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Enrico Fermi by Carlo Bernardini,Luisa Bonolis Book Summary:
Enrico Fermi’s scientific work, noted for its originality and breadth, has had lasting consequences throughout modern science. Written by close colleagues as well as scientists whose fields were profoundly influenced by Fermi, the papers collected here constitute a tribute to him and his scientific legacy. They were commissioned on the occasion of his 100th birthday by the Italian Physical Society and confirm that Fermi was a rare combination of theorist, experimentalist, teacher, and inspiring colleague. The book is organized into three parts: three biographical overviews by close colleagues, replete with personal insights; fourteen analyses of Fermi's impact by specialists in their fields, spanning physics, chemistry, mathematics, and engineering; and a year-by-year chronology of Fermi’s scientific endeavors. Written for a general scientific audience, Enrico Fermi: His Work and Legacy offers a highly readable source on the life of one of the 20th century's most distinguished scientists and a must for everybody interested in the history of modern science.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Preserver of Spirit and Hope by Barbara Bennett Peterson Book Summary:
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the thirty-second president of the United States and served four consecutive terms, the longest presidential administration in American history. His resilience, forbearance, and superb political abilities establish Roosevelt as one of America's greatest leaders and he has been called the greatest president of the twentieth century for restoring confidence following the onset of the Great Depression and for winning World War II. In both domestic and foreign policy FDR was an improviser rather than an ideologue. Politically skilled from his days as a member of the New York senate and then as the Empire state's Governor, he was elected to the presidency in 1932, 1936, 1940 and 1944 a testament to how his personal charm and astute New Deal programs resonated with Americans. FDR was truly a national president who became an international leader and did not succumb to regionalism but united the continent. President Roosevelt became the most influential leader in the world in his lifetime. This book explores the man's life all the way from his youth to his final days.
Enrico Fermi, Physicist by Emilio Segrè Book Summary:
In this biography of Enrico Fermi (1901-54), who won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1938 for his work on radioactivity by neutron bombardment and his discovery of transuranic elements and who achieved the first controlled nuclear chain reaction in Chicago in 1942, his student, collaborator, fellow Nobel Prize winner and lifelong friend Emilio Segrè presents the scientist, and explains in nontechnical terms Fermi’s work and his achievements. “Segrè’s description of Fermi’s early life and his involvement with and commitment to physics is extremely interesting... Segrè understands and describes very clearly the outstanding characteristics of Fermi’s theoretical work: clarity and completeness... Segrè has succeeded admirably in describing Fermi’s entire scientific career, and this book is strongly recommended.” — M. L. Goldberger, Science “We must thank Emilio Segrè for this authoritative, revealing and inspiring book. It covers in a masterly fashion the most exciting thirty years of modern physics and the character and activities of one of its greatest contributors.” — Nature “A rich, well-rounded portrait of [Fermi] the scientist, his methods, intellectual history, and achievements. Explaining in nontechnical terms the scientific problems Fermi faced or solved, Enrico Fermi, Physicist contains illuminating material concerning Fermi’s youth in Italy and the development of his scientific style.” — Physics Today “All that might be hoped for in a biography of one Nobel Prize winner in physics by another has been realized in Emilio Segrè’s biography of his friend, Enrico Fermi... A truly masterly drawing of Fermi’s character, along with his physics and the events through which he moved, Segrè has provided us with a brilliant appreciation of one of the most pre-eminent figures of modern physics.” — Physics Bulletin “This excellent biography, written by one of the original group who worked with him during the 1930s at Rome, catches beautifully the style and spirit of its subject... With Fermi’s passing the age of the universal experimental and theoretical physicist is gone. Segre’s book tells the story of this heroic age of physics and of its principal actor; it is a delight to read, and I recommend it heartily.” — American Scientist “Here we meet the man at work and we see the meticulous scientist... This book also shows us another facet of Fermi: that of the conscientious scientist torn between his love of pure research and his love of teaching.” — V. Barocas, Annals of Science “Segrè is a sensitive biographer, responsive to all problems that can plague the creative scientist; he shows, above all, Fermi’s dedication, zeal, and extraordinary talents. Segrè has provided more than sympathy. Much that is new about Fermi’s youth in Italy appears here... [A] very rewarding book... Every physicist will want to read this biography, along with every reader who has an interest in intellectual developments during the 1920-1960 era.” — J. Z. Fullmer, The Ohio Journal of Science
Revolutions in Physics by Joseph P. Firmage Book Summary:
Revolutions in Physics is a sweeping history of the development of concepts of space, time, mass and force through the ages; it then culminates in a robust and courageous exploration of the emergent view that space-time is actually a highly potent energetic medium, capable of supporting entirely new classes of energy, propulsion, communications and health sciences technologies.
Gravity, Black Holes, and the Very Early Universe by Tai L. Chow Book Summary:
Here it is, in a nutshell: the history of one genius’s most crucial work – discoveries that were to change the face of modern physics. In the early 1900s, Albert Einstein formulated two theories that would forever change the landscape of physics: the Special Theory of Relativity and the General Theory of Relativity. Respected American academic Professor Tai Chow tells us the story of these discoveries. He details the basic ideas of Einstein, including his law of gravitation. Deftly employing his inimitable writing style, he goes on to explain the physics behind black holes, weaving into his account an explanation of the structure of the universe and the science of cosmology.
Strange Beauty by George Johnson Book Summary:
With a New Afterword "Our knowledge of fundamental physics contains not one fruitful idea that does not carry the name of Murray Gell-Mann."--Richard Feynman Acclaimed science writer George Johnson brings his formidable reporting skills to the first biography of Nobel Prize-winner Murray Gell-Mann, the brilliant, irascible man who revolutionized modern particle physics with his models of the quark and the Eightfold Way. Born into a Jewish immigrant family on New York's East 14th Street, Gell-Mann's prodigious talent was evident from an early age--he entered Yale at 15, completed his Ph.D. at 21, and was soon identifying the structures of the world's smallest components and illuminating the elegant symmetries of the universe. Beautifully balanced in its portrayal of an extraordinary and difficult man, interpreting the concepts of advanced physics with scrupulous clarity and simplicity, Strange Beauty is a tour-de-force of both science writing and biography.
سلسلة علماء عباقرة : أنريكو فيرمي : وثورات علم الفيزياء الحديث by Dan Cooper,دان كوبر Book Summary:
في العاشر من ديسمبر عام ١٩٣٨ نال أنريكو فيرمي جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء. بعد قبول الجائزة اختار فيرمي عدم العودة إلى بلده الأم إيطاليا بل الهجرة إلى الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية. بعد عدة أسابيع فقط من قدوم فيرمي جاءت الأخبار المدهشة عن اكتشاف الانشطار النووي، وهي العملية التي تشكل أساس الطاقة النووية والقنبلة الذرية. فات فيرمي اكتشاف الانشطار، إلا أنه عوض ذلك عن طريق الوصول إلى الجهد السري الذي بلغ أوجه في أول تفاعل نووي متسلسل. ومن ثم تابع فيرمي تقديم إسهامات أساسية لتطوير أول قنبلة ذرية. بعد الحرب العالمية الثانية قام فيرمي بالعمل كمستشار في الحكومة في الشؤون الذرية بالإضافة إلى عمله مديرا للمعهد الفيزيائي كما كان يحب. إن هذه السيرة الذاتية ترسم ثقافة فيرمي في إيطاليا، وهروبه من الفاشية إلى أمريكا، ووضعه الخاص كفيزيائي متوازن من حيث النظرية والتجربة. يعرض الكتاب أيضا دروسا صغيرة في النظرية الكمية والفيزياء النووية في سرد سهل وسريع يستشهد بإسهامات فيرمي الواسعة المجال في الفيزياء الحديثة.
Our Documents by United States. National Archives and Records Administration,The National Archives, Book Summary:
Our Documents is a collection of 100 documents that the staff of the National Archives has judged most important to the development of the United States. The entry for each document includes a short introduction, a facsimile, and a transcript of the document. Backmatter includes further reading, credits, and index. The book is part of the much larger Our Documents initiative sponsored by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), National History Day, the Corporation for National and Community Service, and the USA Freedom Corps.
The Last Man Who Knew Everything by David N. Schwartz Book Summary:
The definitive biography of the brilliant, charismatic, and very human physicist and innovator Enrico Fermi In 1942, a team at the University of Chicago achieved what no one had before: a nuclear chain reaction. At the forefront of this breakthrough stood Enrico Fermi. Straddling the ages of classical physics and quantum mechanics, equally at ease with theory and experiment, Fermi truly was the last man who knew everything--at least about physics. But he was also a complex figure who was a part of both the Italian Fascist Party and the Manhattan Project, and a less-than-ideal father and husband who nevertheless remained one of history's greatest mentors. Based on new archival material and exclusive interviews, The Last Man Who Knew Everything lays bare the enigmatic life of a colossus of twentieth century physics.
The Pope of Physics by Gino Segrè,Bettina Hoerlin Book Summary:
Enrico Fermi is unquestionably among the greats of the world's physicists, the most famous Italian scientist since Galileo. Called the Pope by his peers, he was regarded as infallible in his instincts and research. His discoveries changed our world; they led to weapons of mass destruction and conversely to life-saving medical interventions.This unassuming man struggled with issues relevant today, such as the threat of nuclear annihilation and the relationship of science to politics. Fleeing Fascism and anti-Semitism, Fermi became a leading figure in America's most secret project: building the atomic bomb. The last physicist who mastered all branches of the discipline, Fermi was a rare mixture of theorist and experimentalist. His rich legacy encompasses key advances in fields as diverse as comic rays, nuclear technology, and early computers.In their revealing book, Gino Segr� and Bettina Hoerlin bring this scientific visionary to life. An examination of the human dramas that touched Fermi's life as well as a thrilling history of scientific innovation in the twentieth century, this is the comprehensive biography that Fermi deserves.
Einstein and the Quantum by A. Douglas Stone Book Summary:
Einstein and the Quantum reveals for the first time the full significance of Albert Einstein's contributions to quantum theory. Einstein famously rejected quantum mechanics, observing that God does not play dice. But, in fact, he thought more about the nature of atoms, molecules, and the emission and absorption of light--the core of what we now know as quantum theory--than he did about relativity. A compelling blend of physics, biography, and the history of science, Einstein and the Quantum shares the untold story of how Einstein--not Max Planck or Niels Bohr--was the driving force behind early quantum theory. It paints a vivid portrait of the iconic physicist as he grappled with the apparently contradictory nature of the atomic world, in which its invisible constituents defy the categories of classical physics, behaving simultaneously as both particle and wave. And it demonstrates how Einstein's later work on the emission and absorption of light, and on atomic gases, led directly to Erwin Schrödinger's breakthrough to the modern form of quantum mechanics. The book sheds light on why Einstein ultimately renounced his own brilliant work on quantum theory, due to his deep belief in science as something objective and eternal.
Proceedings of the International School of Physics "Enrico Fermi". by N.A Book Summary:
Download or read Proceedings of the International School of Physics "Enrico Fermi". book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).
Great Lives from History: John Ericsson - Irving Langmuir by Alvin K. Benson Book Summary:
Provides in-depth critical essays on important men and women in all areas of achievement, from around the world and throughout history, and includes 409 essays covering 413 individual inventors (including 27 women).--From publisher's note, p. vii.
Thomas Jefferson by R. B. Bernstein Book Summary:
A short biography of Thomas Jefferson covers such topics as his life as a Virginia gentleman, his passionate belief in democracy, his defense of slavery, his relationship with Sally Hemings, and his contributions to America as a writer, inventor, and party leader.
Senior High Core Collection by Raymond W. Barber,Patrice Bartell Book Summary:
- More than 6,500 books in the initial clothbound volume, plus more than 2,400 new titles in four annual supplements. - New coverage of biographies, art, sports, Islam and the Middle East, and cultural diversity. - Special focus on graphic novels, primary source materials, nonbook materials, and periodicals. - Analytic entries for items in collections and anthologies.
Isaac Newton by Gale E. Christianson Book Summary:
In 1665, when an epidemic of the plague forced Cambridge University to close, Isaac Newton, then a young, undistinguished scholar, returned to his childhood home in rural England. Away from his colleagues and professors, Newton embarked on one of the greatest intellectual odysseys in the history of science: he began to formulate the law of universal gravitation, developed the calculus, and made revolutionary discoveries about the nature of light. After his return to Cambridge, Newton's genius was quickly recognized and his reputation forever established. This biography also allows us to see the personal side of Newton, whose life away from science was equally fascinating. Quarrelsome, quirky, and not above using his position to silence critics and further his own career, he was an authentic genius with all too human faults.
The Realm of Science: Revolution in science: relativity, quantum, and nuclear physics by Stanley Barber Brown Book Summary:
Download or read The Realm of Science: Revolution in science: relativity, quantum, and nuclear physics book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).
Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers by Stephen T. Thornton,Andrew F. Rex Book Summary:
MODERN PHYSICS FOR SCIENTIST AND ENGINEERS, Second Edition incorporates a contemporary and comprehensive approach to physics with a strong emphasis on applications. The author's approach incorporates a flexible organization, numerous examples and problems (over 700), and brings the study of modern physics alive by alluding to many current topics in physics, for example, high temperature superconductors, neutrino mass, age of the universe, gamma ray bursts, holography, and nuclear fusion.