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Nutritional Epidemiology

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Nutritional Epidemiology

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Nutritional Epidemiology by Walter Willett Book Summary:

Willett's Nutritional Epidemiology has become the foundation of this field. This new edition updates existing chapters and adds new ones addressing the assessment of physical activity, the role of genetics in nutritional epidemiology, and the interface of this field with policy.

Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology

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Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology by Barrie M. Margetts,Michael Nelson Book Summary:

In examining the relationship between nutritional exposure and disease etiology, the importance of a carefully considered experimental design cannot be overstated. A sound experimental design involves the formulation of a clear research hypothesis and the identification of appropriate measures of exposure and outcome. It is essential that these variables be measured with a minimum of error, while taking into account the effects of chance and bias, and being aware of the risk of confounding variables. The first edition of Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology presented a thorough guide to research techniques in nutritional epidemiology. Since the publication of the first edition, we now have a much better understanding of the characteristics of nutritional exposure that need to be measured in order to answer questions about diet-disease relationships. The Second edition has been extensively revised to include the most up-to-date methods of researching this relationship. Included are new chapters on qualitative and sociological measures, anthropometric measures, gene-nutrient interactions, and cross-sectional studies. Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology will be an essential text for nutritionists and epidemiologists, helping them in their quest to improve the quality of information upon which important public health decisions are made.

Modern Epidemiology

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Modern Epidemiology by Kenneth J. Rothman,Sander Greenland,Timothy L. Lash Book Summary:

The thoroughly revised and updated Third Edition of the acclaimed Modern Epidemiology reflects both the conceptual development of this evolving science and the increasingly focal role that epidemiology plays in dealing with public health and medical problems. Coauthored by three leading epidemiologists, with sixteen additional contributors, this Third Edition is the most comprehensive and cohesive text on the principles and methods of epidemiologic research. The book covers a broad range of concepts and methods, such as basic measures of disease frequency and associations, study design, field methods, threats to validity, and assessing precision. It also covers advanced topics in data analysis such as Bayesian analysis, bias analysis, and hierarchical regression. Chapters examine specific areas of research such as disease surveillance, ecologic studies, social epidemiology, infectious disease epidemiology, genetic and molecular epidemiology, nutritional epidemiology, environmental epidemiology, reproductive epidemiology, and clinical epidemiology.

Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology

Nutritional Epidemiology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology by Barrie M. Margetts,Michael Nelson Book Summary:

In examining the relationship between nutritional exposure and disease aetiology, the importance of a carefully considered experimental design cannot be overstated. A sound experimental design involves the formulation of a clear research hypothesis and the identification of appropriate measures of exposure and outcome. It is essential that these variables can be measured with a minimum of error, whilst taking into account the effects of chance and bias, and being aware of the risk of confounding variables. The first edition of Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology presented a throrough guide to research methods in nutritional epidemiology. Since publication of the 1st edition, we now have a much better understanding of the characteristics of nutritional exposure that need to be measured in order to answer questions about diet-disease relationships. The 2nd edition has been extensively revised to include the most up-to-date methods of researching this relationship. Included are new chapters on qualitative and sociological measures, anthropometric measures, gene-nutrient interactions, and cross-sectional studies. Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology will be an essential text for nutritionists and epidemiologists, helping them in their quest to improve the quality of information upon which important public health decisions are made.

Nutritional Epidemiology of Breast Cancer

Nutritional Epidemiology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Nutritional Epidemiology of Breast Cancer by Alvaro Luis Ronco,Eduardo De Stéfani Book Summary:

The book is the first one published exclusively on the field of nutritional epidemiology of breast cancer. It summarizes the currently existing knowledge, with an updated and comprehensive international bibliography (~ 1.000 references). The authors also performed a review on the epidemiological studies on nutrition and breast cancer carried out in Uruguay between 1994 and 2011, which allowed exploring and identifying the main risk and protective factors for the disease in this high-risk country. Epidemiologists, Nutritionists, Public Health managers and breast specialists –from the prevention to the treatment fields – will find in this book a unique source of technical information, which will contribute in expanding their knowledge and view of the disease.

Introduction to Clinical Nutrition, Second Edition

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Introduction to Clinical Nutrition, Second Edition by Vishwanath Sardesai Book Summary:

Following up on the success of its highly-regarded predecessor, the Second Edition covers the most important topics pertinent to the world of clinical nutrition. It emphasizes the importance of nutrition to medicine and allied health sciences, and how the principles of good nutrition can enhance day-to-day clinical practice and profiles real clinical cases to facilitate the understanding and application of nutrition principles. This new edition features new chapters and fully updated material on nutraceuticals, alternative medicine and nutritional supplements, nutritional epidemiology, gene-nutrient interaction, and helps the reader understand why each nutrient is required for good health.

Nutritional Epidemiology

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Nutritional Epidemiology by Lillian Langseth Book Summary:

Download or read Nutritional Epidemiology book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Nutritional Oncology

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Nutritional Oncology by George L. Blackburn,Vay Liang W. Go,John Milner Book Summary:

Nutritional oncology is an increasingly active interdisciplinary field where cancer is investigated as both a systemic and local disease originating with the changes in the genome and progressing through a multi-step process which may be influenced at many points in its natural history by nutritional factors that could impact the prevention of cancer, the quality of life of cancer patients, and the risk of cancer recurrence in the rapidly increasing population of cancer survivors. Since the first edition of this book was published in 1999, the idea that there is a single gene pathway or single drug will provide a cure for cancer has given way to the general view that dietary/environmental factors impact the progression of genetic and cellular changes in common forms of cancer. This broad concept can now be investigated within a basic and clinical research context for specific types of cancer. This book attempts to cover the current available knowledge in this new field of nutritional oncology written by invited experts. This book attempts to provide not only the theoretical and research basis for nutritional oncology, but will offer the medical oncologist and other members of multidisciplinary groups treating cancer patients practical information on nutrition assessment and nutritional regimens, including micronutrient and phytochemical supplementation. The editors hope that this volume will stimulate increased research, education and patient application of the principles of nutritional oncology. NEW TO THIS EDITION: * Covers hot new topics of nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics in cancer cell growth * Includes new chapters on metabolic networks in cancer cell growth, nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics * Presents substantially revised chapters on breast cancer and nutrition, prostate cancer and nutrition, and colon cancer and nutrition * Includes new illustrations throughout the text, especially in the breast cancer chapter * Includes integrated insights into the unanswered questions and clearly defined objectives of research in nutritional oncology * Offers practical guidelines for clinicians advising malnourished cancer patients and cancer survivors on diet, nutrition, and lifestyle * Provides information on the role of bioactive substances, dietary supplements, phytochemicals and botanicals in cancer prevention and treatment

Human Nutrition - E-Book

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Human Nutrition - E-Book by Catherine Geissler,Hilary Powers Book Summary:

This title is now available under ISBN 9780702044632. This 12th edition of Human Nutrition has been fully updated by a renowned team of international experts to ensure to ensure authoritative content and a global perspective. It provides a comprehensive resource for all those in the field of nutrition and other health sciences. Comprehensive coverage of nutrition in one, concise volume with additional material and interactive exercises on website. A similar logical chapter structure throughout and textbook features in each chapter - learning objectives, key point summaries and text boxes - facilitate learning and revision. Incorporates latest research, for example on organic foods and sustainable agriculture. Team of contributors of international repute from 11 countries guarantees authoritative text. New chapter on dietary reference values N New section on electrolytes and water balance Expanded section on HIV Website: updating between editions online-only chapters on food commodities, e.g. cereals, vegetables and fruit, meat, fish, egg, milk and milk products online examples of calculations and interactive exercises.

Nutrition in Public Health

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Nutrition in Public Health by Arlene Spark Book Summary:

Nutrition plays a key role in many areas of public health such as pre-term delivery, cancer, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular and renal diseases. Government nutrition policy, therefore, bears a huge influence on the nation's biggest health concerns. There is a clear need for information on this topic that unarguably holds the key to the primar

Causal Inference and Scientific Paradigms in Epidemiology

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Causal Inference and Scientific Paradigms in Epidemiology by Steven S. Coughlin Book Summary:

This anthology of articles on causal inference and scientific paradigms in epidemiology covers several important topics including the search for causal explanations, the strengths and limitations of causal criteria, quantitative approaches for assessing causal relationships that are relevant to epidemiology and emerging paradigms in epidemiologic research. In order to provide historical context, an overview of philosophical and historical developments relevant to causal inference in epidemiology and public health is also provided. Several theoretical and applied aspects of causal inference are dealt with. the aim of this Ebook is not only to summarize important developments in causal inference in epidemiology but also to identify possible ways to enhance the search for causal explanations for diseases and injuries. Examples are provided from such fields as chronic disease epidemiology, Veterans health, and environmental epidemiology. a particular goal of the Ebook is to provide ideas for strengthening causal inference in epidemiology in the context of refined research paradigms. These topics are important because the results of epidemiologic studies contribute to generalizable knowledge by clarifying the causes of diseases, by combining epidemiologic data with information from other disciplines (for example, psychology and industrial hygiene), by evaluating the consistency of epidemiologic data with etiological hypotheses about causation, and by providing the basis for evaluating procedures for health promotion and prevention and public health practices.

Epidemiology and Disease Prevention

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Epidemiology and Disease Prevention by John Yarnell,Dermot O'Reilly Book Summary:

This second edition of Epidemiology and Disease Prevention summarizes the natural history of the major disease groups, explaining and applying core epidemiological principles and practices with the help of case studies, questions, and references to the most important sources of information in the field.

GI Epidemiology

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GI Epidemiology by Nicholas J. Talley,G Richard Locke III,Yuri A. Saito Book Summary:

Authoritative new text from the experts in GI population studies This book covers both key methodological issues and the most important information in the field, disease by disease. It focuses on population-based information and studies looking at principles and approaches to diagnosis and treatment of diseases. GI Epidemiology brings together world authorities in multiple disciplines for the very first time, to create one clear and comprehensive source. The bulk of the chapters are divided into two parts, covering methodological issues and the epidemiology of specific GI diseases. Each chapter begins with a list of key points, followed by a review written in a clear and simple style. The methodologic chapters cover evidence-based medicine, meta-analysis, systematic reviews, genetic and molecular epidemiology, clinical trials, questionnaire design, and health economics. The disease-specific chapters note the current gaps in knowledge and suggest areas for further study. GI Epidemiology serves as both a useful refresher and a reliable reference on the methods and techniques used in epidemiological studies for consultants and researchers in gastroenterology. It is also an invaluable tool for fellows/trainees in gastroenterology, candidates for recertification in the combined disciplines of gastroenterology, pediatric gastroenterology and colorectal surgery, and anyone completing MPH training.

Calcium in Human Health

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Calcium in Human Health by Connie M. Weaver,Robert P. Heaney Book Summary:

The Nutrition and Health Series of books have had great success because each volume has the consistent overriding mission of providing health professionals with texts that are essential because each includes (1) a synthesis of the state of the science; (2) timely, in-depth reviews by the leading researchers in their respective fields; (3) extensive, - to-date fully annotated reference lists; (4) a detailed index; (5) relevant tables and figures; (6) identification of paradigm shifts and the consequences; (7) virtually no overlap of information between chapters, but targeted, interchapter referrals; (8) suggestions of areas for future research; and (9) balanced, data-driven answers to patient/health prof- sionals’ questions that are based on the totality of evidence rather than the findings of any single study. The series volumes are not the outcome of a symposium. Rather, each editor has the potential to examine a chosen area with a broad perspective, both in subject matter as well as in the choice of chapter authors. The international perspective, especially with regard to public health initiatives, is emphasized where appropriate. The editors, whose trainings are both research- and practice-oriented, have the opportunity to develop a primary objective for their book; define the scope and focus, and then invite the leading authorities from around the world to be part of their initiative. The authors are encouraged to provide an overview of the field, discuss their own research, and relate the research findings to potential human health consequences.

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease

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Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease by Carol J. Boushey,Ann M. Coulston,Cheryl L. Rock,Elaine Monsen Book Summary:

As we enter the 21st century, a new era of nutrition in the prevention and treatment of disease emerges. Clinical nutrition involves the integration of diet, genetics, environment, and behavior promoting health and well being throughout life. Expertly edited, Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease provides overall perspective and current scientifically supported evidence through in-depth reviews, key citations, discussions, limitations, and interpretations of research findings. This comprehensive reference integrates basic principles and concepts across disciplines and areas of research and practice, while detailing how to apply this knowledge in new creative ways. Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease is an essential part of the tool chest for clinical nutritionists, physicians, nurse practitioners, and dieticians in this new era of practice. This book prepares the clinical nutrition investigator or practitioner for a life-long commitment to learning. CONTAINS INFORMATION ON: * Diet assessment methodologies * Strategies for diet modification * Clinical status of herbals, botanicals, and modified food products * Preventing common diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and breast cancer through nutrition * The Importance of genetic factors * Understanding of cultural and socio-economic influences on eating and exercise behaviors and integrating that knowledge with biological or functional markers of disease

Proceedings of the 3rd Meeting on Nutritional Epidemiology

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Proceedings of the 3rd Meeting on Nutritional Epidemiology by Frans J. Kok,Pieter van't Veer Book Summary:

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Statistics in Food Science and Nutrition

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Statistics in Food Science and Nutrition by Are Hugo Pripp Book Summary:

Many statistical innovations are linked to applications in food science. For example, the student t-test (a statistical method) was developed to monitor the quality of stout at the Guinness Brewery and multivariate statistical methods are applied widely in the spectroscopic analysis of foods. Nevertheless, statistical methods are most often associated with engineering, mathematics, and the medical sciences, and are rarely thought to be driven by food science. Consequently, there is a dearth of statistical methods aimed specifically at food science, forcing researchers to utilize methods intended for other disciplines. The objective of this Brief will be to highlight the most needed and relevant statistical methods in food science and thus eliminate the need to learn about these methods from other fields. All methods and their applications will be illustrated with examples from research literature. ​

Fundamentals of Human Nutrition E-Book

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Fundamentals of Human Nutrition E-Book by Catherine Geissler,Hilary Powers Book Summary:

Fundamentals of Human Nutrition is an authoritative overview that will help you understand the complex subject of human nutrition. This book is a digest of material from the highly successful Human Nutrition 11th edition. ‘Fundamentals’ is intended for a wide readership of students and practitioners who need a broad understanding of human nutrition, but for whom an in-depth knowledge is not essential. Students and practitioners of nursing, pharmacy, sports science, dentistry and other allied health professions, as well as the interested lay person, will benefit from its easy-to-follow, concise approach. Covers all key aspects of human nutrition Up to date with current issues Explains the epidemiology of diet and disease Considers factors affecting food production, trade and access Technical terms explained to help the non-specialist Comprehensive glossary aids understanding Key points summarise all chapters

Statistical Models in Epidemiology

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Statistical Models in Epidemiology by David Clayton,Michael Hills Book Summary:

This self-contained account of the statistical basis of epidemiology has been written specifically for those with a basic training in biology, therefore no previous knowledge is assumed and the mathematics is deliberately kept at a manageable level. The authors show how all statistical analysis of data is based on probability models, and once one understands the model, analysis follows easily. In showing how to use models in epidemiology the authors have chosen to emphasize the role of likelihood, an approach to statistics which is both simple and intuitively satisfying. More complex problems can then be tackled by natural extensions of the simple methods. Based on a highly successful course, this book explains the essential statistics for all epidemiologists.

The Adult Hip

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The Adult Hip by John J. Callaghan,Aaron G. Rosenberg,Harry E. Rubash Book Summary:

This major two-volume reference provides comprehensive coverage of the evaluation and surgical management of problems of the hip. It begins with a thorough review of clinically relevant basic science, including the anatomy and biomechanics of the hip, the biomaterials used in hip reconstruction, the sequelae of wear, and the biology of bone autografts and allografts. A section on clinical science covers the clinical and radiological evaluation of the hip, the pathology of the hip, osteonecrosis of the hip and related disorders, perioperative considerations, surgical anatomy, and surgical approaches to the hip. Subsequent sections provide complete information on all current surgical procedures, including arthroscopy, resection arthroplasty, arthrodesis, osteotomy, total hip arthroplasty, complex total hip arthroplasty, procedures for the treatment of sepsis, and revision total hip arthroplasty. Complementing the text are more than 1,300 full-color and black-and-white illustrations, including drawings by a noted medical illustrator. Compatibility: BlackBerry® OS 4.1 or Higher / iPhone/iPod Touch 2.0 or Higher /Palm OS 3.5 or higher / Palm Pre Classic / Symbian S60, 3rd edition (Nokia) / Windows Mobile™ Pocket PC (all versions) / Windows Mobile Smartphone / Windows 98SE/2000/ME/XP/Vista/Tablet PC

Nutritionism

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Nutritionism by Gyorgy Scrinis Book Summary:

Popularized by Michael Pollan in his best-selling In Defense of Food, Gyorgy Scrinis's concept of nutritionism refers to the reductive understanding of nutrients as the key indicators of healthy food—an approach that has dominated nutrition science, dietary advice, and food marketing. Scrinis argues this ideology has narrowed and in some cases distorted our appreciation of food quality, such that even highly processed foods may be perceived as healthful depending on their content of "good" or "bad" nutrients. Investigating the butter versus margarine debate, the battle between low-fat, low-carb, and other weight-loss diets, and the food industry's strategic promotion of nutritionally enhanced foods, Scrinis reveals the scientific, social, and economic factors driving our modern fascination with nutrition. Scrinis develops an original framework and terminology for analyzing the characteristics and consequences of nutritionism since the late nineteenth century. He begins with the era of quantification, in which the idea of protective nutrients, caloric reductionism, and vitamins' curative effects took shape. He follows with the era of good and bad nutritionism, which set nutricentric dietary guidelines and defined the parameters of unhealthy nutrients; and concludes with our current era of functional nutritionism, in which the focus has shifted to targeted nutrients, superfoods, and optimal diets. Scrinis's research underscores the critical role of nutrition science and dietary advice in shaping our relationship to food and our bodies and in heightening our nutritional anxieties. He ultimately shows how nutritionism has aligned the demands and perceived needs of consumers with the commercial interests of food manufacturers and corporations. Scrinis also offers an alternative paradigm for assessing the healthfulness of foods—the food quality paradigm—that privileges food production and processing quality, cultural-traditional knowledge, and sensual-practical experience, and promotes less reductive forms of nutrition research and dietary advice.

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids

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Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids by Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes,Subcommittee on Interpretation and Uses of DRIs,Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients,Panel on Dietary Antioxidants and Related Compounds Book Summary:

This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series of quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for healthy people. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) is the newest framework for an expanded approach developed by U.S. and Canadian scientists. This book discusses in detail the role of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and the carotenoids in human physiology and health. For each nutrient the committee presents what is known about how it functions in the human body, which factors may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease. Dietary Reference Intakes provides reference intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for different groups based on age and gender, along with a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), designed to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.

Oral Health Epidemiology

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Oral Health Epidemiology by Amit Chattopadhyay Book Summary:

As a result of scientific advancements and changing demographics in the United States and around the world, people of all ethnic groups and nationalities are retaining their teeth longer. Todays oral health professionals must therefore be prepared to make educated and scientifically-reasoned choices addressing a wide range of oral diseases for patients of all ages, and for ambulatory as well as non-ambulatory patients across all demographic profiles. As the first text of its kind, Oral Health Epidemiology: Principles and Practice explores the full spectrum of epidemiological and translational clinical research including fundamental mechanisms of human disease, therapeutic intervention, clinical trials, and oral epidemiology. Topics that are unique to oral health, such as the frequent use of split-mouth design on oral research, crossover techniques and clustered nature of caries, periodontal and other dental disease data, are all thoroughly addressed. Key Features: Thoroughly explores clinicaltranslational research and the special needs of oral health study designs that are applicable across all specialties in dentistry. Serves as a basic guide to advanced techniques such as bioinformatics, genetics, molecular biology, and computer simulation, biostatistics that are now used regularly in oral health research. Prepares the reader to design studies, translate the findings to practice, and conduct logical critique of scientific literature.

Mathematical Modeling in Experimental Nutrition

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Mathematical Modeling in Experimental Nutrition by Andrew J. Clifford,Hans-Georg Müller Book Summary:

Nutrients have been recognized as essential for maximum growth, successful reproduction, and infection prevention since the 1940s; since that time, the lion's share of nutrient research has focused on defining their role in these processes. Around 1990, however, a major shift began in the way that researchers viewed some nutrients particularly the vitamins. This shift was motivated by the discovery that modest declines in vitamin nutritional status are associated with an increased risk of ill-health and disease (such as neural tube defects, heart disease, and cancer), especially in those populations or individuals who are genetically predisposed. In an effort to expand upon this new understanding of nutrient action, nutritionists are increasingly turning their focus to the mathematical modeling of nutrient kinetic data. The availability of suitably-tagged (isotope) nutrients (such as B-carotene, vitamin A, folate, among others), sensitive analytical methods to trace them in humans (mass spectrometry and accelerator mass spectrometry), and powerful software (capable of solving and manipulating differential equations efficiently and accurately), has allowed researchers to construct mathematical models aimed at characterizing the dynamic and kinetic behavior of key nutrients in vivo in humans at an unparalleled level of detail.

Essential Epidemiology

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Essential Epidemiology by Penny Webb,Chris Bain,Sandi Pirozzo Book Summary:

This is an accessible, easily readable, and modern introduction to epidemiology for students of medicine and public health. It combines a strong public health perspective and rationale with modern methodological insights in a coherent and straight forward way. It emphasises the fundamental principles common to all areas of epidemiology and, unlike many other texts, integrates both public health and clinical epidemiology and the study of infectious and chronic diseases. It aims to give health professionals a good understanding of the methods and potential problems underlying epidemiological data and reports but also provides a thorough introduction for would-be epidemiologists. The 'nuts and bolts' of epidemiology are embedded in the wider health perspective and the concluding chapter explores future possibilities and emphasises the integration of the various strands of the discipline. The basic messages are reinforced through numerous examples and questions, with answers provided.

Research Methods in Occupational Epidemiology

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Research Methods in Occupational Epidemiology by Harvey Checkoway,Neil Pearce,David Kriebel Book Summary:

From reviews of the first edition:'An up-to-date presentation of research methods in occupational epidemiology is provided by this well-written and well-structured textbook... This excellent book is likely to become a standard reference text. All those engaged in occupational epidemiology should obtain a copy.' -International Journal of Epidemiology'A remarkably well-written, easy-to-read, concise synopsis of the whole range of methods used in occupational epidemiology. Many examples, tables, diagrams, with comprehensive summaries of statistical concepts and various methods used to model exposure and dose. A valuable reference for basic and intermediate work.' -APHA Occupational Health and Safety Newsletter'This book is a worthwhile introductory text to the emerging field of occupational epidemiology. It gives an extensive discussion of the practical problems to be faced in planning and executing occupational studies, and will be of particular benefit to persons starting work in this field of study.' -Chronic DiseasesThis widely used text provides a clear and critical summary of research approaches to the epidemiological study of workplace hazards. It describes the historical development of occupational epidemiology, methods for characterizing occupational exposures, and techniques for designing and implementing epidemiologic studies in this area. The relative strengths and limitations of various study designs for investigating specific health outcomes are emphasized. Also included are more advanced discussions of statistical analysis, exposure and dose modelling, and subsequent applications of data derived from epidemiologic research, as in meta-analysis, pooled analysis, and statistical analysis, exposure and dose modelling, and risk assessment. Since the first edition was published 15 years ago, there have been numerous advances in epidemiologic methods to accommodate a broadened scope of investigations of occupational exposures and associated adverse health outcomes. Thus, in this Second Edition the authors have updated their discussions of methodology to include such topics as case-cohort and case-crossover designs and statistical analysis of repeated measures data, and have expanded the examples they use throughout the book to demonstrate the applications of these methods to a wide range of acute and chronic health outcomes. They have also added a new chapter on occupational health surveillance. Their text is unique for its strong emphasis on the definition and assessment of exposures, the application of quantitative exposure data to epidemiologic models, and the recognition that improvements in workplace risk identification and quantification will come from careful integration of these approaches.

Nutrition and Cancer from Epidemiology to Biology

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Nutrition and Cancer from Epidemiology to Biology by Pier Paolo Claudio,Richard M. Niles Book Summary:

Various estimates suggest that between 30-40% of all human cancers are related to dietary patterns. Strong epidemiological evidence from population and twin studies points to dietary constituents that either contribute or protect against the development o

Present Knowledge in Nutrition

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Present Knowledge in Nutrition by Ekhard E. Ziegler,Lloyd J. Filer Book Summary:

Download or read Present Knowledge in Nutrition book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Epidemiology Of Diet And Cancer

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Epidemiology Of Diet And Cancer by M.J. Hill Book Summary:

This volume investigates the links between the incidence of diet-related cancers and dietary patterns within Europe. It presents current understanding of the major cancers thought to be caused by diet alongside detailed data on regional variations in dietary composition, and collates these sets of information to illustrate associations between food

Issues in Cancer Epidemiology and Research: 2011 Edition

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Issues in Cancer Epidemiology and Research: 2011 Edition by N.A Book Summary:

Issues in Cancer Epidemiology and Research / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Cancer Epidemiology and Research. The editors have built Issues in Cancer Epidemiology and Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Cancer Epidemiology and Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Cancer Epidemiology and Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health

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Nutritional Influences on Bone Health by Peter Burckhardt,Bess Dawson-Hughes,Connie M. Weaver Book Summary:

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health presents a collection of papers from the 8th International Symposium on Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis, the primary forum for and only regular meeting exclusively devoted to the topic of nutritional influences on bone health. The outcome is a fusion of the most current and up-to-date research in this area. Key themes include the permeation of the Western diet across the globe, calcium, vitamin D and acid-base balance. Written by authorities on the impact of nutrition on bone health, Nutritional Influences on Bone Health brings the reader the emerging trends, new messages and the latest scientific data in the field, to inform future research and clinical practice. This comprehensive, well researched volume is an essential reference for professionals in the field of bone health and nutrition.

Nutrition and Healthy Aging in the Community

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Nutrition and Healthy Aging in the Community by Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board Book Summary:

The U.S. population of older adults is predicted to grow rapidly as "baby boomers" (those born between 1946 and 1964) begin to reach 65 years of age. Simultaneously, advancements in medical care and improved awareness of healthy lifestyles have led to longer life expectancies. The Census Bureau projects that the population of Americans 65 years of age and older will rise from approximately 40 million in 2010 to 55 million in 2020, a 36 percent increase. Furthermore, older adults are choosing to live independently in the community setting rather than residing in an institutional environment. Furthermore, the types of services needed by this population are shifting due to changes in their health issues. Older adults have historically been viewed as underweight and frail; however, over the past decade there has been an increase in the number of obese older persons. Obesity in older adults is not only associated with medical comorbidities such as diabetes; it is also a major risk factor for functional decline and homebound status. The baby boomers have a greater prevalence of obesity than any of their historic counterparts, and projections forecast an aging population with even greater chronic disease burden and disability. In light of the increasing numbers of older adults choosing to live independently rather than in nursing homes, and the important role nutrition can play in healthy aging, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) convened a public workshop to illuminate issues related to community-based delivery of nutrition services for older adults and to identify nutrition interventions and model programs. Nutrition and Healthy Aging in the Community summarizes the presentations and discussions prepared from the workshop transcript and slides. This report examines nutrition-related issues of concern experienced by older adults in the community including nutrition screening, food insecurity, sarcopenic obesity, dietary patterns for older adults, and economic issues. This report explores transitional care as individuals move from acute, subacute, or chronic care settings to the community, and provides models of transitional care in the community. This report also provides examples of successful intervention models in the community setting, and covers the discussion of research gaps in knowledge about nutrition interventions and services for older adults in the community.

Encyclopedia of Epidemiology

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Encyclopedia of Epidemiology by Sarah Boslaugh,Louise-Anne McNutt Book Summary:

The Encyclopedia of Epidemiology presents state-of-the-art information from the field of epidemiology in a less technical and accessible style and format. With more than 600 entries, no single reference provides as comprehensive a resource in as focused and appropriate manner. The entries cover every major facet of epidemiology, from risk ratios to case-control studies to mediating and moderating variables, and much more. Relevant topics from related fields such as biostatistics and health economics are also included.

The Psychology of Nutrition

Nutritional Epidemiology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Psychology of Nutrition by David Allenby Booth Book Summary:

Psychology of Nutrition is the first book to take a consistent psychological approach to all aspects of the selection and consumption of foods and drinks. This approach is based on the author's ground-breaking theory of the cognitive integration of influences on ingestion, which brings together research evidence on the sensory physiological, cultural and interpersonal factors in the desire to eat and drink. The basis of the theory is that ingestive appetite is a learned response to a complex of cues from foodstuffs, the body and the social and physical environment. The volume starts with infant/caregiver interactions in feeding, and then moves on to consider how physical and social maturation in western culture affects attitudes to foods, concentrating on the phenomena of ordinary dieting and the extremes of disordered eating. The concluding chapters deal with the processes within the lives of individual consumers which can cause the same eating habits to form in different segments of society, and consider the potential of psychology in effective food technology, marketing, and governmental regulation. In a lucid and absorbing style, the author tackles questions concerning what goes on in eaters' and drinkers' minds about the foods and beverages they are consuming and explores the cultural meaning of the eating occasion in industrialized cultures. Psychology of Nutrition illustrates and integrates the diversity of behavioural nutrition and thereby consolidates a new field of fundamental and practical research in one unique resource.

Food and Nutritional Toxicology

Nutritional Epidemiology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Food and Nutritional Toxicology by Stanley T. Omaye Book Summary:

Food and Nutritional Toxicology provides a broad overview of the chemicals in food that have the potential to produce adverse health effects. The book covers the impact on human health of food containing environmental contaminants or natural toxicants, food additives, the migration of chemicals from packaging materials into foods, and the persistence of feed and food contaminants in food products. Chapters address the adverse effects of nutrient excesses, the impact of contaminants on nutrient utilization, metabolism of food toxicants, and the relationship of the body's biologic defense mechanisms to such toxicants. The book includes discussions on the risk determination process, food safety regulation, and the current status of the regulatory processes. Presenting the general principles of toxicology, this authoritative reference enhances the understanding of foodborne intoxications, infections, and diseases linked to foods. This in-depth study establishes a solid background in the principles and prevention of foodborne disease and the regulation of food safety.