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Genes Language Culture History In The Southwest Pacific

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Genes, Language, & Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

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Genes, Language, & Culture History in the Southwest Pacific by Jonathan S. Friedlaender Book Summary:

The broad arc of islands north of Australia that extends from Indonesia east towards the central Pacific is home to a set of human populations whose concentration of diversity is unequaled elsewhere. Approximately 20% of the worlds languages are spoken here, and the biological and genetic heterogeneity among the groups is extraordinary. Anthropologist W.W. Howells once declared diversity in the region so Protean as to defy analysis. However, this book can now claim considerable success in describing and understanding the origins of the genetic and linguistic variation there. In order to cut through this biological knot, the authors have applied a comprehensive battery of genetic analyses to an intensively sampled set of populations, and have subjected these and complementary linguistic data to a variety of phylogenetic analyses. This has revealed a number of heretofore unknown ancient Pleistocene genetic variants that are only found in these island populations, and has also identified the genetic footprints of more recent migrants from Southeast Asia who were the ancestors of the Polynesians. The book lays out the very complex structure of the variation within and among the islands in this relatively small region, and a number of explanatory models are tested to see which best account for the observed pattern of genetic variation here. The results suggest that a number of commonly used models of evolutionary divergence are overly simple in their assumptions, and that often human diversity has accumulated in very complex ways.

The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area

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The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area by Bill Palmer Book Summary:

The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide is part of the multi-volume reference work on the languages and linguistics of all major regions of the world. The island of New Guinea and its offshore islands is arguably the most diverse and least documented linguistic hotspot in the world - home to over 1300 languages, almost one fifth of all living languages, in more than 40 separate families, along with numerous isolates. Traditionally one of the least understood linguistic regions, ongoing research allows for the first time a comprehensive guide. Given the vastness of the region and limited previous overviews, this volume focuses on an account of the families and major languages of each area within the region, including brief grammatical descriptions of many of the languages. The volume also includes a typological overview of Papuan languages, and a chapter on Austronesian-Papuan contact. It will make accessible current knowledge on this complex region, and will be the standard reference on the region. It is aimed at typologists, endangered language specialists, graduate and advanced undergraduate students, and all those interested in linguistic diversity and understanding this least known linguistic region.

The Alor-Pantar languages

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The Alor-Pantar languages by Marian Klamer Book Summary:

The Alor-Pantar family constitutes the westernmost outlier group of Pa\-puan (Non-Austronesian) languages. Its twenty or so languages are spoken on the islands of Alor and Pantar, located just north of Timor, in eastern Indonesia. Together with the Papuan languages of Timor, they make up the Timor-Alor-Pantar family. The languages average 5,000 speakers and are under pressure from the local Malay variety as well as the national language, Indonesian. This volume studies the internal and external linguistic history of this interesting group, and showcases some of its unique typological features, such as the preference to index the transitive patient-like argument on the verb but not the agent-like one; the extreme variety in morphological alignment patterns; the use of plural number words; the existence of quinary numeral systems; the elaborate spatial deictic systems involving an elevation component; and the great variation exhibited in their kinship systems. Unlike many other Papuan languages, Alor-Pantar languages do not exhibit clause-chaining, do not have switch reference systems, never suffix subject indexes to verbs, do not mark gender, but do encode clusivity in their pronominal systems. Indeed, apart from a broadly similar head-final syntactic profile, there is little else that the Alor-Pantar languages share with Papuan languages spoken in other regions. While all of them show some traces of contact with Austronesian languages, in general, borrowing from Austronesian has not been intense, and contact with Malay and Indonesian is a relatively recent phenomenon in most of the Alor-Pantar region. This is the second edition of the volume that was originally published in 2014. In this edition, typographical errors have been corrected, small textual improvements have been implemented, broken URL links repaired or removed, and references updated. The overall content of the chapters has not been changed.

Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association

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Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association by N.A Book Summary:

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Studies in Language

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Studies in Language by N.A Book Summary:

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East Nusantara

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East Nusantara by Michael C. Ewing Book Summary:

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Language

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Language by George Melville Bolling,Bernard Bloch Book Summary:

Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Society in v. 1-11, 1925-34. After 1934 they appear in Its Bulletin.

A Journey Through Austronesian and Papuan Linguistic and Cultural Space

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A Journey Through Austronesian and Papuan Linguistic and Cultural Space by Andrew Pawley Book Summary:

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The British National Bibliography

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The British National Bibliography by Arthur James Wells Book Summary:

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Journal de la Société des océanistes

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Journal de la Société des océanistes by Société des océanistes Book Summary:

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The Evolution of Cultural Diversity

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The Evolution of Cultural Diversity by Mace/Holden/She,Human Behavior and Evolution Society Book Summary:

Virtually all aspects of human behaviour show enormous variation both within and between cultural groups, including material culture, social organization and language. Thousands of distinct cultural groups exist: about 6,000 languages are spoken today, and it is thought that a far greater number of languages existed in the past but became extinct. Using a Darwinian approach, this book seeks to explain this rich cultural variation. There are a number of theoretical reasons to believe that cultural diversification might be tree-like, that is phylogenetic: material and non-material culture is clearly inherited by descendants, there is descent with modification, and languages appear to be hierarchically related. There are also a number of theoretical reasons to believe that cultural evolution is not tree-like: cultural inheritance is not Mendelian and can indeed be vertical, horizontal or oblique, evidence of borrowing abounds, cultures are not necessarily biological populations and can be transient and complex. Here, for the first time, this title tackles these questions of cultural evolution empirically and quantitatively, using a range of case studies from Africa, the Pacific, Europe, Asia and America. A range of powerful theoretical tools developed in evolutionary biology are used to test detailed hypotheses about historical patterns and adaptive functions in cultural evolution. Evidence is amassed from archaeological, linguist and cultural datasets, from both recent and historical or pre-historical time periods. A unifying theme is that the phylogenetic approach is a useful and powerful framework, both for describing the evolutionary history of these traits, and also for testing adaptive hypotheses about their evolution and co-evolution. Contributors include archaeologists, anthropologists, evolutionary biologists and linguists, and this book will be of great interest to all those involved in these areas.

Man's Conquest of the Pacific

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Man's Conquest of the Pacific by Peter S. Bellwood Book Summary:

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Approaches to Language

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Approaches to Language by William C. McCormack,Stephen A. Wurm Book Summary:

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Past Human Migrations in East Asia

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Past Human Migrations in East Asia by Alicia Sanchez-Mazas,Roger Blench,Malcolm D. Ross,Ilia Peiros,Marie Lin Book Summary:

The study of the prehistory of East Asia is developing very rapidly. In uncovering the story of the flows of human migration that constituted the peopling of East Asia there exists widespread debate about the nature of evidence and the tools for correlating results from different disciplines. Drawing upon the latest evidence in genetics, linguistics and archaeology, this exciting new book examines the history of the peopling of East Asia, and investigates the ways in which we can detect migration, and its different markers in these fields of inquiry. Results from different academic disciplines are compared and reinterpreted in the light of evidence from others to attempt to try and generate consensus on methodology. Taking a broad geographical focus, the book also draws attention to the roles of minority peoples – hitherto underplayed in accounts of the region’s prehistory – such as the Austronesian, Tai-Kadai and Altaic speakers, whose contribution to the regional culture is now becoming accepted. Past Human Migrations in East Asia presents a full picture of the latest research on the peopling of East Asia, and will be of interest to scholars of all disciplines working on the reconstruction of the peopling of East and North East Asia.

Time Depth in Historical Linguistics

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Time Depth in Historical Linguistics by Colin Renfrew,April M. S. McMahon Book Summary:

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Oceanic Culture History

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Oceanic Culture History by Janet M. Davidson,Roger Curtis Green Book Summary:

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Papuan Languages of Oceania

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Papuan Languages of Oceania by Stephen Adolphe Wurm Book Summary:

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Topics in Polynesian Language and Culture History

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Topics in Polynesian Language and Culture History by Jeffrey C. Marck Book Summary:

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Southeast Solomon Islands Cultural History

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Southeast Solomon Islands Cultural History by Roger Curtis Green Book Summary:

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Pacific Linguistics

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Pacific Linguistics by N.A Book Summary:

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Encyclopaedia Britannica

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Encyclopaedia Britannica by Harry S. Ashmore Book Summary:

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The Evolutionary Archaeology of Ceramic Diversity in Ancient Fiji

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The Evolutionary Archaeology of Ceramic Diversity in Ancient Fiji by Ethan E. Cochrane Book Summary:

The research presented here investigates the evolution of material cultural diversity in the Yasawa Islands in the northwestern corner of the Fijian archipelago. This work builds upon several field seasons of basic research in the Yasawas, as well as other large-scale ceramic analyses in Fiji. This study constructs answers using an explanatory framework explicitly designed to account for the evolution of cultural diversity in prehistory. This explanatory framework combines the effects of cultural transmission, selection and other sorting processes, and innovation. Using this explanatory framework this research attempts to answer the following three questions: 1. What domains of ceramic similarity in the Yasawa Islands can be used to define culturally transmitting populations or lineages; 2. What are the spatial and temporal distributions of transmission lineages defined along different avenues of transmission; and 3. What are the possible explanations for the distribution of these lineages? Chapter 2 examines some of the previous archaeological and other research in Fiji that has attempted to explain or document cultural, biological, and linguistic diversity. Chapter 3 more completely develops the theoretical framework used to explain prehistoric ceramic similarities and difference in terms of transmission lineages. An outline of the natural and cultural history of the Yasawa Islands is presented in Chapter 4. Classifications of ceramic variation and other analyses are presented in Chapter 5. In Chapter 6 cladistic and seriation analyses generate hypotheses for the transmission history of Yasawa Islands populations. Chapter 7 reviews the results of this research in the context of other archaeological work in Fiji. The approach to explaining cultural similarities and differences employed in this research indicates that prehistoric cultural diversity can be examined using cultural transmission, selection, and innovation to produce empirically testable hypotheses regarding the historical relatedness of populations. The further development of this approach by scholars will do much to answer long-standing questions.

Newsletter

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Newsletter by N.A Book Summary:

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A World of Language

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A World of Language by Donald C. Laycock Book Summary:

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Encyclopædia Britannica

Genes Language Culture History In The Southwest Pacific [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Encyclopædia Britannica by N.A Book Summary:

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Encyclopaedia Britannica, a New Survey of Universal Knowledge

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Encyclopaedia Britannica, a New Survey of Universal Knowledge by N.A Book Summary:

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Encyclopaedia Britannica

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Encyclopaedia Britannica by N.A Book Summary:

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Journal of the Polynesian Society

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Journal of the Polynesian Society by N.A Book Summary:

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American Book Publishing Record

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American Book Publishing Record by N.A Book Summary:

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Prehistoric Mongoloid Dispersals

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Prehistoric Mongoloid Dispersals by Takeru Akazawa,Emöke J. E. Szathmary,J. E. Emöke Szathmary Book Summary:

Of all human migrations, the most significant was that of the Mongoloid during the last Glacial period. Unrelated groups spread from their homeland in Asia through Siberia to the Americas, or across the Pacific, ultimately covering two-thirds of the earth's surface. This book takes a unique multi-disciplinary and international approach to the study of these migrations. By bringing to this model as many disciplines as possible--from molecular genetics and linguistics to archaeology and paleontology--a comprehensive picture is drawn which will not only shed light on this specific period of migration, but also help answer one of the greatest puzzles of evolutionary anthropology--the origin of Homo sapiens and the subsequent formation of different races and ethnic groups.

Lifestyle Diseases in Pacific Communities

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Lifestyle Diseases in Pacific Communities by Terry Coyne Book Summary:

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Papuan Pasts

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Papuan Pasts by Andrew Pawley Book Summary:

"An inter-disciplinary exploration of the history of humans in New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago and the Solomon Islands, which make up the biogeographic and cultural region that is coming to be known as Near Oceania, with particular reference to the people who speak Papuan (non-Austronesian) languages"--Back cover.

Across Before Columbus?

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Across Before Columbus? by Donald Y. Gilmore,Linda S. McElroy Book Summary:

Indice: Section 1: Artifacts, sities and archaeoastronomy; Section 2: Botany, biology and people; Section 3: Linguistics, inscriptions and glyphs; Section 4: Diffusion and voyages.