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Launching The War On Poverty An Oral History

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Launching the War on Poverty

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Launching the War on Poverty by Michael L. Gillette Book Summary:

Head Start, Job Corps, Foster Grandparents, College Work-Study, VISTA, Community Action, and the Legal Services Corporation are familiar programs, but their tumultuous beginning has been largely forgotten. Conceived amid the daring idealism of the 1960s, these programs originated as weapons in Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty, an offensive spearheaded by a controversial new government agency. Within months, the Office of Economic Opportunity created an array of unconventional initiatives that empowered the poor, challenged the established order, and ultimately transformed the nation's attitudes toward poverty. In Launching the War on Poverty, historian Michael L. Gillette weaves together oral history interviews with the architects of the Great Society's boldest experiment. Forty-nine former poverty warriors, including Sargent Shriver, Adam Yarmolinsky, and Lawrence F. O'Brien, recount this inside story of unprecedented governmental innovation. The interviews capture the excitement and heady optimism of Americans in the 1960s along with their conflicts and disillusionment. This new edition of Launching the War on Poverty adds the voice of Lyndon Johnson to the story with excerpts from his recently-released White House telephone conversations. In these colorful and brutally candid conversations, LBJ exercises his full arsenal of presidential powers, political leverage, and legendary persuasiveness to win one of his most difficult legislative battles. The second edition also documents how the OEO's offspring survived their volatile origins to become broadly supported features of domestic policy.

Launching the War on Poverty

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Launching the War on Poverty by Michael L. Gillette Book Summary:

The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 was one of the great legislative triumphs of Lyndon Johnson's presidency. In Launching the War on Poverty, forty-nine veterans of this unprecedented legislative effort tell their stories, offering a fascinating inside look at how Community Action, Head Start, the Job Corps, Legal Services, and other efforts went from brainstorming sessions in Washington to real-life programs in low-income neighborhoods throughout the nation. As the interviews reveal the idealism of the 1960s, they also capture the excitement and disappointment, the determination and doubt, the cut-and-thrust of American lawmaking, and the sheer force of the personalities involved. This second edition offers a new introduction that shows how many of these programs survived a volatile beginning to become accepted, permanent elements of domestic policy. In addition, the book now includes transcripts of Johnson's pivotal phone conversations, underscoring the president's determination and resourcefulness, his judgments of personnel and programs, and his sensitivity to political fallout. There is an updated bibliography with a list of web and archival sources on the War on Poverty.

Lady Bird Johnson

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Lady Bird Johnson by Michael L. Gillette Book Summary:

A fascinating look at the life of Lady Bird Johnson draws largely on 47 recorded oral history interviews, conducted by the author and his colleagues over a span of 18 years.

The Birth of Head Start

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The Birth of Head Start by Maris A. Vinovskis Book Summary:

One of the most popular and enduring legacies of President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society programs, Project Head Start continues to support young children of low-income families-close to one million annually-by providing a range of developmental and educational services. Yet as Head Start reaches its fortieth anniversary, debates over the function and scope of this federal program persist. Although the program's importance is unquestioned across party lines, the direction of its future—whether toward a greater focus on school readiness and literacy or the continuation of a holistic approach-remains a point of contention. Policymakers proposing to reform Head Start often invoke its origins to justify their position, but until now no comprehensive political history of the program has existed. Maris A. Vinovskis here provides an in-depth look at the nation's largest and best known—yet politically challenged—early education program. The Birth of Head Start sets the record straight on the program's intended aims, documenting key decisions made during its formative years. While previous accounts of Head Start have neglected the contributions of important participants such as federal education officials and members of Congress, Vinovskis's history is the first to consider the relationship between politics and policymaking and how this interaction has shaped the program. This thorough and incisive book will be essential for policymakers and legislators interested in prekindergarten education and will inform future discussions on early intervention services for disadvantaged children.

The Wonder of Their Voices

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The Wonder of Their Voices by Alan Rosen Book Summary:

Over the last several decades, video testimony with aging Holocaust survivors has brought these witnesses into the limelight. Yet the success of these projects has made it seem that little survivor testimony took place in earlier years. In truth, thousands of survivors began to recount their experience at the earliest opportunity. This book provides the first full-length case study of early postwar Holocaust testimony, focusing on David Boder's 1946 displaced persons interview project. In July 1946, Boder, a psychologist, traveled to Europe to interview victims of the Holocaust who were in the Displaced Persons (DP) camps and what he called "shelter houses." During his nine weeks in Europe, Boder carried out approximately 130 interviews in nine languages and recorded them on a wire recorder. Likely the earliest audio recorded testimony of Holocaust survivors, the interviews are valuable today for the spoken word (that of the DP narrators and of Boder himself) and also for the song sessions and religious services that Boder recorded. Eighty sessions were eventually transcribed into English, most of which were included in a self-published manuscript. Alan Rosen sets Boder's project in the context of the postwar response to displaced persons, sketches the dramatic background of his previous life and work, chronicles in detail the evolving process of interviewing both Jewish and non-Jewish DPs, and examines from several angles the implications for the history of Holocaust testimony. Such early postwar testimony, Rosen avers, deserves to be taken on its own terms rather than to be enfolded into earlier or later schemas of testimony. Moreover, Boder's efforts and the support he was given for them demonstrate that American postwar response to the Holocaust was not universally indifferent but rather often engaged, concerned, and resourceful.

The Poverty Law Canon

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The Poverty Law Canon by Ezra Rosser Book Summary:

Engaging narratives that move beyond the final opinions of the Supreme Court to reveal the people and stories behind key poverty-law cases of the last 50 years

Thinking Small

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Thinking Small by Daniel Immerwahr Book Summary:

Daniel Immerwahr tells how the United States sought to rescue the world from poverty through small-scale, community-based approaches. He also sounds a warning: such strategies, now again in vogue, have been tried before, alongside grander moderization schemes—with often disastrous consequences as self-help gave way to crushing local oppression.

Power to the Poor

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Power to the Poor by Gordon K. Mantler Book Summary:

The Poor People's Campaign of 1968 has long been overshadowed by the assassination of its architect, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., and the political turmoil of that year. In a major reinterpretation of civil rights and Chicano movement history, Gordon K. Mantler demonstrates how King's unfinished crusade became the era's most high-profile attempt at multiracial collaboration and sheds light on the interdependent relationship between racial identity and political coalition among African Americans and Mexican Americans. Mantler argues that while the fight against poverty held great potential for black-brown cooperation, such efforts also exposed the complex dynamics between the nation's two largest minority groups. Drawing on oral histories, archives, periodicals, and FBI surveillance files, Mantler paints a rich portrait of the campaign and the larger antipoverty work from which it emerged, including the labor activism of Cesar Chavez, opposition of Black and Chicano Power to state violence in Chicago and Denver, and advocacy for Mexican American land-grant rights in New Mexico. Ultimately, Mantler challenges readers to rethink the multiracial history of the long civil rights movement and the difficulty of sustaining political coalitions.

The Music Has Gone Out of the Movement

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The Music Has Gone Out of the Movement by David C. Carter Book Summary:

After the passage of sweeping civil rights and voting rights legislation in 1964 and 1965, the civil rights movement stood poised to build on considerable momentum. In a famous speech at Howard University in 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson declared that victory in the next battle for civil rights would be measured in "equal results" rather than equal rights and opportunities. It seemed that for a brief moment the White House and champions of racial equality shared the same objectives and priorities. Finding common ground proved elusive, however, in a climate of growing social and political unrest marked by urban riots, the Vietnam War, and resurgent conservatism. Examining grassroots movements and organizations and their complicated relationships with the federal government and state authorities between 1965 and 1968, David C. Carter takes readers through the inner workings of local civil rights coalitions as they tried to maintain strength within their organizations while facing both overt and subtle opposition from state and federal officials. He also highlights internal debates and divisions within the White House and the executive branch, demonstrating that the federal government's relationship to the movement and its major goals was never as clear-cut as the president's progressive rhetoric suggested. Carter reveals the complex and often tense relationships between the Johnson administration and activist groups advocating further social change, and he extends the traditional timeline of the civil rights movement beyond the passage of the Voting Rights Act.

Building the Beloved Community

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Building the Beloved Community by Stanley Keith Arnold Book Summary:

Inspired by Quakerism, Progressivism, the Social Gospel movement, and the theories of scholars such as W. E. B. Du Bois, Charles S. Johnson, Franz Boas, and Ruth Benedict, a determined group of Philadelphia activists sought to transform race relations. This book concentrates on these organizations: Fellowship House, the Philadelphia Housing Association, and the Fellowship Commission. While they initially focused on community-level relations, these activists became increasingly involved in building coalitions for the passage of civil rights legislation on the local, state, and national level. This historical account examines their efforts in three distinct, yet closely related areas, education, housing, and labor. Perhaps the most important aspect of this movement was its utilization of education as a weapon in the struggle against racism. Martin Luther King credited Fellowship House with introducing him to the passive resistance principle of satygraha through a Sunday afternoon forum. Philadelphia’s activists influenced the southern civil rights movement through ideas and tactics. Borrowing from Philadelphia, similar organizations would rise in cities from Kansas City to Knoxville. Their impact would have long lasting implications; the methods they pioneered would help shape contemporary multicultural education programs. Building the Beloved Community places this innovative northern civil rights struggle into a broader historical context. Through interviews, photographs, and rarely utilized primary sources, the author critically evaluates the contributions and shortcomings of this innovative approach to race relations.

Poverty in the United States

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Poverty in the United States by Gwendolyn Mink,Alice O'Connor Book Summary:

The first interdisciplinary reference to cover the socioeconomic and political history, the movements, and the changing face of poverty in the United States. Poverty in the United States: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, and Policy follows the history of poverty in the United States with an emphasis on the 20th century, and examines the evolvement of public policy and the impact of critical movements in social welfare such as the New Deal, the War on Poverty, and, more recently, the "end of welfare as we know it." Encompassing the contributions of hundreds of experts, including historians, sociologists, and political scientists, this resource provides a much broader level of information than previous, highly selective works. With approximately 300 alphabetically-organized topics, it covers topics and issues ranging from affirmative action to the Bracero Program, the Great Depression, and living wage campaigns to domestic abuse and unemployment. Other entries describe and analyze the definitions and explanations of poverty, the relationship of the welfare state to poverty, and the political responses by the poor, middle-class professionals, and the policy elite. * 300 A-Z entries on topics related to poverty and social welfare, including the political discovery of poverty, antipoverty policies, and debates about legislation * Includes five introductory chronological essays covering U.S. poverty since the colonial era, giving a historical foundation to the entries in the book * Contributions from over 200 distinguished scholars and experts * Numerous illustrations and primary source documents dispersed throughout the work

The Head Start Debates

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The Head Start Debates by Edward F. Zigler,Edward Zigler,Sally J. Styfco Book Summary:

The future of Head Start depends on how well we learn from and apply the lessons from its past. That's why everyone involved in early education needs this timely, forward-thinking book from the leader of Head Start. The first book to capture the Head Start debates in all their complexity and diversity, this landmark volume brings together the research and personal experience of 52 top experts in a wide range of fields - including education, research, medicine, and social work. This powerful compilation of voices mines Head Start's 38-year history for lessons learned, turns a critical eye on where the program is headed, and offers readers distinct and often contrasting viewpoints on three major issues: Goals - Explore three crucial questions about the goals of the program: cognitive development vs. school readiness, short-term vs. long-term progress, and Head Start as an antipoverty tool vs. Head Start as a child development program Effectiveness - Investigate the impact of Head Start on children's literacy, cognitive skills, health, school readiness and success, and parent participation - and learn how research might be improved so outcomes can be assessed more accurately Future di

Something Better for My Children

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Something Better for My Children by Kay Mills Book Summary:

"Something Better for my Children" shows the human side of the Head Start program. To learn what really goes on in Head Start centers, Kay Mills visited programs around the country, from inner-city Los Angeles to an Indian reservation in Montana. Mills provides a revealing look at what Head Start has accomplished, answering questions about what has worked, what hasn't, and why. Thorough in its explanation of history and policy, "Something Better for my Children" is an important and timely book for anyone with an interest in the betterment of our nation's future.

The Great Society

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The Great Society by Craig E. Blohm Book Summary:

Describes Lyndon Johnson's efforts to better the lives of poor Americans through his War on Poverty.

History in Dispute: American social and political movements, 1900-1945 : pursuit of liberty

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History in Dispute: American social and political movements, 1900-1945 : pursuit of liberty by Benjamin Frankel Book Summary:

Addresses heavily debated questions by offering different critical perspectives on major historical events, drawn from all time periods and from all parts of the globe. This volume covers American social and political movements, 1945-2000. Provides students with an enhanced understanding of events only summarized in history texts, helps stimulate critical thinking and provides ideas for papers and assignments.

Postwar America

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Postwar America by James Ciment Book Summary:

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National Journal

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National Journal by N.A Book Summary:

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Witnesses to Nuremberg

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Witnesses to Nuremberg by Bruce M. Stave,Michele Palmer,JULIE BRUCE,Leslie Frank,MICHELE STAVE Book Summary:

& Quot;Witnesses to Nuremberg: An Oral History of American Participants at the War Crimes Trials brings this historic event into focus on a very personal level. Oral historians Bruce M. Stave and Michele Palmer, with the assistance of Leslie Frank, have conducted a series of interviews with Americans who were involved in the trials and, through eleven compelling oral histories, get behind the scenes to recreate the American community at Nuremberg. These first person accounts humanize history as readers share the experiences of American prosecutors, security personnel, journalists, and even the architect who designed the courtroom. Since the interviewees represent average people and not the "stars" of Nuremberg, their voices speak directly to the reader in terms that a modern audience can understand." "This latest addition to Twayne's Oral History Series allows us to come face-to-face with the Nazi defendants, learn about interactions with ordinary German citizens, and reflect upon the meaning of justice in the post-World War II world. Suitable for the classroom as well as the general reader, this volume recreates a historic reckoning that the world can ill afford to forget."--Jacket.

Poverty, Chastity, and Change

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Poverty, Chastity, and Change by Carole G. Rogers Book Summary:

Describes changes that have come since the 1960s as nuns talk about the move from a life of rigid seclusion to one of responsible freedom during an era of tremendous change

Winter Soldiers

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Winter Soldiers by Richard Stacewicz Book Summary:

"Bringing together the voices of more than thirty former and current members of the VVAW, oral historian Richard Stacewicz offers an eloquent account of the impact of the war on the lives of individuals and the nation."--Jacket.

Poverty and Culture

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Poverty and Culture by Mark Krasovic Book Summary:

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The Filson History Quarterly

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The Filson History Quarterly by N.A Book Summary:

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Term Paper Resource Guide to African American History

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Term Paper Resource Guide to African American History by Caryn E. Neumann Book Summary:

An overview of African American history designed for writers of term papers offers brief summaries of one hundred events, with suggested research questions and lists of sources for each topic.

Community Health Centers

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Community Health Centers by Bonnie Lefkowitz Book Summary:

The aftermath of Hurricane Katrina has placed a national spotlight on the shameful state of healthcare for America's poor. In the face of this highly publicized disaster, public health experts are more concerned than ever about persistent disparities that result from income and race. This book tells the story of one groundbreaking approach to medicine that attacks the problem by focusing on the wellness of whole neighborhoods. Since their creation during the 1960s, community health centers have served the needs of the poor in the tenements of New York, the colonias of Texas, the working class neighborhoods of Boston, and the dirt farms of the South. As products of the civil rights movement, the early centers provided not only primary and preventive care, but also social and environmental services, economic development, and empowerment. Bonnie Lefkowitz-herself a veteran of community health administration-explores the program's unlikely transformation from a small and beleaguered demonstration effort to a network of close to a thousand modern health care organizations serving nearly 15 million people. In a series of personal accounts and interviews with national leaders and dozens of health care workers, patients, and activists in five communities across the United States, she shows how health centers have endured despite cynicism and inertia, the vagaries of politics, and ongoing discrimination.

OAH Newsletter

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OAH Newsletter by N.A Book Summary:

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Dictionary of American History

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Dictionary of American History by Stanley I. Kutler Book Summary:

"The third edition of this classic and indispensable work, first published in 1940 and last revised in 1976, has been updated completely for a new generation of students and scholars. Recognizing that the ways in which history is understood and interpreted have changed drastically over the past six decades, the editors have revised 448 articles, replaced 1,360 articles, and added 841 new entries. Gender, race, and social-history perspectives have been added to many entries for the first time. In another departure from the earlier editions, the editors have added maps and illustrations throughout the text, providing helpful visual cues to readers. No library should be without these new volumes."--"The Best of the Best Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2003.

America Divided

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America Divided by Maurice Isserman,William R Kenan Jr Professor of History Maurice Isserman,Michael Kazin Book Summary:

Explores the tumultuous decade in American history, covering such topics as civil rights, Vietnam, the assasination of Martin Luther King Jr. and Bobby Kennedy, the war on poverty, marijuana usage, and the policies of Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon.

Ideas of Time in America

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Ideas of Time in America by Fumiko Nishizaki Book Summary:

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Annual Bibliography of Scholarship in Social Welfare History

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Annual Bibliography of Scholarship in Social Welfare History by N.A Book Summary:

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Black Authors & Published Writers Directory 2006 2007

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Black Authors & Published Writers Directory 2006 2007 by Grace Adams Book Summary:

Photo-Illustrated. Contains a treasure-trove of Black History. This handy, alphabetized directory provides a listing of the Black Literary Market Place including authors, writers, song, film and playwrights, poets, agents, bookstores, producers, publishers, radio and television talk shows, newspapers, magazines, columnists, book and music critics/reviewers, editors, distributors, voice-over.The ultimate marketing tool for already published authors and writers. A valuable reference for aspiring artists and authors. Included in the information is author profile or company description and service, a verified address, phone, FAX, Web and E-mail address

"The Citizen of His Era"

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"The Citizen of His Era" by Julie L. Plaut Book Summary:

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Reading Poverty

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Reading Poverty by Patrick Shannon Book Summary:

A provocative look at how social, political, and economic contexts inform the literacy education field.

American Studies

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American Studies by N.A Book Summary:

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See Government Grow

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See Government Grow by Gareth Davies Book Summary:

An award-winning historian's pathbreaking book uses federal education policy from the Great Society to Reagan's New Morning to demonstrate how innovative policies become entrenched irrespective of who occupies the White House.

Path to Prosperity

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Path to Prosperity by Jason Furman,Jason Bordoff Book Summary:

"Focuses on three key criteria for fostering broadly shared economic growth: enhancing economic security, building a highly skilled work force, and reforming the tax system. Proposals include reforming unemployment insurance, improving incentives for retirement saving, building quality into each level of education, and simplifying taxation and making it more progressive"--Provided by publisher.

U.S. History DeMYSTiFieD

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U.S. History DeMYSTiFieD by Stephanie Muntone Book Summary:

Details American history and its important men and women with step-by-step guidance, expert tricks, and quizzes.

Discussion Papers

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Discussion Papers by N.A Book Summary:

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