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Social And Psychological Bases Of Ideology And System Justification

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Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

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Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification by John T. Jost,Aaron C. Kay,Hulda Thorisdottir Book Summary:

This new volume on Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification brings together several of the most prominent social and political psychologists who are responsible for the resurgence of interest in the study of ideology, broadly defined. Leading scientists and scholars from several related disciplines, including psychology, sociology, political science, law, and organizational behavior present their cutting-edge theorizing and research. Topics include the social, personality, cognitive and motivational antecedents and consequences of adopting liberal versus conservative ideologies, the social and psychological functions served by political and religious ideologies, and the myriad ways in which people defend, bolster, and justify the social systems they inhabit. This book is the first of its kind, bringing together formerly independent lines of research on ideology and system justification.

A Theory of System Justification

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A Theory of System Justification by John T. Jost Book Summary:

Psychologist John Jost has spent decades researching poor people who vote for policies of inequality and women who think men deserve higher salaries. He argues that the persecuted often justify and defend the very social systems that oppress them because doing so serves a fundamental need for certainty, security, and social acceptance.

Extremism and the Psychology of Uncertainty

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Extremism and the Psychology of Uncertainty by Michael A. Hogg,Danielle L. Blaylock Book Summary:

Extremism and the Psychology of Uncertainty showcases cutting-edge scientific research on the extent to which uncertainty may lead to extremism. Contributions come from leading international scholars who focus on a wide variety of forms, facets and manifestations of extremist behavior. Systematically integrates and explores the growing diversity of social psychological perspectives on the uncertainty extremism relationship Showcases contemporary cutting edge scientific research from leading international scholars Offers a broad perspective on extremism and focuses on a wide variety of different forms, facets and manifestations Accessible to social and behavioral scientists, policy makers and those with a genuine interest in understanding the psychology of extremism

The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies

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The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies by Michael Freeden,Lyman Tower Sargent,Marc Stears Book Summary:

This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.

Shared Reality

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Shared Reality by E. Tory Higgins Book Summary:

What does it mean to be human? Why do we feel and behave in the ways that we do? The classic answer is that we have a special kind of intelligence. But to understand what we are as humans, we also need to know what we are like motivationally. And what is central to this story, what is special about human motivation, is that humans want to share with others their inner experiences about the world--share how they feel, what they believe, and what they want to happen in the future. They want to create a shared reality with others. People have a shared reality together when they experience having in common a feeling about something, a belief about something, or a concern about something. They feel connected to another person or group by knowing that this person or group sees the world the same way that they do--they share what is real about the world. In this work, Dr. Higgins describes how our human motivation for shared reality evolved in our species, and how it develops in our children as shared feelings, shared practices, and shared goals and roles. Shared reality is crucial to what we believe--sharing is believing. It is central to our sense of self, what we strive for and how we strive. It is basic to how we get along with others. It brings us together in fellowship and companionship, but it also tears us apart by creating in-group "bubbles" that conflict with one another. Our shared realities are the best of us, and the worst of us.

Liars and Outliers

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Liars and Outliers by Bruce Schneier Book Summary:

In today's hyper-connected society, understanding the mechanisms of trust is crucial. Issues of trust are critical to solving problems as diverse as corporate responsibility, global warming, and the political system. In this insightful and entertaining book, Schneier weaves together ideas from across the social and biological sciences to explain how society induces trust. He shows the unique role of trust in facilitating and stabilizing human society. He discusses why and how trust has evolved, why it works the way it does, and the ways the information society is changing everything.

How Voters Feel

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How Voters Feel by Stephen Coleman Book Summary:

This book sets out to unearth the hidden genealogies of democracy, and particularly its most widely recognized, commonly discussed and deeply symbolic act, voting. By exploring the gaps between voting and recognition, being counted and feeling counted, having a vote and having a voice and the languor of count taking and the animation of account giving, there emerges a unique insight into how it feels to be a democratic citizen. Based on a series of interviews with a variety of voters and non-voters, the research attempts to understand what people think they are doing when they vote; how they feel before, during and after the act of voting; how performances of voting are framed by memories, narratives and dreams; and what it means to think of oneself as a person who does (or does not) vote. Rich in theory, this is a contribution to election studies that takes culture seriously.

Forming a Culture of Peace

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Forming a Culture of Peace by K. Korostelina Book Summary:

This book challenges the discourses, narrative frames, and systems of beliefs that support and promote violence and conflict, it defines new comprehensive approaches to human security as preventative and empowering to individuals, and it provides conceptual frameworks and methodological tools for enhancing the processes of communicating peace.

Ideology, Psychology, and Law

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Ideology, Psychology, and Law by Jon Hanson Book Summary:

Formally, the law purports to be based solely in reasoned analysis, devoid of ideological bias or unconscious influences. Judges claim to act as umpires applying the rules, not making them. As most legal scholars understand, however, the impression that the legal system projects is largely an illusion. Over the last decade or so, political scientists and legal academics have begun studying the linkages between ideologies, on one hand, and legal principles and policy outcomes on the other. This book is the first to bring many of the world's experts on those topics together to examine the sometimes unsettling interactions between psychology, ideology, and law.

Social Psychology of Political Polarization

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Social Psychology of Political Polarization by Piercarlo Valdesolo,Jesse Graham Book Summary:

The 21st-century political landscape has been defined by deep ideological polarization, and as a result scientific inquiry into the psychological mechanisms underlying this divide has taken on increased relevance. The topic is by no means new to social psychology. Classic literature on intergroup conflict shows how pervasive and intractable these group conflicts can be, how readily they can emerge from even minimal group identities, and the hedonic rewards reaped from adopting an "us vs. them" perspective. Indeed, this literature paints a bleak picture for the efficacy of any interventions geared toward reducing intergroup discord. But advances in the psychology of moral judgments and behavior, in particular greater understanding of how moral concerns might inform the creation and stability of political identities, offer new ways forward in understanding partisan divides. This volume brings together leading researchers in moral and political psychology, offering new perspectives on the moral roots of political ideology, and exciting new opportunities for the development of more effective applied interventions.

Social Dominance

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Social Dominance by Jim Sidanius,Felicia Pratto Book Summary:

This volume focuses on two questions: why do people from one social group oppress and discriminate against people from other groups? and why is this oppression so mind numbingly difficult to eliminate? The answers to these questions are framed using the conceptual framework of social dominance theory. Social dominance theory argues that the major forms of intergroup conflict, such as racism, classism and patriarchy, are all basically derived from the basic human predisposition to form and maintain hierarchical and group-based systems of social organization. In essence, social dominance theory presumes that, beneath major and sometimes profound difference between different human societies, there is also a basic grammar of social power shared by all societies in common. We use social dominance theory in an attempt to identify the elements of this grammar and to understand how these elements interact and reinforce each other to produce and maintain group-based social hierarchy.

Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime

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Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime by Margit E. Oswald,Steffen Bieneck,Jorg Hupfeld-Heinemann Book Summary:

In recent years, research interest has increased both in the needs of punishment by the public and in the psychological processes underlying decisions on sentencing. This comprehensive look at the social psychology of punishment focuses on recent advances, and presents new findings based on the authors’ own empirical research. Chapters explore the application of social psychology and social cognitive theories to decision making in the context of punishments by judges and the punitiveness of laymen. The book also highlights the different legal systems in the UK, US and Europe, discussing how attitudes to punishment can change in the context of cultural and social development.

Countering online hate speech

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Countering online hate speech by Gagliardone, Iginio,Gal, Danit,Alves, Thiago,Martinez, Gabriela Book Summary:

Download or read Countering online hate speech book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

The Psychology of Legitimacy

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The Psychology of Legitimacy by John T. Jost,Professor of Psychology John T Jost,Brenda Major Book Summary:

This book, first published in 2001, provides a general approach to the psychological basis of social inequality.

Annual Review of Psychology

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Annual Review of Psychology by Calvin Perry Stone Book Summary:

Publishes original critical reviews of the significant literature and current developments in psychology.

Social Theory and Practice

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Social Theory and Practice by N.A Book Summary:

Download or read Social Theory and Practice book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

The Innate Mind

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The Innate Mind by Peter Carruthers,Stephen Laurence,Stephen Stich Book Summary:

Vol. 3: Concerned with the fundamental architecture of the mind, this text addresses questions about the existence & extent of human innate abilities, how these inate abilities affect the development of the mature mind, & which of them is shared with other species.

Social Psychology and Politics

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Social Psychology and Politics by Joseph P. Forgas,Klaus Fiedler,William D. Crano Book Summary:

Social psychology and politics are intricately related, and understanding how humans manage power and govern themselves is one of the key issues in psychology. This volume surveys the latest theoretical and empirical work on the social psychology of politics, featuring cutting-edge research from a stellar group of international researchers. It is organized into four main sections that deal with political attitudes and values; political communication and perceptions; social cognitive processes in political decisions; and the politics of intergroup behavior and social identity. The contributions address such exciting questions as how do political attitudes and values develop and change? What role do emotions and moral values play in political behavior? How do political messages and the media influence political perceptions? What are the psychological requirements of effective democratic decision making, and why do democracies sometimes fail? How can intergroup harmony be developed, and what is the role of social identity in political processes? As such, this volume integrates the role of cognitive, affective, social and cultural influences on political perception and behavior, offering an overview of the psychological mechanisms underlying political processes. It provides essential reading for teachers, students, researchers and practitioners in areas related to power, social influence and political behavior.

Perspectivism in Social Psychology

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Perspectivism in Social Psychology by John T. Jost,Mahzarin R. Banaji,Deborah A. Prentice,William James McGuire Book Summary:

In this volume, a diverse group of leading social psychologists explores topics central to to work of W.J. McGuire (considered one of the pioneers of cognitive psychology), including self-concept, language, mass media and political communication, the history of social psychology, and contextualist philosophy of science. Each chapter delivers a perspectivist analysis of the questions central to the authors' own area of study. As a result, new and emerging agendas for social psychology have emerged, united under the theme of perspectivist methodology and the study of thought systems. Like McGuire's own work, these chapters balance the ideal scientific components of theory, methodology, and empirical data. This provocative volume illustrates the broad influence of McGuire's theories and methodologies and will serve as an important catalyst for research in social psychology for years to come. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).

Social Epidemiology

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Social Epidemiology by Lisa F. Berkman,Professor and Chair Department of Health and Social Behavior Lisa F Berkman, PH.D.,Ichiro Kawachi,Professor of Social Epidemiology & Chairman of the Department of Society Human Development and Health Ichiro Kawachi Book Summary:

This book shows the important links between social conditions and health and begins to describe the processes through which these health inequalities may be generated. It reviews a range of methodologies that could be used by health researchers in this field and proposes innovative future research directions.

The Psychology of Conspiracy

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The Psychology of Conspiracy by Michal Bilewicz,Aleksandra Cichocka,Wiktor Soral Book Summary:

Why did the third World Trade Center building (WTC7) collapse on September 11th , even though it was not struck by any aircraft? Why did Princess Diana’s "drunk" driver look sober as he climbed into the car minutes before their deadly accident? Could a slender birch tree really have caused the plane crash which killed the President of Poland in 2010? ‘Conspiracy thinking’ – the search for explanations of significant global events in clandestine plots, suppressed knowledge and the secret actions of elite groups – provides simple and logical answers to the social doubts and uncertainties that occur at times of major national and international crises. Contemporary social psychology seeks to explain the human motivation to create, share and receive conspiracy theories, and to shed light on the consequences of these theories for people’s social and political functioning. This important collection, written by leading researchers in the field, is the first to apply quantitative empirical findings to the subject of conspiracy theorizing. The first section of the book explores conspiracy theories in the context of group perception and intergroup relations, paying particular attention to anti-Semitic conspiracy stereotypes. It then goes on to examine the relationship between an individual’s political ideology and the degree to which they engage in ‘conspiracy thinking’. The concluding part of the book considers the explanatory power of conspiracy, focusing on the link between social paranoia and digital media, and highlighting the social, political, and environmental consequences of conspiracy theories. The Psychology of Conspiracy will be of great interest to academics and researchers in social and political psychology, and a valuable resource to those in the fields of social policy, anthropology, political science, and cultural studies.

Social Constructionist Psychology

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Social Constructionist Psychology by Nightingale Book Summary:

This accessible text draws together for the first time a wide range of emerging issues, ideas and discussions in constructionist psychology. It shows how these issues are relevant to everyday life, using carefully-chosen examples to illustrate its arguments, and provides a coherent and challenging introduction to the field.

Moral Selves, Evil Selves

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Moral Selves, Evil Selves by Steven Hitlin Book Summary:

This book highlights the oft neglected moral aspect of "the self," examining the variety of neurological, psychological, and social processes that enter into the development and maintenance of moral orientations.

Management Culture and Corporate Social Responsibility

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Management Culture and Corporate Social Responsibility by Pranas Žukauskas,Jolita Vveinhardt,Regina Andriukaitienė Book Summary:

This monograph focuses on the level of management culture development in organizations attempting to disclose it not only with the help of theoretical insights but also by the approach based on employees and managers. Why was the term "management culture" that is rarely found in literature selected for the analysis? We are quite often faced with problems of terminology. Especially, it often happens in the translation from one language to another. While preparing this monograph, the authors had a number of questions on how to decouple the management culture from organization's culture and from organizational culture, how to separate management culture from managerial culture, etc. However, having analysed a variety of scientific research, it appeared that there is no need to break down the mentioned cultures because they still overlap. Therefore, it is impossible to completely separate the management culture from the formal or informal part of organizational culture. Management culture inevitably exists in every organization, only its level of development may vary.

American Public Opinion

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American Public Opinion by Robert S. Erikson,Kent L. Tedin Book Summary:

Updated in a new 8th edition, this book goes beyond a simple presentation of data to include a critical analysis of the role of public opinion in American democracy. It provides an in-depth analysis of public opinion, beginning with its origins in political socialization, the impact of the media, the extent and breadth of democratic values, to the role of public opinion in the electoral process. Using the most current survey data from the 2008 elections and the latest literature on the subject, Erikson and Tedin analyze public opinion and its role in the policy and politics of the United States.

Professors and Their Politics

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Professors and Their Politics by Neil Gross,Solon Simmons Book Summary:

Professors and Their Politics tackles the assumption that universities are ivory towers of radicalism with the potential to corrupt conservative youth. Neil Gross and Solon Simmons gather the work of leading sociologists, historians, and other researchers interested in the relationship between politics and higher education to present evidence to the contrary. In eleven meaty chapters, contributors describe the political makeup of American academia today, consider the causes of its liberal tilt, discuss the college experience for politically conservative students, and delve into historical debates about professorial politics. Offering readable, rigorous analyses rather than polemics, Professors and Their Politics yields important new insights into the nature of higher education institutions while challenging dogmas of both the left and the right.

Philosophy a School of Freedom

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Philosophy a School of Freedom by Moufida Goucha Book Summary:

Originally published in French as "La Philosophie, une Ecole de la Liberte. Enseignement de la philosophie et apprentissage du philosopher : Etat des lieux et regards pour l'avenir." - This study is dedicated to all those who engaged themselves, with vigour and conviction, in the defence of the teaching of philosophy a fertile guarantor of liberty and autonomy. This publication is also dedicated to the young spirits of today, bound to become the active citizens of tomorrow.

Globalization Theory

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Globalization Theory by Anthony McGrew,David Held Book Summary:

This is the fourth volume in the highly acclaimed Global Transformations series. It follows in the footsteps of Global Transformations, The Global Transformations Reader and Governing Globalization. All these volumes have been widely adopted in courses on globalization and global governance across the world, and Globalization Theory will find a place alongside these texts. This book focuses on elucidating leading theoretical approaches to understanding and explaining globalization, in both its current form and potential future shapes. It is divided into two parts: the first examines competing explanatory theories of globalization in its contemporary form, and the second looks at competing prescriptions for the future of globalization. The book's contributors are world-renowned experts in their field, including : Chris Brown, Alex Callinicos ,Michael Doyle, David Held, G. John Ikenberry, Andrew Kuper, Anthony McGrew, Layna Mosley, Thomas Pogge, Thomas Risse, Saskia Sassen and John Tomlinson. This book is designed for courses on globalization and global governance at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. It will be of interest to students in politics, international relations, social geography, and sociology.

The Discursive Construction of National Identities Through Narratives of Immigration in German and American Social Studies Textbooks

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The Discursive Construction of National Identities Through Narratives of Immigration in German and American Social Studies Textbooks by Jan M. Kotowski Book Summary:

Download or read The Discursive Construction of National Identities Through Narratives of Immigration in German and American Social Studies Textbooks book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Conjectures and Refutations

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Conjectures and Refutations by Karl Raimund Popper Book Summary:

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Preventing violent extremism through education

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Preventing violent extremism through education by UNESCO Book Summary:

Download or read Preventing violent extremism through education book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Ideology

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Ideology by Teun A Van Dijk Book Summary:

The definition of ideology continues to occupy scholars across a wide range of disciplines. In this book, Teun A van Dijk sketches a challenging new multidisciplinary framework for theorizing ideology. He defines ideology as the basis of the social representations of a group, its functions in terms of social relations between groups, and its reproduction as enacted by discourse. Contemporary racist discourse is examined to illustrate these ideological relations between cognition, society and discourse.

On Behalf of Others

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On Behalf of Others by Sarah Scuzzarello,Catarine Kinnvall,Kristen R. Monroe Book Summary:

'On Behalf of Others' offers both a theoretical and empirical discussion of the psychology of ethics and care in a global world. The book takes an interdisciplinary approach to understanding how political, economic, social and psychological forces interact and are mutually reinforced in a global context.

Political Psychology

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Political Psychology by John T. Jost,Jim Sidanius Book Summary:

The articles in this volume have been carefully chosen to illustrate the way the field has developed historically as well as current issues and research directions.

The Shock Doctrine

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The Shock Doctrine by Naomi Klein Book Summary:

'Impassioned, hugely informative, wonderfully controversial, and scary as hell' John le Carré Around the world in Britain, the United States, Asia and the Middle East, there are people with power who are cashing in on chaos; exploiting bloodshed and catastrophe to brutally remake our world in their image. They are the shock doctors. Exposing these global profiteers, Naomi Klein discovered information and connections that shocked even her about how comprehensively the shock doctors' beliefs now dominate our world - and how this domination has been achieved. Raking in billions out of the tsunami, plundering Russia, exploiting Iraq - this is the chilling tale of how a few are making a killing while more are getting killed. 'Packed with thinking dynamite ... a book to be read everywhere' John Berger 'If you only read one non-fiction book this year, make it this one' Metro Books of the Year 'There are a few books that really help us understand the present. The Shock Doctrine is one of those books' John Gray, Guardian 'A brilliant book written with a perfectly distilled anger, channelled through hard fact. She has indeed surpassed No Logo' Independent

The Psychological Basis of Ideology

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The Psychological Basis of Ideology by Hans Jurgen Eysenck Book Summary:

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APA Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology

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APA Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology by Mario Mikulincer,Phillip R. Shaver,Jeffry A. Simpson,John F. Dovidio Book Summary:

Summarises the current state of knowledge on major topics within the fields of personality and social psychology. Coverage is contemporary, from social cognition, to emotional experience, from religious beliefs to interpersonal relations. The chapters reflect a wide range of theoretical perspectives at different levels of analysis, including perspectives from disciplines outside of psychology.