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One Billion Hungry

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One Billion Hungry

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One Billion Hungry by Gordon Conway Book Summary:

Hunger is a daily reality for a billion people. More than six decades after the technological discoveries that led to the Green Revolution aimed at ending world hunger, regular food shortages, malnutrition, and poverty still plague vast swaths of the world. And with increasing food prices, climate change, resource inequality, and an ever-increasing global population, the future holds further challenges. In One Billion Hungry, Sir Gordon Conway, one of the world's foremost experts on global food needs, explains the many interrelated issues critical to our global food supply from the science of agricultural advances to the politics of food security. He expands the discussion begun in his influential The Doubly Green Revolution: Food for All in the Twenty-First Century, emphasizing the essential combination of increased food production, environmental stability, and poverty reduction necessary to end endemic hunger on our planet. Conway addresses a series of urgent questions about global hunger: • How we will feed a growing global population in the face of a wide range of adverse factors, including climate change? • What contributions can the social and natural sciences make in finding solutions? • And how can we engage both government and the private sector to apply these solutions and achieve significant impact in the lives of the poor? Conway succeeds in sharing his informed optimism about our collective ability to address these fundamental challenges if we use technology paired with sustainable practices and strategic planning. Beginning with a definition of hunger and how it is calculated, and moving through issues topically both detailed and comprehensive, each chapter focuses on specific challenges and solutions, ranging in scope from the farmer's daily life to the global movement of food, money, and ideas. Drawing on the latest scientific research and the results of projects around the world, Conway addresses the concepts and realities of our global food needs: the legacy of the Green Revolution; the impact of market forces on food availability; the promise and perils of genetically modified foods; agricultural innovation in regard to crops, livestock, pest control, soil, and water; and the need to both adapt to and slow the rate of climate change. One Billion Hungry will be welcomed by all readers seeking a multifaceted understanding of our global food supply, food security, international agricultural development, and sustainability.

The Doubly Green Revolution

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The Doubly Green Revolution by Gordon Conway Book Summary:

Today more than three quarters of a billion people go hungry in a world where food is plentiful. A distinguished scientist here sets out an agenda for addressing this situation. Initially published in 1997 in the United Kingdom, the book is now available in the first edition produced for the Western hemisphere. In it, the author has updated information to reflect current economic indicators. This volume includes a foreword written for the previous edition by Ismail Serageldin of the World Bank. The original Green Revolution produced new technologies for farmers, creating food abundance. A second transformation of agriculture is now required—specifically, Gordon Conway argues, a "doubly green" revolution that stresses conservation as well as productivity. He calls for researchers and farmers to forge genuine partnerships in an effort to design better plants and animals. He also urges them to develop (or rediscover) alternatives to inorganic fertilizers and pesticides, improve soil and water management, and enhance earning opportunities for the poor, especially women.

The Reproach of Hunger

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The Reproach of Hunger by David Rieff Book Summary:

In a groundbreaking book, based on six years of on the ground reporting, expert David Rieff offers a masterly review about whether ending extreme poverty and widespread hunger is within our reach as increasingly promised. Can we provide enough food for 9 billion (2 billion more than today) in 2050, especially the bottom poorest in the Global South? Some of the most brilliant scientists, world politicians, and aid and development persons forecast an end to the crisis of massive malnutrition in the next decades. However, food rights campaigners (many associated with green parties in both the rich and poor world) and traditional farming advocates reject the intervention of technology, biotech solutions, and agribusiness. Many economists predict that with the right policies, poverty in Africa can end in twenty years. “Philanthrocapitalists” Bill Gates and Warren Buffett spend billions on technology to “solve” the problem, relying on technology. Rieff, who has been studying and reporting on humanitarian aid and development for thirty years, puts the claims of both sides under a microscope and asks if any one of these efforts will solve the crisis. He cites climate change, unstable governments that receive aid, the cozy relationship between the philanthropic sector and agricultural giants like Monsanto and Syngenta, that are often glossed over. The Reproach of Hunger is the only book to look at this debate refusing to take the cherished claims of either side at face value. Rieff answers a careful “yes” to this crucial challenge to humanity’s future. The answer to the central question is yes, if we don’t confuse our hopes with realities and good intensions with capacities.

A billion hungry people

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A billion hungry people by Frederic Mousseau Book Summary:

The food price increases of 2007 and 2008 focused attention on a global food crisis that was already affecting more than 850 million people. Even before the 2008 food riots, some 16,000 children were dying every day from hunger-related causes - one every five seconds. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) estimates that by the end of 2008, rising prices had added 109 million to the ranks of the hungry. Today, about one in six of the world's population goes short of food, almost a billion people. Although food prices fell in the final months of 2008, they remain above the long-term trend and are likely to do so for the foreseeable future. Two growing threats are likely to exarcerbate the problem of hunger: climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of hazards such as floods, drought, and tropical cyclones that destroy crops, livestock, and livelihoods; and the global recession looks set to further increase the number of people going hungry because of its impact on employment, incomes, and public spending. The rapid and unpredictable fluctuations in food prices, exacerbated by volatile oil markets and increasing weather hazards, are a major challenge. Poor consumers in developing countries cannot buy food when prices rise, while sharply falling prices can destroy farmers' livelihoods and result in uncertainty that deters them from investing in increased production.

Food for All in Africa

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Food for All in Africa by Gordon Conway,Ousmane Badiane,Katrin Glatzel Book Summary:

Africa requires a new agricultural transformation that is appropriate for Africa, that recognizes the continent's diverse environments and climates, and that takes into account its histories and cultures while benefiting rural smallholder farmers and their families. In this boldly optimistic book, Sir Gordon Conway, Ousmane Badiane, and Katrin Glatzel describe the key challenges faced by Africa's smallholder farmers and present the concepts and practices of Sustainable Intensification (SI) as opportunities to sustainably transform Africa's agriculture sector and the livelihoods of millions of smallholders. The way forward, they write, will be an agriculture sector deeply rooted within SI: producing more with less, using fertilizers and pesticides more prudently, adapting to climate change, improving natural capital, adopting new technologies, and building resilience at every stage of the agriculture value chain. Food for All in Africa envisions a virtuous circle generated through agricultural development rooted in SI that results in greater yields, healthier diets, improved livelihoods for farmers, and sustainable economic opportunities for the rural poor that in turn generate further investment. It describes the benefits of digital technologies for farmers and the challenges of transforming African agricultural policies and creating effective and inspiring leadership. Food for All in Africa demonstrates why we should take on the challenge and provides ideas and methods through which it can be met.

Hunger Games : La ballade du serpent et de l'oiseau chanteur

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Hunger Games : La ballade du serpent et de l'oiseau chanteur by Suzanne COLLINS Book Summary:

​Dévoré d'ambition Poussé par la compétition Il va découvrir que la soif de pouvoir a un prix C'est le matin de la Moisson qui doit ouvrir la dixième édition annuelle des Hunger Games. Au Capitole, Coriolanus Snow, dix-huit ans, se prépare à devenir pour la première fois mentor aux Jeux. L'avenir de la maison Snow, qui a connu des jours meilleurs, est désormais suspendu aux maigres chances de Coriolanus. Il devra faire preuve de charme, d'astuce et d'inventivité pour faire gagner sa candidate. Mais le sort s'acharne. Honte suprême, on lui a confié le plus misérable des tributs : une fille du district Douze. Leurs destins sont désormais liés. Chaque décision peut les conduire à la réussite ou à l'échec, au triomphe ou à la ruine. Dans l'arène, ce sera un combat à mort. Pour assouvir son ambition, Coriolanus parviendra-t-il à réprimer l'affection grandissante qu'il ressent pour sa candidate, condamnée d'avance ?

Destruction massive. Géopolitique de la faim

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Destruction massive. Géopolitique de la faim by Jean Ziegler Book Summary:

Toutes les cinq secondes un enfant de moins de dix ans meurt de faim, tandis que des dizaines de millions d'autres, et leurs parents avec eux, souffrent de la sous-alimentation et de ses terribles séquelles physiques et psychologiques. Et pourtant, les experts le savent bien, l'agriculture mondiale d'aujourd'hui serait en mesure de nourrir 12 milliards d'êtres humains, soit près du double de la population mondiale. Nulle fatalité, donc, à cette destruction massive. Comment y mettre fin ? En prenant d'abord conscience des dimensions exactes du désastre : un état des lieux documenté, mais vibrant de la connaissance acquise sur le terrain par celui qui fut si longtemps en charge du dossier à l'ONU, ouvre le livre. Il s'agit tout aussitôt de comprendre les raisons de l'échec des formidables moyens mis en œuvre depuis la Deuxième Guerre mondiale pour éradiquer la faim. Puis d'identifier les ennemis du droit à l'alimentation. Pour saisir enfin le ressort des deux grandes stratégies à travers lesquelles progresse à présent le fléau : la production des agrocarburants et la spéculation sur les biens agricoles. Comme toujours avec Jean Ziegler, la souffrance a un visage, l'oppression un nom, et les mécanismes à l'œuvre sont saisis dans leur application concrète. Mais l'espoir est là, qui s'incarne dans la résistance quotidienne de ceux qui, dans les régions dévastées, occupent les terres et opposent le droit à l'alimentation à la puissance des trusts agro-alimentaires. Ils attendent de nous un indéfectible soutien. Au nom de la justice et de la dignité de l'Homme. Rapporteur spécial des Nations unies pour le droit à l'alimentation de 2001 à 2008, Jean Ziegler est aujourd'hui vice-président du comité consultatif du Conseil des droits de l'homme de l'ONU. Professeur émérite de sociologie à l'Université de Genève, il a consacré l'essentiel de son œuvre à dénoncer les mécanismes d'assujettissement des peuples du monde. Récemment : L'Empire de la honte (2005) et la Haine de l'Occident (2008).

Accounting for Hunger

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Accounting for Hunger by Olivier De Schutter,Kaitlin Y Cordes Book Summary:

The challenge of global hunger is now high on the agenda of governments and international policy-makers. This new work contributes to addressing that challenge, by looking at the obstacles which stand in the way of implementing a right to food in the era of globalisation. The book describes the current situation of global hunger; it considers how it relates both to the development of food systems and to the merger of the food and energy markets; and it explains how the right to food contributes to identifying solutions at the domestic and international levels. The right to food, it argues, can only be realised if governance improves at the domestic level, and if the international environment enables governments to adopt appropriate policies, for which they require a certain policy space. The essays in this book demonstrate that the current regimes of trade, investment and food aid, as well as the development of biofuels production – all of which contribute to define the international context in which states implement such reforms – should be reshaped if national efforts are to be successful. The implication is that extraterritorial human rights obligations of states (their obligations to respect the right to food beyond their national territories, for instance in their food aid, investment or trade policies), as well as the strengthening of global governance of food security (as is currently being attempted with the reform of the Committee on World Food Security in Rome), have a key role to fulfill: domestic reforms will not achieve sustainable results unless the international environment is more enabling of the efforts of governments acting individually. In this reform process, accountability both at the domestic and international level is essential if sustainable progress is to be achieved in combating global hunger.

The 10 Principles of Food Industry Sustainability

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The 10 Principles of Food Industry Sustainability by Cheryl J. Baldwin Book Summary:

Although the food industry is beginning to make headway with its sustainability initiatives, substantially more progress is needed in order to feed the world’s growing population sustainably. The challenge is that the topic of sustainability can seem overwhelming and there is limited information that is specific to the food industry. Written by an experienced food industry professional with years of experience in sustainability, The 10 Principles of Food Industry Sustainability inspires and informs the progress required to nourish the population, revitalize natural resources, enhance economic development, and close resource loops. The book makes this complex topic approachable and actionable by identifying the most pressing sustainability priorities across the entire food supply chain and showing, with tools and examples, how producers, processors, packers, distributors, marketers and retailers all play a role in advancing improvement. The book begins with an overview of the Principles of sustainability in the food industry: what they are and why they matter. Subsequent chapters focus on each of the Ten Principles in detail: how they relate to the food industry, their global relevance (including their environmental, health, and social impacts), and the best practices to achieve the potential of meaningful and positive progress that the Principles offer. Specific examples from industry are presented in order to provide scalable solutions and bring the concepts to life, along with top resources for further exploration. The Principles, practices, and potential of sustainability in the food industry covered in this book are designed to be motivating and to offer a much-needed and clear way forward towards a sustainable food supply.

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews

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Sustainable Agriculture Reviews by Eric Lichtfouse Book Summary:

Sustainable agriculture is a rapidly growing field aiming at producing food and energy in a sustainable way for humans and their children. It is a discipline that addresses current issues: climate change, increasing food and fuel prices, poor-nation starvation, rich-nation obesity, water pollution, soil erosion, fertility loss, pest control and biodiversity depletion. This series gathers review articles that analyze current agricultural issues and knowledge, then proposes alternative solutions.

Advances in Food Science and Technology

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Advances in Food Science and Technology by Visakh P. M.,Sabu Thomas,Laura B. Iturriaga,Pablo Daniel Ribotta Book Summary:

This book comprehensively reviews research on new developments in all areas of food chemistry/science and technology. It covers topics such as food safety objectives, risk assessment, quality assurance and control, good manufacturing practices, food process systems design and control and rapid methods of analysis and detection, as well as sensor technology, environmental control and safety. The book focuses on food chemistry and examines chemical and mechanical modifications to generate novel properties, functions, and applications.

Pathways to Productivity

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Pathways to Productivity by Kristin Wedding,Johanna Nesseth Tuttle Book Summary:

This report provides an overview of the debate in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda over genetically modified (GM) crops and their potential role in improving food security among smallholder farmers.

The Word Received

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The Word Received by William J. Byron Book Summary:

In this collection, Fr. William Byron provides roadtested homilies that are relevant and theologically sound for priests, deacons, and seminarians interested in reaching and holding the attention of contemporary Catholic congregations. In accordance with good liturgy, they exemplify the principle that the homily should be an extension of the proclamation of the Word. Here parishioners as well as clergy will find a welcome resource for personal reflection and spiritual reading. Book jacket.

Seul sur Mars

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Seul sur Mars by Andy Weir Book Summary:

« Un des meilleurs thrillers que j’aie lus depuis longtemps : Apollo 13 puissance dix ! » - Douglas Preston « Impossible à lâcher ! Un mélange rare de bonne histoire, de personnages réalistes et de précision technique fascinante. » - Chris Hadfield, commandant de la Station spatiale internationale. « Robinson Crusoé sur Mars, au XXIe siècle : fort, résistant et du cran à revendre. » - Steve Berry, auteur de L’Héritage des Templiers « La science à la portée de tous, pour un suspense fascinant. » - Publishers Weekly Mark Watney est l’un des premiers humains à poser le pied sur Mars. Il pourrait bien être le premier à y mourir. Lorsqu’une tempête de sable mortelle force ses coéquipiers à évacuer la planète, Mark se retrouve seul et sans ressources, irrémédiablement coupé de toute communication avec la Terre. Pourtant Mark n’est pas prêt à baisser les bras. Ingénieux, habile de ses mains et terriblement têtu, il affronte un par un des problèmes en apparence insurmontables. Isolé et aux abois, parviendra-t-il à défier le sort ? Le compte à rebours a déjà commencé...

Is the Planet Full?

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Is the Planet Full? by Ian Goldin Book Summary:

What are the impacts of population growth? Can our planet support the demands of the ten billion people anticipated to be the world's population by the middle of this century? While it is common to hear about the problems of overpopulation, might there be unexplored benefits of increasing numbers of people in the world? How can we both consider and harness the potential benefits brought by a healthier, wealthier and larger population? May more people mean more scientists to discover how our world works, more inventors and thinkers to help solve the world's problems, more skilled people to put these ideas into practice? In this book, leading academics with a wide range of expertise in demography, philosophy, biology, climate science, economics and environmental sustainability explore the contexts, costs and benefits of a burgeoning population on our economic, social and environmental systems.

Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops

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Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops by Chittaranjan Kole Book Summary:

Climate change is expected to have a drastic impact on agronomic conditions including temperature, precipitation, soil nutrients, and the incidence of disease pests, to name a few. To face this looming threat, significant progress in developing new breeding strategies has been made over the last few decades. The first volume of Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops presents the basic concepts and strategies for developing climate-resilient crop varieties. Topics covered include: conservation, evaluation and utilization of biodiversity; identification of traits, genes and crops of the future; genomic and molecular tools; genetic engineering; participatory and evolutionary breeding; bioinformatics tools to support breeding; funding and networking support; and intellectual property, regulatory issues, social and political dimensions. ​

Les filles du 17 Swann Street

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Les filles du 17 Swann Street by Yara Zgheib Book Summary:

D’abord, c’était le chocolat. Puis le fromage, les frites, et aussi la glace. Le pain, ça n’avait pas été facile. Mais si elle pouvait maigrir encore un peu, elle aurait une chance d’être sélectionnée pour danser un solo. Oui, si elle faisait un peu plus d’efforts, si elle s’entraînait un peu plus dur... elle serait peut-être enfin à la hauteur. Anna Roux était danseuse au ballet de l’Opéra de Paris quand elle a décidé de suivre l’homme de sa vie aux États-Unis. Se retrouvant seule face à ses angoisses – l’imperfection, l’échec, la solitude –, elle est emportée dans la spirale de l’anorexie mentale, et finit par ne peser que 40 kg. Contrainte de se faire soigner, elle est admise au 17 Swann Street, une maison rose où des femmes aux visages fantomatiques s’efforcent de vaincre leurs troubles alimentaires. Des femmes comme Emm, la cheffe du groupe ; Julia, toujours affamée ; ou la discrète Valérie. Ensemble, elles combattent leurs démons et affrontent six repas quotidiens. Chaque bouchée est une épreuve. Chaque calorie un déferlement de culpabilité. Et chaque pas vers la guérison réclame une force et une bravoure peu communes, qu’Anna va devoir trouver auprès de ses amies du 17 Swann Street. Traduit de l'anglais par Carole Delporte

The Irresistible Revolution

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The Irresistible Revolution by Shane Claiborne Book Summary:

Living as an Ordinary RadicalMany of us find ourselves caught somewhere between unbelieving activists and inactive believers. We can write a check to feed starving children or hold signs in the streets and feel like we’ve made a difference without ever encountering the faces of the suffering masses. In this book, Shane Claiborne describes an authentic faith rooted in belief, action, and love, inviting us into a movement of the Spirit that begins inside each of us and extends into a broken world. Shane’s faith led him to dress the wounds of lepers with Mother Teresa, visit families in Iraq amidst bombings, and dump $10,000 in coins and bills on Wall Street to redistribute wealth. Shane lives out this revolution each day in his local neighborhood, an impoverished community in North Philadelphia, by living among the homeless, helping local kids with homework, and “practicing resurrection” in the forgotten places of our world. Shane’s message will comfort the disturbed, and disturb the comfortable . . . but will also invite us into an irresistible revolution. His is a vision for ordinary radicals ready to change the world with little acts of love.