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The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons

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The Biology and Troubleshooting of Facultative Lagoons

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Biology and Troubleshooting of Facultative Lagoons by Michael H. Gerardi Book Summary:

Provides personnel a new understanding of how lagoon and fixed film sewage treatment systems work Tested in short-course situations by the author over the last 20 years Directs the material in a practical manner at operators who are responsible for process control and troubleshooting Reduces the jargon, chemical equations, and kinetics that overwhelm most operators and laboratory technicians Provides necessary information for understanding biological and chemical conditions at the treatment process

Resources in Education

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Resources in Education by N.A Book Summary:

Download or read Resources in Education book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Marine Algae Extracts

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Marine Algae Extracts by Se-Kwon Kim,Katarzyna Chojnacka Book Summary:

Designed as the primary reference for the biotechnological use of macroalgae, this comprehensive handbook covers the entire value chain from the cultivation of algal biomass to harvesting and processing it, to product extraction and formulation. In addition to covering a wide range of product classes, from polysaccharides to terpenes and from enyzmes to biofuels, it systematically discusses current and future applications of algae-derived products in pharmacology, medicine, cosmetics, food and agriculture. In doing so, it brings together the expertise of marine researchers, biotechnologists and process engineers for a one-stop resource on the biotechnology of marine macroalgae.

Microscopic Examination of the Activated Sludge Process

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Microscopic Examination of the Activated Sludge Process by Michael H. Gerardi Book Summary:

A practical, hands-on guide to using the microscope to analyze activated sludge in wastewater treatment The microscope provides the wastewater treatment plant operator with a special tool for process control and troubleshooting of the activated sludge process. The operator can "read" the organisms and use them as "bioindicators" to determine if operational conditions are acceptable or not acceptable. Written for plant operators and technicians and avoiding unnecessary technical jargon, Microscopic Examination of the Activated Sludge Process explores and explains: Microscopy, including microscopic measurements and techniques Directions for preparing and applying microbiological stains and immobilizing agents and techniques for preparing wet mounts and smears How to identify various types of organisms, including: floc particles and foam; protozoa; rotifers; worms and worm-like organisms; crustaceans; filamentous organisms; and algae and fungi The collection, evaluation, and presentation of observations This straightforward guide includes figures, tables, worksheets, photomicrographs, and black-and-white drawings of many living, microscopic components of the activated sludge process. It equips plant operators and technicians to monitor, regulate, and troubleshoot the treatment processes and also serves as a valuable resource for research professionals and sanitary engineers in wastewater treatment.

Advanced Biological Processes for Wastewater Treatment

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Advanced Biological Processes for Wastewater Treatment by Márcia Dezotti,Geraldo Lippel,João Paulo Bassin Book Summary:

This book presents recent developments in advanced biological treatment technologies that are attracting increasing attention or that have a high potential for large-scale application in the near future. It also explores the fundamental principles as well as the applicability of the engineered bioreactors in detail. It describes two of the emerging technologies: membrane bioreactors (MBR) and moving bed biofilm reactors (MBBR), both of which are finding increasing application worldwide thanks to their compactness and high efficiency. It also includes a chapter dedicated to aerobic granular sludge (AGS) technology, and discusses the main features and applications of this promising process, which can simultaneously remove organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus and is considered a breakthrough in biological wastewater treatment. Given the importance of removing nitrogen compounds from wastewater, the latest advances in this area, including new processes for nitrogen removal (e.g. Anammox), are also reviewed. Developments in molecular biology techniques over the last twenty years provide insights into the complex microbial diversity found in biological treatment systems. The final chapter discusses these techniques in detail and presents the state-of-the-art in this field and the opportunities these techniques offer to improve process performance.

Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process by Michael H. Gerardi Book Summary:

The activated sludge process is the most versatile, commonly usedwastewater treatment system in North America; however, manyactivated sludge processes frequently experience operationalproblems related to poor compaction or settleability of secondarysolids and loss of secondary solids from the clarifier. Eschewingthe technical jargon and copious chemical equations found in themajority of wastewater studies, Settleability Problems andLoss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process speaksdirectly to plant operators, showing them how to identify and solvecommon problems and achieve maximum efficiency. Michael H. Gerardi’s hands-on guide addresses the mostcommon plant operational problems, such as increased costs, loss oftreatment efficiency, and permit violations. Using numerous tablesand illustrations, Settleability Problems provides microscopic andanalytical techniques for troubleshooting and identifying theconditions responsible for settleability problems and loss ofsolids. It includes pictures of wet mounts and smears of acceptableand unacceptable microscopic conditions of the activated sludge andpresents corrective measures for operational problems. Chaptersinclude: Undesired Filamentous Growth Nutrient-Deficient Floc Particles Denitrification Slug Discharge of Soluble cBOD Viscous Bulking or Zoogloeal Growth Production and Accumulation of Foam and Scum Volume II in the series, Settleability Problems will prove to beof unparalleled value to wastewater treatment plant operators aswell as students of wastewater microbiology.

Land Treatment Systems for Municipal and Industrial Wastes

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Land Treatment Systems for Municipal and Industrial Wastes by Ronald Crites,Sherwood Reed,Robert Bastian Book Summary:

A-Z guide to soil/plant/microbe-based wastewater treatment Engineers and planners eager to benefit from the cost efficiencies and convenience of land treatment of waste will find practical guidelines in this comprehensive manual. It covers soil hydraulics, vegetation selection, site selection, field investigations, preapplication treatment and storage, and transmission and distribution of wastewater. You're introduced to: Design procedures and appropriate uses for each of the three land treatment processes: soils, plants, and microbiological agents Special attributes of food processing wastewater, with 6 case studies The use of biosolids produced by mechanical treatment systems as crop nutrients Options for preapplication treatment, including ponds and constructed wetlands Much more

Principles of Food Sanitation

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Principles of Food Sanitation by Norman G. Marriott Book Summary:

Large volume food processing and preparation operations have increased the need for improved sanitary practices from processing to consumption. This trend presents a challenge to every employee in the food processing and food prepara tion industry. Sanitation is an applied science for the attainment of hygienic conditions. Because of increased emphasis on food safety, sanitation is receiving increased attention from those in the food industry. Traditionally, inexperienced employees with few skills who have received little or no training have been delegated sanitation duties. Yet sanitation employees require intensive training. In the past, these employees, including sanitation program managers, have had only limited access to material on this subject. Technical information has been confined primarily to a limited number of training manuals provided by regulatory agen cies, industry and association manuals, and recommendations from equipment and cleaning compound firms. Most of this material lacks specific information related to the selection of appropriate cleaning methods, equipment, compounds, and sanitizers for maintaining hygienic conditions in food processing and prepara tion facilities. The purpose of this text is to provide sanitation information needed to ensure hygienic practices. Sanitation is a broad subject; thus, principles related to con tamination, cleaning compounds, sanitizers, and cleaning equipment, and specific directions for applying these principles to attain hygienic conditions in food processing and food preparation are discussed. The discussion starts with the importance of sanitation and also includes regulatory requirements and voluntary sanitation programs including additional and updated information on Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP).

Biological Wastewater Treatment in Warm Climate Regions

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Biological Wastewater Treatment in Warm Climate Regions by Marcos Von Sperling,Carlos Augustos de Lemos Chernicharo Book Summary:

Biological Wastewater Treatment in Warm Climate Regions gives a state-of-the-art presentation of the science and technology of biological wastewater treatment, particularly domestic sewage. The book covers the main treatment processes used worldwide with wastewater treatment in warm climate regions given a particular emphasis where simple, affordable and sustainable solutions are required. This comprehensive book presents in a clear and informative way the basic principles of biological wastewater treatment, including theory and practice, and covering conception, design and operation. In order to ensure the practical and didactic view of the book, 371 illustrations, 322 summary tables and 117 examples are included. All major wastewater treatment processes are covered by full and interlinked design examples which are built up throughout the book, from the determination of wastewater characteristics, the impact of discharge into rivers and lakes, the design of several wastewater treatment processes and the design of sludge treatment and disposal units. The 55 chapters are divided into 7 parts over two volumes: Volume One: (1) Introduction to wastewater characteristics, treatment and disposal; (2) Basic principles of wastewater treatment; (3) Stabilisation ponds; (4) Anaerobic reactors; Volume Two: (5) Activated sludge; (6) Aerobic biofilm reactors; (7) Sludge treatment and disposal. As well as being an ideal textbook, Biological Wastewater Treatment in Warm Climate Regions is an important reference for practising professionals such as engineers, biologists, chemists and environmental scientists, acting in consulting companies, water authorities and environmental agencies.

Basic Principles of Wastewater Treatment

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Basic Principles of Wastewater Treatment by Marcos von Sperling Book Summary:

Basic Principles of Wastewater Treatment is the second volume in the Biological Wastewater Treatment series, and focus on the unit operations and processes associated with biological wastewater treatment. The major topics covered are: .microbiology and ecology of wastewater treatment .reaction kinetics and reactor hydraulics .conversion of organic and inorganic matter .sedimentation .aeration. The theory presented in this volume forms the basis upon which the other books in the series are built. The Biological Wastewater Treatment series is based on the book Biological Wastewater Treatment in Warm Climate Regions and on a highly acclaimed set of best selling textbooks. This international version is comprised by six textbooks giving a state-of-the-art presentation of the science and technology of biological wastewater treatment. Other books in the Biological Wastewater Treatment series: Volume 1: Wastewater characteristics, treatment and disposal Volume 3: Waste stabilisation ponds Volume 4: Anaerobic reactors Volume 5: Activated sludge and aerobic biofilm reactors Volume 6: Sludge treatment and disposal

Waste Stabilisation Ponds

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Waste Stabilisation Ponds by Marcos von Sperling Book Summary:

Waste Stabilisation Ponds is the third volume in the Biological Wastewater Treatment series. The major variants of pond systems are fully covered, namely .facultative ponds .anaerobic ponds .aerated lagoons .maturation ponds. The book presents in a clear and didactic way the main concepts, working principles, expected removal efficiencies, design criteria, design examples, construction aspects, operational guidelines and sludge management for pond systems. The Biological Wastewater Treatment series is based on the book Biological Wastewater Treatment in Warm Climate Regions and on a highly acclaimed set of best selling textbooks. This international version is comprised by six textbooks giving a state-of-the-art presentation of the science and technology of biological wastewater treatment. Other books in the Biological Wastewater Treatment series: Volume 1: Wastewater characteristics, treatment and disposal Volume 2: Basic principles of wastewater treatment Volume 4: Anaerobic reactors Volume 5: Activated sludge and aerobic biofilm reactors Volume 6: Sludge treatment and disposal

Advanced Physicochemical Treatment Processes

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Advanced Physicochemical Treatment Processes by Lawrence K. Wang,Yung-Tse Hung,Nazih K. Shammas Book Summary:

The past thirty years have witnessed a growing worldwide desire that po- tive actions be taken to restore and protect the environment from the degr- ing effects of all forms of pollution—air, water, soil, and noise. Because pollution is a direct or indirect consequence of waste, the seemingly idealistic demand for “zero discharge” can be construed as an unrealistic demand for zero waste. However, as long as waste continues to exist, we can only attempt to abate the subsequent pollution by converting it to a less noxious form. Three major questions usually arise when a particular type of pollution has been id- tified: (1) How serious is the pollution? (2) Is the technology to abate it ava- able? and (3) Do the costs of abatement justify the degree of abatement achieved? This book is one of the volumes of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series. The principal intention of this series is to help readers f- mulate answers to the last two questions above. The traditional approach of applying tried-and-true solutions to specific pollution problems has been a major contributing factor to the success of en- ronmental engineering, and has accounted in large measure for the establi- ment of a “methodology of pollution control. ” However, the realization of the ever-increasing complexity and interrelated nature of current environmental problems renders it imperative that intelligent planning of pollution abatement systems be undertaken.

Wastewater Characteristics, Treatment and Disposal

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Wastewater Characteristics, Treatment and Disposal by Marcos Von Sperling Book Summary:

Wastewater Characteristics, Treatment and Disposal is the first volume in the series Biological Wastewater Treatment, presenting an integrated view of water quality and wastewater treatment. The book covers the following topics: wastewater characteristics (flow and major constituents) impact of wastewater discharges to rivers and lakes overview of wastewater treatment systems complementary items in planning studies. This book, with its clear and practical approach, lays the foundations for the topics that are analysed in more detail in the other books of the series. About the series: The series is based on a highly acclaimed set of best selling textbooks. This international version is comprised by six textbooks giving a state-of-the-art presentation of the science and technology of biological wastewater treatment. Other titles in the series are: Volume 2: Basic Principles of Wastewater Treatment; Volume 3: Waste Stabilisation Ponds; Volume 4: Anaerobic Reactors; Volume 5: Activated Sludge and Aerobic Biofilm Reactors; Volume 6: Sludge Treatment and Disposal

Physico-Chemical Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery

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Physico-Chemical Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery by Robina Farooq,Zaki Ahmad Book Summary:

The book on Physico-Chemical Treatment of Wastewater and Resource Recovery provides an efficient and low-cost solution for remediation of wastewater. This book focuses on physico-chemical treatment via advanced oxidation process, adsorption, its management and recovery of valuable chemicals. It discusses treatment and recovery process for the range of pollutants including BTX, PCB, PCDDs, proteins, phenols, antibiotics, complex organic compounds and metals. The occurrence of persistent pollutants poses deleterious effects on human and environmental health. Simple solutions for recovery of valuable chemicals and water during physico-chemical treatment of wastewater are discussed extensively. This book provides necessary knowledge and experimental studies on emerging physico-chemical processes for reducing water pollution and resource recovery.

Operation of Wastewater Treatment Plants

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Operation of Wastewater Treatment Plants by N.A Book Summary:

This manual is designed to train operators in the safe and effective operation and maintenance of wastewater treatment plants. Emphasis is on larger conventional treatment plants. It also teaches operators in supervisory and management positions to use good management practices, including maintenance programs, recordkeeping, uses of computers, and also preparation and writing of reports.

Biological Treatment Processes

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Biological Treatment Processes by Lawrence K. Wang,Norman C. Pereira,Yung-Tse Hung Book Summary:

Pollution and its effects on the environment have emerged as critical areas of research within the past 30 years. The Handbook of Environmental Engineering is a collection of methodologies that study the effects of pollution and waste in their three basic forms: gas, solid, and liquid. In Volume 8, Biological Treatment Processes, tried-and-true solutions comprise a “methodology of pollution control”. The distinguished panel of authors contributes detailed chapters, which include topics ranging from treatment by land application, activated sludge processes, and submerged aeration to trickling filters, lagoons, rotating biological contactors, sequencing batch reactors, digestions, and composting. Volume 8 and its sister book - Volume 9: Advanced Biological Treatment Processes – are designed as both basic biological waste treatment textbooks and reference books for advanced undergraduate and graduate students – as well as for designers of waste treatment systems, scientists, and researchers. An indispensable addition to the Humana Press series, Volume 8: Biological Treatment Processes provides an illuminating look at water pollution control and the fascinating evolution of bio-environmental engineering.

Horizontal Gene Transfer

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Horizontal Gene Transfer by Fernando de la Cruz Book Summary:

This book focuses on technologies used to study horizontal gene transfer (HGT) in prokaryotes. Beginning with a section on the detection and isolation of mobile genetic elements (MGEs), the volume continues with sections concentrating on the analysis of conjugation, transformation, and transduction in HGT as well as a series of methods to analyze the adaptation and evolution of MGEs, with special attention paid to bioinformatics tools. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Horizontal Gene Transfer: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide to the further study of this pervasive, all-important mechanism of genetic originality.

Algal Toxins: Nature, Occurrence, Effect and Detection

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Algal Toxins: Nature, Occurrence, Effect and Detection by Valtere Evangelista,Laura Barsanti,Anna Maria Frassanito,Vincenzo Passarelli,Paolo Gualtieri Book Summary:

This volume contains the lectures and seminars given at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on “Sensor Systems for Biological Threads: The Algal Toxins Case”, held in Pisa, Italy in October, 2007. The Institute was sponsored and funded by the Scientific Affairs Division of NATO. It is my pleasant duty to thank this institution. This ASI offered updated information on how far the research on algal toxins has gone in the exploration of structures, biosynthesis and regulation of toxins, and the development of technology for bio-monitoring these c- pounds. Algae can form heavy growths in ponds, lakes, reservoirs and sl- moving rivers throughout the world; algae can house toxins which are - ually released into water when the cells rupture or die. Hundreds of toxins have been identified so far. Detection methods, including rapid screening, have been developed to help us learning more about them, especially to find out which toxins are a real threat for people and what conditions encourage their production and accumulation. Early detection of algal toxins is an - portant aspect for public safety and natural environment, and significant efforts are underway to develop effective and reliable tools that can be used for this purpose.

Algae

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Algae by American Water Works Association Book Summary:

This AWWA manual of practice provides water professionals with solutions to algae-related problems. Topics covered include identification of algal species, monitoring programs, and best management and treatment strategies.

Essentials of Food Sanitation

The Biology And Troubleshooting Of Facultative Lagoons [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Essentials of Food Sanitation by Norman G. Marriott Book Summary:

An Aspen Food Science Text Series Book. All of the essential information that you have come to rely on in the widely-acclaimed 'Principles of Food Sanitation' by Norman G. Marriott is now available to you in a simplified, practical, and updated format. Providing a step-by-step, hands-on approach, this incomparable text offers useful and interesting information on food sanitation at all stages of food processing and food service and stresses how important the role of each employee is at each stage. Essentials of Food Sanitation covers a wide variety of topics from cleaning and sanitizing compounds, systems and equipment to food sanitation in various types of food processing such as dairy products, seafood, meat and poultry, etc. Each chapter provides food handlers and students with interesting real-life reports of recent food sanitation problems plus different techniques to ensure firm understanding of the subject, including: visual aides; a comprehensive glossary; several summaries, study questions; references; chapter bibliographies; a resource section on how to learn more about the topic; and case studies. A thorough discussion of HACCP and how a HACCP system relates to quality assurance and sanitation functions is also outlined in the text. Furthermore, expanded material on foodservice, including the methods and principles for sanitary food handling and considerations at various control points inthe flow of foodservice is provided.