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Sacrificing The Self Perspectives In Martyrdom And Religion

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Sacrificing the Self

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Sacrificing the Self by Margaret Cormack Book Summary:

Acts of martyrdom have been found in nearly all the worlds major religious traditions. Though considered by devotees to be perhaps the most potent expression of religious faith, dying for ones god is also one of the most difficult concepts for modern observers of religion to understand. This is especially true in the West, where martyrdom has all but disappeared and martyrs in other cultures are often viewed skeptically and dismissed as fanatics. This book seeks to foster a greater understanding of these acts of religious devotion by explaining how martyrdom has historically been viewed in the worlds major religions. It provides the first sustained, cross-cultural examination of this fascinating aspect of religious life. Margaret Cormack begins with an introduction that sets out a definition of martyrdom that serves as the point of departure for the rest of the volume. Then, scholars of Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, and Islam examine martyrdom in specific religious cultures. Spanning 4000 years of history and ranging from Saul in the Hebrew Bible to Sati immolations in present-day India, this book provides a wealth of insight into an often noted but rarely understood cultural phenomenon.

Martyrdom, Self-Sacrifice, and Self-Immolation

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Martyrdom, Self-Sacrifice, and Self-Immolation by Margo Kitts Book Summary:

Death is an element at the center of all religious imagination. Analysts from Freud to Agamben have pondered religion's fascination with death, and religious art is saturated with images of suffering unto death. As this volume shows, religious fascination with death extends to the notion ofelective death, its circumstances, the virtue of those who perform it, and how best to commemorate it.The essays in Martyrdom, Self-Sacrifice, and Self-Immolation address the legendary foundations for those elective deaths which can be categorized as religiously sanctioned suicides. Broadly condemned as cowardice across the world's moral codes, suicide under certain circumstances - such asmartyrdom, self-sacrifice, or self-immolation - carries a dynamic importance in religious legends, some tragic and others uplifting. Believers respond to such legends presumably because choosing death is seen as heroic and redemptive for the individuals who die, for their communities, or forhumanity. Envisioning suicide as virtuous clashes with popular conceptions of suicide as weak, immoral, and even criminal, but that is precisely the point. This volume offers analyses from renowned scholars with the literary tools and historical insights to investigate the delicate issue ofreligiously sanctioned elective death.

Small Arms

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Small Arms by Mia Bloom Book Summary:

Why do terrorist organizations use children to support their cause and carry out their activities? Small Arms uncovers the brutal truth behind the mobilization of children by terrorist groups. Mia Bloom and John Horgan show us the grim underbelly of society that allows and even encourages the use of children to conduct terrorist activities. They provide readers with the who, what, when, why, and how of this increasingly concerning situation, illuminating a phenomenon that to most of us seems abhorrent. And yet, they argue, for terrorist groups the use of children carries many benefits. Children possess skills that adults lack. They often bring innovation and creativity. Children are, in fact, a superb demographic from which to recruit if you are a terrorist. Small Arms answers questions about recruitment strategies and tactics, determines what makes a child terrorist and what makes him or her different from an adult one, and charts the ways in which organizations use them. The unconventional focus on child and youth militants allows the authors to, in essence, give us a biography of the child terrorist and the organizations that use them. We are taken inside the mind of the adult and the child to witness that which perhaps most scares us.

Pilgrim Holiness

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Pilgrim Holiness by Joshua J. Whitfield Book Summary:

As an explicitly christological witness, martyrdom offers a limited but vital description of the present within the various and unpredictable arenas of living, suffering, and dying. That is to say, martyrdom is not the tragic conclusion of some fatal ideological conflict but a momentary truthful glimpse of present circumstances. Martyrdom reveals, clarifies, and illumines what we take for the real. Martyrs are therefore significant for the church today because they exhibit the sort of truthful living that refuses the claims of history and power without Christ; they show the sort of living and dying that returns forgiveness upon murder, and patience beyond domination. Meditating primarily on the second-century martyrdoms in Lyons and Vienne, France, Pilgrim Holiness offers a view of Christian martyrdom that challenges prevalent misunderstandings about what martyrs are doing in sacrificing their lives. Joshua J. Whitfield argues that martyrdom is a moment of truthful disclosure and thus a moment of forgiveness and peace--gifts for which we are in desperate need.

St Edmund, King and Martyr

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St Edmund, King and Martyr by Anthony Paul Bale Book Summary:

The cult of St Edmund was one of the most important in medieval England, and further afield, as the pieces here show.

Making Martyrs in Late Antiquity

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Making Martyrs in Late Antiquity by Lucy Grig,Senior Lecturer in Classics Lucy Grig Book Summary:

Making Martyrs focuses on both artistic and textual representations to investigate the making of martyrs in the fourth- and fifth-century Latin West. It shows that this 'making' of martyrs played a crucial role in the process of Christianisation during the post-Constantinian period. The writings of some of the most important figures in late antique Christianity - Augustine, Ambrose and Jerome - are considered, along with a number of anonymous, marginal and marginalised texts. The book covers such major subjects as the history of martyrdom and martyr texts and the role of images and relics in cult and representation. It also examines a number of key themes including the role of spectacle in martyr representation, the importance of suffering in the construction of Christian identity, and the interaction of text and image in the process of representation. Between the chapters proper are 'inserts' focusing on individual martyrs (such as the African martyr bishop Cyprian, and the virgin martyr par excellence, Agnes).These sections provide close readings of the textual and material testimony, and show how politics (textual, sexual and ecclesiastical) were bound up in the making of martyrs. The power of the martyrs in Late Antiquity, and beyond, is clearly demonstrated.

The First Muslims

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The First Muslims by Asma Afsaruddin Book Summary:

"The First Muslims reconstructs the first century of Islam to offer a fascinating exploration of the origins and development of the religion. Using a wealth of classical Arabic sources, it chronicles the lives of the Prophet Muhammad, his Companions, and the subsequent two generations of Muslims, together known as the "Pious Forbears"." "Focusing on both the people and their beliefs, Afsaruddin presents a critical examination of the continuing influence of these first Muslims in contemporary times as figureheads for a variety of causes, from liberal Islam to hard-line "fundamentalism". Essential reading for anyone interested in the earliest history of Islam and its impact on Muslims today, this important book will captivate the general reader and student alike."--BOOK JACKET.

The journal of medieval and early modern studies

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The journal of medieval and early modern studies by N.A Book Summary:

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Leadership at the Crossroads: Leadership and psychology

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Leadership at the Crossroads: Leadership and psychology by Joanne B. Ciulla Book Summary:

Contributors from a wide variety of fields, including management, economics, political science, philosophy, sociology, history, literature, and psychology, explore the many facets of leadership. Topics include ethics and accountability, leadership styles, the differences between leadership and management, the poison spread by toxic leaders, inspirational leadership, choosing and monitoring leaders, leadership development, women and minorities in leadership, leadership and diplomacy, leadership in literature and the arts, military leadership, and much more. Collectively, this set showcases traditional and emerging approaches to leadership in both theory and practice and raises new questions brought on by society's new challenges. It also suggests solutions for developing and promoting leadership in the corporate world, politics and diplomacy, religion, education, nonprofits, and the arts. Whether identifying qualities that will serve a U.S. president well, or the characteristics of the essential "can-do" supervisor in today's corporation, Leadership at the Crossroads supplies insights and intelligence that will help leaders make the most of the challenges and opportunities before them.

Viking and Medieval Scandinavia

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Viking and Medieval Scandinavia by N.A Book Summary:

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Reading with Anthropology

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Reading with Anthropology by Louise Joy Lawrence Book Summary:

The social science of anthropology has been used in recent years to open up fascinating new ways of understanding biblical texts. In this fresh and stimulating study, Louise Lawrence argues that anthropology and theology need not be enemies but can become constructive dialogue partners in the search to understand the Bible better. Like a museum curator she guides readers around seven anthropological "exhibits" where selected biblical texts are analysed with resources from anthropology. Themes include spirit-inspired religious healers, power and violence, sex and gender, body and emotion, and social memory. The dialogue opened up here between biblical books and the study of other cultures promises fresh insights on well-known texts. Reading with Anthropology will be of equal interest to biblical scholars seeking a way in to the use of anthropology in their discipline and to anthropologists wishing to better appreciate biblical cultures.

Sanctity in the North

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Sanctity in the North by Thomas Andrew DuBois Book Summary:

Sanctity in the North features English translations of texts from Latin or vernacular Nordic languages, in many cases for the first time. The accompanying essays complement the translations and reflect the contributors' own disciplinary groundings in folklore, philology, medieval, and religious studies.

Resistance to Majority Opinion

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Resistance to Majority Opinion by Scott Howard Clarke Book Summary:

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The British National Bibliography

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The British National Bibliography by Arthur James Wells Book Summary:

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Journal of Vaiṣṇava Studies

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Journal of Vaiṣṇava Studies by N.A Book Summary:

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More Than a Memory

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More Than a Memory by Johan Leemans,Jürgen Mettepenningen Book Summary:

Throughout its history, persecutions and martyrdom have been Christianity's faithful companions. Remarkably enough, Christians have always valued martyrdom in a positive way. This positive evaluation of martyrdom most certainly has to do with the absolute, uncompromising nature of it. The martyrs' lives and deaths represent the most uncompromising of answers to the divine call. The focus of the contributions in this volume is not in the first place on reconstructing the historical events of the martyr's life and death "wie es eigentlich gewesen ist," but on the discourse generated by this event as mediated in texts. More than a Memory aims to explore the reciprocal relationship between this discourse of martyrdom and the construction of Christian identity. It will do so by presenting a number of test cases in which this dynamic can be seen at work. They will lead the reader through the entire history of Christianity, starting with the Martyrdom of Lyons and Vienne in the second century and ending in the Latin America of the 1960's. Each article will present a test case of discourse-analysis, attempting to explore the issue of how a document or coherent group of documents contributed to create a distinct Christian identity. Taken together, the essays provide an array of examples of how martyrdom impinged on the way Christian identity has been negotiated in the Christian past. In doing this, the volume at the same time illustrates the sheer importance of martyrdom and the reflection and writing about it throughout the history of Christianity until today.

The Marvel of Martyrdom

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The Marvel of Martyrdom by Sophia Moskalenko,Clark McCauley Book Summary:

"This text examines the psychological effects of martyrdom and martyrs across the world. The authors discuss martyrdom and martyrs through the lens of current events, iconic historical figures, and popular culture"--

Martyrdom in Modern Islam

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Martyrdom in Modern Islam by Meir Hatina Book Summary:

Provides an in-depth analysis of modern Islamic martyrdom and its various interpretations, positing martyrdom as a vital component of contemporary identity politics and power struggles.

Martyrdom

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Martyrdom by Rona M. Fields,Cóilín Owens Book Summary:

Martyrdom is a controversial and disputed concept. Just as religion is often hijacked by politics, martyrdom is frequently ascribed to a narrow, partisan, and parochial foundation. This is the first book to present varied views on the topic of martyrdom, reaching beyond cliches and simplistic explanations to provoke deep consideration of the essential nature of human beings and society. The volume's authors--experts in the disciplines of psychology, theology, and politics--examine martyrdom in thoughtful and thought-provoking chapters. A closing conversation between the authors is designed to inspire further discourse and debate. Readers engaged in the exploration of social justice, conflict, psychology, religion, and the politics of memory will find this book unique and stimulating. The authors have appeared on public television and public radio, as well as ABC, CBS, and NBC news and discussion programs.

A New Introduction to Islam

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A New Introduction to Islam by Daniel W. Brown Book Summary:

The second edition of this student-friendly textbook explores the origins, major features and lasting influence of the Islamic tradition. Traces the development of Muslim beliefs and practices against the background of social and cultural contexts extending from North Africa to South and Southeast Asia Fully revised for the second edition, with completely new opening and closing chapters considering key issues facing Islam in the 21st century Focuses greater attention on everyday practices, the role of women in Muslim societies, and offers additional material on Islam in America Includes detailed chronologies, tables summarizing key information, useful maps and diagrams, and many more illustrations

Censorship and the Representation of the Sacred in Nineteenth-Century England

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Censorship and the Representation of the Sacred in Nineteenth-Century England by Jan-Melissa Schramm Book Summary:

Throughout the nineteenth century, the performance of sacred drama on the English public stage was prohibited by law and custom left over from the Reformation: successive Examiners of Plays, under the control of the Lord Chamberlain's Office, censored and suppressed both devotional and blasphemous plays alike. Whilst the Biblical sublime found expression in the visual arts, the epic, and the oratorio, nineteenth-century spoken drama remained secular by force of precedent and law. The maintenance of this ban was underpinned by Protestant anxieties about bodily performance, impersonation, and the power of the image that persisted long after the Reformation, and that were in fact bolstered by the return of Catholicism to public prominence after the passage of the Catholic Relief Act in 1829 and the restoration of the Catholic Archbishoprics in 1850. But even as anti-Catholic prejudice at mid-century reached new heights, the turn towards medievalism in the visual arts, antiquarianism in literary history, and the 'popular' in constitutional reform placed England's pre- Reformation past at the centre of debates about the uses of the public stage and the functions of a truly national drama. This book explores the recovery of the texts of the extant mystery-play cycles undertaken by antiquarians in the early nineteenth century and the eventual return of sacred drama to English public theatres at the start of the twentieth century. Consequently, law, literature, politics, and theatre history are brought into conversation with one another in order to illuminate the history of sacred drama and Protestant ant-theatricalism in England in the long nineteenth-century.

The Philosophical Perspective on Sikh View of Martyrdom

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The Philosophical Perspective on Sikh View of Martyrdom by Nirbhai Singh Book Summary:

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Perspectives--religious, Literary, and Armenian

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Perspectives--religious, Literary, and Armenian by Vahan H. Tootikian Book Summary:

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Killing for God

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Killing for God by Stephen Schwalbe Book Summary:

Given the high cost of military operations, the author offers readers insights as to what motivates kingdoms, countries, and groups to engage in religious conflict. The insights of preeminent religious and political scholars are integrated into this analysis, leading to an answer to the question: Is the killing worth it?

Martyrdom Today

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Martyrdom Today by Johannes Baptist Metz,Edward Schillebeeckx Book Summary:

"March 1983"--T.p. verso. Includes bibliographies.

Religions in Movement

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Religions in Movement by Robert W Hefner,John Hutchinson,Sara Mels,Christiane Timmerman Book Summary:

There has long been a debate about implications of globalization for the survival of the world of sovereign nation-states, and the role of nationalism as both an agent of and a response to globalization. In contrast, until recently there has been much less debate about the fate of religion. ‘Globalization’ has been viewed as part of the rationalization process, which has already relegated religion to the dustbin of history, just as it threatens the nation, as the world moves toward a cosmopolitan ethics and politics. The chapters in this book, however, make the case for the salience and resilience of religion, often in conjunction with nationalism, in the contemporary world in several ways. This book highlights the diverse ways in which religions first and foremost make use of the traditional power and communication channels available to them, like strategies of conversion, the preservation of traditional value systems, and the intertwining of religious and political power. Nevertheless, challenged by a more culturally and religiously diversified societies and by the growth of new religious sects, contemporary religions are also forced to let go of these well known strategies of preservation and formulate new ways of establishing their position in local contexts. This collection of essays by established and emerging scholars brings together theory-driven and empirically-based research and case-studies about the global and bottom-up strategies of religions and religious traditions in Europe and beyond to rethink their positions in their local communities and in the world.

Sikh History and Religion in the Twentieth Century

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Sikh History and Religion in the Twentieth Century by Joseph T. O'Connell,Milton Israel,Willard Gurdon Oxtoby,J. S. Grewal Book Summary:

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Religious Perspectives

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Religious Perspectives by N.A Book Summary:

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Perspectives on Helping Relationships and the Helping Professions

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Perspectives on Helping Relationships and the Helping Professions by Donald L. Avila,Arthur Wright Combs Book Summary:

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Encyclopedia of Islam in the United States

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Encyclopedia of Islam in the United States by Jocelyne Cesari Book Summary:

Some scholars believe that the influence of Islam in the United States can be traced back to Thomas Jefferson. Today, Islam and American Muslim populations are growing in importance in this country, and demand for information about them is high, especially in the aftermath of September 11, 2001. This A-to-Z encyclopedia will help students and other readers get a fast grip on pertinent holidays, terms, beliefs, practices, notables, and sects of the Islamic faith and Muslim practitioners in the United States. The accompanying primary documents volume provides 93 crucial articles, speeches, essays, poems, songs, and more to flesh out the encyclopedia entries. This encyclopedia and primary documents set, the first on the topic and for the general reader, is a must-have for every library. The primary focus is contemporary but the entries are historically contextualized, so the fuller picture of origins outside the country and practice now in the United States is clear. Further reading suggestions accompany each entry. The primary documents volume enhances the encyclopedic entries with annotated selections such as an article from an entry on a leading Muslim American magazine or an essay by a Muslim American scholar to illuminate an entry on her. This will be a boon for students doing reports on Islam and for non-Muslims looking to learn about Muslims in an objective, broad way. It is clearly and authoritatively written and compiled by a host of scholars, primarily from Harvard University's Center for Middle Eastern Studies. An introduction, chronology, selected bibliography, set index, and photos round out the set. Sample entries: African Americans; Bush, George W.; Calendar; Dietary Rules; Dress; Gulf War; Hate Crimes; Iranian Hostage Crisis; Media Coverage; The Message International Magazine; Mosques; Music; Muslim Students Association; Nation of Islam; Native Americans; New York City; Poetry; Prisons; Shi'a Communities; Sufism; World Trade Center; Young Professionals. Sample documents: Salah Al-Sawy, The Assembly of Muslim Jurists in America Fatwa Against the Danish Media and Government over the Cartoon Crisis, from The Assembly of Muslim Jurists in America; Michael Wolfe, Michael Wolfe, United States, 1990, from One Thousand Roads to Mecca: Ten Centuries of Travelers Writing about the Muslim Pilgrimage; Waris and Wajid Syed, Top 10 Muslim Hip-Hop Lyrics, from Warbux Records, beliefnet.com

The Nepalese Perspective

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The Nepalese Perspective by N.A Book Summary:

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Political Self-Sacrifice

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Political Self-Sacrifice by K. M. Fierke Book Summary:

Examines the theoretical and strategic issues which arise from different forms of political self-sacrifice, including political contestation surrounding the identification of the victim as a terrorist or martyr, the meaning of the death as suicide or martyrdom and the extent to which this contributes to the reconstruction of community identity.

Death, Afterlife, and the Soul

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Death, Afterlife, and the Soul by Lawrence Eugene Sullivan Book Summary:

Part of a series covering the history, practices and beliefs of religions this book explores every aspect of the traditions and rites of death, the varying perception of the afterlife, the transition to the underworld and the differing conceptions of the soul and destiny.

The Martyr's Conviction

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The Martyr's Conviction by Eugene Weiner,Anita Weiner Book Summary:

About the linkage between convictions and the individual's willingness to die for them.

Perspectives on Pacifism

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Perspectives on Pacifism by David R. Smock,United States Institute of Peace Book Summary:

1 Introduction (starting p. 3) / David Little -- 2 Nonviolence and Pacifism within Christian Thought (starting p. 11) -- 3 Jewish Perspectives (starting p. 21) -- 4 An Islamic Perspective (starting p. 29) -- 5 Comparison of Three Faith Traditions (starting p. 37) -- 6 Peaceforce: A Nonviolent Strategy for Intervention (starting p. 41) -- 7 How Can Nonviolence Address International Conflict? (starting p. 49) -- 8 Concluding Reflections (starting p. 61) -- Participant Biographies (starting p. 65) -- Notes (starting p. 73)

The Ultimate Sacrifice

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The Ultimate Sacrifice by Clayton Fordahl Book Summary:

"This book presents an interpretive, macro-historical and sociological account of martyrdom. Moving away from the notion of martyrdom as an object of individual behaviour and seeing it instead as a significant cultural work performed by communities in the wake of a violent death, it provides a novel interpretation of western political and religious history. In addition to thus redressing the disproportionate attention given to the concept's relationship to Islam, the author offers a new perspective on two defining historical processes: secularization and the rise of modern sovereignty in the form of the nation-state. An innovative analysis of the role of sacrifice in contemporary culture, that constitutes a timely critique of long-dominant theories of disenchantment and the privatization of religion, The Ultimate Sacrifice will appeal to sociologists and social theorists with interests in religion, politics and the connection between the two"--