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The Design Of Design Essays From A Computer Scientist

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The Design of Design

The Design of Design [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Frederick P. Brooks Jr.
Editor: Pearson Education
ISBN-10: 0321702069
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The Design of Design by Frederick P. Brooks Jr. Book Summary:

Making Sense of Design Effective design is at the heart of everything from software development to engineering to architecture. But what do we really know about the design process? What leads to effective, elegant designs? The Design of Design addresses these questions. These new essays by Fred Brooks contain extraordinary insights for designers in every discipline. Brooks pinpoints constants inherent in all design projects and uncovers processes and patterns likely to lead to excellence. Drawing on conversations with dozens of exceptional designers, as well as his own experiences in several design domains, Brooks observes that bold design decisions lead to better outcomes. The author tracks the evolution of the design process, treats collaborative and distributed design, and illuminates what makes a truly great designer. He examines the nuts and bolts of design processes, including budget constraints of many kinds, aesthetics, design empiricism, and tools, and grounds this discussion in his own real-world examples—case studies ranging from home construction to IBM’s Operating System/360. Throughout, Brooks reveals keys to success that every designer, design project manager, and design researcher should know.

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The Mythical Man-Month

The Mythical Man-Month [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Frederick P. Brooks Jr.
Editor: Pearson Education
ISBN-10: 0132119161
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The Mythical Man-Month by Frederick P. Brooks Jr. Book Summary:

Few books on software project management have been as influential and timeless as The Mythical Man-Month. With a blend of software engineering facts and thought-provoking opinions, Fred Brooks offers insight for anyone managing complex projects. These essays draw from his experience as project manager for the IBM System/360 computer family and then for OS/360, its massive software system. Now, 20 years after the initial publication of his book, Brooks has revisited his original ideas and added new thoughts and advice, both for readers already familiar with his work and for readers discovering it for the first time. The added chapters contain (1) a crisp condensation of all the propositions asserted in the original book, including Brooks' central argument in The Mythical Man-Month: that large programming projects suffer management problems different from small ones due to the division of labor; that the conceptual integrity of the product is therefore critical; and that it is difficult but possible to achieve this unity; (2) Brooks' view of these propositions a generation later; (3) a reprint of his classic 1986 paper "No Silver Bullet"; and (4) today's thoughts on the 1986 assertion, "There will be no silver bullet within ten years."

Download or read The Mythical Man-Month book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Few books on software project management have been as influential and timeless as The Mythical Man-Month. With a blend of software engineering facts and thought-provoking opinions, Fred Brooks offers insight for anyone managing complex projects. These essays draw from his experience as project manager for the IBM System/360 computer family and then for OS/360, its massive software system. Now, 20 years after the initial publication of his book, Brooks has revisited his original ideas and added new thoughts and advice, both for readers already familiar with his work and for readers discovering it for the first time. The added chapters contain (1) a crisp condensation of all the propositions asserted in the original book, including Brooks' central argument in The Mythical Man-Month: that large programming projects suffer management problems different from small ones due to the division of labor; that the conceptual integrity of the product is therefore critical; and that it is difficult but possible to achieve this unity; (2) Brooks' view of these propositions a generation later; (3) a reprint of his classic 1986 paper "No Silver Bullet"; and (4) today's thoughts on the 1986 assertion, "There will be no silver bullet within ten years."


Zomia ou l'art de ne pas être gouverné

Zomia ou l'art de ne pas être gouverné [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: James C. Scott
Editor: Média Diffusion
ISBN-10: 2021105288
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Zomia ou l'art de ne pas être gouverné by James C. Scott Book Summary:

Depuis deux mille ans, les communautés d'une vaste région montagneuse d'Asie du Sud-Est refusent obstinément leur intégration à l'État. Zomia : c'est le nom de cette zone d'insoumission qui n'apparaît sur aucune carte, où les fugitifs – environ 100 millions de personnes – se sont réfugiés pour échapper au contrôle des gouvernements des plaines. Traités comme des " barbares " par les États qui cherchaient à les soumettre, ces peuples nomades ont mis en place des stratégies de résistance parfois surprenantes pour échapper à l'État, synonyme de travail forcé, d'impôt, de conscription. Privilégiant des modèles politiques d'auto-organisation comme alternative au Léviathan étatique, certains sont allés jusqu'à choisir d'abandonner l'écriture pour éviter l'appropriation de leur mémoire et de leur identité. James C. Scott propose ici une étonnante contre-histoire de la modernité. Car Zomia met au défi les délimitations géographiques traditionnelles et les évidences politiques, et pose des questions essentielles : que signifie la " civilisation " ? Que peut-on apprendre des peuples qui ont voulu y échapper ? Quelle est la nature des relations entre États, territoires, populations, frontières ? L'histoire de la rebelle Zomia nous rappelle que la " civilisation " peut être synonyme d'oppression et que le sens de l'histoire n'est pas aussi univoque qu'on le croit. James C. Scott est professeur de sciences politiques et d'anthropologie à l'université de Yale. Spécialiste de l'Asie du Sud-Est, il est notamment l'auteur de La Domination et les arts de la résistance (Amsterdam, 2009).

Download or read Zomia ou l'art de ne pas être gouverné book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Depuis deux mille ans, les communautés d'une vaste région montagneuse d'Asie du Sud-Est refusent obstinément leur intégration à l'État. Zomia : c'est le nom de cette zone d'insoumission qui n'apparaît sur aucune carte, où les fugitifs – environ 100 millions de personnes – se sont réfugiés pour échapper au contrôle des gouvernements des plaines. Traités comme des " barbares " par les États qui cherchaient à les soumettre, ces peuples nomades ont mis en place des stratégies de résistance parfois surprenantes pour échapper à l'État, synonyme de travail forcé, d'impôt, de conscription. Privilégiant des modèles politiques d'auto-organisation comme alternative au Léviathan étatique, certains sont allés jusqu'à choisir d'abandonner l'écriture pour éviter l'appropriation de leur mémoire et de leur identité. James C. Scott propose ici une étonnante contre-histoire de la modernité. Car Zomia met au défi les délimitations géographiques traditionnelles et les évidences politiques, et pose des questions essentielles : que signifie la " civilisation " ? Que peut-on apprendre des peuples qui ont voulu y échapper ? Quelle est la nature des relations entre États, territoires, populations, frontières ? L'histoire de la rebelle Zomia nous rappelle que la " civilisation " peut être synonyme d'oppression et que le sens de l'histoire n'est pas aussi univoque qu'on le croit. James C. Scott est professeur de sciences politiques et d'anthropologie à l'université de Yale. Spécialiste de l'Asie du Sud-Est, il est notamment l'auteur de La Domination et les arts de la résistance (Amsterdam, 2009).


An Architectural Approach to Instructional Design

An Architectural Approach to Instructional Design [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Andrew S. Gibbons
Editor: Routledge
ISBN-10: 1135118817
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An Architectural Approach to Instructional Design by Andrew S. Gibbons Book Summary:

Winner of the 2014 AECT Design & Development Outstanding Book Award An Architectural Approach to Instructional Design is organized around a groundbreaking new way of conceptualizing instructional design practice. Both practical and theoretically sound, this approach is drawn from current international trends in architectural, digital, and industrial design, and focuses on the structural and functional properties of the artifact being designed rather than the processes used to design it. Harmonious with existing systematic design models, the architectural approach expands the scope of design discourse by introducing new depth into the conversation and merging current knowledge with proven systematic techniques. An architectural approach is the natural result of increasing technological complexity and escalating user expectations. As the complexity of design problems increases, specialties evolve their own design languages, theories, processes, tools, literature, organizations, and standards. An Architectural Approach to Instructional Design describes the implications for theory and practice, providing a powerful and commercially relevant introduction for all students of instructional design.

Download or read An Architectural Approach to Instructional Design book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Winner of the 2014 AECT Design & Development Outstanding Book Award An Architectural Approach to Instructional Design is organized around a groundbreaking new way of conceptualizing instructional design practice. Both practical and theoretically sound, this approach is drawn from current international trends in architectural, digital, and industrial design, and focuses on the structural and functional properties of the artifact being designed rather than the processes used to design it. Harmonious with existing systematic design models, the architectural approach expands the scope of design discourse by introducing new depth into the conversation and merging current knowledge with proven systematic techniques. An architectural approach is the natural result of increasing technological complexity and escalating user expectations. As the complexity of design problems increases, specialties evolve their own design languages, theories, processes, tools, literature, organizations, and standards. An Architectural Approach to Instructional Design describes the implications for theory and practice, providing a powerful and commercially relevant introduction for all students of instructional design.


Critical Design in Context

Critical Design in Context [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Matt Malpass
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN-10: 1472575202
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Critical Design in Context by Matt Malpass Book Summary:

Critical Design is becoming an increasingly influential discipline, affecting policy and practice in a range of fields. Matt Malpass's book is the first to introduce critical design as a field, providing a history of the discipline, outlining its key influences, theories and approaches, and explaining how critical design can work in practice through a range of contemporary examples. Critical Design moves away from traditional approaches that limit design's role to the production of profitable objects, focusing instead on a practice that is interrogative, discursive and experimental. Using a wide range of examples from contemporary practice, and drawing on interviews with key practitioners, Matt Malpass provides an introduction to critical design practice and a manifesto for how a radical and unorthodox practice might provide design answers in an age of austerity and ecological crisis.

Download or read Critical Design in Context book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Critical Design is becoming an increasingly influential discipline, affecting policy and practice in a range of fields. Matt Malpass's book is the first to introduce critical design as a field, providing a history of the discipline, outlining its key influences, theories and approaches, and explaining how critical design can work in practice through a range of contemporary examples. Critical Design moves away from traditional approaches that limit design's role to the production of profitable objects, focusing instead on a practice that is interrogative, discursive and experimental. Using a wide range of examples from contemporary practice, and drawing on interviews with key practitioners, Matt Malpass provides an introduction to critical design practice and a manifesto for how a radical and unorthodox practice might provide design answers in an age of austerity and ecological crisis.


The Race for Perfect: Inside the Quest to Design the Ultimate Portable Computer

The Race for Perfect: Inside the Quest to Design the Ultimate Portable Computer [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Steve Hamm
Editor: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN-10: 0071606114
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The Race for Perfect: Inside the Quest to Design the Ultimate Portable Computer by Steve Hamm Book Summary:

Personal computing has reshaped economies and industries, and is transforming how we express ourselves and relate to one another. The most personal of personal computers are the portables. We carry these gadgets with us wherever we go, whether they’re laptops, smartphones, or the coolest new Web-surfing devices. The Race for Perfect tells the story of two generations of entrepreneurs, designers, and engineers as they have struggled to make ever-better portables. Steve Hamm takes the reader into a world where inspiration, design, engineering, and marketing come together to produce wave upon wave of the innovative products that we love to talk about and use. From the earliest days of portable computing, 40 years ago, entrepreneurs and designers have pushed forward relentlessly in a quest to create the perfect device. Their efforts have produced a few fabulous successes and many failures. But they never give up. They’re driven by the basic rule of the tech industry: innovate or die. In addition to a fascinating read, The Race for Perfect offers valuable lessons for business people in any industry, revealing how they must INNOVATE constantly to differentiate their products CREATE design principles that are timeless INTEGRATE design and engineering so products are both useful and fun to use IMPROVE quality and convenience without compromise TAP social networks to turn customers into fans At the center of this tale is the story of a single product, Lenovo’s ThinkPad X300 laptop. Lenovo, the first Chinese company to seek to establish a global consumer brand, bought IBM’s PC division in 2005 primarily to get the company’s storied ThinkPad laptops. The X300 was conceived as a “halo” product that would draw customers to Lenovo’s entire line. Woven through The Race for Perfect is a case study of how this ambitious company, with teams in Japan, the United States, and China, marshaled its resources to pursue laptop perfection. As X300 came close to the finish line, it collided head-on with Apple’s super-slim MacBook Air—-with surprising results.

Download or read The Race for Perfect: Inside the Quest to Design the Ultimate Portable Computer book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Personal computing has reshaped economies and industries, and is transforming how we express ourselves and relate to one another. The most personal of personal computers are the portables. We carry these gadgets with us wherever we go, whether they’re laptops, smartphones, or the coolest new Web-surfing devices. The Race for Perfect tells the story of two generations of entrepreneurs, designers, and engineers as they have struggled to make ever-better portables. Steve Hamm takes the reader into a world where inspiration, design, engineering, and marketing come together to produce wave upon wave of the innovative products that we love to talk about and use. From the earliest days of portable computing, 40 years ago, entrepreneurs and designers have pushed forward relentlessly in a quest to create the perfect device. Their efforts have produced a few fabulous successes and many failures. But they never give up. They’re driven by the basic rule of the tech industry: innovate or die. In addition to a fascinating read, The Race for Perfect offers valuable lessons for business people in any industry, revealing how they must INNOVATE constantly to differentiate their products CREATE design principles that are timeless INTEGRATE design and engineering so products are both useful and fun to use IMPROVE quality and convenience without compromise TAP social networks to turn customers into fans At the center of this tale is the story of a single product, Lenovo’s ThinkPad X300 laptop. Lenovo, the first Chinese company to seek to establish a global consumer brand, bought IBM’s PC division in 2005 primarily to get the company’s storied ThinkPad laptops. The X300 was conceived as a “halo” product that would draw customers to Lenovo’s entire line. Woven through The Race for Perfect is a case study of how this ambitious company, with teams in Japan, the United States, and China, marshaled its resources to pursue laptop perfection. As X300 came close to the finish line, it collided head-on with Apple’s super-slim MacBook Air—-with surprising results.


Electronic and Computer Music

Electronic and Computer Music [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Peter Manning
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN-10: 0195349296
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Electronic and Computer Music by Peter Manning Book Summary:

In this revised and expanded third edition of the classic text on the history and evolution of electronic and computer music, Peter Manning provides the definitive account of the medium from its birth to the present day. After explaining the antecedents of electronic music from the turn of the century to the Second World War, Manning discusses the emergence of early "classical" studios of the 1950s. He goes on to chronicle the upsurge of creative activity during the 1960s and 70s in the analog domain, as well as with live electronic music and the early use of electronics in rock and pop music. This edition contains new information about software innovations, digital media and the essential features of digital and audio control, the MIDI synthesizer and its many derivatives, and the evolution of computer workstations and multimedia personal computers. Manning offers a critical perspective of the medium both in terms of its musical output and the philosophical and technical features that have shaped its growth. Emphasizing the functional characteristics of emerging technologies and their influence on the creative development of the medium, Manning covers key developments in both commercial and the non-commercial sectors to provide readers with the most comprehensive resource available on this ever-evolving subject.

Download or read Electronic and Computer Music book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). In this revised and expanded third edition of the classic text on the history and evolution of electronic and computer music, Peter Manning provides the definitive account of the medium from its birth to the present day. After explaining the antecedents of electronic music from the turn of the century to the Second World War, Manning discusses the emergence of early "classical" studios of the 1950s. He goes on to chronicle the upsurge of creative activity during the 1960s and 70s in the analog domain, as well as with live electronic music and the early use of electronics in rock and pop music. This edition contains new information about software innovations, digital media and the essential features of digital and audio control, the MIDI synthesizer and its many derivatives, and the evolution of computer workstations and multimedia personal computers. Manning offers a critical perspective of the medium both in terms of its musical output and the philosophical and technical features that have shaped its growth. Emphasizing the functional characteristics of emerging technologies and their influence on the creative development of the medium, Manning covers key developments in both commercial and the non-commercial sectors to provide readers with the most comprehensive resource available on this ever-evolving subject.


Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes

Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: N.A
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN-10: 1118953843
Size: 1814 kb
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Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes by N.A Book Summary:

The essential reference for human development theory, updated and reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work to which all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now in its Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been considered the definitive guide to the field of developmental science. Volume 2: Cognitive Processes describes cognitive development as a relational phenomenon that can be studied only as part of a larger whole of the person and context relational system that sustains it. In this volume, specific domains of cognitive development are contextualized with respect to biological processes and sociocultural contexts. Furthermore, key themes and issues (e.g., the importance of symbolic systems and social understanding) are threaded across multiple chapters, although every each chapter is focused on a different domain within cognitive development. Thus, both within and across chapters, the complexity and interconnectivity of cognitive development are well illuminated. Learn about the inextricable intertwining of perceptual development, motor development, emotional development, and brain development Understand the complexity of cognitive development without misleading simplification, reducing cognitive development to its biological substrates, or viewing it as a passive socialization process Discover how each portion of the developmental process contributes to subsequent cognitive development Examine the multiple processes – such as categorizing, reasoning, thinking, decision making and judgment – that comprise cognition The scholarship within this volume and, as well, across the four volumes of this edition, illustrate that developmental science is in the midst of a very exciting period. There is a paradigm shift that involves increasingly greater understanding of how to describe, explain, and optimize the course of human life for diverse individuals living within diverse contexts. This Handbook is the definitive reference for educators, policy-makers, researchers, students, and practitioners in human development, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and neuroscience.

Download or read Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). The essential reference for human development theory, updated and reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work to which all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now in its Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been considered the definitive guide to the field of developmental science. Volume 2: Cognitive Processes describes cognitive development as a relational phenomenon that can be studied only as part of a larger whole of the person and context relational system that sustains it. In this volume, specific domains of cognitive development are contextualized with respect to biological processes and sociocultural contexts. Furthermore, key themes and issues (e.g., the importance of symbolic systems and social understanding) are threaded across multiple chapters, although every each chapter is focused on a different domain within cognitive development. Thus, both within and across chapters, the complexity and interconnectivity of cognitive development are well illuminated. Learn about the inextricable intertwining of perceptual development, motor development, emotional development, and brain development Understand the complexity of cognitive development without misleading simplification, reducing cognitive development to its biological substrates, or viewing it as a passive socialization process Discover how each portion of the developmental process contributes to subsequent cognitive development Examine the multiple processes – such as categorizing, reasoning, thinking, decision making and judgment – that comprise cognition The scholarship within this volume and, as well, across the four volumes of this edition, illustrate that developmental science is in the midst of a very exciting period. There is a paradigm shift that involves increasingly greater understanding of how to describe, explain, and optimize the course of human life for diverse individuals living within diverse contexts. This Handbook is the definitive reference for educators, policy-makers, researchers, students, and practitioners in human development, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and neuroscience.


The Mind and the Machine

The Mind and the Machine [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Matthew Dickerson
Editor: ISD LLC
ISBN-10: 0718845846
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The Mind and the Machine by Matthew Dickerson Book Summary:

Are humans just complex biochemical machines, mere physical parts of a causally closed materialist universe? Are we approaching the so-called 'Singularity', when human consciousness can (and will) be downloaded into computers? Or is there more to the human person - something that might be known as 'soul' or 'spirit'? As this book makes clear, the answers to these questions have profound implications to topics such as heroism, creativity, ecology, and the possibility of reason and science. In exploring this important topic, Dickerson engages the ideas of some well-known twentieth- and twentyfirst-century espousers of physicalism, including the philosopher Daniel Dennett, the biologist Richard Dawkins, the futurist-engineer Raymond Kurzweil,the psychologist B.F. Skinner, and the mathematician-philosopher Bertrand Russell. Through a careful reading of their works, Dickerson not only provides a fivefold critique of physicalism but also offers a Christian alternative in the form of 'integrative dualism', which affirms the existence of both a physical and a spiritual reality without diminishing the goodness or importance of either, and acknowledges that humans are spiritual as well as bodily persons.

Download or read The Mind and the Machine book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Are humans just complex biochemical machines, mere physical parts of a causally closed materialist universe? Are we approaching the so-called 'Singularity', when human consciousness can (and will) be downloaded into computers? Or is there more to the human person - something that might be known as 'soul' or 'spirit'? As this book makes clear, the answers to these questions have profound implications to topics such as heroism, creativity, ecology, and the possibility of reason and science. In exploring this important topic, Dickerson engages the ideas of some well-known twentieth- and twentyfirst-century espousers of physicalism, including the philosopher Daniel Dennett, the biologist Richard Dawkins, the futurist-engineer Raymond Kurzweil,the psychologist B.F. Skinner, and the mathematician-philosopher Bertrand Russell. Through a careful reading of their works, Dickerson not only provides a fivefold critique of physicalism but also offers a Christian alternative in the form of 'integrative dualism', which affirms the existence of both a physical and a spiritual reality without diminishing the goodness or importance of either, and acknowledges that humans are spiritual as well as bodily persons.


Lexical Repetition in Academic Discourse

Lexical Repetition in Academic Discourse [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Maria Adorjan
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN-10: 3668914613
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Lexical Repetition in Academic Discourse by Maria Adorjan Book Summary:

Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2016 in the subject Speech Science / Linguistics, grade: A, Eötvös Loránd Tudományegytem (Doctoral School of Education), course: PhD Programme in Language Pedagogy, language: English, abstract: Due to the various functions and diverse attitudes to lexical repetition in discourse, it is an aspect of cohesion which creates difficulty for raters when assessing L2 academic written discourse. Current computer-aided lexical cohesion analysis frameworks built for large-scale assessment fail to take into account where repetitions occur in text and what role their patterns play in organizing discourse. This study intends to fill this gap, by applying a sequential mixed method design, drawing on Hoey’s (1991) theory-based analytical tool devised for the study of the text-organizing role of lexical repetition, and its refined version, Károly’s (2002) lexical repetition model, which was found to be capable of predicting teachers’ perceptions of argumentative essay quality with regard to its content and structure. It first aims to test the applicability of the previous models to assessing the role of lexical repetition in the organization of other academic genres, then propose a more complex, computer aided analytical instrument that may be used to directly assess discourse cohesion through the study of lexical repetition. In order to test the applicability of Károly’s model on other academic genres, two small corpora of thirty-five academic summaries and eight compare/contrast essays were collected from English major BA students at Eötvös Loránd University. The lexical repetition patterns within the corpora were analyzed manually in the case of the summaries, and partially with a concordance program in the case of the compare/contrast essays. The findings revealed that in both genres lexical repetition patterns differed in high and low-rated texts. Given that in its present form the model cannot be used on large-scale corpora, in the third stage of the research, a computer-aided model was designed for large-scale lexical repetition analysis. First, by employing the theoretical, empirical and methodological results gained from the corpora, several new analytical steps were proposed and built into a modular format. Next, in order to better align the new computer-aided analysis to its manual version, parallel processes were identified between the new analytical model and an existing sociocognitive framework. The newly proposed model may help teachers to assess discourse cohesion, or can be used as a self-study aid by visualizing the lexical net created by semantic relations among sentences in text.

Download or read Lexical Repetition in Academic Discourse book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2016 in the subject Speech Science / Linguistics, grade: A, Eötvös Loránd Tudományegytem (Doctoral School of Education), course: PhD Programme in Language Pedagogy, language: English, abstract: Due to the various functions and diverse attitudes to lexical repetition in discourse, it is an aspect of cohesion which creates difficulty for raters when assessing L2 academic written discourse. Current computer-aided lexical cohesion analysis frameworks built for large-scale assessment fail to take into account where repetitions occur in text and what role their patterns play in organizing discourse. This study intends to fill this gap, by applying a sequential mixed method design, drawing on Hoey’s (1991) theory-based analytical tool devised for the study of the text-organizing role of lexical repetition, and its refined version, Károly’s (2002) lexical repetition model, which was found to be capable of predicting teachers’ perceptions of argumentative essay quality with regard to its content and structure. It first aims to test the applicability of the previous models to assessing the role of lexical repetition in the organization of other academic genres, then propose a more complex, computer aided analytical instrument that may be used to directly assess discourse cohesion through the study of lexical repetition. In order to test the applicability of Károly’s model on other academic genres, two small corpora of thirty-five academic summaries and eight compare/contrast essays were collected from English major BA students at Eötvös Loránd University. The lexical repetition patterns within the corpora were analyzed manually in the case of the summaries, and partially with a concordance program in the case of the compare/contrast essays. The findings revealed that in both genres lexical repetition patterns differed in high and low-rated texts. Given that in its present form the model cannot be used on large-scale corpora, in the third stage of the research, a computer-aided model was designed for large-scale lexical repetition analysis. First, by employing the theoretical, empirical and methodological results gained from the corpora, several new analytical steps were proposed and built into a modular format. Next, in order to better align the new computer-aided analysis to its manual version, parallel processes were identified between the new analytical model and an existing sociocognitive framework. The newly proposed model may help teachers to assess discourse cohesion, or can be used as a self-study aid by visualizing the lexical net created by semantic relations among sentences in text.


On the Theoretical Foundations of Computer Science. An Introductory Essay

On the Theoretical Foundations of Computer Science. An Introductory Essay [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Gabriel Kabanda
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN-10: 3668980438
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On the Theoretical Foundations of Computer Science. An Introductory Essay by Gabriel Kabanda Book Summary:

Essay from the year 2019 in the subject Computer Science - Theory, grade: 4.00, Atlantic International University, language: English, abstract: The paper presents an analytical exposition, critical context and integrative conclusion on the discussion on the meaning, significance and potential applications of theoretical foundations of computer science with respect to Algorithms Design and Analysis, Complexity Theory, Turing Machines, Finite Automata, Cryptography and Machine Learning. An algorithm is any well-defined computational procedure that takes some value or sets of values as input and produces some values or sets of values as output. A Turing machine consists of a finite program, called the finite control, capable of manipulating a linear list of cells, called the tape, using one access pointer, called the head. Cellular automata is an array of finite state machines (inter-related). A universal Turing machine U is a Turing machine that can imitate the behavior of any other Turing machine T. Automata are a particularly simple, but useful, model of computation which were were initially proposed as a simple model for the behavior of neurons. A model of computation is a mathematical abstraction of computers which is used by computer scientists to perform a rigorous study of computation. An automaton with a finite number of states is called a Finite Automaton (FA) or Finite State Machine (FSM). The Church-Turing Thesis states that the Turing machine is equivalent in computational ability to any general mathematical device for computation, including digital computers. The important themes in Theoretical Computer Science (TCS) are efficiency, impossibility results, approximation, central role of randomness, and reductions (NP-completeness and other intractability results).

Download or read On the Theoretical Foundations of Computer Science. An Introductory Essay book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Essay from the year 2019 in the subject Computer Science - Theory, grade: 4.00, Atlantic International University, language: English, abstract: The paper presents an analytical exposition, critical context and integrative conclusion on the discussion on the meaning, significance and potential applications of theoretical foundations of computer science with respect to Algorithms Design and Analysis, Complexity Theory, Turing Machines, Finite Automata, Cryptography and Machine Learning. An algorithm is any well-defined computational procedure that takes some value or sets of values as input and produces some values or sets of values as output. A Turing machine consists of a finite program, called the finite control, capable of manipulating a linear list of cells, called the tape, using one access pointer, called the head. Cellular automata is an array of finite state machines (inter-related). A universal Turing machine U is a Turing machine that can imitate the behavior of any other Turing machine T. Automata are a particularly simple, but useful, model of computation which were were initially proposed as a simple model for the behavior of neurons. A model of computation is a mathematical abstraction of computers which is used by computer scientists to perform a rigorous study of computation. An automaton with a finite number of states is called a Finite Automaton (FA) or Finite State Machine (FSM). The Church-Turing Thesis states that the Turing machine is equivalent in computational ability to any general mathematical device for computation, including digital computers. The important themes in Theoretical Computer Science (TCS) are efficiency, impossibility results, approximation, central role of randomness, and reductions (NP-completeness and other intractability results).


Numerical computing with IEEE floating point arithmetic

Numerical computing with IEEE floating point arithmetic [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Michael L. Overton
Editor: SIAM
ISBN-10: 9780898718072
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Numerical computing with IEEE floating point arithmetic by Michael L. Overton Book Summary:

This title provides an easily accessible yet detailed discussion of IEEE Std 754-1985, arguably the most important standard in the computer industry. The result of an unprecedented cooperation between academic computer scientists and the cutting edge of industry, it is supported by virtually every modern computer. Other topics include the floating point architecture of the Intel microprocessors and a discussion of programming language support for the standard.

Download or read Numerical computing with IEEE floating point arithmetic book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This title provides an easily accessible yet detailed discussion of IEEE Std 754-1985, arguably the most important standard in the computer industry. The result of an unprecedented cooperation between academic computer scientists and the cutting edge of industry, it is supported by virtually every modern computer. Other topics include the floating point architecture of the Intel microprocessors and a discussion of programming language support for the standard.


From Reactive Systems to Cyber-Physical Systems

From Reactive Systems to Cyber-Physical Systems [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Ezio Bartocci,Rance Cleaveland,Radu Grosu,Oleg Sokolsky
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN-10: 3030315142
Size: 1900 kb
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From Reactive Systems to Cyber-Physical Systems by Ezio Bartocci,Rance Cleaveland,Radu Grosu,Oleg Sokolsky Book Summary:

This Festschrift is in honor of Scott A. Smolka, Professor in the Stony Brook University, USA, on the occasion of his 65th birthday. Scott A. Smolka made fundamental research contributions in a number of areas, including process algebra, model checking, probabilistic processes, runtime verification, and the modeling and analysis of cardiac cells, neural circuits and flocking behaviors. He is perhaps best known for the algorithm he and Paris Kanellakis invented for checking bi-simulation. The title of this volume From Reactive Systems to Cyber-Physical Systems reflects Scott's main research focus throughout his career. It contains the papers written by his closest friends and collaborators. The contributions cover a wide spectrum of the topics related to Scott's research scientific interests, including model repair for probabilistic systems, runtime verification, model checking, cardiac dynamics simulation and machine learning.

Download or read From Reactive Systems to Cyber-Physical Systems book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This Festschrift is in honor of Scott A. Smolka, Professor in the Stony Brook University, USA, on the occasion of his 65th birthday. Scott A. Smolka made fundamental research contributions in a number of areas, including process algebra, model checking, probabilistic processes, runtime verification, and the modeling and analysis of cardiac cells, neural circuits and flocking behaviors. He is perhaps best known for the algorithm he and Paris Kanellakis invented for checking bi-simulation. The title of this volume From Reactive Systems to Cyber-Physical Systems reflects Scott's main research focus throughout his career. It contains the papers written by his closest friends and collaborators. The contributions cover a wide spectrum of the topics related to Scott's research scientific interests, including model repair for probabilistic systems, runtime verification, model checking, cardiac dynamics simulation and machine learning.


From Software Engineering to Formal Methods and Tools, and Back

From Software Engineering to Formal Methods and Tools, and Back [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Maurice H. ter Beek,Alessandro Fantechi,Laura Semini
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN-10: 3030309851
Size: 1961 kb
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From Software Engineering to Formal Methods and Tools, and Back by Maurice H. ter Beek,Alessandro Fantechi,Laura Semini Book Summary:

This volume was published in honor of Stefania Gnesi’s 65th birthday. The Festschrift volume contains 32 papers written by close collaborators and friends of Stefania and was presented to her on October 8, 2019 one-day colloquium held in Porto, Portugal, The Festschrift consists of eight sections, seven of which reflect the main research areas to which Stefania has contributed. Following a survey of Stefania's legacy in research and a homage by her thesis supervisor, these seven sections are ordered according to Stefania's life cycle in research, from software engineering to formal methods and tools, and back: Software Engineering; Formal Methods and Tools; Requirements Engineering; Natural Language Processing; Software Product Lines; Formal Verification; and Applications.

Download or read From Software Engineering to Formal Methods and Tools, and Back book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This volume was published in honor of Stefania Gnesi’s 65th birthday. The Festschrift volume contains 32 papers written by close collaborators and friends of Stefania and was presented to her on October 8, 2019 one-day colloquium held in Porto, Portugal, The Festschrift consists of eight sections, seven of which reflect the main research areas to which Stefania has contributed. Following a survey of Stefania's legacy in research and a homage by her thesis supervisor, these seven sections are ordered according to Stefania's life cycle in research, from software engineering to formal methods and tools, and back: Software Engineering; Formal Methods and Tools; Requirements Engineering; Natural Language Processing; Software Product Lines; Formal Verification; and Applications.


The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory

The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Antony Bryant,Kathy Charmaz
Editor: SAGE
ISBN-10: 1446275728
Size: 577 kb
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The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory by Antony Bryant,Kathy Charmaz Book Summary:

'Tony Bryant and Kathy Charmaz are the perfect editors for this excellent and forward looking Handbook which is surely destined to be a classic' - David Silverman, Professor Emeritus, Goldsmiths College For anyone interested in grounded theory this is a must have book. No longer will students have to search the library or internet to find authoritative voices on a variety of topics. It's all right there at their fingertips - Juliet Corbin, San José State University Grounded Theory is by far the most widely used research method across a wide range of disciplines and subject areas, including social sciences, nursing and healthcare, medical sociology, information systems, psychology, and anthropology. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview of the theory and practice of Grounded Theory, taking into account the many attempts to revise and refine Glaser and Strauss' original formulation and the debates that have followed. Antony Bryant & Kathy Charmaz bring together leading researchers and practitioners of the method from the US, the UK, Australia and Europe to represent all the major standpoints within Grounded Theory, demonstrating the richness of the approach. The contributions cover a wide range of perspectives on the method, covering its features and ramifications, its intricacies in use, its demands on the skills and capabilities of the researcher and its position in the domain of research methods. The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory is an indispensable reference source for academics and researchers across many disciplines who want to develop their understanding of the Grounded Theory method.

Download or read The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). 'Tony Bryant and Kathy Charmaz are the perfect editors for this excellent and forward looking Handbook which is surely destined to be a classic' - David Silverman, Professor Emeritus, Goldsmiths College For anyone interested in grounded theory this is a must have book. No longer will students have to search the library or internet to find authoritative voices on a variety of topics. It's all right there at their fingertips - Juliet Corbin, San José State University Grounded Theory is by far the most widely used research method across a wide range of disciplines and subject areas, including social sciences, nursing and healthcare, medical sociology, information systems, psychology, and anthropology. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview of the theory and practice of Grounded Theory, taking into account the many attempts to revise and refine Glaser and Strauss' original formulation and the debates that have followed. Antony Bryant & Kathy Charmaz bring together leading researchers and practitioners of the method from the US, the UK, Australia and Europe to represent all the major standpoints within Grounded Theory, demonstrating the richness of the approach. The contributions cover a wide range of perspectives on the method, covering its features and ramifications, its intricacies in use, its demands on the skills and capabilities of the researcher and its position in the domain of research methods. The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory is an indispensable reference source for academics and researchers across many disciplines who want to develop their understanding of the Grounded Theory method.


The Architect as Worker

The Architect as Worker [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Peggy Deamer
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN-10: 1472570529
Size: 437 kb
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The Architect as Worker by Peggy Deamer Book Summary:

Directly confronting the nature of contemporary architectural work, this book is the first to address a void at the heart of architectural discourse and thinking. For too long, architects have avoided questioning how the central aspects of architectural “practice” (professionalism, profit, technology, design, craft, and building) combine to characterize the work performed in the architectural office. Nor has there been a deeper evaluation of the unspoken and historically-determined myths that assign cultural, symbolic, and economic value to architectural labor. The Architect as Worker presents a range of essays exploring the issues central to architectural labor. These include questions about the nature of design work; immaterial and creative labor and how it gets categorized, spatialized, and monetized within architecture; the connection between parametrics and BIM and labor; theories of architectural work; architectural design as a cultural and economic condition; entrepreneurialism; and the possibility of ethical and rewarding architectural practice. The book is a call-to-arms, and its ultimate goal is to change the practice of architecture. It will strike a chord with architects, who will recognize the struggle of their profession; with students trying to understand the connections between work, value, and creative pleasure; and with academics and cultural theorists seeking to understand what grounds the discipline.

Download or read The Architect as Worker book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Directly confronting the nature of contemporary architectural work, this book is the first to address a void at the heart of architectural discourse and thinking. For too long, architects have avoided questioning how the central aspects of architectural “practice” (professionalism, profit, technology, design, craft, and building) combine to characterize the work performed in the architectural office. Nor has there been a deeper evaluation of the unspoken and historically-determined myths that assign cultural, symbolic, and economic value to architectural labor. The Architect as Worker presents a range of essays exploring the issues central to architectural labor. These include questions about the nature of design work; immaterial and creative labor and how it gets categorized, spatialized, and monetized within architecture; the connection between parametrics and BIM and labor; theories of architectural work; architectural design as a cultural and economic condition; entrepreneurialism; and the possibility of ethical and rewarding architectural practice. The book is a call-to-arms, and its ultimate goal is to change the practice of architecture. It will strike a chord with architects, who will recognize the struggle of their profession; with students trying to understand the connections between work, value, and creative pleasure; and with academics and cultural theorists seeking to understand what grounds the discipline.


Visual Interface Design for Digital Cultural Heritage

Visual Interface Design for Digital Cultural Heritage [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Stan Ruecker,Milena Radzikowska,Stefan Sinclair
Editor: Routledge
ISBN-10: 1317001214
Size: 873 kb
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Visual Interface Design for Digital Cultural Heritage by Stan Ruecker,Milena Radzikowska,Stefan Sinclair Book Summary:

Browsing for information is a significant part of most research activity, but many online collections hamper browsing with interfaces that are variants on a search box. Research shows that rich-prospect interfaces can offer an intuitive and highly flexible alternative environment for information browsing, assisting hypothesis formation and pattern-finding. This unique book offers a clear discussion of this form of interface design, including a theoretical basis for why it is important, and examples of how it can be done. It will be of interest to those working in the fields of library and information science, human-computer interaction, visual communication design, and the digital humanities as well as those interested in new theories and practices for designing web interfaces for library collections, digitized cultural heritage materials, and other types of digital collections.

Download or read Visual Interface Design for Digital Cultural Heritage book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Browsing for information is a significant part of most research activity, but many online collections hamper browsing with interfaces that are variants on a search box. Research shows that rich-prospect interfaces can offer an intuitive and highly flexible alternative environment for information browsing, assisting hypothesis formation and pattern-finding. This unique book offers a clear discussion of this form of interface design, including a theoretical basis for why it is important, and examples of how it can be done. It will be of interest to those working in the fields of library and information science, human-computer interaction, visual communication design, and the digital humanities as well as those interested in new theories and practices for designing web interfaces for library collections, digitized cultural heritage materials, and other types of digital collections.


Making It into a Top College

Making It into a Top College [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Howard Greene,Matthew W. Greene
Editor: Harper Collins
ISBN-10: 9780062011664
Size: 630 kb
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Making It into a Top College by Howard Greene,Matthew W. Greene Book Summary:

Let America's premier college consultants take the mystery out of admissions. As seen on PBS, this proven, ten-step program offers a comprehensive inside view of the state of college admissions today. Educational consultants Howard and Matthew Greene have mastered the science and art of college admissions, helping tens of thousands of students get into their schools of choice. This highly effective program is now available to all students who want to attend an outstanding college or university. The Greenes' cutting-edge approach will teach you to: Think like an admissions officer Plan a comprehensive admissions campaign Understand and take advantage of current trends Implement the best strategies for standing out Whether it's choosing the best college for you, writing a winning personal statement, or planning your college financing, this fully updated new edition gives you the latest in admissions secrets, statistics, tactics, and facts.

Download or read Making It into a Top College book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Let America's premier college consultants take the mystery out of admissions. As seen on PBS, this proven, ten-step program offers a comprehensive inside view of the state of college admissions today. Educational consultants Howard and Matthew Greene have mastered the science and art of college admissions, helping tens of thousands of students get into their schools of choice. This highly effective program is now available to all students who want to attend an outstanding college or university. The Greenes' cutting-edge approach will teach you to: Think like an admissions officer Plan a comprehensive admissions campaign Understand and take advantage of current trends Implement the best strategies for standing out Whether it's choosing the best college for you, writing a winning personal statement, or planning your college financing, this fully updated new edition gives you the latest in admissions secrets, statistics, tactics, and facts.


Design Anthropology

Design Anthropology [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Wendy Gunn,Ton Otto,Rachel Charlotte Smith
Editor: Routledge
ISBN-10: 1000182916
Size: 820 kb
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Design Anthropology by Wendy Gunn,Ton Otto,Rachel Charlotte Smith Book Summary:

Design is a key site of cultural production and change in contemporary society. Anthropologists have been involved in design projects for several decades but only recently a new field of inquiry has emerged which aims to integrate the strengths of design thinking and anthropological research.This book is written by anthropologists who actively participate in the development of design anthropology. Comprising both cutting-edge explorations and theoretical reflections, it provides a much-needed introduction to the concepts, methods, practices and challenges of the new field. Design Anthropology moves from observation and interpretation to collaboration, intervention and co-creation. Its practitioners participate in multidisciplinary design teams working towards concrete solutions for problems that are sometimes ill-defined. The authors address the critical potential of design anthropology in a wide range of design activities across the globe and query the impact of design on the discipline of anthropology.This volume will appeal to new and experienced practitioners in the field as well as to students of anthropology, innovation, science and technology studies, and a wide range of design studies focusing on user participation, innovation, and collaborative research.

Download or read Design Anthropology book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Design is a key site of cultural production and change in contemporary society. Anthropologists have been involved in design projects for several decades but only recently a new field of inquiry has emerged which aims to integrate the strengths of design thinking and anthropological research.This book is written by anthropologists who actively participate in the development of design anthropology. Comprising both cutting-edge explorations and theoretical reflections, it provides a much-needed introduction to the concepts, methods, practices and challenges of the new field. Design Anthropology moves from observation and interpretation to collaboration, intervention and co-creation. Its practitioners participate in multidisciplinary design teams working towards concrete solutions for problems that are sometimes ill-defined. The authors address the critical potential of design anthropology in a wide range of design activities across the globe and query the impact of design on the discipline of anthropology.This volume will appeal to new and experienced practitioners in the field as well as to students of anthropology, innovation, science and technology studies, and a wide range of design studies focusing on user participation, innovation, and collaborative research.


Martians of Science

Martians of Science [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Istvan Hargittai
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN-10: 019971097X
Size: 1032 kb
Format File: Pdf
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Martians of Science by Istvan Hargittai Book Summary:

If science has the equivalent of a Bloomsbury group, it is the five men born at the turn of the twentieth century in Budapest: Theodore von K?rm?n, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller. From Hungary to Germany to the United States, they remained friends and continued to work together and influence each other throughout their lives. As a result, their work was integral to some of the most important scientific and political developments of the twentieth century. Istv?n Hargittai tells the story of this remarkable group: Wigner won a Nobel Prize in theoretical physics; Szilard was the first to see that a chain reaction based on neutrons was possible, initiated the Manhattan Project, but left physics to try to restrict nuclear arms; von Neumann could solve difficult problems in his head and developed the modern computer for more complex problems; von K?rm?n became the first director of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, providing the scientific basis for the U.S. Air Force; and Teller was the father of the hydrogen bomb, whose name is now synonymous with the controversial "Star Wars" initiative of the 1980s. Each was fiercely opinionated, politically active, and fought against all forms of totalitarianism. Hargittai, as a young Hungarian physical chemist, was able to get to know some of these great men in their later years, and the depth of information and human interest in The Martians of Science is the result of his personal relationships with the subjects, their families, and their contemporaries.

Download or read Martians of Science book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). If science has the equivalent of a Bloomsbury group, it is the five men born at the turn of the twentieth century in Budapest: Theodore von K?rm?n, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller. From Hungary to Germany to the United States, they remained friends and continued to work together and influence each other throughout their lives. As a result, their work was integral to some of the most important scientific and political developments of the twentieth century. Istv?n Hargittai tells the story of this remarkable group: Wigner won a Nobel Prize in theoretical physics; Szilard was the first to see that a chain reaction based on neutrons was possible, initiated the Manhattan Project, but left physics to try to restrict nuclear arms; von Neumann could solve difficult problems in his head and developed the modern computer for more complex problems; von K?rm?n became the first director of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, providing the scientific basis for the U.S. Air Force; and Teller was the father of the hydrogen bomb, whose name is now synonymous with the controversial "Star Wars" initiative of the 1980s. Each was fiercely opinionated, politically active, and fought against all forms of totalitarianism. Hargittai, as a young Hungarian physical chemist, was able to get to know some of these great men in their later years, and the depth of information and human interest in The Martians of Science is the result of his personal relationships with the subjects, their families, and their contemporaries.