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Fairness In International Criminal Trials

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Language and the Right to Fair Hearing in International Criminal Trials

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Language and the Right to Fair Hearing in International Criminal Trials by Catherine S. Namakula Book Summary:

Language and the Right to Fair Hearing in International Criminal Trials explores the influence of the dynamic factor of language on trial fairness in international criminal proceedings. By means of empirical research and jurisprudential analysis, this book explores the implications that conducting a trial in more than one language can have for the right to fair trial. It reveals that the language debate is as old as international criminal justice, but due to misrepresentation of the status of language fair trial rights in international law, the debate has not yielded concrete reforms. Language is the core foundation for justice. It is the means through which the rights of the accused are secured and exercised. Linguistic complexities such as misunderstandings, translation errors and cultural distance among participants in international criminal trials affect courtroom communication, the presentation and the perception of the evidence, hence jeopardizing the foundations of a fair trial. The author concludes that language fair trial rights are priority rights situated in the minimum guarantees of fair criminal trial; the obligation of the court to ensure fair trial or accord the accused person a fair hearing also includes the duty to ensure they can understand and be understood.

Procedural Fairness in International Courts and Tribunals

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Procedural Fairness in International Courts and Tribunals by Arman Sarvarian,Filippo Fontanelli,Rudy Baker,Vassilis Tsevelekos Book Summary:

Procedural fairness is a topic of contemporary importance that touches upon the jurisdictional powers, the effectiveness, and the normative/institutional framework of international courts and tribunals. Increasingly prominent in practice, it features in a wide spectrum of arbitral and judicial settlement processes, from the handling of expert evidence before the International Court of Justice, as well as the burden and standard of proof in investor-State arbitration, to the role of victims and the right to a prompt and speedy trial at the International Criminal Court. The fairness of these proceedings is a topic of fundamental importance, not only to practitioners of international law (judges, counsels, registrars, NGO lawyers, legal advisers, and other civil servants), but also to scholars of international law due to its implications for the key topic of international dispute settlement. This book frames the study of procedural fairness as the identification of fundamental principles inherent to international judicial and arbitral processes. It draws together a number of pertinent issues on specific aspects of fairness (e.g. the equality of arms principle) before international courts and tribunals within a comprehensive narrative. It brings academics and practitioners together to initiate ground-breaking research into this novel topic. The book employs a comparative approach whereby the contributors analyze the procedures and practices of various international courts and tribunals. It identifies patterns of commonality and divergence in the core standards of procedural fairness of international courts, and it develops a holistic understanding of the nature of procedural fairness and the challenges to its realization in the international judicial system. The book concludes that, while there is no universal model of procedural fairness, nascent principles of fairness are emerging in the jurisprudence of international courts in order to resolve procedural and practical issues. [Subject: International Law, Comparative Law]

Punishing Atrocities Through a Fair Trial

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Punishing Atrocities Through a Fair Trial by Jonathan Hafetz Book Summary:

Punishing Atrocities Through a Fair Trial examines the tension between punishing mass atrocity and ensuring a fair trial for defendants.

The Right to a Fair Trial in International Law

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The Right to a Fair Trial in International Law by Amal Clooney,Philippa Webb Book Summary:

This book provides a comprehensive explanation of what the right to a fair trial means in practice under international law. Focus on factual scenarios that practitioners may, it brings together sources and cases that define the right to a fair trial in criminal proceedings.

A Critical Introduction to International Criminal Law

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A Critical Introduction to International Criminal Law by Carsten Stahn Book Summary:

Presents theories, practices and critiques alongside each other to engage students, scholars and professionals from multiple fields. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

The Metamorphosis of Criminal Justice

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The Metamorphosis of Criminal Justice by Jacqueline Hodgson Book Summary:

""The focus of this book is the potentially radical and fundamental changes that are taking place within criminal justice in Britain and in France and the ways that these are driven by wider domestic, European or international concerns. This metamorphosis away from established values and practices is eroding what were once regarded as core rights and freedoms in the name of efficiency, security and justice to victims. Beginning with a comparative analysis of adversarial and inquisitorial procedural values and traditions, and an examination of broad trends in domestic and European criminal justice, the book then discusses how the roles of prosecution and defence have been re-shaped in different ways in both jurisdictions - both in the text of the law and in their practices. The final section considers how systems within different procedural traditions adapt to address, or provide a remedy for, systemic flaws that produce wrongful convictions and in particular, the role of the defence in these procedures. By adopting a comparative approach with France, the study explores the nature and reach of these trends, the ways that they challenge and disrupt criminal processes and values and the contrasting responses that they provoke. It reveals how criminal justice traditions continue to be shaped in different ways by broader policy and political concerns; how different systems adapt, change and distort when faced with (sometimes conflicting) pressures domestically and externally; and how different procedural values may serve to structure or limit reform, and so work to facilitate or resist change. ""--

Obstacles to Fairness in Criminal Proceedings

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Obstacles to Fairness in Criminal Proceedings by John D Jackson,Sarah J Summers Book Summary:

This volume considers the way in which the focus on individual rights may constitute an obstacle to ensuring fairness in criminal proceedings. The increasingly cosmopolitan nature of criminal justice, forcing legal systems with different institutional forms and practices to interact with each other as they attempt to combat crime beyond national borders, has accentuated the need for systems to seek legitimacy beyond their domestic traditions. Fairness, expressed in terms of the right to a fair trial in provisions such as Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, has emerged across Europe as the principal means of guaranteeing the legitimacy of criminal proceedings. The consequence of this is that criminal procedure doctrines are framed overwhelmingly in 'constitutional' terms – the protection of defence rights is necessary to restrict and legitimate the state's mandate to prosecute crime. Yet there are various problems with relying solely or predominantly on defence rights as a means of ensuring that proceedings are 'fair' or legitimate and these issues are rarely discussed in the academic literature. In this volume, scholars from the disciplines of law, philosophy and sociology challenge various normative assumptions underpinning our understanding of fairness in criminal proceedings.

International Criminal Procedure

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International Criminal Procedure by Göran Sluiter,Håkan Friman,Suzannah Linton,Sergey Vasiliev,Salvatore Zappalà Book Summary:

International Criminal Procedure: Principles and Rules is a comprehensive study of international criminal proceedings written by over forty leading experts in the field. The book offers a systematic overview and detailed comparison of the standards governing the conduct of proceedings in all major international and internationalized criminal courts from the Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals to the recently established Cambodian Extraordinary Chambers and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Based on a major research project, the study covers all procedural phases from the initiation of investigation to the appeals process. It pays special attention to the crosscutting themes which shape the contemporary discourse on international criminal justice, including the law of evidence, the defence issues, the procedural role of victims, and negotiated dismissal of international crime cases. The book not only takes stock of the procedural legacy of the UN ad hoc Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda and the International Criminal Court, but also reflects on the future directions of international criminal procedure. Investigating the tribunals' procedural law and practice through the prism of human rights law, domestic legal traditions, and tribunals' special objectives, the expert group puts forth proposals on how the challenges facing international criminal jurisdictions can best be met. International Criminal Procedure will be an indispensable work for practitioners involved in the adjudication of serious crimes on both national and international level, as well as international law students and academics.

The Oxford Handbook of International Criminal Law

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The Oxford Handbook of International Criminal Law by Darryl Robinson Book Summary:

Moving away from conventional approaches to the study of the subject, the Oxford Handbook of International Criminal Law draws on insights from disciplines both outside of criminal law and outside of law itself to critically examine issues such as international criminal law's actors, rationales, boundaries, and narratives

The Principle of Equality of Arms in International Criminal Proceedings

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The Principle of Equality of Arms in International Criminal Proceedings by Mascha Fedorova Book Summary:

This book examines the interpretation and application of the principle of equality of arms in proceedings before several international criminal courts. The coming of age of these institutions merits an evaluation of the application of one of the fundamental principles underlying a criminal procedure. The practice of these courts presents some substantial challenges to achieving a meaningful equality of arms in the context in which these courts operate. Before studying the law and jurisprudence of the International Criminal Tribunals - for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the International Criminal Court, and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia - the historical roots and the meaning of the principle of equality of arms are examined from two perspectives: the human rights perspective and the criminal process perspective. Subsequently, four themes that are central to understanding the principle of equality of arms in the international criminal context are discussed. First, the focus is on the investigation stage of the criminal process and the ability of the parties to prepare for trial. Next, the study takes a closer look at the system of disclosure of materials that were collected during investigations. Third, attention is paid to the issue of the perceived inequality in resources and facilities between the parties and the institutionally unequal positioning of the defense. Last, issues concerning the presentation of the case at the trial stage - such as the time and the number of witnesses the parties are allowed to present and the issues relating to the examination of witnesses and the admissibility of evidence - are examined. The book concludes with general observations on the scope and proper understanding of the principle of fairness, the right to a fair trial, and the principle of equality of arms. (Series: School of Human Rights Research - Vol. 55)

The Law and Practice of the International Criminal Court

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The Law and Practice of the International Criminal Court by Carsten Stahn Book Summary:

Some parts of this publication are open access, available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. Chapters 2, 4, 10, 47 and 49 are offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. The International Criminal Court is a controversial and important body within international law; one that is significantly growing in importance, particularly as other international criminal tribunals close down. After a decade of Court practice, this book takes stock of the activities of the International Criminal Court, identifying the key issues in need of re-thinking or potential reform. It provides a systematic and in-depth thematic account of the law and practice of the Court, including its changes context, the challenges it faces, and its overall contribution to international criminal law. The book is written by over forty leading practitioners and scholars from both inside and outside the Court. They provide an unparalleled insight into the Court as an institution, its jurisprudence, the impact of its activities, and its future development. The work addresses the ways in which the practice of the International Criminal Court has emerged, and identifies ways in which this practice could be refined or improved in future cases. The book is organized along six key themes: (i) the context of International Criminal Court investigations and prosecutions; (ii) the relationship of the Court to domestic jurisdictions; (iii) prosecutorial policy and practice; (iv) the applicable law; (v) fairness and expeditiousness of proceedings; and (vi) its impact and lessons learned. It shows the ways in which the Court has offered fresh perspectives on the theorization and conception of crimes, charges and individual criminal responsibility. It examines the procedural framework of the Court, including the functioning of different stages of proceedings. The Court's decisions have significant repercussions: on domestic law, criminal theory, and the law of other international courts and tribunals. In this context, the book assesses the extent to which specific approaches and assumptions, both positive and negative, regarding the potential impact of the Court are in need of re-thinking. This book will be essential reading for practitioners, scholars, and students of international criminal law.

Principles of International Criminal Law

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Principles of International Criminal Law by Gerhard Werle,Florian Jeßberger Book Summary:

Principles of International Criminal Law is one of the leading textbooks in the field of international criminal justice. This fourth edition retains the detailed and systematic approach of previous editions, whist adding substantial new material on new theories, laws, and prosecutions.

The Emerging Practice of the International Criminal Court

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The Emerging Practice of the International Criminal Court by Carsten Stahn,Göran Sluiter Book Summary:

The International Criminal Court is at a crossroads. In 1998, the Court was still a fiction. A decade later, it has become operational and faces its first challenges as a judicial institution. This volume examines this transition. It analyses the first jurisprudence and policies of the Court. It provides a systematic survey of the emerging law and practice in four main areas: the relationship of the Court to domestic jurisdictions, prosecutorial policy and practice, the treatment of the Courta (TM)s applicable law and the shaping of its procedure. It revisits major themes, such as jurisdiction, complementarity, cooperation, prosecutorial discretion, modes of liability, pre-trial, trial and appeals procedure and the treatment of victims and witnesses, as well as their criticisms. It also explores some of challenges and potential avenues for future reform.

Writing History in International Criminal Trials

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Writing History in International Criminal Trials by Richard Ashby Wilson Book Summary:

Why do international criminal tribunals write histories of the origins and causes of armed conflicts? Richard Ashby Wilson conducted research with judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys and expert witnesses in three international criminal tribunals to understand how law and history are combined in the courtroom. Historical testimony is now an integral part of international trials, with prosecutors and defense teams using background testimony to pursue decidedly legal objectives. In the Slobodan Milošević trial, the prosecution sought to demonstrate special intent to commit genocide by reference to a long-standing animus, nurtured within a nationalist mindset. For their part, the defense called historical witnesses to undermine charges of superior responsibility, and to mitigate the sentence by representing crimes as reprisals. Although legal ways of knowing are distinct from those of history, the two are effectively combined in international trials in a way that challenges us to rethink the relationship between law and history.

Cornell International Law Journal

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Cornell International Law Journal by N.A Book Summary:

Download or read Cornell International Law Journal book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Justice As Message

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Justice As Message by Carsten Stahn Book Summary:

International criminal justice relies on messages, speech acts, and performative practices in order to convey social meaning. Major criminal proceedings, such as Nuremberg, Tokyo, and other post-World War II trials have been branded as 'spectacles of didactic legality'. However, the expressive and communicative functions of law are often side-lined in institutional discourse and legal practice. This innovative work brings these functions centre-stage, developing the idea of justice as message and outlining the expressivist foundations of international criminal justice in a systematic way. Professor Carsten Stahn examines the origins of the expressivist theory in the sociology of law and the justification of punishment, its articulation in practice, and its broader role as method of international law. He shows that expression and communication is not only an inherent part of the punitive functions of international criminal justice, but is represented in a whole spectrum of practices: norm expression and diffusion, institutional actions, performative aspects of criminal procedures, and repair of harm. He argues that expressivism is not a classical justification of justice or punishment on its own, but rather a means to understand its aspirations and limitations, to explain how justice is produced and to ground punishment rationales. This book is an invitation to think beyond the confines of the legal discipline, and to engage with the multidisciplinary foundations and possibilities of the international criminal justice project.

The African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples' Rights in Context

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The African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples' Rights in Context by Charles C. Jalloh,Kamari M. Clarke,Vincent O. Nmehielle Book Summary:

This volume analyses the prospects and challenges of the African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples' Rights in context. The book is for all readers interested in African institutions and contemporary global challenges of peace, security, human rights, and international law. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

The Special Tribunal for Lebanon

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The Special Tribunal for Lebanon by Amal Alamuddin,Nidal Nabil Jurdi,David Tolbert Book Summary:

The Special Tribunal of the Lebanon is the first international Tribunal established to try the perpetrators of a terrorist act: the murder of the Lebanese Prime Minister in 2005. This book, written by practitioners with experience of the court and experts in international criminal law, provides a detailed assessment of its unique law and practice.

The Investigation Phase in International Criminal Procedure

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The Investigation Phase in International Criminal Procedure by Karel De Meester Book Summary:

The number of academic writings on international criminal procedure is growing rapidly. Nevertheless, the investigation phase has, so far, received less attention than the trial phase itself. The importance of investigative actions has not yet been reflected upon to a more complete extent. This book seeks to fill the gap. It examines the existing law and practice of the different international(ized) criminal courts and tribunals, with regard to the conduct of investigations, in order to identify any (emerging) rules of international criminal procedure. More precisely, the book questions whether (notwithstanding their nature of 'self-contained regimes') these institutions have adopted certain common rules. Additionally, it examines the fairness of the law and the practice of the different international(ized) criminal courts and tribunals, with regard to the conduct of investigations. (Series: School of Human Rights Research - Vol. 71) [Subject: International Law, Criminal Law, Investigative Procedure]

Organizing Rebellion

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Organizing Rebellion by Tilman Rodenhäuser Book Summary:

The number of non-state actors, traditionally not accountable for committing war crimes or violating human rights, is proliferating exponentially. As criminal gangs, individuals in weak states organizing to protect their local communities, armed groups operating transnationally, and rarelyanalysed cyber organizations now account for the vast majority of today's armed conflicts, a new and increasingly important question has to be raised as to whether, and at what point, culpability arises under international law, and at what level of organization groups become accountable.Breaking new ground in addressing international human rights, international criminal law, and international humanitarian law in one swoop, Rodenhauser's text will be essential to academics and practitioners alike.

The Trial Proceedings Of The International Criminal Court

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The Trial Proceedings Of The International Criminal Court by Notburga K. Calvo-Goller Book Summary:

Contains the trial proceedings of the International Criminal Court, the ICTY and the ICTR in one single volume. This book covers the procedural and evidentiary aspects of the trials before the ICC from the beginning of an investigation until the time the convict has served the sentence and it includes ICTY and ICTR precedents.

Archbold, international criminal courts

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Archbold, international criminal courts by Rodney Dixon,Karim A. A. Khan,Richard May (LL. B.) Book Summary:

This major new text is a high-level practice guide for international criminal practitioners. Covering the crimes, defences, procedures, rules of evidence, and jurisprudence of the International Criminal Tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda and the permanent International Criminal Court, it is the first work of this kind. The recently established United Nations' Courts for East Timor and Sierra Leone are also referenced.* A comprehensive nuts and bolts manual on the procedure of the International Criminal Court and the Tribunals* The first work to show practitioners how to prepare cases and directly participate in these trial proceedings* Both authors have practised before the Tribunals since their inception and are uniquely placed to prepare a rigorous guide to the procedures

Judicial Responses to Pre-Trial Procedural Violations in International Criminal Proceedings

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Judicial Responses to Pre-Trial Procedural Violations in International Criminal Proceedings by Kelly Pitcher Book Summary:

This book provides an in-depth examination of the judicial response at the internationalcriminal tribunals (ICTs) to the violation of procedural standards in thepre-trial phase of proceedings. It does so against the backdrop of the assumption thatcertain particularities of international criminal proceedings may warrant a differentapproach to the matter than at the national level. By reference to relevant human rights standards and to national criminal procedure,as well as to theoretical accounts of the judicial response to pre-trial procedural violations,this book assesses the ICTs’ law and practice in this regard, thereby identifyingpoints of concern and making suggestions for improvement. In doing so, it considersthe most suitable rationale for responding to procedural violations committed in thepre-trial phase of international criminal proceedings and the merits of judicial discretionin this context, as well as the impact of certain particularities of such proceedingson the determination of how to address procedural violations. The book is intended for academics and practitioners in the field of (international)criminal law who want to gain a deeper understanding of the possible impact ofpre- trial procedural violations on criminal proceedings. Kelly Pitcher is Assistant Professor of Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure at LeidenUniversity in The Netherlands.

Victim Participation in International Criminal Justice

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Victim Participation in International Criminal Justice by Kinga Tibori-Szabó,Megan Hirst Book Summary:

This book is a guide to the law and practice of victims’ roles before the International Criminal Court, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. The various chapters focus on the provisions relevant to victim participation at these courts and the case law interpreting and applying those provisions. The book thus informs the reader on the principal ways in which the relevant practice is developing, the distinct avenues taken in the application of similar provisions as well as the ensuing advantages and challenges. Unlike other volumes focusing on relevant academic literature, this volume is written mainly by practitioners and is addressed to those lawyers, legal advisers and victimologists who work or wish to work in the field of victim participation in international criminal justice. Kinga Tibori-Szabó is legal officer for the Kosovo Specialist Chambers in The Hague and has previously worked for the Legal Representative of Victims at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Megan Hirst is a barrister at Doughty Street Chambers in London and has worked on victims' participation issues in the Registries of the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, as well as in an LRV team in Prosecutor v. Dominic Ongwen.

Prosecutorial Discretion at the International Criminal Court

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Prosecutorial Discretion at the International Criminal Court by Anni Pues Book Summary:

This timely book provides a comprehensive guide to, and rigorous analysis of, prosecutorial discretion at the International Criminal Court. This is the first ever study that takes the reader through all the key stages of the Proscecutor's decision-making process. Starting from preliminary examinations and the decision to investigate, the book also explores case selection processes, plea agreements, culminating in the question of how to end engagement in specific country situations. The book serves as a guide to the Rome Statute through the lens of the Prosecutor's activities. With its unique combination of legal theory and specific policy analysis, it addresses broader questions that will be relevant to other international and hybrid criminal courts and tribunals. The book will be of interest to students, practitioners of law, academics, and the wider public concerned with international law, criminal justice and international relations.

Principles of Evidence in International Criminal Justice

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Principles of Evidence in International Criminal Justice by Karim A. A. Khan,Caroline Buisman,Christopher Gosnell Book Summary:

Principles of Evidence in International Criminal Justice provides an overview of the procedure and practice concerning the admission and evaluation of evidence before the international criminal tribunals. The book is both descriptive and critical and its emphasis is on day-to-day practice, drawing on the experience of the Yugoslavia, Rwanda and Sierra Leone Tribunals. This book is an attempt to define and explain the core principles and rules that have developed at those ad hoc Tribunals; the rationale and origin of those rules; and to assess the suitability of those rules in the particular context of the International Criminal Court which is still at its early stages. The ICC differs in structure from the ad hoc Tribunals and approaches the legal issues it has to resolve differently from its predecessors. The ICC is however confronted with many of the same questions. The book examines the differences between the ad hoc Tribunals and the ICC and seeks to offer insights as to how and in which circumstances the principles established over years of practice at the ICTY, ICTR and SCSL may serve as guidance to the ICC practitioners of today and the future. The contributors represent a cross-section of the practicing international criminal bar, drawn from the ranks of the Bench, the Prosecution and the Defence and bringing with them different legal domestic cultures. Their mixed background underlines the recurring theme in this book which is the manner in which a legal culture has gradually taken shape in the international Tribunals, drawing on the various traditions and experiences of its participants.

A Fair Trial at the International Criminal Court?

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A Fair Trial at the International Criminal Court? by Elmar Widder Book Summary:

This book approaches the question of whether or not the court procedure at the International Criminal Court (ICC) can be regarded as fair from two angles: First, does the ICC provide a fair trial according to the accepted standards of international human rights law? Secondly, is it substantively fair so as to establish the legitimacy of the court on a sound footing? Practitioners and academics are increasingly conscious of the need for an approach to evidence which spans civil law and common law traditions, national and international law. This is what this monograph does, in meticulous detail, for the law of confrontation and disclosure.

Intersections of Law and Culture at the International Criminal Court

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Intersections of Law and Culture at the International Criminal Court by Julie Fraser,Brianne McGonigle Leyh Book Summary:

This pioneering book explores the intersections of law and culture at the International Criminal Court (ICC), offering insights into how notions of culture affect the Court’s legal foundations, functioning and legitimacy, both in theory and in practice.

Illicitly Obtained Evidence at the International Criminal Court

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Illicitly Obtained Evidence at the International Criminal Court by Petra Viebig Book Summary:

This work deals with the exclusion of illicitly obtained evidence at the International Criminal Court. At the level of domestic law, the so-called exclusionary rule has always been a very prominent topic. The reason for this is that the way a court of law deals with tainted evidence pertains to a key aspect of procedural fairness. It concerns the balancing of the right to a fair trial with the interest of society in effective law enforcement. At the international level, however, the subject has not yet been discussed in detail. The present research intends to fill this gap. It provides an overview of the approaches of a number of domestic legal systems as well as of the approaches of the UN ad hoc tribunals and the European Court of Human Rights and uses the different perspectives to develop a version of the exclusionary rule which fits the International Criminal Court. The book is highly recommended for practitioners and researchers in the field of international criminal law and especially the law of international criminal evidence. Petra Viebig is a Public Prosecutor at the Staatsanwaltschaft Hamburg, Germany.

Human Rights in Criminal Proceedings

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Human Rights in Criminal Proceedings by Stefan Trechsel,Sarah J. Summers Book Summary:

During the last 50 years interest in human rights has grown dramatically. Whilst newspapers focus mainly on dramatic issues: unlawful killing, torture, disappearances, or violations of freedom of speech; institutions charged with the implementation of human rights (as set out in international conventions and covenants) most frequently deal with allegations of human rights violations during criminal proceedings. The increasing internationalization of the administration of criminal law means that such cases are likely to become ever more important. In this book, the case-law of the international bodies dealing with such cases is presented and critically examined by an author who has contributed to its creation for almost a quarter of a century. The European Commission and European Court of Human Rights, in particular, have accumulated a considerable quantity of case-law, which is particularly interesting because it is intended to be valid in both Anglo-Saxon and Continental systems of criminal procedure.The law of the European Convention is emphasized because of its advanced procedures and the quality and quantity of its case-law. The book will be of interest to all scholars, practitioners, and students of international criminal law.

The Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice

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The Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice by N.A Book Summary:

The move to end impunity for human rights atrocities has seen the creation of international and hybrid tribunals and increased prosecutions in domestic courts. The Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice is the first major reference work to provide a complete overview of this emerging field. Its nearly 1100 pages are divided into three sections. In the first part, 21 essays by leading thinkers offer a comprehensive survey of issues and debates surrounding international humanitarian law, international criminal law, and their enforcement. The second part is arranged alphabetically, containing 320 entries on doctrines, procedures, institutions and personalities. The final part contains over 400 case summaries on different trials from international and domestic courts dealing with war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, torture, and terrorism. With analysis and commentary on every aspect of international criminal justice, this Companion is designed to be the first port of call for scholars and practitioners interested in current developments in international justice.

The Concept of Universal Crimes in International Law

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The Concept of Universal Crimes in International Law by Terje Einarsen Book Summary:

This groundbreaking study seeks to clarify the concept of universal crimes in international law. It provides a new framework for understanding important features of this complex field of law concerned with the most serious crimes. Central issues include the following: What are the relevant crimes that may give rise to direct criminal liability under international law? Are they currently limited to certain core international crimes? Why should certain crimes be included whereas other serious offences should not? Should specific legal bases be considered more compelling than others for selection of crimes? Terje Einarsen (1960) is a judge at the Gulating High Court. He holds a Ph.D. (Doctor Juris) from the University of Bergen and a masters degree (LL.M.) from Harvard Law School.

The Amicus Curiae in International Criminal Justice

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The Amicus Curiae in International Criminal Justice by Sarah Williams,Hannah Woolaver,Emma Palmer Book Summary:

The amicus curiae – or friend of the court – is the main mechanism for actors other than the parties, including civil society actors and states, to participate directly in proceedings in international criminal tribunals. Yet reliance on this mechanism raises a number of significant questions concerning: the functions performed by amici, which actors seek to intervene and why, and the influence of amicus interventions on judicial outcomes. Ultimately, the amicus curiae may have a significant impact on the fairness, representativeness and legitimacy of the tribunals' proceedings and decisions. This book provides a comprehensive examination of the amicus curiae practice of the International Criminal Court and other major international criminal tribunals and offers suggestions for the role of the amicus curiae. In doing so, the authors develop a framework to augment the potential contributions of amicus participation in respect of the legitimacy of international criminal tribunals and their decisions, while minimising interference with the core judicial competence of the tribunal and the right of the accused to a fair and expeditious trial.

Avoiding a Full Criminal Trial

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Avoiding a Full Criminal Trial by Koen Vriend Book Summary:

In modern societies, full criminal trials are avoided on many occasions. This book is concerned with mechanisms that either divert from or speed up the proceedings. Koen Vriend argues that the fair trial rights as established by the European Court of Human Rights under Article 6 ECHR provide a normative framework that does not only apply in a full criminal trial, but that it can also be used for diverted and shortened proceedings. He shows that the concept of fairness—as derived from ECtHR case law—is a fundamental principle that underlies all criminal law enforcement. It provides for the appropriate framework to assess whether diverted or shortened proceedings are fair and legitimate. The book is intended for criminal law scholars and practitioners and human rights scholars. Dr. Koen Vriend is a Lecturer of Criminal Law and Criminal Procedural Law at the University of Amsterdam.

Do Exclusionary Rules Ensure a Fair Trial?

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Do Exclusionary Rules Ensure a Fair Trial? by Sabine Gless,Thomas Richter Book Summary:

This open access publication discusses exclusionary rules in different criminal justice systems. It is based on the findings of a research project in comparative law with a focus on the question of whether or not a fair trial can be secured through evidence exclusion. Part I explains the legal framework in which exclusionary rules function in six legal systems: Germany, Switzerland, People’s Republic of China, Taiwan, Singapore, and the United States. Part II is dedicated to selected issues identified as crucial for the assessment of exclusionary rules. These chapters highlight the delicate balance of interests required in the exclusion of potentially relevant information from a criminal trial and discusses possible approaches to alleviate the legal hurdles involved.