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Forged In Crisis India And The United States Since 1947

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Forged in Crisis

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Forged in Crisis by Rudra Chaudhuri Book Summary:

Rudra Chaudhuri's book examines a series of crises that led to far-reaching changes in India's approach to the United States, defining the contours of what is arguably the imperative relationship between America and the global South. Forged in Crisis provides a fresh interpretation of India's advance in foreign affairs under the stewardship of Prime Ministers Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, and finally, Manmohan Singh. It reveals the complex and distinctive manner in which India sought to pursue at once material interests and ideas, while meticulously challenging the shakier and largely untested reading of 'non-alignment' palpable in most works on Indian foreign policy and international relations. From the Korean War in 1950 to the considered debate within India on sending troops to Iraq in 2003, and from the loss of territory to China and the subsequent talks on Kashmir with Pakistan in 1962-63 to the signing of a civil nuclear agreement with Washington in 2008, Chaudhuri maps Indian negotiating styles and behaviour and how these shaped and informed decisions vital to its strategic interest, in turn redefining its relationship with the United States.

Contemporary Archipelagic Thinking

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Contemporary Archipelagic Thinking by Yolanda Martínez-San Miguel Book Summary:

Contemporary Archipelagic Thinking takes as point of departure the insights of Antonio Benítez Rojo, Derek Walcott and Edouard Glissant on how to conceptualize the Caribbean as a space in which networks of islands are constitutive of a particular epistemology or way of thinking. This rich volume takes questions that have explored the Caribbean and expands them to a global, Anthropocenic framework. This anthology explores the archipelagic as both a specific and a generalizable geo-historical and cultural formation, occurring across various planetary spaces including: the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas, the Caribbean basin, the Malay archipelago, Oceania, and the creole islands of the Indian Ocean. As an alternative geo-formal unit, archipelagoes can interrogate epistemologies, ways of reading and thinking, and methodologies informed implicitly or explicitly by more continental paradigms and perspectives. Keeping in mind the structuring tension between land and water, and between island and mainland relations, the archipelagic focuses on the types of relations that emerge, island to island, when island groups are seen not so much as sites of exploration, identity, sociopolitical formation, and economic and cultural circulation, but also, and rather, as models. The book includes 21 chapters, a series of poems and an Afterword from both senior and junior scholars in American Studies, Archaelogy, Biology, Cartography, Digital Mapping, Enviromental Studies, Ethnomusicology, Geography, History, Politics, Comparative Literary and Cultural Studies, and Sociology who engage with Archipelago studies. Archipelagic Studies has become a framework with a robust intellectual genealogy.. The particular strength of this handbook is the diversity of fields and theoretical approaches in the Humanities, Social Sciences and Natural Sciences that the included essays engage with. There is an editor's introduction in which they meditate about the specific contributions of the archipelagic framework in interdisciplinary analyses of multi-focal and transnational socio-political and cultural context, and in which they establish a dialogue between archipelagic thinking and network theory, assemblages, systems theory, or the study of islands, oceans and constellations.

Modi and the Reinvention of Indian Foreign Policy

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Modi and the Reinvention of Indian Foreign Policy by Hall, Ian Book Summary:

Narendra Modi’s energetic personal diplomacy and promise to make India a ‘leading power’, made soon after his landslide election victory in May 2014, surprised many analysts. Most had predicted that his government would concentrate on domestic issues, on the growth and development demanded by Indian voters, and that he lacked necessary experience in international relations. Instead, Modi’s time in office saw a concerted attempt to reinvent Indian foreign policy by replacing inherited understandings of its place in the world with one drawn largely from Hindu nationalist ideology. This book explores the drivers of this reinvention, arguing it arose from a combination of elite conviction and electoral calculation, and the impact it had on India’s international relations under Modi.

There Is No More Haiti

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There Is No More Haiti by Greg Beckett Book Summary:

This is not just another book about crisis in Haiti. This book is about what it feels like to live and die with a crisis that never seems to end. It is about the experience of living amid the ruins of ecological devastation, economic collapse, political upheaval, violence, and humanitarian disaster. It is about how catastrophic events and political and economic forces shape the most intimate aspects of everyday life. In this gripping account, anthropologist Greg Beckett offers a stunning ethnographic portrait of ordinary people struggling to survive in Port-au-Prince in the twenty-first century. Drawing on over a decade of research, There Is No More Haiti builds on stories of death and rebirth to powerfully reframe the narrative of a country in crisis. It is essential reading for anyone interested in Haiti today.

Who is Worthy of Protection?

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Who is Worthy of Protection? by Meghana Nayak Book Summary:

Gender-based asylum is a strategy to allow asylum seekers who have experienced gender persecution to find safe haven in the United States. However, it matters not just that but how we respond to gender violence and persecution. This book explores the politics of gender-based asylum through a comparative examination of asylum policy and cases regarding domestic violence, female circumcision, rape, trafficking, coercive sterilization/abortion, and persecution based on sexual and gender identity.

India’s Grand Strategy

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India’s Grand Strategy by Kanti Bajpai,Saira Basit,V. Krishnappa Book Summary:

As India prepares to take its place in shaping the course of an ‘Asian century’, there are increasing debates about its ‘grand strategy’ and its role in a future world order. This timely and topical book presents a range of historical and contemporary interpretations and case studies on the theme. Drawing upon rich and diverse narratives that have informed India’s strategic discourse, security and foreign policy, it charts a new agenda for strategic thinking on postcolonial India from a non-Western perspective. Comprehensive and insightful, the work will prove indispensable to those in defence and strategic studies, foreign policy, political science, and modern Indian history. It will also interest policy-makers, think-tanks and diplomats.

Human Rights and Comparative Foreign Policy

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Human Rights and Comparative Foreign Policy by David P. Forsythe Book Summary:

Human Rights And Comparative Foreign Policy Is The First Book In English To Examine The Place Of Human Rights In The Foreign Policies Of A Wide Range Of States During Contemporary Times. The Book Is Also Unique In Utilizing A Common Framework Of Analysis For All 10 Of The Country Or Regional Studies Covered. This Framework Treats Foreign Policy As The Result Of A Two -Level Game In Which Both Domestic And Foreign Factors Have To Be Considered. Leading Experts From Around The World Analyze Both Liberal Democratic And Other Foreign Policies On Human Rights. A General Introduction And A Systematic Conclusion Add To The Coherence Of The Project. The Authors Note The Increasing Attention Given To Human Rights Issues In Contemporary Foreign Policy. At The Same Time, They Argue That Most States, Including Liberal Democratic States That Identify With Human Rights, Are Reluctant Most Of The Time To Elevate Human Rights Concerns To A Level Equal To That Of Traditional Security And Economic Concerns. When States Do Seek To Integrate Human Rights With These And Other Concerns, The Result Is Usually Great Inconsistency In Patterns Of Foreign Policy. The Book Further Argues That Different States Bring Different Emphases To Their Human Rights Diplomacy, Because Of Such Factors As National Political Culture And Perceived National Interests. In The Last Analysis States Can Be Compared Along Two Dimensions Pertaining To Human Rights: Extent To Which They Are Oriented Toward An International Rather Than National Conception Of Rights; And Extent To Which They Are Oriented Toward International Rather Than National Action To Protect Human Rights.

The Political Economy of the World Bank

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The Political Economy of the World Bank by Michele Alacevich Book Summary:

From the Publisher: The Political Economy of the World Bank: The Early Years is a fascinating study of economic history. This text describes perhaps what is the most crucial time for development economics: the birth of the "third world," the creation of development economics as a discipline, and the establishment of the World Bank's leading role in development. Using previously unavailable archival material, Michele Alacevich takes a close look at the years during which the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development-now known as the World Bank- turned its attention from reconstruction to development, having been upstaged by the Marshall Plan. He describes the "Currie Mission" to Colombia (1949-1954), the World Bank's first general survey mission in a developing nation. With the Currie Mission as a starting point and a case study, Alacevich analyzes the complexities of the Bank's first steps toward economic and social development in poorer nations, and helps the reader understand some foundational questions about development that are still of great relevance today. The Political Economy of the World Bank: The Early Years is essential reading for anyone interested in the economic history of international development as a lens for better understanding current development issues.

The Marshall Plan

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The Marshall Plan by Benn Steil Book Summary:

With Britain's empire collapsing and Stalin ascendent, U.S. officials set out to reconstruct Western Europe as a bulwark against communist authoritariansim. This is the story of the Marshall Plan and the birth of the Cold War: a gripping account of the seminal episodes marking the post-WWII collapse of U.S.-Soviet relations.

India and the United States

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India and the United States by Dennis Kux Book Summary:

An analysis of the entire five-decade relationship between the U.S. and India, including India's close ties with the former Soviet Union. Describes major issues, events, and personalities that have influenced India-U.S. relationships from the Roosevelt Administration through the Bush Administration. 8 maps and photos. Bibliography. Index.

The China-Pakistan Axis

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The China-Pakistan Axis by Andrew Small Book Summary:

China and Pakistan have been each other's only 'all-weather friend' for decades, but the relationship remains little understood. Small recounts the history of the Sino-Pakistani axis, including details on its most sensitive aspects, such as China's dealings with the Taliban and its support for Pakistan's nuclear programme. Today this relationship plays a central role in Asia's geopolitics, with ramifications for Afghanistan, India, Asia as a whole, and the West. Finally, Small discusses the dilemma China faces in maintaining its current relationship with Pakistan.

Estranged Democracies

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Estranged Democracies by Dennis Kux Book Summary:

Tracing the relations between India and the United States from 1941 to 1991, this historical account finds that the differences between the two countries stemmed less from lack of dialogue, misperceptions or misunderstandings than from fundamental disagreements over basic national security policies. This book is organized chronologically, with chapters dealing with each American president from Roosevelt to Bush.

The Politics of Two Sudans

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The Politics of Two Sudans by Deng D. Akol Ruay,Deng D. Ray Book Summary:

This book gives a vivid account of the political history of Sudan from 1821 to 1969. It shows why Sudan is in reality two Sudans, which differ in every substantive aspect: geographical, ethnic, cultural, and religious. North and South Sudan became one sovereign state by colonial fiat. Since 1821 the Turko-Egyptian rules in Sudan sealed the fate of the Southern people. From that time onwards Southern Sudan has been laid bare to foreign intervention and influence. The Southern Sudanese have experienced all kinds of exploitation, including the slave trade, subjection to alien cultures and religions, colonialism, and finally outright annexation to the Arab North. This foreign interference was, and still is, fiercely resisted by the Southerners. This book traces, analyzes, and evaluates their protracted struggle. The analysis leads to the logical conclusion that the two Sudans will inevitably in the near future become separate, sovereign states.

Creating a New Medina

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Creating a New Medina by Venkat Dhulipala Book Summary:

"Discusses the fundamental assumptions regarding the foundations of Pakistani nationalism as well as our current understanding of the roots of its postcolonial identity crisis"--

States in the Developing World

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States in the Developing World by Miguel A. Centeno,Atul Kohli,Deborah J. Yashar Book Summary:

What should states in the developing world do and how should they do it? How have states in the developing world addressed the challenges of promoting development, order, and inclusion? States in the developing world are supposed to build economies, control violence, and include the population. How they do so depends on historical origins and context as well as policy decisions. This volume presents a comprehensive theory of state capacity, what it consists of, and how it may be measured. With historical empirical illustrations it suggests that historical origins and political decisions help drive the capacity of states to meet their goals.

Human Resources for Health

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Human Resources for Health by Joint Learning Initiative,Global Equity Initiative Book Summary:

In this analysis of the global workforce, the Joint Learning Initiative, a consortium of more than 100 health leaders, proposes that mobilization and strengthening of human resources for health, neglected yet critical, is central to combating health crises in some of the world's poorest countries and for building sustainable health systems everywhere. Worker shortage, skill mix imbalance, maldistribution, negative work environments, and weak knowledge bases challenge nearly all countries. Especially in the poorest countries, the workforce is under assault by a triple threat of HIV/AIDS, out-migration, and inadequate investment. Effective country strategies should be launched and backed by international reinforcement. These include urgently mobilizing one million more health workers for Africa, and focusing efforts on the unremunerated community-level health workers, the majority of whom are women. Ultimately, the crisis in human resources is a shared problem requiring shared responsibility for cooperative action. Alliances for action are recommended to strengthen the performance of all actors while expanding space and energy for new ones.

Military Aspects of World Political Geography

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Military Aspects of World Political Geography by United States. Air Force ROTC. Book Summary:

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On Uncertain Ground

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On Uncertain Ground by Ankur Datta Book Summary:

How do societies come to terms with dispossession, loss, nomadic existence, and protracted displacement? What does it mean to be a refugee in one's own state? Centring on these questions, the current volume seeks to explore the lives of the Kashmiri Pandits - the Hindu Pandit minority ofKashmir Valley - and their experience of forced migration and the conflict over Jammu and Kashmir. Since 1989, Jammu and Kashmir has been affected by conflict between the Indian state and a movement demanding independence. As a result of this conflict, thousands of Kashmiri Pandits have left the valley and sought refuge in different parts of India, especially Jammu and New Delhi. Addressing thethemes of violence, suffering, and victimhood in the context of forced migration, On Uncertain Ground explores the experiences of Kashmiri Pandits as they rebuild their lives after displacement, and their relationship to the Indian state and Indian and Kashmiri nationalisms. Focusing on "campcolonies" and the lives of Kashmiri Pandits across Jammu and New Delhi, this book reveals the tension between the recovery of everyday life and the inability to feel at home and find one's place in the world.

New Players on the World Stage

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New Players on the World Stage by William Antholis Book Summary:

India and China are home to one-third of humanity. In both nations, local and regional leaders outside of New Delhi and Beijing play an increasingly important role in policy decisions. So how do developments in Indian states and Chinese provinces affect the actions of both countries on the world stage? In 2012, author William Antholis set out to understand India and China from the inside out. With his wife and two daughters he embarked upon a five-month odyssey through 20 states or provinces in the two Asian giants. They interviewed national and local political leaders, met with corporate executives, journalists, academics, diplomats, religious leaders, teachers, farmers, slum dwellers, and—not just inevitably but usefully—waiters and taxi drivers. If you enjoy this essay, you may enjoy William Antholis’s book on the same topic—Inside Out, India and China: Local Politics Go Global THE BROOKINGS ESSAY: In the spirit of its commitment to high-quality, independent research, the Brookings Institution has commissioned works on major topics of public policy by distinguished authors, including Brookings scholars. The Brookings Essay is a multi-platform product aimed to engage readers in open dialogue and debate. The views expressed, however, are solely those of the author. Available in ebook only.

Indian Politics and Society since Independence

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Indian Politics and Society since Independence by Bidyut Chakrabarty Book Summary:

Focusing on politics and society in India, this book explores new areas enmeshed in the complex social, economic and political processes in the country. Linking the structural characteristics with the broader sociological context, the book emphasizes the strong influence of sociological issues on politics, such as social milieu shaping and the articulation of the political in day-to-day events. Political events are connected with the ever-changing social, economic and political processes in order to provide an analytical framework to explain ‘peculiarities’ of Indian politics. Bidyut Chakrabarty argues that three major ideological influences of colonialism, nationalism and democracy have provided the foundational values of Indian politics. Structured thematically and chronologically, this work is a useful resource for students of political science, sociology and South Asian studies.

India's Nuclear Policy

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India's Nuclear Policy by Bharat Karnad Book Summary:

This book examines the Indian nuclear policy, doctrine, strategy and posture, clarifying the elastic concept of credible minimum deterrence at the center of the country's approach to nuclear security. This concept, Karnad demonstrates, permits the Indian nuclear forces to be beefed up, size and quality-wise, and to acquire strategic reach and clout, even as the qualifier minimum suggests an overarching concern for moderation and economical use of resources, and strengthens India's claims to be a responsible nuclear weapon state. Based on interviews with Indian political leaders, nuclear scientists, and military and civilian nuclear policy planners, it provides unique insights into the workings of India's nuclear decision-making and deterrence system. Moreover, by juxtaposing the Indian nuclear policy and thinking against the theories of nuclear war and strategic deterrence, nuclear escalation, and nuclear coercion, offers a strong theoretical grounding for the Indian approach to nuclear war and peace, nuclear deterrence and escalation, nonproliferation and disarmament, and to limited war in a nuclearized environment. It refutes the alarmist notions about a nuclear flashpoint in South Asia, etc. which derive from stereotyped analysis of India-Pakistan wars, and examines India's likely conflict scenarios involving China and, minorly, Pakistan.

British Labour and the Cold War

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British Labour and the Cold War by Peter Weiler Book Summary:

A critical examination of the labour government and trades Union Congress in the immediate postwar period, this book argues that the Cold War was not just a traditional conflict between states but also an attempt to contain the growth of radical working-class movements at home and abroad. These radical movements, stimulated by the Second World War and its aftermath, seemed to policymakers within the Labour Party and the TUC to threaten British interests. The author contends that the Labour government never seriously considered following a socialist foreign policy, but instead sought to shape political developments throughout the world in ways most conductive to maintaining Britain's traditional economic and imperial interests. The government was able to follow established policies abroad and increasingly at home at least in part because British trade union leaders supported its attempts to prevent radicals and communists from coming to power in trade union movements inside Britain and throughout the world. In so doing, the trade union movement significantly extended its links with the state, in particular by cooperating with it in the sphere of foreign and colonial labour policy.

Dilemmas of Decline

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Dilemmas of Decline by Ian Hall Book Summary:

In just three decades, Great Britain’s place in world politics was transformed. In 1945, it was the world’s preeminent imperial power with global interests. By 1975, Britain languished in political stasis and economic recession, clinging to its alliance with the United States and membership in the European Community. Amid this turmoil, British intellectuals struggled to make sense of their country’s decline and the transformed world in which they found themselves. This book assesses their responses to this predicament and explores the different ways British thinkers came to understand the new international relations of the postwar period.

The United States and the Turmoil in Afghanistan and Pakistan

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The United States and the Turmoil in Afghanistan and Pakistan by Ahmed Rashid Book Summary:

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21st Century Technologies Promises and Perils of a Dynamic Future

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21st Century Technologies Promises and Perils of a Dynamic Future by OECD Book Summary:

This book reviews the extraordinary promise of technological advances over the next twenty years or so, and assesses some of the key issues -- economic, social, environmental, ethical -- that decision-makers in government, business and society will face in the decades ahead.

Proceedings - Indian History Congress

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Proceedings - Indian History Congress by Indian History Congress Book Summary:

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Crucible

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Crucible by Jonathan Fenby Book Summary:

An extraordinary and eye-opening account of the pivotal events during the thirteen months between 1947-1948 that shaped the world we know today. Two years after the end of World War II and the defeat of the Axis forces of Germany, Italy, and Japan, this turbulent time saw the unfolding of the Cold War between Joseph Stalin’s Soviet Russia and the Western powers under the untested leadership of Harry Truman as America came to play a global role for the first time. The British Empire began its demise with the birth of the Indian and Pakistan republics, and the flight of millions as Vietnam, Indonesia, and other colonies around the globe vied for freedom. 1948 also marked the creation of the state of Israel, the refugee flight of Palestinians and the first Arab-Israeli war, as well as the victories of Communist armies that led to their final triumph in China, the coming of apartheid to South Africa, the division of Korea, major technological change, and the rolling out of the welfare state against a backdrop of events that ensured the global order would never be the same again. Important, timely, and spanning the globe with overlapping epic events featuring such historic figures as Truman and Marshall, Stalin and Molotov, Attlee and Bevin, De Gaulle and Adenauer, Mao Zedong and Chiang Kai-shek, Nehru and Jinnah, Ben Gurion and the Arab leaders, Crucible offers an unprecedented look at how these figures forged the path to our modern world.

The Politics Industry

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The Politics Industry by Katherine M. Gehl,Michael E. Porter Book Summary:

Our political system in America is broken, right? Wrong. The truth is, the American political system is working exactly how it is designed to work, and it isn't designed or optimized today to work for us—for ordinary citizens. Most people believe that our political system is a public institution with high-minded principles and impartial rules derived from the Constitution. In reality, it has become a private industry dominated by a textbook duopoly—the Democrats and the Republicans—and plagued and perverted by unhealthy competition between the players. Tragically, it has therefore become incapable of delivering solutions to America's key economic and social challenges. In fact, there's virtually no connection between our political leaders solving problems and getting reelected. In The Politics Industry, business leader and path-breaking political innovator Katherine Gehl and world-renowned business strategist Michael Porter take a radical new approach. They ingeniously apply the tools of business analysis—and Porter's distinctive Five Forces framework—to show how the political system functions just as every other competitive industry does, and how the duopoly has led to the devastating outcomes we see today. Using this competition lens, Gehl and Porter identify the most powerful lever for change—a strategy comprised of a clear set of choices in two key areas: how our elections work and how we make our laws. Their bracing assessment and practical recommendations cut through the endless debate about various proposed fixes, such as term limits and campaign finance reform. The result: true political innovation. The Politics Industry is an original and completely nonpartisan guide that will open your eyes to the true dynamics and profound challenges of the American political system and provide real solutions for reshaping the system for the benefit of all. THE INSTITUTE FOR POLITICAL INNOVATION The authors will donate all royalties from the sale of this book to the Institute for Political Innovation.

Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr

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Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr by Mary E. King,Mary King,UNESCO Staff,Unesco Book Summary:

Gandhi's wisdom and strategies have been employed by many popular movements. Martin Luther King Jr. adopted them and changed the course of history of the United States. This book reviews major twentieth-century nonviolent theorists and their struggles.

The Progressive Revolution

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The Progressive Revolution by Zehra Jumabhoy,Boon Hui Tan Book Summary:

Following the celebration of the 70th anniversary of Indian independence, this book focuses on the Progressive Artists Group, which included artists from different backgrounds and traditions who found common cause at a time of political and social upheaval in their country. Formed just months after the 1947 Partition of India and during tremendous violence and protest, the Progressive Artists Group (PAG) included artists seeking a break with their country's past and its cultural constraints. For nearly a decade these painters and sculptors explored ideas about art for a new nation. Through lush illustrations and scholarly essays, this volume looks at the brand of modernism the group espoused and its relevance and importance to contemporary art. The careers of artists K.H. Ara, S.K. Bakre, H.A. Gade, V.S. Gaitonde, M.F. Husain, Krishen Khanna, Ram Kumar, Tyeb Mehta, Akbar Padamsee, S.H. Raza, Mohan Samant, and F.N. Souza are presented in three sections. "The Realists" explores how artists turned away from the trauma of Mumbai and toward folk and rural culture. "India International" demonstrates how the Progressives mined contemporary artists such as Mark Rothko, Paul Klee, and Pablo Picasso to create their own distinct genre. "Masters of the Game" brings together works created after the PAG's dissolution and shows how these pieces collectively gave visual form to the idea of India as secular, heterogeneous, international, and united. A valuable examination of the ways artistic expression can preserve and advance its cultural heritage, this volume captures an exciting time in India's art history.

Making States Work

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Making States Work by Simon Chesterman,Michael Ignatieff,Ramesh Chandra Thakur,United Nations University Book Summary:

This publication is the result of a joint interdisciplinary project of the International Peace Academy and the United Nations University. It focuses on situations when state structures begin to break down or collapse, encompassing a range of crises from states in which basic public services are neglected to the total collapse of governance. It looks at the roles and responsibilities of key actors in the situation in relation to their own populations and the international community, and considers the lessons that can be drawn from a range of countries to develop effective strategies to address such situations.

Look East, Cross Black Waters

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Look East, Cross Black Waters by Jonah Blank,Jennifer D. P. Moroney,Angel Rabasa,Bonny Lin Book Summary:

India’s core goals for Southeast Asia are in basic harmony with those of the United States, including regional stability, peaceful settlement of territorial disputes, and containment of radicalism Still, America should not expect India to enter any sort of alliance, nor join any coalition to balance against China, but should demonstrate strategic patience and willingness to cultivate a long-term relationship.

Far Eastern Affairs

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Far Eastern Affairs by N.A Book Summary:

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The Caste of Merit

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The Caste of Merit by Ajantha Subramanian Book Summary:

Just as Americans least disadvantaged by racism are most likely to call their country post‐racial, Indians who have benefited from upper-caste affiliation rush to declare their country a post‐caste meritocracy. Ajantha Subramanian challenges this belief, showing how the ideal of meritocracy serves the reproduction of inequality in Indian education.

The Price of Aid

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The Price of Aid by David C. Engerman Book Summary:

"A superb, field-changing book...A true classic." --Sunil Amrith "Makes a major contribution towards a necessary discussion of the politics of aid." --Times Higher Education Debates over foreign aid are often strangely ahistorical. Economists argue about effectiveness--how to make aid work--while critics bemoan money wasted on corruption, ignoring the fundamentally political character of aid. The Price of Aid exposes the geopolitical calculus underpinning development assistance, and its costs. India stood at the center of American and Soviet aid competition throughout the Cold War, as both superpowers saw developmental aid as a way of pursuing their geopolitical goals by economic means. Drawing on recently declassified files from seven countries, David Engerman shows how Indian leaders used Cold War competition to win battles at home, eroding the Indian state in the process. As China spends freely in Africa, the political stakes of foreign aid are rising once again. "A magnificent book. Anyone who seeks to understand contemporary India and its development struggles will have to start here. Engerman's work is not only enlightening, it turns much of what we thought we knew about India, foreign aid, and the Cold War in South Asia upside down." --O. A. Westad, author of The Cold War "An outstanding history...Drawing on an unprecedented array of official and private archives in India, Russia, the United States, and Britain, Engerman offers a superb account--one that integrates the ideologies and policies of the superpowers with a sharp analysis of the push-and-pull of policymaking in India. This is a landmark study of independent India as well as the Cold War." --Srinath Raghavan, author of India's War

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Eurasian Geopolitics

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The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Eurasian Geopolitics by Michael Fredholm,Birgit N. Schlyter Book Summary:

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has developed into a key regional security group in Asia, its member states representing no less than 'half of humanity'. Alarmists believe that the SCO is making itself into a NATO of the East, thus posing a long-term threat to the West. This book looks at the SCO and Eurasion geopolitics in general.

Troubled Periphery

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Troubled Periphery by Subir Bhaumik Book Summary:

This book maps the evolution of India's North East into a constituent region of the republic and analyses the perpetual crisis in the region since Independence. It highlights how land, language and leadership issues have been the seed of contention in the North East and how factors like ethnicity, ideology and religion have shaped the conflicts. It also throws light on the major insurgencies, internal displacements, protest movements and the regional drug and weapons trade in the region. It examines 'the crisis of development' and the evolution of the polity before offering a policy framework to combat the crises. The book includes a large body of original data, documentation and field interviews with major players as well as stakeholders. It is an important reference resource for students of politics and international relations, especially for those involved in South Asian studies and conflict studies. It is also an informative read for decision-makers, bureaucrats dealing with the North East and those involved in counter-insurgency operations in the area.

Deadly Impasse

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Deadly Impasse by Sumit Ganguly Book Summary:

Evaluating state relations between 1999-2009, Deadly Impasse seeks to explore what ails the Indo-Pakistani relationship and perpetuates the enduring rivalry.

A Short History of the United States

Forged In Crisis India And The United States Since 1947 [Pdf/ePub] eBook

A Short History of the United States by Robert V. Remini Book Summary:

Robert V. Remini's A Short History of the United States is an abbreviated, accessible, lively, and erudite narrative history that contains the essential facts about the discovery, settlement, growth, and development of the American nation and its institutions. Racing across the centuries—from the arrival and migration of Native Americans and the discovery of the New World by Europeans, the American Revolution, the Civil War, the Great Depression, up to the global conflicts of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries—it is a fascinating overview of a great nation's epochs and missteps, and a celebration of its achievements, its unique and enduring strengths, and its abiding commitment to individual freedoms.

Political Parties in South Asia

Forged In Crisis India And The United States Since 1947 [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Political Parties in South Asia by K. C. Suri Book Summary:

With one-fifth of the global population, South Asia is the largest democratic region in the world today even though military rule and monarchy still exist in certain countries. Political parties have played an active role in decolonization, freedom struggles and social change in the region and have been responsible for marrying democracy with development and social justice. Yet research shows that 40 per cent of the population in South Asia do not trust political parties, while only 11 per cent of those surveyed express great trust. Political Parties in South Asia: The Challenge of Change provides a comparative view of the conditions, roles and functioning of political parties in five countries of the South Asian region ¡ Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Pakistan. The publication builds on empirical information collected from 49 parties and addresses the challenges of politics as experienced by the key political actors themselves: the political parties. In addition, it includes practical recommendations for reforms in the party domain. By providing comparative information, this International IDEA publication aims to stimulate debate on the challenges faced by political parties in South Asia. It is especially aimed at political parties, scholars, policy makers and democracy assistance organizations working for political reform in South Asia.