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Math Adventures with Python

Math Adventures with Python [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: ,
Editor: No Starch Press
ISBN-10: 1593278683
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Math Adventures with Python by , Book Summary:

Learn math by getting creative with code! Use the Python programming language to transform learning high school-level math topics like algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus! Math Adventures with Python will show you how to harness the power of programming to keep math relevant and fun. With the aid of the Python programming language, you'll learn how to visualize solutions to a range of math problems as you use code to explore key mathematical concepts like algebra, trigonometry, matrices, and cellular automata. Once you've learned the programming basics like loops and variables, you'll write your own programs to solve equations quickly, make cool things like an interactive rainbow grid, and automate tedious tasks like factoring numbers and finding square roots. You'll learn how to write functions to draw and manipulate shapes, create oscillating sine waves, and solve equations graphically. You'll also learn how to: - Draw and transform 2D and 3D graphics with matrices - Make colorful designs like the Mandelbrot and Julia sets with complex numbers - Use recursion to create fractals like the Koch snowflake and the Sierpinski triangle - Generate virtual sheep that graze on grass and multiply autonomously - Crack secret codes using genetic algorithms As you work through the book's numerous examples and increasingly challenging exercises, you'll code your own solutions, create beautiful visualizations, and see just how much more fun math can be!

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The Nature and Development of Mathematics

The Nature and Development of Mathematics [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: John Adams,Patrick Barmby,Alex Mesoudi
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN-10: 131730019X
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The Nature and Development of Mathematics by John Adams,Patrick Barmby,Alex Mesoudi Book Summary:

From an infant’s first grasp of quantity to Einstein’s theory of relativity, the human experience of number has intrigued researchers for centuries. Numeracy and mathematics have played fundamental roles in the development of societies and civilisations, and yet there is an essential mystery to these concepts, evidenced by the fear many people still feel when confronted by apparently simple sums. Including perspectives from anthropology, education and psychology, The Nature and Development of Mathematics addresses three core questions: Is maths natural? What is the impact of our culture and environment on mathematical thinking? And how can we improve our mathematical ability? Examining the cognitive processes that we use, the origins of these skills and their cultural context, and how learning and teaching can be supported in the classroom, the book contextualises each issue within the wider field, arguing that only by taking a cross-disciplinary perspective can we fully understand what it means to be numerate, as well as how we become numerate in our modern world. This is a unique collection including contributions from a range of renowned international researchers. It will be of interest to students and researchers across cognitive psychology, cultural anthropology and educational research.

Download or read The Nature and Development of Mathematics book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). From an infant’s first grasp of quantity to Einstein’s theory of relativity, the human experience of number has intrigued researchers for centuries. Numeracy and mathematics have played fundamental roles in the development of societies and civilisations, and yet there is an essential mystery to these concepts, evidenced by the fear many people still feel when confronted by apparently simple sums. Including perspectives from anthropology, education and psychology, The Nature and Development of Mathematics addresses three core questions: Is maths natural? What is the impact of our culture and environment on mathematical thinking? And how can we improve our mathematical ability? Examining the cognitive processes that we use, the origins of these skills and their cultural context, and how learning and teaching can be supported in the classroom, the book contextualises each issue within the wider field, arguing that only by taking a cross-disciplinary perspective can we fully understand what it means to be numerate, as well as how we become numerate in our modern world. This is a unique collection including contributions from a range of renowned international researchers. It will be of interest to students and researchers across cognitive psychology, cultural anthropology and educational research.


The Mathematics of Voting and Elections

The Mathematics of Voting and Elections [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Jonathan K. Hodge
Editor: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN-10: 9780821872628
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The Mathematics of Voting and Elections by Jonathan K. Hodge Book Summary:

The Mathematics of Voting and Elections: A Hands-on Approach will help you discover answers to these and many other questions. Easily accessible to anyone interested in the subject, the book requires virtually no prior mathematical experience beyond basic arithmetic, and includes numerous examples and discussions regarding actual elections from politics and popular culture.

Download or read The Mathematics of Voting and Elections book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). The Mathematics of Voting and Elections: A Hands-on Approach will help you discover answers to these and many other questions. Easily accessible to anyone interested in the subject, the book requires virtually no prior mathematical experience beyond basic arithmetic, and includes numerous examples and discussions regarding actual elections from politics and popular culture.


Computational Models in Architecture

Computational Models in Architecture [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Nikola Marinčić
Editor: Birkhäuser
ISBN-10: 3035618623
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Computational Models in Architecture by Nikola Marinčić Book Summary:

This scientific work focuses on computer-aided computational models in architecture. The author initially investigates established computational models and then expands these with newer approaches to modeling. In his research the author integrates approaches to analytical philosophy, probability theory, formal logic, quantum physics, abstract algebra, computer-aided design, computer graphics, glossematics, machine learning, architecture, and others. For researchers in the fields of information technology and architecture.

Download or read Computational Models in Architecture book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This scientific work focuses on computer-aided computational models in architecture. The author initially investigates established computational models and then expands these with newer approaches to modeling. In his research the author integrates approaches to analytical philosophy, probability theory, formal logic, quantum physics, abstract algebra, computer-aided design, computer graphics, glossematics, machine learning, architecture, and others. For researchers in the fields of information technology and architecture.


Fractional Fields and Applications

Fractional Fields and Applications [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Serge Cohen,Jacques Istas
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN-10: 3642367399
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Fractional Fields and Applications by Serge Cohen,Jacques Istas Book Summary:

This book focuses mainly on fractional Brownian fields and their extensions. It has been used to teach graduate students at Grenoble and Toulouse's Universities. It is as self-contained as possible and contains numerous exercises, with solutions in an appendix. After a foreword by Stéphane Jaffard, a long first chapter is devoted to classical results from stochastic fields and fractal analysis. A central notion throughout this book is self-similarity, which is dealt with in a second chapter with a particular emphasis on the celebrated Gaussian self-similar fields, called fractional Brownian fields after Mandelbrot and Van Ness's seminal paper. Fundamental properties of fractional Brownian fields are then stated and proved. The second central notion of this book is the so-called local asymptotic self-similarity (in short lass), which is a local version of self-similarity, defined in the third chapter. A lengthy study is devoted to lass fields with finite variance. Among these lass fields, we find both Gaussian fields and non-Gaussian fields, called Lévy fields. The Lévy fields can be viewed as bridges between fractional Brownian fields and stable self-similar fields. A further key issue concerns the identification of fractional parameters. This is the raison d'être of the statistics chapter, where generalized quadratic variations methods are mainly used for estimating fractional parameters. Last but not least, the simulation is addressed in the last chapter. Unlike the previous issues, the simulation of fractional fields is still an area of ongoing research. The algorithms presented in this chapter are efficient but do not claim to close the debate.

Download or read Fractional Fields and Applications book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This book focuses mainly on fractional Brownian fields and their extensions. It has been used to teach graduate students at Grenoble and Toulouse's Universities. It is as self-contained as possible and contains numerous exercises, with solutions in an appendix. After a foreword by Stéphane Jaffard, a long first chapter is devoted to classical results from stochastic fields and fractal analysis. A central notion throughout this book is self-similarity, which is dealt with in a second chapter with a particular emphasis on the celebrated Gaussian self-similar fields, called fractional Brownian fields after Mandelbrot and Van Ness's seminal paper. Fundamental properties of fractional Brownian fields are then stated and proved. The second central notion of this book is the so-called local asymptotic self-similarity (in short lass), which is a local version of self-similarity, defined in the third chapter. A lengthy study is devoted to lass fields with finite variance. Among these lass fields, we find both Gaussian fields and non-Gaussian fields, called Lévy fields. The Lévy fields can be viewed as bridges between fractional Brownian fields and stable self-similar fields. A further key issue concerns the identification of fractional parameters. This is the raison d'être of the statistics chapter, where generalized quadratic variations methods are mainly used for estimating fractional parameters. Last but not least, the simulation is addressed in the last chapter. Unlike the previous issues, the simulation of fractional fields is still an area of ongoing research. The algorithms presented in this chapter are efficient but do not claim to close the debate.


Machine Learning for Spatial Environmental Data

Machine Learning for Spatial Environmental Data [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Mikhail Kanevski,Vadim Timonin,Alexi Pozdnukhov
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN-10: 1439808082
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Machine Learning for Spatial Environmental Data by Mikhail Kanevski,Vadim Timonin,Alexi Pozdnukhov Book Summary:

This book discusses machine learning algorithms, such as artificial neural networks of different architectures, statistical learning theory, and Support Vector Machines used for the classification and mapping of spatially distributed data. It presents basic geostatistical algorithms as well. The authors describe new trends in machine learning and their application to spatial data. The text also includes real case studies based on environmental and pollution data. It includes a CD-ROM with software that will allow both students and researchers to put the concepts to practice.

Download or read Machine Learning for Spatial Environmental Data book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This book discusses machine learning algorithms, such as artificial neural networks of different architectures, statistical learning theory, and Support Vector Machines used for the classification and mapping of spatially distributed data. It presents basic geostatistical algorithms as well. The authors describe new trends in machine learning and their application to spatial data. The text also includes real case studies based on environmental and pollution data. It includes a CD-ROM with software that will allow both students and researchers to put the concepts to practice.


New Trends in Approximation Theory

New Trends in Approximation Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Javad Mashreghi,Myrto Manolaki,Paul Gauthier
Editor: Springer
ISBN-10: 1493975439
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New Trends in Approximation Theory by Javad Mashreghi,Myrto Manolaki,Paul Gauthier Book Summary:

The international conference entitled "New Trends in Approximation Theory" was held at the Fields Institute, in Toronto, from July 25 until July 29, 2016. The conference was fondly dedicated to the memory of our unique friend and colleague, André Boivin, who gave tireless service in Canada until his very last moment of his life in October 2014. The impact of his warm personality and his fine work on Complex Approximation Theory was reflected by the mathematical excellence and the wide research range of the 37 participants. In total there were 27 talks, delivered by well-established mathematicians and young researchers. In particular, 19 invited lectures were delivered by leading experts of the field, from 8 different countries. The wide variety of presentations composed a mosaic of aspects of approximation theory, highlighting interesting connections with important contemporary areas of Analysis. Primary topics discussed include application of approximation theory (isoperimetric inequalities, construction of entire order-isomorphisms, dynamical sampling); approximation by harmonic and holomorphic functions (especially uniform and tangential approximation), polynomial and rational approximation; zeros of approximants and zero-free approximation; tools used in approximation theory; approximation on complex manifolds, in product domains, and in function spaces; and boundary behaviour and universality properties of Taylor and Dirichlet series.

Download or read New Trends in Approximation Theory book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). The international conference entitled "New Trends in Approximation Theory" was held at the Fields Institute, in Toronto, from July 25 until July 29, 2016. The conference was fondly dedicated to the memory of our unique friend and colleague, André Boivin, who gave tireless service in Canada until his very last moment of his life in October 2014. The impact of his warm personality and his fine work on Complex Approximation Theory was reflected by the mathematical excellence and the wide research range of the 37 participants. In total there were 27 talks, delivered by well-established mathematicians and young researchers. In particular, 19 invited lectures were delivered by leading experts of the field, from 8 different countries. The wide variety of presentations composed a mosaic of aspects of approximation theory, highlighting interesting connections with important contemporary areas of Analysis. Primary topics discussed include application of approximation theory (isoperimetric inequalities, construction of entire order-isomorphisms, dynamical sampling); approximation by harmonic and holomorphic functions (especially uniform and tangential approximation), polynomial and rational approximation; zeros of approximants and zero-free approximation; tools used in approximation theory; approximation on complex manifolds, in product domains, and in function spaces; and boundary behaviour and universality properties of Taylor and Dirichlet series.


Applications of Fibonacci Numbers

Applications of Fibonacci Numbers [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: G.E. Bergum,Andreas N. Philippou,Alwyn F. Horadam
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN-10: 9401150206
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Applications of Fibonacci Numbers by G.E. Bergum,Andreas N. Philippou,Alwyn F. Horadam Book Summary:

Proceedings of `The Seventh International Research Conference on Fibonacci Numbers and Their Applications', Technische Universität, Graz, Austria, July 15-19, 1996

Download or read Applications of Fibonacci Numbers book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Proceedings of `The Seventh International Research Conference on Fibonacci Numbers and Their Applications', Technische Universität, Graz, Austria, July 15-19, 1996


Effective Computational Methods for Wave Propagation

Effective Computational Methods for Wave Propagation [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Nikolaos A. Kampanis,Vassilios Dougalis,John A. Ekaterinaris
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN-10: 9781420010879
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Effective Computational Methods for Wave Propagation by Nikolaos A. Kampanis,Vassilios Dougalis,John A. Ekaterinaris Book Summary:

Due to the increase in computational power and new discoveries in propagation phenomena for linear and nonlinear waves, the area of computational wave propagation has become more significant in recent years. Exploring the latest developments in the field, Effective Computational Methods for Wave Propagation presents several modern, valuable computational methods used to describe wave propagation phenomena in selected areas of physics and technology. Featuring contributions from internationally known experts, the book is divided into four parts. It begins with the simulation of nonlinear dispersive waves from nonlinear optics and the theory and numerical analysis of Boussinesq systems. The next section focuses on computational approaches, including a finite element method and parabolic equation techniques, for mathematical models of underwater sound propagation and scattering. The book then offers a comprehensive introduction to modern numerical methods for time-dependent elastic wave propagation. The final part supplies an overview of high-order, low diffusion numerical methods for complex, compressible flows of aerodynamics. Concentrating on physics and technology, this volume provides the necessary computational methods to effectively tackle the sources of problems that involve some type of wave motion.

Download or read Effective Computational Methods for Wave Propagation book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Due to the increase in computational power and new discoveries in propagation phenomena for linear and nonlinear waves, the area of computational wave propagation has become more significant in recent years. Exploring the latest developments in the field, Effective Computational Methods for Wave Propagation presents several modern, valuable computational methods used to describe wave propagation phenomena in selected areas of physics and technology. Featuring contributions from internationally known experts, the book is divided into four parts. It begins with the simulation of nonlinear dispersive waves from nonlinear optics and the theory and numerical analysis of Boussinesq systems. The next section focuses on computational approaches, including a finite element method and parabolic equation techniques, for mathematical models of underwater sound propagation and scattering. The book then offers a comprehensive introduction to modern numerical methods for time-dependent elastic wave propagation. The final part supplies an overview of high-order, low diffusion numerical methods for complex, compressible flows of aerodynamics. Concentrating on physics and technology, this volume provides the necessary computational methods to effectively tackle the sources of problems that involve some type of wave motion.


Species Concepts in Biology

Species Concepts in Biology [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Frank E. Zachos
Editor: Springer
ISBN-10: 3319449664
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Species Concepts in Biology by Frank E. Zachos Book Summary:

Frank E. Zachos offers a comprehensive review of one of today’s most important and contentious issues in biology: the species problem. After setting the stage with key background information on the topic, the book provides a brief history of species concepts from antiquity to the Modern Synthesis, followed by a discussion of the ontological status of species with a focus on the individuality thesis and potential means of reconciling it with other philosophical approaches. More than 30 different species concepts found in the literature are presented in an annotated list, and the most important ones, including the Biological, Genetic, Evolutionary and different versions of the Phylogenetic Species Concept, are discussed in more detail. Specific questions addressed include the problem of asexual and prokaryotic species, intraspecific categories like subspecies and Evolutionarily Significant Units, and a potential solution to the species problem based on a hierarchical approach that distinguishes between ontological and operational species concepts. A full chapter is dedicated to the challenge of delimiting species by means of a discrete taxonomy in a continuous world of inherently fuzzy boundaries. Further, the book outlines the practical ramifications for ecology and evolutionary biology of how we define the species category, highlighting the danger of an apples and oranges problem if what we subsume under the same name (“species”) is in actuality a variety of different entities. A succinct summary chapter, glossary and annotated list of references round out the coverage, making the book essential reading for all biologists looking for an accessible introduction to the historical, philosophical and practical dimensions of the species problem.

Download or read Species Concepts in Biology book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Frank E. Zachos offers a comprehensive review of one of today’s most important and contentious issues in biology: the species problem. After setting the stage with key background information on the topic, the book provides a brief history of species concepts from antiquity to the Modern Synthesis, followed by a discussion of the ontological status of species with a focus on the individuality thesis and potential means of reconciling it with other philosophical approaches. More than 30 different species concepts found in the literature are presented in an annotated list, and the most important ones, including the Biological, Genetic, Evolutionary and different versions of the Phylogenetic Species Concept, are discussed in more detail. Specific questions addressed include the problem of asexual and prokaryotic species, intraspecific categories like subspecies and Evolutionarily Significant Units, and a potential solution to the species problem based on a hierarchical approach that distinguishes between ontological and operational species concepts. A full chapter is dedicated to the challenge of delimiting species by means of a discrete taxonomy in a continuous world of inherently fuzzy boundaries. Further, the book outlines the practical ramifications for ecology and evolutionary biology of how we define the species category, highlighting the danger of an apples and oranges problem if what we subsume under the same name (“species”) is in actuality a variety of different entities. A succinct summary chapter, glossary and annotated list of references round out the coverage, making the book essential reading for all biologists looking for an accessible introduction to the historical, philosophical and practical dimensions of the species problem.


From Models to Simulations

From Models to Simulations [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Franck Varenne
Editor: Routledge
ISBN-10: 1351660934
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From Models to Simulations by Franck Varenne Book Summary:

This book analyses the impact computerization has had on contemporary science and explains the origins, technical nature and epistemological consequences of the current decisive interplay between technology and science: an intertwining of formalism, computation, data acquisition, data and visualization and how these factors have led to the spread of simulation models since the 1950s. Using historical, comparative and interpretative case studies from a range of disciplines, with a particular emphasis on the case of plant studies, the author shows how and why computers, data treatment devices and programming languages have occasioned a gradual but irresistible and massive shift from mathematical models to computer simulations.

Download or read From Models to Simulations book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This book analyses the impact computerization has had on contemporary science and explains the origins, technical nature and epistemological consequences of the current decisive interplay between technology and science: an intertwining of formalism, computation, data acquisition, data and visualization and how these factors have led to the spread of simulation models since the 1950s. Using historical, comparative and interpretative case studies from a range of disciplines, with a particular emphasis on the case of plant studies, the author shows how and why computers, data treatment devices and programming languages have occasioned a gradual but irresistible and massive shift from mathematical models to computer simulations.


College Geometry

College Geometry [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: David C. Kay
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN-10: 1439895228
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College Geometry by David C. Kay Book Summary:

Designed for mathematics majors and other students who intend to teach mathematics at the secondary school level, College Geometry: A Unified Development unifies the three classical geometries within an axiomatic framework. The author develops the axioms to include Euclidean, elliptic, and hyperbolic geometry, showing how geometry has real and far-

Download or read College Geometry book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Designed for mathematics majors and other students who intend to teach mathematics at the secondary school level, College Geometry: A Unified Development unifies the three classical geometries within an axiomatic framework. The author develops the axioms to include Euclidean, elliptic, and hyperbolic geometry, showing how geometry has real and far-


Function Theory on Symplectic Manifolds

Function Theory on Symplectic Manifolds [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Leonid Polterovich,Daniel Rosen
Editor: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN-10: 147041693X
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Function Theory on Symplectic Manifolds by Leonid Polterovich,Daniel Rosen Book Summary:

This is a book on symplectic topology, a rapidly developing field of mathematics which originated as a geometric tool for problems of classical mechanics. Since the 1980s, powerful methods such as Gromov's pseudo-holomorphic curves and Morse-Floer theory on loop spaces gave rise to the discovery of unexpected symplectic phenomena. The present book focuses on function spaces associated with a symplectic manifold. A number of recent advances show that these spaces exhibit intriguing properties and structures, giving rise to an alternative intuition and new tools in symplectic topology. The book provides an essentially self-contained introduction into these developments along with applications to symplectic topology, algebra and geometry of symplectomorphism groups, Hamiltonian dynamics and quantum mechanics. It will appeal to researchers and students from the graduate level onwards. I like the spirit of this book. It formulates concepts clearly and explains the relationship between them. The subject matter is important and interesting. --Dusa McDuff, Barnard College, Columbia University This is a very important book, coming at the right moment. The book is a remarkable mix of introductory chapters and research topics at the very forefront of actual research. It is full of cross fertilizations of different theories, and will be useful to Ph.D. students and researchers in symplectic geometry as well as to many researchers in other fields (geometric group theory, functional analysis, mathematical quantum mechanics). It is also perfectly suited for a Ph.D.-students seminar. --Felix Schlenk, Universite de Neuchatel

Download or read Function Theory on Symplectic Manifolds book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This is a book on symplectic topology, a rapidly developing field of mathematics which originated as a geometric tool for problems of classical mechanics. Since the 1980s, powerful methods such as Gromov's pseudo-holomorphic curves and Morse-Floer theory on loop spaces gave rise to the discovery of unexpected symplectic phenomena. The present book focuses on function spaces associated with a symplectic manifold. A number of recent advances show that these spaces exhibit intriguing properties and structures, giving rise to an alternative intuition and new tools in symplectic topology. The book provides an essentially self-contained introduction into these developments along with applications to symplectic topology, algebra and geometry of symplectomorphism groups, Hamiltonian dynamics and quantum mechanics. It will appeal to researchers and students from the graduate level onwards. I like the spirit of this book. It formulates concepts clearly and explains the relationship between them. The subject matter is important and interesting. --Dusa McDuff, Barnard College, Columbia University This is a very important book, coming at the right moment. The book is a remarkable mix of introductory chapters and research topics at the very forefront of actual research. It is full of cross fertilizations of different theories, and will be useful to Ph.D. students and researchers in symplectic geometry as well as to many researchers in other fields (geometric group theory, functional analysis, mathematical quantum mechanics). It is also perfectly suited for a Ph.D.-students seminar. --Felix Schlenk, Universite de Neuchatel


Geostatistics for Environmental Scientists

Geostatistics for Environmental Scientists [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Richard Webster,Margaret A. Oliver
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN-10: 9780470517260
Size: 433 kb
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Geostatistics for Environmental Scientists by Richard Webster,Margaret A. Oliver Book Summary:

Geostatistics is essential for environmental scientists. Weather and climate vary from place to place, soil varies at every scale at which it is examined, and even man-made attributes – such as the distribution of pollution – vary. The techniques used in geostatistics are ideally suited to the needs of environmental scientists, who use them to make the best of sparse data for prediction, and top plan future surveys when resources are limited. Geostatistical technology has advanced much in the last few years and many of these developments are being incorporated into the practitioner’s repertoire. This second edition describes these techniques for environmental scientists. Topics such as stochastic simulation, sampling, data screening, spatial covariances, the variogram and its modeling, and spatial prediction by kriging are described in rich detail. At each stage the underlying theory is fully explained, and the rationale behind the choices given, allowing the reader to appreciate the assumptions and constraints involved.

Download or read Geostatistics for Environmental Scientists book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Geostatistics is essential for environmental scientists. Weather and climate vary from place to place, soil varies at every scale at which it is examined, and even man-made attributes – such as the distribution of pollution – vary. The techniques used in geostatistics are ideally suited to the needs of environmental scientists, who use them to make the best of sparse data for prediction, and top plan future surveys when resources are limited. Geostatistical technology has advanced much in the last few years and many of these developments are being incorporated into the practitioner’s repertoire. This second edition describes these techniques for environmental scientists. Topics such as stochastic simulation, sampling, data screening, spatial covariances, the variogram and its modeling, and spatial prediction by kriging are described in rich detail. At each stage the underlying theory is fully explained, and the rationale behind the choices given, allowing the reader to appreciate the assumptions and constraints involved.


Advances in Natural Language Processing

Advances in Natural Language Processing [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Elisabete Ranchod,Nuno J. Mamede
Editor: Springer
ISBN-10: 3540454330
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Advances in Natural Language Processing by Elisabete Ranchod,Nuno J. Mamede Book Summary:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference PorTAL 2002 - Portugal for Natural Language Processing, held in Faro, Portugal, in June 2002.The 23 reviewed regular papers and 11 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 48 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on pragmatics, discourse, semantics, and the lexicon; interpreting and generating spoken and written language; language-oriented information retrieval, question answering, summarization, and information extraction; language-oriented machine learning; multi-lingual processing, machine translation, and translation aids; natural language interfaces and dialogue systems; tools and resources; and evaluation of systems.

Download or read Advances in Natural Language Processing book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference PorTAL 2002 - Portugal for Natural Language Processing, held in Faro, Portugal, in June 2002.The 23 reviewed regular papers and 11 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 48 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on pragmatics, discourse, semantics, and the lexicon; interpreting and generating spoken and written language; language-oriented information retrieval, question answering, summarization, and information extraction; language-oriented machine learning; multi-lingual processing, machine translation, and translation aids; natural language interfaces and dialogue systems; tools and resources; and evaluation of systems.


Never a Dull Moment

Never a Dull Moment [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Keith Kendig
Editor: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN-10: 1470448289
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Never a Dull Moment by Keith Kendig Book Summary:

Hassler Whitney was a giant of twentieth-century mathematics. This biography paints a picture of him and includes dozens of revealing anecdotes. Mathematically, he had a rare detector that went off whenever he spotted a piece of mathematical gold, and he would then draw countless pictures, gradually forging a path from hunch to proof. This geometric path is seldom reflected in the rigor of his formal papers, but thanks to a close friendship and many conversations over decades, author Kendig was able to see how he actually worked. This book shows this through accessible accounts of his major mathematical contributions, with figures copiously supplied. Whitney is probably best known for introducing the grandfather of today's innumerable embedding theorems--his strong embedding theorem stating that any smooth manifold can be smoothly embedded in a Euclidean space of twice the manifold's dimension. This in turn led to several standard techniques used every day in algebraic topology. Whitney also established the fundamentals of graph theory, the four-color problem, matroids, extending smooth functions, and singularities of smooth functions. He almost never used complicated technical machinery, so most of his work is accessible to a general reader with a modest mathematical background. His math-music connection was intense: He played piano, violin, and viola and won ``best composition of the year'' while earning a Bachelor's degree in music at Yale. He was an accomplished mountain climber, and as a tinkerer, at age sixteen he built the large-format camera used to take this book's cover photograph. Whitney's family generously provided dozens of photographs appearing here for the very first time. This biography is a revealing portrait of a fascinating personality and a titan of twentieth-century mathematics.

Download or read Never a Dull Moment book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Hassler Whitney was a giant of twentieth-century mathematics. This biography paints a picture of him and includes dozens of revealing anecdotes. Mathematically, he had a rare detector that went off whenever he spotted a piece of mathematical gold, and he would then draw countless pictures, gradually forging a path from hunch to proof. This geometric path is seldom reflected in the rigor of his formal papers, but thanks to a close friendship and many conversations over decades, author Kendig was able to see how he actually worked. This book shows this through accessible accounts of his major mathematical contributions, with figures copiously supplied. Whitney is probably best known for introducing the grandfather of today's innumerable embedding theorems--his strong embedding theorem stating that any smooth manifold can be smoothly embedded in a Euclidean space of twice the manifold's dimension. This in turn led to several standard techniques used every day in algebraic topology. Whitney also established the fundamentals of graph theory, the four-color problem, matroids, extending smooth functions, and singularities of smooth functions. He almost never used complicated technical machinery, so most of his work is accessible to a general reader with a modest mathematical background. His math-music connection was intense: He played piano, violin, and viola and won ``best composition of the year'' while earning a Bachelor's degree in music at Yale. He was an accomplished mountain climber, and as a tinkerer, at age sixteen he built the large-format camera used to take this book's cover photograph. Whitney's family generously provided dozens of photographs appearing here for the very first time. This biography is a revealing portrait of a fascinating personality and a titan of twentieth-century mathematics.


Tools and Mathematics

Tools and Mathematics [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: John Monaghan,Luc Trouche,Jonathan M. Borwein
Editor: Springer
ISBN-10: 3319023969
Size: 1201 kb
Format File: Pdf
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Tools and Mathematics by John Monaghan,Luc Trouche,Jonathan M. Borwein Book Summary:

This book is an exploration of tools and mathematics and issues in mathematics education related to tool use. The book has five parts. The first part reflects on doing a mathematical task with different tools, followed by a mathematician's account of tool use in his work. The second considers prehistory and history: tools in the development from ape to human; tools and mathematics in the ancient world; tools for calculating; and tools in mathematics instruction. The third part opens with a broad review of technology and intellectual trends, circa 1970, and continues with three case studies of approaches in mathematics education and the place of tools in these approaches. The fourth part considers issues related to mathematics instructions: curriculum, assessment and policy; the calculator debate; mathematics in the real world; and teachers' use of technology. The final part looks to the future: task and tool design and new forms of activity via connectivity and computer games.

Download or read Tools and Mathematics book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This book is an exploration of tools and mathematics and issues in mathematics education related to tool use. The book has five parts. The first part reflects on doing a mathematical task with different tools, followed by a mathematician's account of tool use in his work. The second considers prehistory and history: tools in the development from ape to human; tools and mathematics in the ancient world; tools for calculating; and tools in mathematics instruction. The third part opens with a broad review of technology and intellectual trends, circa 1970, and continues with three case studies of approaches in mathematics education and the place of tools in these approaches. The fourth part considers issues related to mathematics instructions: curriculum, assessment and policy; the calculator debate; mathematics in the real world; and teachers' use of technology. The final part looks to the future: task and tool design and new forms of activity via connectivity and computer games.


Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2004

Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2004 [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Jirí Fiala,Václav Koubek,Jan Kratochvíl
Editor: Springer
ISBN-10: 3540286292
Size: 1069 kb
Format File: Pdf
Read: 1069

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Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2004 by Jirí Fiala,Václav Koubek,Jan Kratochvíl Book Summary:

This volume contains the papers presented at the 29th Symposium on Mat- matical Foundations of Computer Science, MFCS 2004, held in Prague, Czech Republic, August 22–27, 2004. The conference was organized by the Institute for Theoretical Computer Science (ITI) and the Department of Theoretical Com- terScienceandMathematicalLogic(KTIML)oftheFacultyofMathematicsand Physics of Charles University in Prague. It was supported in part by the Eu- pean Association for Theoretical Computer Science (EATCS) and the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics (ERCIM). Traditionally, the MFCS symposia encourage high-quality research in all branches of theoretical computer science. Ranging in scope from automata, f- mal languages, data structures, algorithms and computational geometry to c- plexitytheory,modelsofcomputation,andapplicationsincludingcomputational biology, cryptography, security and arti?cial intelligence, the conference o?ers a unique opportunity to researchers from diverse areas to meet and present their results to a general audience. The scienti?c program of this year’s MFCS took place in the lecture halls of the recently reconstructed building of the Faculty of Mathematics and P- sics in the historical center of Prague, with the famous Prague Castle and other celebratedhistoricalmonumentsinsight.Theviewfromthewindowswasach- lengingcompetitionforthespeakersinthe?ghtfortheattentionoftheaudience. But we did not fear the result: Due to the unusually tough competition for this year’s MFCS, the admitted presentations certainly attracted considerable in- rest. The conference program (and the proceedings) consisted of 60 contributed papers selected by the Program Committee from a total of 167 submissions.

Download or read Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2004 book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This volume contains the papers presented at the 29th Symposium on Mat- matical Foundations of Computer Science, MFCS 2004, held in Prague, Czech Republic, August 22–27, 2004. The conference was organized by the Institute for Theoretical Computer Science (ITI) and the Department of Theoretical Com- terScienceandMathematicalLogic(KTIML)oftheFacultyofMathematicsand Physics of Charles University in Prague. It was supported in part by the Eu- pean Association for Theoretical Computer Science (EATCS) and the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics (ERCIM). Traditionally, the MFCS symposia encourage high-quality research in all branches of theoretical computer science. Ranging in scope from automata, f- mal languages, data structures, algorithms and computational geometry to c- plexitytheory,modelsofcomputation,andapplicationsincludingcomputational biology, cryptography, security and arti?cial intelligence, the conference o?ers a unique opportunity to researchers from diverse areas to meet and present their results to a general audience. The scienti?c program of this year’s MFCS took place in the lecture halls of the recently reconstructed building of the Faculty of Mathematics and P- sics in the historical center of Prague, with the famous Prague Castle and other celebratedhistoricalmonumentsinsight.Theviewfromthewindowswasach- lengingcompetitionforthespeakersinthe?ghtfortheattentionoftheaudience. But we did not fear the result: Due to the unusually tough competition for this year’s MFCS, the admitted presentations certainly attracted considerable in- rest. The conference program (and the proceedings) consisted of 60 contributed papers selected by the Program Committee from a total of 167 submissions.