreds of square miles of open marshlands became home to six percent of the nation’s population. Ted Steinberg brings a vanished New York back to vivid, rich life. You will see the metropolitan area anew, not just as a dense urban goliath but as an estuary once home to miles of oyster reefs, wolves, whales, and blueberry bogs. That world gave way to an onslaught managed by thousands, from Governor John Montgomerie, who turned water into land, and John Randel, who imposed a grid on Manhattan, to Robert Moses, Charles Urstadt, Donald Trump, and Michael Bloomberg. “Weighty and wonderful…Resting on a sturdy foundation of research and imagination, Steinberg’s volume begins with Henry Hudson’s arrival aboard the Half Moon in 1609 and ends with another transformative event—Hurricane Sandy in 2012” (The Plain Dealer, Cleveland). This book is a powerful account of the relentless development that New Yorkers wrought as they plunged headfirst into the floodplain and transformed untold amounts of salt marsh and shellfish beds into a land jam-packed with people, asphalt, and steel, and the reeds and gulls that thrive among them. With metropolitan areas across the globe on a collision course with rising seas, Gotham Unbound helps explain how one of the most important cities in the world has ended up in such a perilous situation. “Steinberg challenges the conventional arguments that geography is destiny….And he makes the strong case that for all the ecological advantages of urban living, hyperdensity by itself is not necessarily a sound environmental strategy” (The New York Times).

Landmark Experiments in Molecular Biology

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Landmark Experiments in Molecular Biology by Michael Fry Book Summary:

Landmark Experiments in Molecular Biology critically considers breakthrough experiments that have constituted major turning points in the birth and evolution of molecular biology. These experiments laid the foundations to molecular biology by uncovering the major players in the machinery of inheritance and biological information handling such as DNA, RNA, ribosomes, and proteins. Landmark Experiments in Molecular Biology combines an historical survey of the development of ideas, theories, and profiles of leading scientists with detailed scientific and technical analysis. Includes detailed analysis of classically designed and executed experiments Incorporates technical and scientific analysis along with historical background for a robust understanding of molecular biology discoveries Provides critical analysis of the history of molecular biology to inform the future of scientific discovery Examines the machinery of inheritance and biological information handling

Rosalind Franklin and DNA

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Rosalind Franklin and DNA by Anne Sayre Book Summary:

Presents the frequently overlooked story of the woman who helped discover the double helix structure of DNA, detailing the contributions of scientist Rosalind Franklin to the work of Watson, Crick, and Wilkins.

Voyaging in Strange Seas

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Voyaging in Strange Seas by David Knight Book Summary:

In 1492 Columbus set out across the Atlantic; in 1776 American colonists declared their independence. Between these two events old authorities collapsed and a new, empirical worldview had arrived, focusing now on observation, experiment and mathematical reasoning. This book takes us along on a voyage of discovery that ushered in the modern age.

Budapest Scientific

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Budapest Scientific by István Hargittai,Magdolna Hargittai Book Summary:

This guidebook introduces the reader to the visible memorabilia of science and scientists in Budapest - statues, busts, plaques, buildings, and other artefacts. According to the Hungarian-American Nobel laureate Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, this metropolis at the crossroads of Europe has a special atmosphere of respect for science. It has been the venue of numerous scientific achievements and the cradle, literally, of many individuals who in Hungary, and even more beyond its borders, became world-renowned contributors to science and culture. Six of the eight chapters of the book cover the Hungarian Nobel laureates, the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the university, the medical school, agricultural sciences, and technology and engineering. One chapter is about selected secondary schools from which seven Nobel laureates (Szent-Gyorgyi, de Hevesy, Wigner, Gabor, Harsanyi, Olah, and Kertesz) and the five "Martians of Science" (von Karman, Szilard, Wigner, von Neumann, and Teller) had graduated. The concluding chapter is devoted to scientist martyrs of the Holocaust. A special feature in surveying Hungarian science is the contributions of scientists that left their homeland before their careers blossomed and made their seminal discoveries elsewhere, especially in Great Britain and the United States. The book covers the memorabilia referring to both emigre scientists and those that remained in Hungary. The discussion is informative and entertaining. The coverage is based on the visible memorabilia, which are not necessarily proportional with achievements. Therefore, there is a caveat that one could not compile a history of science relying solely on the presence of the memorabilia.

Patient Zero and the Making of the AIDS Epidemic

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Patient Zero and the Making of the AIDS Epidemic by Richard A. McKay Book Summary:

Much has been written about Gaetan Dugas, the sexually insatiable French Canadian flight attendant who came to be known as "Patient Zero," the man who has been blamed for sparking the AIDS epidemic in the United States. Newspapers around the world picked up on journalist Randy Shilts's narrative of Dugas as the "Quebecois version of Typhoid Mary." But late in October of 2016, newspapers around the world galvanized again, this time picking up on a stunning development: it turns out that the AIDS virus was circulating within U.S. borders a full decade before it was officially recognized in 1981. Two researchers for Nature made the announcement that Dugas was not the source of the pandemic in North America. New techniques of RNA analysis allowed for assembling the complete HIV genome and tracking its history. One of the two researchers is our historian author, Richard McKay, and he has now come forward to tell the full story of how the idea of an epidemic's "Patient Zero" swiftly came to exert such a strong grip on the scientific, media, and popular consciousness. This book does a spectacular job of reconstructing the role of Gaetan Dugas, surely the most demonized patient in history, and of how institutions like the CDC created meaning and allocated blame when dealing with a new epidemic disease. There is truly riveting biographical material here about Dugas and also about Shilts, all from primary written and oral sources. McKay illuminates powerful ruptures within the LGBT community that were laid bare by the AIDS epidemic, and he gives us the first holistic account of responses to that epidemic, expanding our knowledge of VD surveillance in mid-20th century as well as imparting intimate understanding of the illness experience of Dugas, who died in 1984. A potential publicity bonanza, Patient Zero is myth-smashing revisionist history at its best.

The Philosophy of Biology

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Philosophy of Biology by Kostas Kampourakis Book Summary:

This book brings together for the first time philosophers of biology to write about some of the most central concepts and issues in their field from the perspective of biology education. The chapters of the book cover a variety of topics ranging from traditional ones, such as biological explanation, biology and religion or biology and ethics, to contemporary ones, such as genomics, systems biology or evolutionary developmental biology. Each of the 30 chapters covers the respective philosophical literature in detail and makes specific suggestions for biology education. The aim of this book is to inform biology educators, undergraduate and graduate students in biology and related fields, students in teacher training programs, and curriculum developers about the current state of discussion on the major topics in the philosophy of biology and its implications for teaching biology. In addition, the book can be valuable to philosophers of biology as an introductory text in undergraduate and graduate courses.

A Life of Magic Chemistry

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

A Life of Magic Chemistry by George A. Olah,Thomas Mathew Book Summary:

The autobiography of a Nobel Prize winner, this book tells us aboutGeorge Olah's fascinating research into extremely strong superacidsand how it yielded the common term "magic acids." Olah guides usthrough his long and remarkable journey, from Budapest to Clevelandto Los Angeles, with a stopover in Stockholm, of course. Thisupdated autobiography of a Nobel Prize winner George A. Olahchronicles the distinguished career of a chemist whose work in abroad range of chemistry areas, and most notably that in methanechemistry, led to technologies that impact the processing andutility of alternative fuels. The book’s title is basedon Olah’s work on extremely strong superacids and how they yielded the common term,“magic acids.” The search for stable carbocationsled to the discovery of protonated methane which wasstabilized by superacids, likeFSO3H-SbF5 ("Magic Acid"). CH4 + H+ →CH5+. Olah was also involved in acareer-long battle with Herbert C. Brown of Purdue over theexistence of so-called "nonclassical" carbocations – such asthe norbornyl cation, which can be depicted as cationic characterdelocalized over several bonds. In recent years, his research hasshifted from hydrocarbons and their transformation into fuel to the methanol economy. He hasjoined with Robert Zubrin, Anne Korin, and James Woolsey inpromoting a flexible-fuel mandate initiative.

Leeds, the Biography: A History of Leeds in Short Stories

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Leeds, the Biography: A History of Leeds in Short Stories by Chris Nickson Book Summary:

Download or read Leeds, the Biography: A History of Leeds in Short Stories book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

A History of Molecular Biology

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

A History of Molecular Biology by Michel Morange Book Summary:

Gene therapy, the human genome project, the creation of new varieties of animals and plants have all emanated from molecular biology. Beginning with turn-of-the-century experimentations, this ambitious history covers the story of the transformation of biology over the last 100 years.

Human Evolution

The Man In The Monkeynut Coat William Astbury And The Forgotten Road To The Double Helix [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Human Evolution by Robin Dunbar Book Summary:

What makes us human? How did we develop language, thought and culture? Why did we survive, and other human species fail? Robin Dunbar is an evolutionary psychologist and former director of the Institute of Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology at Oxford University. His acclaimed books include How Many Friends Does One Person Need? and Grooming, Gossip and the Evolution of Language, described by Malcolm Gladwell as 'a marvellous work of popular science.'