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My Way Essays On Moral Responsibility

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My Way

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My Way by John Martin Fischer Book Summary:

This is a selection of essays on moral responsibility that represent the major components of John Martin Fischer's overall approach to freedom of the will and moral responsibility. The collection exhibits the overall structure of Fischer's view and shows how the various elements fit together to form a comprehensive framework for analyzing free will and moral responsibility. The topics include deliberation and practical reasoning, freedom of the will, freedom of action, various notions of control, and moral accountability. The essays seek to provide a foundation for our practices of holding each other (and ourselves) morally and legally accountable for our behavior. A crucial move is the distinction between two kinds of control. According to Fischer, "regulative control" involves freedom to choose and do otherwise ("alternative possibilities"), whereas "guidance control" does not. Fischer contends that guidance control is all the freedom we need to be morally responsible agents. Further, he contends that such control is fully compatible with causal determinism. Additionally, Fischer argues that we do not need genuine access to alternative possibilities in order for there to be a legitimate point to practical reasoning. Fischer's overall framework contains an argument for the contention that guidance control, and not regulative control, is associated with moral responsibility, a sketch of a comprehensive theory of moral responsibility (that ties together responsibility for actions, omissions, consequences, and character), and an account of the value of moral responsibility. On this account, the value of exhibiting freedom (of the relevant sort) and thus being morally responsible for one's behavior is a species of the value of artistic self-expression.

Four Views on Free Will

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Four Views on Free Will by John Martin Fischer,Robert Kane,Derk Pereboom,Manuel Vargas Book Summary:

Focusing on the concepts and interactions of free will, moralresponsibility, and determinism, this text represents the mostup-to-date account of the four major positions in the free willdebate. Four serious and well-known philosophers explore the opposingviewpoints of libertarianism, compatibilism, hard incompatibilism,and revisionism The first half of the book contains each philosopher’sexplanation of his particular view; the second half allows them todirectly respond to each other’s arguments, in a lively andengaging conversation Offers the reader a one of a kind, interactive discussion Forms part of the acclaimed Great Debates in Philosophyseries

Midwest Studies in Philosophy, Free Will and Moral Responsibility

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Midwest Studies in Philosophy, Free Will and Moral Responsibility by Peter A. French,Howard Wettstein Book Summary:

The essays in this volume explore various issues pertaining to human agency, such as the relationship between free will and causal determinism, and the nature and conditions of moral responsibility. Builds on and extends some of the very best recent work in the field. Features lively and vigorous debate. Forges connections between abstract philosophical theorizing and applied work in neuroscience and even criminal law.

Deep Control

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Deep Control by John Martin Fischer Book Summary:

Fischer here defends the contention that moral responsibility is associated with "deep control", which is "in-between" two untenable extreme positions: "superficial control" and "total control". He defends this "middle way" against the proponents of more--and less--robust notions of the freedom required for moral responsibility. Fischer offers a new solution to the Luck Problem, as well as providing a defense of the compatibility of causal determinism and moral responsibility.

Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility

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Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility by Nick Trakakis,Daniel Cohen Book Summary:

The problem of free will has fascinated philosophers since ancient times: Do we have free will, or at least the kind of free will that seems necessary for moral responsibility? Does determinism – the idea that everything that happens is necessitated to happen, given the past and the laws of nature – threaten the commonly held assumption that we are indeed free and morally responsible? Although these questions have been widely discussed in the past, the present volume offers a variety of new perspectives from philosophers who have made significant contributions to this debate over recent years, including Derk Pereboom, Robert Kane, Ishtiyaque Haji, Michael McKenna, John Martin Fischer, David Widerker and Saul Smilansky. The emphasis in these essays is not merely on free will, but on allied notions such as moral responsibility, moral obligation, fairness and meaningfulness, and on whether any room can be made for these notions in a deterministic or an indeterministic universe.

Free Will and Moral Responsibility

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Free Will and Moral Responsibility by Ishtiyaque Haji,Justin Caouette Book Summary:

Determinism is, roughly, the thesis that facts about the past and the laws of nature entail all truths. A venerable, age-old dilemma concerning responsibility distils to this: if either determinism is true or it is not true, we lack “responsibility-grounding” control. Either determinism is true or it is not true. So, we lack responsibility-grounding control. Deprived of such control, no one is ever morally responsible for anything. A number of the freshly-minted essays in this collection address aspects of this dilemma. Responding to the horn that determinism undermines the freedom that responsibility (or moral obligation) requires, the freedom to do otherwise, some papers in this collection debate the merits of Frankfurt-style examples that purport to show that one can be responsible despite lacking alternatives. Responding to the horn that indeterminism implies luck or randomness, other papers discuss the strengths or shortcomings of libertarian free will or control. Also included in this collection are essays on the freedom requirements of moral obligation, forgiveness and free will, a “desert-free” conception of free will, and vicarious legal and moral responsibility. The authors of the essays in this volume are philosophers who have made significant contributions to debates in free will, moral responsibility, moral obligation, the reactive attitudes, philosophy of action, and philosophical psychology, and include John Martin Fischer, Robert Kane, Michael McKenna, Alfred Mele, and Derk Pereboom.

Our Stories

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Our Stories by John Martin Fischer Book Summary:

In this collection of essays on the metaphysical issues pertaining to death, the meaning of life, and freedom of the will, John Martin Fischer argues (against the Epicureans) that death can be a bad thing for the individual who dies. He defends the claim that something can be a bad thing--a misfortune--for an individual, even if he never experiences it as bad (and even if he does not any longer exist). Fischer also defends the commonsense asymmetry in our attitudes toward death and prenatal nonexistence: we are indifferent to the time before we are born, but we regret that we do not live longer. Further, Fischer argues (against the immortality curmudgeons, such as Heidegger and Bernard Williams), that immortal life could be desirable, and shows how the defense of the (possible) badness of death and the (possible) goodness of immortality exhibit a similar structure; on Fischer's view, the badness of death and the goodness of life can be represented on spectra that display certain continuities. Building on Fischer's previous book, My Way a major aim of this volume is to show important connections between issues relating to life and death and issues relating to free will. More specifically, Fischer argues that we endow our lives with a certain distinctive kind of meaning--an irreducible narrative dimension of value--by exhibiting free will. Thus, in acting freely, we transform our lives so that our stories matter.

Free Will: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

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Free Will: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide by Oxford University Press Book Summary:

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study Philosophy. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibligraphies.com.

Free Will: Concepts and challenges

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Free Will: Concepts and challenges by John Martin Fischer Book Summary:

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Social Theory and Practice

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Social Theory and Practice by N.A Book Summary:

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Philosophic Exchange

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Philosophic Exchange by N.A Book Summary:

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Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion

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Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion by Jonathan L. Kvanvig Book Summary:

This volume offers a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in this longstanding area of philosophy, which has seen an explosive growth of interest over the past half century. The essays are broad-ranging, and as a whole are not specific to any particular creed.

Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities

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Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities by David Widerker,Michael McKenna Book Summary:

This book explores an important issue within the free will debate: the relation between free will and moral responsibility. In his seminal article Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility, Harry Frankfurt launched a vigorous attack on the standard conception of that relation, questioning the claim that a person is morally responsible for what she has done only if she could have done otherwise. Since then, Frankfurt's thesis has been at the center of philosophical discussions on free will and moral responsibility.Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities, edited by David Widerker and Michael McKenna, draws together the most recent work on Frankfurt's thesis by leading theorists in the area of free will and responsibility. As the majority of the essays appear here for the first time, Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities offers the newest developments in this important debate.

Moral Prejudices

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Moral Prejudices by Annette Baier Book Summary:

Annette Baier delivers an appeal for our fundamental moral notions to be governed not by rules and codes but by trust: a moral prejudice. Along the way, she gives us the best feminist philosophy there is. Baier's topics range from violence to love, from cruelty to justice, and are linked by a preoccupation with vulnerability and inequality of vulnerability, with trust and distrust of equals, with cooperation and isolation. Throughout, she is concerned with the theme of women's roles. In this provocative exploration of the implications of trusting to trust rather than proscription, Baier interweaves anecdote and autobiography with readings of Hume and Kant to produce an entertaining, challenging, and highly readable book.

Essays on Ethics, Social Behaviour, and Scientific Explanation

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Essays on Ethics, Social Behaviour, and Scientific Explanation by J.C. Harsanyi Book Summary:

When John Harsanyi came to Stanford University as a candidate for the Ph.D., I asked him why he was bothering, since it was most un likely that he had anything to learn from us. He was already a known scho lar; in addition to some papers in economics, the first two papers in this vol ume had already been published and had dazzled me by their originality and their combination of philosophical insight and technical competence. However, I am very glad I did not discourage him; whether he learned any thing worthwhile I don't know, but we all learned much from him on the foundations of the theory of games and specifically on the outcome of bar gaining. The central focus of Harsanyi's work has continued to be in the theory of games, but especially on the foundations and conceptual problems. The theory of games, properly understood, is a very broad approach to social interaction based on individually rational behavior, and it connects closely with fundamental methodological and substantive issues in social science and in ethics. An indication of the range of Harsanyi's interest in game the ory can be found in the first paper of Part B -though in fact his owncontri butions are much broader-and in the second paper the applications to the methodology of social science. The remaining papers in that section show more specifically the richness of game theory in specific applications.

The Book Review Digest

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The Book Review Digest by N.A Book Summary:

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International journal of philosophical studies

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International journal of philosophical studies by N.A Book Summary:

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Free Will and Reactive Attitudes

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Free Will and Reactive Attitudes by Mr Paul Russell,Professor Michael McKenna Book Summary:

The philosophical debate about free will and responsibility has been of great importance throughout the history of philosophy. In modern times this debate has received an enormous resurgence of interest and the contribution in 1962 by P.F. Strawson with the publication of his essay "Freedom and Resentment" has generated a wide range of discussion and criticism in the philosophical community and beyond. The debate is of central importance to recent developments in the free will literature and has shaped the way contemporary philosophers now approach the problem. This volume brings together a focused selection of the major contributions and reactions to the free will and responsibility debate inspired by Strawson's contribution. McKenna and Russell also provide a comprehensive overview of the debate. This book will be of great value to scholars of Strawson and those interested in the free will debate more generally.

American Philosophical Quarterly

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American Philosophical Quarterly by Nicholas Rescher Book Summary:

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Essays on Political Morality

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Essays on Political Morality by R. M. Hare Book Summary:

These essays bring ethical theory to bear on moral problems arising in politics. R.M. Hare examines obligation to obey the law; limits of legitimate lawbreaking, civil violence, and war; rights of various sorts and conflict with utility; justice, distributive and retributive; and environment care.

The Philosophical Review

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The Philosophical Review by Jacob Gould Schurman,James Edwin Creighton,Frank Thilly,Gustavus Watts Cunningham Book Summary:

An international journal of general philosophy.

An Essay on the existence and attributes of God

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An Essay on the existence and attributes of God by Edward STEERE (Missionary Bishop of Central Africa.) Book Summary:

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An Essay on the Existence and Attributes of God

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An Essay on the Existence and Attributes of God by Edward Steere Book Summary:

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On Ethics and History

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On Ethics and History by Philip J. Ivanhoe Book Summary:

Zhang Xuecheng (1738–1801) has primarily been read as a philosopher of history. This volume presents him as an ethical philosopher with a distinctive understanding of the aims and methods of Confucian self-cultivation. Offered in English translation for the first time, this collection of Zhang's essays and letters should challenge our current understanding of this Qing dynasty philosopher. On Ethics and History also contains translations of three important essays written by Tang-dynasty Confucian Han Yu and shows how Zhang responded to Han's earlier works. Those with an interest in ethical philosophy, religion, and Chinese thought and culture will find still relevant much of what Zhang argued for in his own day.

Mick-Rick Essays on the Sacred and Profane

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Mick-Rick Essays on the Sacred and Profane by Michael Maasdorp,Richard Arthur DeRemee Book Summary:

This second Mick-Rick book begins by posing ten questions to which the authors independently respond with short essays. This format contrasts with the debates of book one. (The Mick-Rick Debates: Controversies in Contemporary Christianity) The ten Questions touch on fundamental issues facing todays Christians such as suffering, life after death, religious cosmology, moral principles and others. The intention of the questions is not to provide pat answers but, rather, to stimulate reflection on the nature and content of Christian Faith in the context of the modern world. The second part of the book consists of two essays. In Before and After the Big Bang, Rick argues it is possible to live in both the worlds of materialism as represented by science and the immaterial world of religion. Religion or the sacred provides meaning for life; science or the profane provides for our material needs. Mick holds the idea of traffic between the natural and supernatural destroys the foundations of modern knowledge. In his essay, On Our Own But not Alone, he suggests that to attain maturity we must also gain autonomy, neither of which survives in a world invaded by the supernatural. The book concludes with a debate on the nature of Constructs that are key mental tools used in religious and philosophical discourse. Similar to the first book, the interlocutors, Michael Maasdorp (Mick) and Richard Arthur DeRemee (Rick) conducted their conversations over the Internet on the Radical Faith web site (http://homepages.which.net/~radical.faith/index.htm).

International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences 2008

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International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences 2008 by K. g. Saur Book Summary:

The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.1 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.

Responsibility and Control

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Responsibility and Control by John Martin Fischer,Mark Ravizza Book Summary:

This book provides a comprehensive, systematic theory of moral responsibility. The authors explore the conditions under which individuals are morally responsible for actions, omissions, consequences, and emotions. The leading idea in the book is that moral responsibility is based on "guidance control." This control has two components: the mechanism that issues in the relevant behavior must be the agent's own mechanism, and it must be appropriately responsive to reasons. The book develops an account of both components. The authors go on to offer a sustained defense of the thesis that moral responsibility is compatible with causal determinism. This major study will interest moral philosophers, legal theorists, and those in religious studies concerned with the issue of moral responsibility.

Responsibility

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Responsibility by Barbara Darling-Smith Book Summary:

In this book philosophers, scholars of religion, and activists address the theme of responsibility. Barbara Darling-Smith brings together an enlightening collection of essays that analyze the ethics of responsibility, its relational nature, and its global struggle. With references to Homer's the Iliad and Buddhist teachings, these essays demonstrate that while selfhood is an illusion, there is still a conventional self that must be held responsible. This book finds the underlying distinctions between ultimate and conventional understandings of selfhood, which lead to variations on the role of responsibility in the community and government. With essays from CEOs to historical theologians, Responsibility offers a variety of perspectives that will captivate the interest of philosophers and scholars of ethnics and religion.

Global Ethics and Moral Responsibility

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Global Ethics and Moral Responsibility by Prof Dr Holger Burckhart,Prof Dr John-Stewart Gordon Book Summary:

The philosophy of Hans Jonas was widely influential in the late twentieth century, warning of the potential dangers of technological progress and its negative effect on humanity and nature. Jonas advocated greater moral responsibility and taking this as a starting point, leading international scholars and experts on his work suggest original and promising solutions to current ethical issues within the context of his philosophy. The book considers the vital intersection between law and global ethics and covers issues related to technology and ethics, medical ethics, religion and environmental ethics.

Essays on Deleuze

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Essays on Deleuze by Daniel W Smith Book Summary:

Brings together 18 key essays, plus two completely new essays, by one of the world's leading commentators on the work of the French philosopher Gilles Deleuze.

The Nature of Moral Responsibility

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The Nature of Moral Responsibility by Randolph Clarke,Randolph K. Clarke,Michael McKenna,Angela M. Smith Book Summary:

Recent philosophical work reveals considerable disagreement about what it is to be morally responsible for something. Indeed, some theorists claim to distinguish several varieties of moral responsibility, with different conditions that must be satisfied if one is to bear responsibility of one or another of these kinds. This volume presents twelve original essays from participants in these debates. The contributors include prominent established figures as well as influential younger philosophers.

At the Limits of History

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At the Limits of History by Keith Jenkins Book Summary:

"Why bother with history? Keith Jenkins has an answer. He helps us re-think the "end of history", as signalled by postmodernity. Readers may disagree with him, but he never fails to provoke debate about the future of the past." Joanna Bourke, Professor of History, Birkbeck College Keith Jenkins' work on historical theory is renowned; this collection presents the essential elements of his work over the last fifteen years. Here we see Jenkins address the difficult and complex question of defining the limits of history. The collection draws together the key pieces of his work in one handy volume, encompassing the ever controversial issue of postmodernism and history, questions on the end of history and radical history into the future. Exchanges with Perez Zagorin and Michael Coleman further illuminate the level of debate that has surrounded postmodernism, and which continues to do so. An extended introduction and abstracts which contextualize each piece, together with a foreword by Hayden White and an afterword by Alun Munslow, make this collection essential reading for all those interested in the theory and practice of history and its development over the last few decades.

Love's Labor

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Love's Labor by Eva Feder Kittay,Associate Professor of Philosophy Eva Feder Kittay,Routledge Book Summary:

This fascinating study of women carers explores the significance of dependency work by analysing John Rawls' influential liberal theory and two examples of public policy - welfare reform and family leave - to show how both theory and policy fail women.

Essays on Levinas and Law

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Essays on Levinas and Law by Desmond Manderson Book Summary:

This collection brings together major writers and major works on what Emmanuel Levinas means to law, and injects Levinas' provocative ethics right into the heart of living law, radically changing our understanding of both.

Causation and Responsibility

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Causation and Responsibility by Michael S. Moore Book Summary:

The concept of causation is fundamental to ascribing moral and legal responsibility for events. Yet the precise relationship between causation and responsibility remains unclear. This book clarifies that relationship through an analysis of the best accounts of causation in metaphysics, and a critique of the confusion in legal doctrine.