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The Alienist and Other Stories of Nineteenth-Century Brazil by Machado de Assis,John Charles Chasteen Book Summary:
Accompanied by a thorough introduction to Brazils Machado, Machados Brazil, these vibrant new translations of eight of Machado de Assiss best-known short stories bring Nineteenth-Century Brazilian society and culture to life for modern readers.
The Alienist by Machado de Assis Book Summary:
Brilliant physician Simao Bacamarte sacrifices a prestigious career to return home and educate himself to the budding field of psychology. Bacamarte opens the first asylum hoping to crown himself and his hometown with 'imperishable laurels'. But then the good doctor starts to see signs of insanity in more and more of his neighbours. With dark humour and sparse prose, The Alienist lets the reader ponder who is really crazy after all. Originally published in 1882, readers will find that this tragically humorous novella remains as relevant as ever.
Summary and Analysis of The Alienist by Worth Books Book Summary:
So much to read, so little time? This brief overview of The Alienist tells you what you need to know—before or after you read Caleb Carr’s book. Crafted and edited with care, Worth Books set the standard for quality and give you the tools you need to be a well-informed reader. This short summary and analysis of The Alienist includes: Historical context Chapter-by-chapter overviews Profiles of the main characters Detailed timeline of key events Important quotes Fascinating trivia Glossary of terms Supporting material to enhance your understanding of the original work About The Alienist by Caleb Carr: In March of 1896, the mutilated body of a prostitute is found on the still-unfinished Williamsburg Bridge—the first discovery in what becomes a string of murders in Lower Manhattan. In an unorthodox move, Police Commissioner Theodore Roosevelt enlists a team to track the deranged serial killer: reporter John Schuyler Moore, with his deep knowledge of New York’s criminal underground; alienist Dr. Laszlo Kreizler, a psychologist who specializes in psychopaths and criminals; and Sara Howard, a brave police department secretary. The group embarks on a groundbreaking endeavor of criminology—building the killer’s profile based on the gory details of the crimes to track him down and put a stop to his carnage. An evocative literary thriller and New York Times bestseller, The Alienist is being developed for a television series—slated to premiere in late 2017. The summary and analysis in this ebook are intended to complement your reading experience and bring you closer to a great work of fiction.
The Angel of Darkness by Caleb Carr Book Summary:
The sequel to the internationally bestselling historical thriller THE ALIENIST, now a major Netflix series, starring Luke Evans, Dakota Fanning and Daniel Brühl. A year after the events that took place in the bestselling THE ALIENIST, the cast of characters are again brought together to investigate a crime committed in the heady days of New York in the 1890s, this time narrated by the orphan Stevie Taggert. A young child, the daughter of Spanish diplomats, disappears. It seems she has been abducted but no ransom note is received and the detectives Isaacson quickly discover that a nurse, Elspeth Hunter, is probably the kidnapper. They also discover that Hunter has been a little too closely connected with the death of three other infants. But what are her motives? She married a fortune, and although she is connected to some fairly rough villains this crime does not fit their modus operandi. Is it something as 'simple' as psychological disturbance due to her own inability to bear children, or something more sinister unguessed at?
Surrender, New York by Caleb Carr Book Summary:
A contemporary psychological thriller from the bestselling author of The Alienist, now a major Netflix series starring Luke Evans and Dakota Fanning. In rural, impoverished Burgoyne County, New York, a pattern of strange deaths begins to emerge: adolescent boys and girls are found murdered, their corpses left hanging in gruesome, ritualistic fashion. Senior law enforcement officials are quick to blame a serial killer, yet their efforts to apprehend this criminal are peculiarly ineffective. Meanwhile, in the county's small town of Surrender, Trajan Jones, a psychological profiler (and the world's leading expert on the life and work of one Dr. Laszlo Kreizler), and Michael Li, a trace evidence expert, once famed advisors to the New York City Police Department, are secretly called in to consult on the case. Jones and Li immediately discern that the various victims were all 'throwaway children,' neither orphans, runaways nor homeless, but victims of a terrible phenomenon sweeping America's poor: abandoned by their families, the throwaways are left to fend for themselves. One of these throwaways, Lucas Kurtz, along with his blind older sister, cross paths with Jones and Li, offering information that could blow the case wide open. Racing against the case's mounting stakes, Jones and Li find that they are battling not only to unravel the mystery of how the throwaways died, but also to defend themselves and the Kurtz siblings from the threats of shadowy but powerful agents who want to stop them from uncovering the truth. It is a truth that, Jones believes, leads away from their world and back to the increasingly wealthy city where both he and his long-dead intellectual guide, Dr Kreizler, did their greatest work. But will they be able to trace the case to New York before they fall victim to the murderous forces that stalk them? Like The Alienist, Surrender brings to life the grim underbelly of a prosperous nation - and those most vulnerable to its failings.
The Alienist - O Alienista by Machado De Assis Book Summary:
"The Alienist" is a satirical novel written by the Brazilian author Machado de Assis (1839-1908). The novel was published in the newspaper "The Station" of Rio de Janeiro (from October 15, 1881 to March 15, 1882), and later published in 1882, as part of the collection of short stories by the author 'Pap
Clinical Psychiatry in Imperial Germany by Eric J. Engstrom Book Summary:
The psychiatric profession in Germany changed radically from the mid-nineteenth century to the beginning of World War I. In a book that demonstrates his extensive archival knowledge and an impressive command of the primary literature, Eric J. Engstrom investigates the history of university psychiatric clinics in Imperial Germany from 1867 to 1914, emphasizing the clinical practices and professional debates surrounding the development of these institutions and their impact on the course of German psychiatry.The rise of university psychiatric clinics reflects, Engstrom tells us, a shift not only in asylum culture, but also in the ways in which social, political, and economic issues deeply influenced the practice of psychiatry. Equally convincing is Engstrom's argument that psychiatrists were responding to and working to shape the rapidly changing perceptions of madness in Imperial Germany. In a series of case studies, the book focuses on a number of important clinical spaces such as the laboratory, the ward, the lecture hall, and the polyclinic. Engstrom argues that within these spaces clinics developed their own disciplinary economies and that their emergence was inseparably intertwined with jurisdictional contests between competing scientific, administrative, didactic, and sociopolitical agendas. --G. E. Berrios, University of Cambridge, editor of History of Psychiatry "Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences"
Psychiatry and the Cinema by Glen O. Gabbard,Krin Gabbard Book Summary:
Psychiatry and the Cinema explores this complementary relationship from two angles, psychiatrists who have studied the movies and movies that have depicted psychiatry. This second edition has updated this definitive text with a discussion of new trends in psychoanalytically oriented film theory, and an expanded list of movies is analyzed.
Madness at Home by Akihito Suzuki Book Summary:
The history of psychiatric institutions and the psychiatric profession is by now familiar: asylums multiplied in nineteenth-century England and psychiatry established itself as a medical specialty around the same time. We are, however, largely ignorant about madness at home in this key period: what were the family’s attitudes toward its insane member, what were patient’s lives like when they remained at home? Until now, most accounts have suggested that the family and community gradually abdicated responsibility for taking care of mentally ill members to the doctors who ran the asylums. However, this provocatively argued study, painting a fascinating picture of how families viewed and managed madness, suggests that the family actually played a critical role in caring for the insane and in the development of psychiatry itself. Akihito Suzuki’s richly detailed social history includes several fascinating case histories, looks closely at little studied source material including press reports of formal legal declarations of insanity, or Commissions of Lunacy, and also provides an illuminating historical perspective on our own day and age, when the mentally ill are mainly treated in home and community.
Rampant Women by Linda J. Lumsden Book Summary:
In Rampant Women, Linda J. Lumsden offers an in-depth look at the intersection between the woman suffrage movement and the constitutional right to assemble peaceably. Beginning in 1908, women activists took to the streets in a variety of public gatherings and protests in a bold attempt to win the right to vote. Lumsden shows how outdoor pageants, conventions, petition drives, soapbox speaking at open-air meetings, the use of symbolic expression, and picketing -- all manifestations of the right of assembly -- played an instrumental role in the woman suffrage movement. Without these innovative forms of protest, Lumsden argues, women might not be voting today in the United States.
The Alienist and Neurologist, Vol. 6 by C. H. Hughes Book Summary:
Excerpt from The Alienist and Neurologist, Vol. 6: A Quarterly Journal; Scientific, Clinical and Forensic Psychiatry and Neurology; Intended Especially to Subserve the Wants of the General Practitioner of Medicine First. The disposition to cortical epilepsy varies much in different classes of animals; it is absent in the batrachia, in reptiles and birds, but it is present in the mammifera. By exciting, with a very strong Faradic current, the cerebral hemispheres of frogs, toads, chickens or pigeons, we do not succeed in provoking any epileptic access. Only some of the mammifera are predisposed to present cortical epilepsy. Albertoni observed that the sheep, the goat, the ass and the horse are not susceptible of having partial epilepsy; whilst in cats, dogs and monkeys it is very easily provoked. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
The Alienist and Neurologist, 1898, Vol. 19 by C. H. Hughes Book Summary:
Excerpt from The Alienist and Neurologist, 1898, Vol. 19: A Quarterly Journal of Scientific, Clinical and Forensic Psychiatry and Neurology; Intended Especially to Subserve the Wants of the General Practitioner of Medicine Arthropathy and Syringomyelia Blood Treatment of Disease Bremer's Blood Test of Diabetes Cardiac Neuroses. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
The Presence in the Promise by Harry N. Huxhold Book Summary:
If we want to know how God will treat the Christian Church, we must look at how God treated the ancient people of Israel. That's the premise of Harry Huxhold's seventeen messages based on First Lesson texts from the Revised Common Lectionary, which demonstrate that the word and sacrament of Christian worship are as fresh as the promises of hope, providence, salvation, grace, and steadfast love that God first shared with humanity millennia ago. Titles include: - Days of Promise (Jeremiah 33:14-16) - The Child of Promise (Isaiah 9:2-7) - The Promise of Baptism (Isaiah 43:1-7) - The Fruit of Forgiveness (Genesis 45:3-11, 15) - Keeping the Glow On (Exodus 34:29-35) ... and more! Harry N. Huxhold holds an M.Div. degree from Concordia Seminary (St. Louis), an M.Th. degree from Luther Seminary (St. Paul, Minnesota), and a D.Min. degree (summa cum laude) from Christian Theological Seminary (Indianapolis). The author of fifteen books of devotional and sermonic materials and over fifty articles in theological journals and religious periodicals, Huxhold currently serves on the pastoral staff at King of Glory Lutheran Church in Carmel, Indiana.
Books to Die For by John Connolly,Declan Burke Book Summary:
The world’s most beloved mystery writers celebrate their favorite mystery novels in this gorgeously wrought collection, featuring essays by Michael Connelly, Kathy Reichs, Ian Rankin, and more. In the most ambitious anthology of its kind, the world’s leading mystery writers come together to champion the greatest mystery novels ever written. In a series of personal essays that reveal as much about the authors and their own work as they do about the books that they love, over a hundred authors from twenty countries have created a guide that will be indispensable for generations of readers and writers. From Agatha Christie to Lee Child, from Edgar Allan Poe to P. D. James, from Sherlock Holmes to Hannibal Lecter and Philip Marlowe to Lord Peter Wimsey, Books to Die For brings together the best of the mystery world for a feast of reading pleasure, a treasure trove for those new to the genre and for those who believe that there is nothing new left to discover. This is the one essential book for every reader who has ever finished a mystery novel and thought…I want more!
Profiling Machines by Greg Elmer Book Summary:
The cultural and media studies perspectives on the technology of electronic consumer profiling. In this book Greg Elmer brings the perspectives of cultural and media studies to the subject of consumer profiling and feedback technology in the digital economy. He examines the multiplicity of processes that monitor consumers and automatically collect, store, and cross-reference personal information. When we buy a book at Amazon.com or a kayak from L.L. Bean, our transactions are recorded, stored, and deployed to forecast our future behavior—thus we may receive solicitations to buy another book by the same author or the latest in kayaking gear. Elmer charts this process, explaining the technologies that make it possible and examining the social and political implications. Elmer begins by establishing a theoretical framework for his discussion, proposing a "diagrammatic approach" that draws on but questions Foucault's theory of surveillance. In the second part of the book, he presents the historical background of the technology of consumer profiling, including such pre-electronic tools as the census and the warranty card, and describes the software and technology in use today for demographic mapping. In the third part, he looks at two case studies—a marketing event sponsored by Molson that was held in the Canadian Arctic (contrasting the attendees and the indigenous inhabitants) and the use of "cookies" to collect personal information on the World Wide Web, which (along with other similar technologies) automate the process of information collection and cross-referencing. Elmer concludes by considering the politics of profiling, arguing that we must begin to question our everyday electronic routines.
The Alienist and Neurologist, 1900, Vol. 21 by Charles H. Hughes Book Summary:
Excerpt from The Alienist and Neurologist, 1900, Vol. 21: A Journal of Scientific, Clinical and Forensic Neurology and Psychology, Psychiatry and NeuriatryTake an example from the province of brain diseases. A large cerebral hemorrhage from the marginal artery of the lenticular nucleus or an embolism of the Sylvian artery causes, besides a hemiplegia, at the time of the acute illness a number of grave attendant symptoms, which are to be regarded as collateral effects of the local brain injury. As a result of the direct destruction the hemiplegia continues as the residuary state, but the collateral effects disappear. But exactly the same sort of a hemiplegia may occur, when a tumor of slow growth or a chronic encephalomalacia destroys the same locality, usually in the way that a monoplegia comes on gradually, e. G., of the leg, then a monoplegia of the arm and finally of the facio-lingual region, so that a hemiplegia at last exists. Corresponding to this chronic course severe general symptoms may be completely lacking. But the location of the brain destruc tion is the same in both instances, and hence the right is proven to compare the residuary focus with the chronic focus. We have equally the right to compare the residuary changes of the contents with respect to the localization of the process to the changes of the contents in chronic psychoses.About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.comThis book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Recollections of an Alienist - Personal and Professional by Allan McLane Hamilton Book Summary:
Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.
The Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas by Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis Book Summary:
"Be aware that frankness is the prime virtue of a dead man," writes the narrator of The Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas. But while he may be dead, he is surely one of the liveliest characters in fiction, a product of one of the most remarkable imaginations in all of literature, Brazil's greatest novelist of the nineteenth century, Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis. By turns flippant and profound, The Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas is the story of an unheroic man with half-hearted political ambitions, a harebrained idea for curing the world of melancholy, and a thousand quixotic theories unleashed from beyond the grave. It is a novel that has influenced generations of Latin American writers but remains refreshingly and unforgettably unlike anything written before or after it. Newly translated by Gregory Rabassa and superbly edited by Enylton de Sá Rego and Gilberto Pinheiro Passos, this Library of Latin America edition brings to English-speaking readers a literary delight of the highest order.
The Detective as Historian by Ray B. Browne,Lawrence A. Kreiser, Jr Book Summary:
Readers of detective stories are turning more toward historical crime fiction to learn both what everyday life was like in past societies and how society coped with those who broke the laws and restrictions of the times. The crime fiction treated here ranges from ancient Egypt through classical Greece and Rome; from medieval and renaissance China and Europe through nineteenth-century England and America. Topics include: Ellis Peter’s Brother Cadfael; Umberto Eco’s Name of the Rose; Susanna Gregory’s Doctor Matthew Bartholomew; Peter Heck’s Mark Twain as detective; Anne Perry and her Victorian-era world; Caleb Carr’s works; and Elizabeth Peter’s Egyptologist-adventurer tales.
Police Psychology Into the 21st Century by Martin I. Kurke,Ellen M. Scrivner Book Summary:
As we approach the 21st century, there is a discernable shift in policing, from an incident-driven perspective to a proactive problem solving stance often described as "community policing." In this volume a panel of 21 psychologists examine the changing directions in policing and how such changes impact on psychological service delivery and operational support to law enforcement agencies. The book describes existing and emerging means of providing psychological support to the law enforcement community in response to police needs to accommodate new technology, community-oriented problem solving technology, crime prevention, and sensitivity to community social changes. Senior psychologists who are sworn officers, federal agents and civilian employees of federal, state and local law enforcement agencies comprise the team of chapter authors. Their perspectives encompass their collective experience "in the trenches" and in law enforcement management and administrative support roles. They discuss traditional applications of psychology to police selection, training and promotion processes, and in trauma stress management and evaluation of fitness for duty. Concerns related to police diversity and police family issues are also addressed, as are unique aspects of police stress management. Additional chapters are dedicated to establishing psychological service functions that currently are less familiar to police agencies than they are to other government and private sector service recipients. These chapters are devoted to police psychologists as human resource professionals, as human factors experts in accommodating to new technology and to new legal requirements, as organizational behavioral experts, and as strategic planners. This text is recommended reading for two groups: *police and public safety administators whose work takes them--or should take them--into contact with police psychologists; *practicing and would-be police psychologists concerned with the emerging trends in the application of psychology to police and other public safety programs.
Warfare State by James T. Sparrow Book Summary:
Although common wisdom and much scholarship assume that "big government" gained its foothold in the United States under the auspices of the New Deal during the Great Depression, in fact it was the Second World War that accomplished this feat. Indeed, as the federal government mobilized for war it grew tenfold, quickly dwarfing the New Deal's welfare programs. Warfare State shows how the federal government vastly expanded its influence over American society during World War II. Equally important, it looks at how and why Americans adapted to this expansion of authority. Through mass participation in military service, war work, rationing, price control, income taxation, and the war bond program, ordinary Americans learned to live with the warfare state. They accepted these new obligations because the government encouraged all citizens to think of themselves as personally connected to the battle front, linking their every action to the fate of the combat soldier. As they worked for the American Soldier, Americans habituated themselves to the authority of the government. Citizens made their own counter-claims on the state-particularly in the case of industrial workers, women, African Americans, and most of all, the soldiers. Their demands for fuller citizenship offer important insights into the relationship between citizen morale, the uses of patriotism, and the legitimacy of the state in wartime. World War II forged a new bond between citizens, nation, and government. Warfare State tells the story of this dramatic transformation in American life.
The Self of the City by Todd S. Garth Book Summary:
"The Self of the City shows Macedonio's work to be a highly systematic effort to "save the city" from the ills of modernity. Responding directly to the context of early twentieth-century Buenos Aires, Macedonio rejects modern culture as inherently paradoxical and pernicious, hinging on the unsustainable fallacy of Descartes' autonomous self."
Killing Time by Caleb Carr Book Summary:
'An extraordinary novel' Observer It is the greatest truth of our age: information is not knowledge. Manhattan, September 13, 2023. Vera Price's husband has been murdered, and she wants criminal psychologist Dr Gideon Wolfe to investigate. On a disk she gives Gideon is the information that almost certainly cost her husband his life. For America is still in shock after the murder of its President, and the disk suggests the wrong man has been convicted. The world is drowning in information. And in a sea of unregulated and unverifiable facts, the truth is harder and harder to find. And as Gideon discovers, although there are those who want to put an end to this, their actions have dangerous consequences, not just for him, but for the whole world, for time itself. . . From the massively bestselling author of The Alienist - soon to be a major TV show - comes the most ambitious thriller of our time.
The Suspicions of Mr. Whicher by Kate Summerscale Book Summary:
Saville's corpse, already stiff, was laid on a table beneath the kitchen window; upstairs the shape of his sleeping self was still indented on the sheets and pillow of the cot. On a summer's morning in 1860, the Kent family awakes in their elegant Wiltshire home to a terrible discovery; their youngest son has been brutally murdered. When celebrated detective Jack Whicher is summoned from Scotland Yard he faces the unenviable task of identifying the killer – when the grieving family are the suspects. The original Victorian whodunnit, the murder and its investigation provoked national hysteria at the thought of what might be festering behind the locked doors of respectable homes – scheming servants, rebellious children, insanity, jealousy, loneliness and loathing.
France and Women, 1789-1914 by James McMillan,Professor James F Mcmillan Book Summary:
France and Women, 1789-1914 is the first book to offer an authoritative account of women's history throughout the nineteenth century. James McMillan, author of the seminal work Housewife or Harlot, offers a major reinterpretation of the French past in relation to gender throughout these tumultuous decades of revolution and war. This book provides a challenging discussion of the factors which made French political culture so profoundly sexist and in particular, it shows that many of the myths about progress and emancipation associated with modernisation and the coming of mass politics do not stand up to close scrutiny. It also reveals the conservative nature of the republican left and of the ingrained belief throughout french society that women should remain within the domestic sphere. James McMillan considers the role played by French men and women in the politics, culture and society of their country throughout the 1800s.
Psychopaths by Herschel Prins Book Summary:
An expert introduction based on huge experience. Suitable for professionals, academics and general readers. With Questions, Suggestions for Further Reading and a Glossary of key terms. What is a psychopath? How can we tell? Are psychopaths always a risk to the public? How safe are we from criminal psychopaths? This basic guide looks at the history and development of psychopathy. It gives practical illustrations and explains key provisions for dealing with criminal psychopaths (with examples). It also examines possible causes, the difficulties involved in the assessment of risk, and the tools used to determine whether or not someone has a psychopathic personality. Psychopathy may exist in the boardroom or in sport just as it does in our prisons - sometimes driven or successful people can exhibit similar traits without undue adverse comment. But when concentrated in an individual with violent tendencies things become problematic and the chances are that they will not be deterred by or respond to everyday approaches to crime and punishment. Psychopaths may be cold, calculating, manipulative and lack empathy for victims or others. They may be charming, intelligent and walk the streets unnoticed. This book looks at how we seek to identify those who are dangerous or predatory and the arrangements to contain them in prisons and secure hospitals in the name of public safety (often for long periods of time). 'They are Manfred-like characters, existing in their own time and space': Dr Emmanuel Miller, in conversation with the author. 'I think we have to be willing to go into the darkness': Leading psychiatrist, Sarah Trevelyan. Reviews 'Reflects immense scholarship based on multidisciplinary perspectives, innate decency and an ability to convey complex behaviours in a readable style': John Harding CBE. 'A much needed text from one of the doyens in this field': Professor David Wilson. Professor Herschel Prins is highly respected in crime and mental health circles, having started out as a probation officer, worked for the Home Office, taught in universities and served on the Parole Board, Mental Health Review Tribunal, Mental Health Act Commission and as chair of various inquiries concerning psychopaths.
Crime, Reason and History by Alan Norrie Book Summary:
Crime, Reason and History provides an alternative approach to the study of the general principles of criminal law. It emphasises, in contrast to orthodox texts, the tensions and contradictions at the law's heart. The author outlines the themes of responsibility, rationality and justice which govern the orthodox criminal law text. He traces these to the early nineteenth century reform of the criminal law and notes conflicts within reform ideologies relating to the idea of the 'responsible individual'. He then takes the reader through the bulk of the criminal law's 'general part' showing how conflicts from reform ideology emerge within criminal law. An historical and political logic underlies its illogicalities, giving it its 'shape'. The author presents a sceptical critique of the liberal positivist tradition in criminal law scholarship, and a social analysis of both its practical necessity and intellectual impossibility. He shows how the ideology of individual legal justice was imposed as a means of excluding alternative political voices, while recognising its importance for the survival of the liberal polity.
El alienista by Caleb Carr Book Summary:
El thriller en que se basa la serie de TV The Alienist. Nueva York, 1896. John Schuyler Moore, reportero de sucesos de The New York Times, recibe en plena madrugada la llamada de su antiguo compañero de Harvard, el famoso alienista (como se conocía entonces a los psicólogos) Laszlo Kreizler, quien le cita en el puente de Williamsburg, escenario de un horrible asesinato. Theodore Roosevelt, jefe de policía de la ciudad, solicita la colaboración de ambos amigos para indagar el crimen, una atrevida iniciativa, pues el alienista es visto con desconfianza por una sociedad conservadora, que considera que un asesino nace y no se hace. A ellos se une Sara Howard, primera mujer que trabaja en la comisaría, y los hermanos Isaacson, pioneros en las nuevas técnicas de investigación. Mientras que el grupo intenta trazar el perfil psicológico de un asesino del que lo ignora todo, este parece conocerlos perfectamente... Los blogueros opinan... «Estupenda novela sobre los papeles iniciales de los psicólogos, psiquiatras y especialistas en enfermedades mentales en el campo de la investigación criminal.» Blog Crítica de Libros «Novela policíaca de la buena, de la que engancha, de la que entretiene... de la que estremece.» Blog Abracalibro
Home Grown by Isaac Campos Book Summary:
Historian Isaac Campos combines wide-ranging archival research with the latest scholarship on the social and cultural dimensions of drug-related behavior in this telling of marijuana's remarkable history in Mexico. Introduced in the sixteenth century by the Spanish, cannabis came to Mexico as an industrial fiber and symbol of European empire. But, Campos demonstrates, as it gradually spread to indigenous pharmacopoeias, then prisons and soldiers' barracks, it took on both a Mexican name--marijuana--and identity as a quintessentially "Mexican" drug. A century ago, Mexicans believed that marijuana could instantly trigger madness and violence in its users, and the drug was outlawed nationwide in 1920. Home Grown thus traces the deep roots of the antidrug ideology and prohibitionist policies that anchor the drug-war violence that engulfs Mexico today. Campos also counters the standard narrative of modern drug wars, which casts global drug prohibition as a sort of informal American cultural colonization. Instead, he argues, Mexican ideas were the foundation for notions of "reefer madness" in the United States. This book is an indispensable guide for anyone who hopes to understand the deep and complex origins of marijuana's controversial place in North American history.
Pathologist of the Mind by S. D. Lamb Book Summary:
During the first half of the twentieth century, Adolf Meyer was the most authoritative and influential psychiatrist in the United States. In 1908, when the Johns Hopkins Hospital established the first American university clinic devoted to psychiatryâ€”still a nascent medical specialty at the timeâ€”Meyer was selected to oversee the enterprise. The Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic opened in 1913, and Meyer served as psychiatrist-in-chief at Johns Hopkins until 1941. In Pathologist of the Mind, S. D. Lamb explores how Meyer used his powerful position to establish psychiatry as a clinical science that operated like the other specialties at the country’s foremost medical school and research hospital. In addition to successfully arguing for a scientific and biological approach to mental illness, Meyer held extraordinary sway over state policies regarding the certification of psychiatrists. He also trained hundreds of specialists who ultimately occupied leadership positions and made significant contributions in psychiatry, neurology, experimental psychology, social work, and public health. Although historians have long recognized Meyer’s authority, his concepts and methods have never before received a systematic historical analysis. Pathologist of the Mind aims to rediscover Meyerian psychiatry by eavesdropping on Meyer’s informal and intimate conversations with patients and colleagues. Weaving together private correspondence and uniquely detailed case histories, Lamb examines Meyer’s efforts to institute a clinical science of psychiatry in the United Statesâ€”one that harmonized the expectations of scientific medicine with his concept of the person as a biological organism and mental illness as an adaptive failure. The first historian ever granted access to these exceptional medical records, Lamb offers a compelling new perspective on the integral but misunderstood legacy of Adolf Meyer.
The Cesare Lombroso Handbook by Paul Knepper,Per Jørgen Ystehede Book Summary:
The Italian criminologist Cesare Lombroso (1835 – 1909) is the single-most important figure in the founding of criminology and the study of aberrant conduct in the human sciences. The Cesare Lombroso Handbook brings together essays by leading Lombroso scholars and is divided into four main parts, each focusing on a major theme. Part one examines the range and scope of Lombroso’s thinking; the mimetic quality of Lombroso; his texts and their interpretation. The second part explores why his ideas, such as born criminology and atavistic criminals, had such broad appeal. Developing this, the third section considers the manners in which Lombroso’s ideas spread across borders; cultural, linguistic, political and disciplinary, by including essays on the science and literature of opera, ‘La donna delinquente’ and ‘Jewish criminality’. The final part investigates examples of where, and when, his influence extended and explores the reception of Lombroso in the UK, USA, France, China, Spain and the Philippines. This text presents interdisciplinary work on Lombroso from academics engaged in social history, history of ideas, law and criminology, social studies of science, gender studies, cultural studies and Jewish studies. It will be of interest to scholars, students and the general reader alike.
The Concise New Makers of Modern Culture by Justin Wintle Book Summary:
A Who's Who of Western culture, from Woody Allen to Emile Zola... Containing four hundred essay-style entries, and covering the period from 1850 to the present, The Concise New Makers of Modern Culture includes artists, writers, dramatists, architects, philosophers, anthropologists, scientists, sociologists, major political figures, composers, film-makers and many other culturally significant individuals and is thoroughly international in its purview. Next to Karl Marx is Bob Marley, with John Ruskin is Salman Rushdie, alongside Darwin is Luigi Dallapiccola, Deng Xiaoping rubs shoulders with Jacques Derrida as do Julia Kristeva and Kropotkin. With its global reach, The Concise New Makers of Modern Culture provides a multi-voiced witness of the contemporary thinking world. The entries carry short bibliographies and there is thorough cross-referencing as well as an index of names and key terms.